Parts of this article (those related to the parties) need to be updated. The reason given is: The 2022 Kenyan general election has changed the seat numbers for the 13th Parliament of Kenya. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (August 2022)

This article lists political parties in Kenya.[1]

Political culture

Kenya's system is one with characteristics comparable with a two-party system, since two dominant political parties c.q. coalitions have dominated since the last general elections in 2007. However, it has been a multi-party system since 1992 and one of the ruling coalitions consists of several parties. Kenya had over 160 registered political parties as of November 2007.[2]

Following the implementation of several Political Parties Acts starting with the 31 December 2008 act, the number of political parties has been coming down considerably since.[3][4][5] With the lapse of the registration period set out in the political parties act on 30 April 2012, twenty-four political parties had gained registration certificates while 22 others had applied for registration.[6][7]

The parties

Parliamentary parties

Coalition Party Abbr. Leader Ideology Senate Assembly
Jubilee Jubilee Party
Chama cha Jubilee  (Swahili)
JP Uhuru Kenyatta Kenyan nationalism
National conservatism
Economic liberalism
34 / 67
172 / 349
Kenya African National Union KANU Gideon Moi Kenyan nationalism
Conservatism
3 / 67
10 / 349
United Democratic Alliance UDA William Ruto Conservatism
0 / 67
1 / 349
Total
38 / 67
186 / 349
NASA Orange Democratic Movement ODM Raila Odinga Social democracy
Civic nationalism
Social liberalism
20 / 67
76 / 349
Wiper Democratic Movement – Kenya WDM-K Kalonzo Musyoka Social democracy
3 / 67
25 / 349
Amani National Congress ANC Musalia Mudavadi Social liberalism
3 / 67
14 / 349
Forum for the Restoration of Democracy – Kenya FORD-K Moses Wetangula Social democracy
1 / 67
12 / 349
The Patriotic Party
Chama cha Uzalendo  (Swahili)
CCU Maur Bwanamaka Liberal democracy
1 / 67
1 / 349
Muungano Party MP Fabian Muli
0 / 67
1 / 349
Total
28 / 67
125 / 349
None Economic Freedom Party EFP Billow Kerrow
0 / 67
5 / 349
Maendeleo Chap Chap Party MCC Alfred Mutua
0 / 67
4 / 349
Local Party
Chama Cha Mashinani  (Swahili)
CCM Isaac Ruto
0 / 67
2 / 349
Kenya National Congress KNC Manson Nyamweya Human rights
Social justice
Democracy
0 / 67
2 / 349
Kenya People's Party KPP
0 / 67
2 / 349
Peoples Democratic Party PDP
0 / 67
2 / 349
New Democrats ND
0 / 67
1 / 349
Party of National Unity
Chama cha Umoja wa Kitaifa  (Swahili)
PNU Mwai Kibaki Conservatism
Liberal democracy
0 / 67
1 / 349
Democratic Party
Chama cha Demokrasia  (Swahili)
DP Joseph K. Munyao Conservatism
0 / 67
1 / 349
Frontier Alliance Party FAP
0 / 67
1 / 349
National Agenda Party NAP
0 / 67
1 / 349

