|Prime Minister of Kenya|
|Formation||1 June 1963|
17 April 2008
|First holder||Jomo Kenyatta|
The Prime Minister of Kenya was a post in the Kenyan government. The first Prime Minister of Kenya was Jomo Kenyatta, who became Prime Minister in 1963. In 1964, Kenya became a republic, the post of Prime Minister was abolished and Jomo Kenyatta became President. Following a power-sharing agreement in February 2008, the role was recreated that April and held by Raila Odinga. The position was again abolished by the 2010 Constitution after the 2013 elections.
The proposed 2021 constitutional referendum would have decided whether to constitutionally reestablish the office. The process of the proposed amendments to the constitution, was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of Kenya On 31 March 2022. The court also barred the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission from proceeding with the referendum.
In 1 June 1963, Dominion of Kenya had her first Prime Minister. The head of state remained Queen Elizabeth II who was represented through a Governor-General in Kenya. The Governor-General could then select a Prime Minister from whichever political party that had the majority in the House of Representatives; the Prime Minister would be head of government; Jomo Kenyatta was elected as the first Prime Minister of Kenya in 27 May 1963. The Prime Minister office was only effective up to 12 December 1964, before Kenya became a republic; Kenyatta became president.
Following the 2007–2008 Kenyan crisis, President Mwai Kibaki and Raila Odinga reached an agreement to form a coalition government in 28 February 2008. Kibaki was to remain the Head of State, while Odinga would have a new role of Prime Minister. Both would appoint half the cabinet. Both leading coalitions produced a deputy Prime Minister—Musalia Mudavadi for ODM, and Uhuru Kenyatta for PNU. The Prime Minister office was reestablished through the National Accord and Reconciliation Act 2008.
The post was abolished in 2013 after the current Constitution of Kenya was effected, which did not provide for the office of Prime Minister, making Kenya a purely presidential system.
Efforts have been initiated to reintroduced the office through constitutional amendment through the Building Bridges Initiative constitutional referendum attempt. On 31 March 2022, the Supreme Court of Kenya upheld the rulings of the lower courts, ruling that, "The Constitution Amendment Bill of 2020 is unconstitutional," because President Kenyatta [Uhuru] initiated the amendments through his creation of the Presidential Taskforce on Building Bridges to Unity Advisory, and vocal endorsement of the legislation crafted based on their findings.
Kenya African National Union
Orange Democratic Movement
|Took office||Left office||Political party|
|Prime Minister of Kenya (1963–1964)|
|1 June 1963||12 December 1964||Kenya African National Union|
|Prime Minister of Kenya (2008–2013)|
|17 April 2008||9 April 2013||Orange Democratic Movement|
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