52°21′31.40″N 4°54′0.0″E / 52.3587222°N 4.900000°E / 52.3587222; 4.900000

De Nederlandsche Bank
Established25 March 1814; 210 years ago (1814-03-25)
PresidentKlaas Knot
Central bank ofthe Netherlands
Reserves8 840 million USD[1]
Succeeded byEuropean Central Bank (1999)1
1 De Nederlandsche Bank still exists but many functions have been taken over by the ECB.

De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB, lit.'The Dutch Bank') is the Dutch member of the Eurosystem and has been the monetary authority for the Netherlands from 1814 to 1998, issuing the Dutch guilder. Since 2014, it has also been the country's national competent authority within European Banking Supervision.[2] It was originally founded by King William I, and has been since transformed into a state-owned public limited company (Dutch: naamloze vennootschap, abbreviated NV).


On 2 May 1998, the European heads of state or government decided that the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) would begin on 1 January 1999 with eleven Member States of the European Union (EU), the Netherlands included. As from 1 June 1998, the Dutch central bank, De Nederlandsche Bank N.V., forms part of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB). On the same day, the new Bank Act (of 1998) came into force. Nearly 185 years into its existence, the Nederlandsche Bank has entered a new phase.


Under the 1998 Bank Act – replacing that of 1948 – the Bank has the following tasks:

The first two tasks – also known as the ESCB tasks – ensue entirely from the Maastricht Treaty. Decisions in these areas are taken at the European level by the ECB Governing Council, on which the President of the Nederlandsche Bank has a seat. Promoting the smooth operation of payment systems has both a European and a national dimension. The statistical task is also partly ESCB-related and partly a national concern. The DNB is responsible for international macro-economic statistical analysis for countries outside the EU.[3] These two tasks will not be transferred to ESCB level at the start of EMU. Here the Nederlandsche Bank remains fully in control. However, in a Europe where economies are becoming increasingly interlocked, many banking supervisory rules are drawn up at the international level. DNB serves as the banker's bank to general Dutch banks.

One of the government appointed members of the Social-Economic Council is always a representative of DNB.

Head office

The bank was established from the start on Oude Turfmarkt [nl], where it occupied 17th-century houses. In the 1860s, a purpose-built head office, designed by architect Willem Anthonie Froger [nl], was erected on the same location and inaugurated in 1869. Nearly a century later in 1968, as the bank has left the building for its new seat, it was taken over by the University of Amsterdam which had long been established just nearby, and subsequently repurposed as the location of the Allard Pierson Museum, which opened there in October 1976.[4]

In the 1960s, a new head office complex was constructed on Frederiksplein [nl] and inaugurated by Queen Juliana in May 1968. Architect Marius Duintjer [nl]'s stark design of 1961 consisted on a low square base and a rectangular office tower. In the late 1980s, as the bank was running out of space, it was complemented with a second, oval tower designed in 1984 by architects Jelle Abma [nl] and Marc a Campo, whose construction was finished in 1989. In 2008, Marc a Campo designed a further extension by adding an extra floor to the square base. In a comprehensive renovation during the early 2020s, the oval tower was demolished and the base remodeled to return the building to an exterior appearance more similar to the original one of the 1960s.[5]

List of presidents

President of De
Nederlandsche Bank
Term of office Previous experience(s) Party
Paul Iwan Hogguer 1814-1816 Independent
Jan Hodshon 1816-1827 Independent
Jaques Teysset 1827-1828 Independent
Jacob Fock 1828-1835 Independent
Willem Mogge Muilman Willem Mogge Muilman 1835-1844 Independent
Abraham Fock 1844-1858 Independent
Hendrik Croockewit 1858-1863 Independent
Willem Mees 1863-1884 Independent
Nicolaas Pierson Nicolaas Pierson 1885-1891 Liberal Union
Norbertus van den Berg Norbertus van den Berg 1891-1912 Independent
Gerard Vissering Gerard Vissering 1912-1931 Independent
Leonardus Trip Leonardus Trip 1931–1941 Independent
Meinoud Rost van Tonningen Meinoud Rost van Tonningen 1941-1945 National Socialist Movement
Leonardus Trip Leonardus Trip 1945–1946 Independent
Marius Holtrop Dr.
Marius Holtrop
1 May 1946 –
1 May 1967
(21 years, 0 days)
Jelle Zijlstra Dr.
Jelle Zijlstra
1 May 1967 –
1 January 1982
(14 years, 245 days)
Minister of Economic Affairs
Minister of Finance
(1958–1963) (1966–1967)
Prime Minister
Anti-Revolutionary Party
Christian Democratic Appeal
Wim Duisenberg Dr.
Wim Duisenberg
1 January 1982 –
1 July 1997
(15 years, 151 days)
Minister of Finance
Labour Party
Nout Wellink Dr.
Nout Wellink
(born 1943)
1 July 1997 –
1 July 2011
(14 years, 0 days)
Christian Democratic Appeal
Klaas Knot
(born 1967)
1 July 2011 –
(13 years, 4 days)

See also


  1. ^ Weidner, Jan (2017). "The Organisation and Structure of Central Banks" (PDF). Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek.
  2. ^ "National supervisors". ECB Banking Supervision.
  3. ^ Ahmed, Asif (2 July 2010). "Analysis of the Mission Statement of the Commercial Banks of Bangladesh". Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network. SSRN 1633225. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "Our Buildings". Allard Pierson Museum.
  5. ^ "Renovation of DNB's head office". De Nederlandsche Bank.