Other parties

Name Ideology Created Notes
Agano Party N/A 2006 N/A
Alliance for Real Change N/A 2010 N/A
Communist Party of Kenya Communism
Marxism-Leninism
1992 Formerly known as the Social Democratic Party.
Conservative Party Conservatism N/A N/A
Democratic Action Party N/A N/A Part of Azimio La Umoja
Federal Party of Kenya Federalism 2007? N/A
Kenya African Democratic Union – Asili N/A 2006 N/A
Kenya Social Congress N/A 1992 N/A
Maendeleo Democratic Party N/A 2007 N/A
Mazingira Green Party of Kenya Green politics 1997 Formerly known as the Liberal Party of Kenya.
National Rainbow Coalition – Kenya N/A 2005 Created after the 2005 Kenyan constitutional referendum.
National Labour Party N/A 2004? N/A
National Party of Kenya N/A 2002? N/A
National Rainbow Coalition Social democracy 2002 N/A
National Vision Party N/A 2008 N/A
Party of Development and Reforms N/A 2012 N/A
Party of Independent Candidates of Kenya N/A 1992 N/A
Peoples Party of Kenya N/A 1996 N/A
Restore and Build Kenya N/A 2012 N/A
Safina Liberalism 1995 N/A
Shirikisho Party of Kenya N/A 1997 N/A
Sisi Kwa Sisi N/A 2002? N/A
United Democratic Movement N/A 1999 N/A
Unity Party of Kenya N/A 2011 N/A
Kenya National Democratic Alliance N/A 1992 N/A
Madaraka People's Movement Socialism
Progressivism
2005 Identifies as a youth-focused party.
Forum for the Restoration of Democracy – Asili N/A 1991 N/A
Independent Economic Party N/A N/A N/A
Kenya African Democratic Development Union N/A 2006 N/A
National Alliance of Kenya N/A N/A N/A
United Democratic Alliance N/A 2020 N/A
Eagle Alliance N/A 2013 Minor opposition coalition.
Kenya Union Party N/A N/A Part of Azimio La Umoja|- Pamoja African Alliance N/A N/A Part of Azimio La Umoja
United Party of Independent Alliance N/A N/A Part of Azimio La Umoja

Former parties

Name Ideology Created Dissolved Notes
Alliance Party of Kenya N/A 2012 2016 Created in support of Uhuru Kenyatta.
Forum for the Restoration of Democracy – People Social democracy 1997 2016 Merged with the Jubilee Party.
Grand National Union of Kenya N/A 2012 2016 Merged with the Jubilee Party.
New Forum for the Restoration of Democracy–Kenya Third way
Social democracy
2006 2016 Merged with the Jubilee Party.
The Independent Party N/A 2007? 2016 N/A
United Democratic Forum Party Liberalism
Economic liberalism
Humanism
2012 2016 Merged with the Jubilee Party.
United Republican Party Liberalism 2012 2016 Merged with the Jubilee Party.
Kenya African Democratic Union Majimboism 1960 1964 Merged with the Kenya African National Union.
Kenya People's Union Socialism 1966 1969 Were banned after 3 years of existence.
Liberal Democratic Party Liberalism 2002 2005 N/A
Kenya Independence Movement Kenyan nationalism 1959 1959 Early pro-independence party.
Nairobi People's Convention Party African nationalism 1957 1961 Early pro-independence party.
African People's Party N/A 1962 1963 N/A
Amani Coalition Centrism 2013 2013? Former coalition.
Baluhya Political Union N/A 1960 1965 N/A
Capricorn Africa Society N/A 1949 1961 N/A
Independent Group Right-wing politics 1956? 1959 European minority party.
Kenya Coalition N/A 1960 1963 N/A
Kenya Freedom Party N/A 1960 1962 Indian minority party.
Kenya Indian Congress N/A 1914 1962 Indian minority party.
New Kenya Party N/A 1959 1963 N/A
Nyanza Province African Union N/A 1963? N/A N/A
Reform Party N/A 1921 N/A N/A
Shungwaya Freedom Party N/A 1961? 1967 N/A
The National Alliance Kenyan nationalism
Conservatism
2000 2016 N/A
Jubilee Alliance Centre-right politics 2013 2016 Former ruling coalition.
Forum for the Restoration of Democracy Democracy 1991 1992 Split into 3 parties ahead of its first election.
Kenya National Party N/A 1959 1960 N/A
National Development Party N/A 1991 2002 N/A
United Country Party N/A 1954 1957 N/A
United Party N/A 1959 1960 N/A
Young Kikuyu Association N/A 1921 N/A N/A
Coalition for Reforms and Democracy Social democracy 2012 2017 Former opposition coalition.

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Procedure to Register a Political Party in Kenya". AfroCave. 14 September 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  2. ^ Electoral Commission of Kenya, 17 November 2007: List of registered political parties[dead link]
  3. ^ "30 Parties Meet Deadline for New Law"
  4. ^ "Unregistered Political Parties Handed A Lifeline"
  5. ^ Registered Political Parties According To The IEBC Website Archived 11 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ http://www.parliament.go.ke/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=1310&Itemid=[permanent dead link] The Political Parties Bill, 2011
  7. ^ Eight political parties fail to beat registration deadline http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/sports/InsidePage.php?id=2000057376&cid=4& Archived 12 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine