Central Bank of Kenya
Banki Kuu ya Kenya
CBK's head office in Nairobi
CBK's head office in Nairobi
Coordinates1°17′24″S 36°49′30″E / 1.28988°S 36.824922°E / -1.28988; 36.824922
Established24 March 1966 (1966-03-24) (legal)
14 September 1966 (public operation)
Ownership100% state ownership[1]
GovernorKamau Thugge
Central bank ofKenya
CurrencyKenyan shilling
KES (ISO 4217)
ReservesUS$7.510 million[1]
Preceded byEast African Currency Board
Websitewww.centralbank.go.ke Edit this at Wikidata

The Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) (Swahili: Banki Kuu ya Kenya) is the monetary authority of Kenya. Its head office is located in Nairobi. CBK was founded by in 1966 after the dissolution of East African Currency Board (EACB). Dr. Kamau Thugge, CBS is the current Governor and Dr. Susan Koech is the Deputy Governor.

Organizational structure


The bank’s executive management team comprises the governor, deputy governors and heads of departments. The governor assumes the role of Chief Executive Officer of the bank and is therefore responsible for its overall management. The governor is also the bank’s official spokesperson.


The current governor of the bank is Dr. Kamau Thugge.[2] Former governors of the bank are:[3]

Deputy governor

The current deputy governor is Dr. Susan Koech. Former deputy governors include:

Members of the board

The current board of directors is as follows:[11]


History and powers

Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, the CBK instituted a loan restructuring program to help financially distressed borrowers. The restructuring program was in place from March 2020 to March 2021.[12]

In 2021, legislation passed the National Assembly that allows the CBK to cap interest rates and to revoke the licenses of digital lenders that breach the Data Protection Act or the Consumer Protection Act.[13]

In October 2023, while responding to questions from a parliamentary committee on finance and national planning, CBK Governor Dr. Thugge said the decline in international reserves was caused by an overvaluation of the shilling against the dollar.[14] This was against the backdrop of a gradual reduction in import cover from 5.5 months to 3.7 months. Thugge cited data from the IMF & World Bank which put the overvaluation of the shilling in the range of 20-25%.[15] According to the Governor, the attempt to artificially maintain a strong exchange rate came at the cost of losing vital international reserves.[16]

See also


  1. ^ a b Weidner, Jan (2017). "The Organisation and Structure of Central Banks" (PDF). Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek.
  2. ^ "Kamau Thugge takes over as Central Bank Governor". Nation. 2023-06-19. Retrieved 2023-06-22.
  3. ^ "Former Governors". Archived from the original on 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2013-01-01.
  4. ^ Kenya Gazette. 27 May 2005. p. 1162. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  5. ^ Kenya Gazette. 17 August 2001. p. 1832. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  6. ^ Kenya Gazette. 4 July 1997. p. 1184. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  7. ^ Kenya Gazette. 10 January 1992. p. 22. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  8. ^ Kenya Gazette. 26 October 1986. p. 1398. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  9. ^ Kenya Gazette. 7 January 1983. p. 2. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  10. ^ Kenya Gazette. 16 October 1984. p. 1482. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  11. ^ "Board of Directors". Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-01-01.
  12. ^ "Kenyan central bank says loans relief period ended on March 2". Reuters. 2021-03-23. Retrieved 2021-10-27.
  13. ^ "Kenya cracks down on digital lenders over data privacy issues". TechCrunch. 25 October 2021. Retrieved 2021-10-27.
  14. ^ https://www.the-star.co.ke/authors/star-editor. "Shilling depreciation will boost exporters". The Star. Retrieved 2023-10-30. ((cite web)): |last= has generic name (help); External link in |last= (help)
  15. ^ "Weak shilling to hit Kenyans' pockets harder - People Daily". www.pd.co.ke. 2023-10-25. Retrieved 2023-10-30.
  16. ^ Tongola, Mate. "More demand for the dollar to blame for a weakening shilling- Kamau Thugge". The Standard. Retrieved 2023-10-30.


  1. ^ Nyagaka, Vincent. "Central Bank of Kenya (CBK)". Benstride. Retrieved 2021-02-01.