2022 Kenyan general election

← 2017 9 August 2022[a] 2027 →
Registered22,120,458[3]
Presidential election
Turnout64.77% (Increase25.74pp)
 
Nominee William Ruto Raila Odinga
Party UDA Azimio[b]
Alliance Kenya Kwanza Azimio
Running mate Rigathi Gachagua Martha Karua
Popular vote 7,176,141 6,942,930
Percentage 50.49% 48.85%

Results by country

President before election

Uhuru Kenyatta
Jubilee Party

Elected President

William Ruto
UDA

National Assembly

337 of the 349 seats in the National Assembly
175 seats needed for a majority
Party Leader Seats
UDA William Ruto 143
ODM Raila Odinga 89
Jubilee Party Uhuru Kenyatta 28
Wiper - Kenya Kalonzo Musyoka 26
Amani Musalia Mudavadi 8
UDM Philip Murgor 6
FORD-K Moses Wetangula 6
DAP Wafula Wamunyinyi 5
KANU Gideon Moi 5
PAA Amason Kingi 3
KUP 2
MCC Alfred Mutua 2
Service Mwangi Kiunjuri 2
UPIA 2
UPA 2
CCK Moses Kuria 1
Democratic 1
GDDP 1
MDG David Ochieng Ouma 1
NAP-K Alfayo Alfonze Agufana 1
NOPEU Mpuru Aburi 1
UDP Cyrus Jirongo 1
Independents 12
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Senate

47 of the 67 seats in the Senate
Party Leader Seats
Kenya Kwanza Raila Odinga 24
Azimio William Ruto 23
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.

General elections were held in Kenya on Tuesday, 9 August 2022. Voters elected the president, governors, senators, members of the National Assembly, and members of county assemblies.

This was the third general election and the fourth presidential one since the promulgation of the 2010 constitution. Incumbent president Uhuru Kenyatta was not eligible for a third term according to the constitution, nor county governors who had served two terms. The 2022 general election saw the lowest number of presidential candidates cleared since the multi-party system was implemented in 1992. Parliamentarians were elected to sit in the 13th Parliament of Kenya.

William Ruto was elected President of Kenya with 50.5% of the vote, defeating Raila Odinga who received 48.85% of the vote.[6] On 22 August, Odinga filed a petition with the Supreme Court of Kenya challenging the results announced by Wafula Chebukati, the chairman of the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission.[7] On 5 September, the Supreme Court rejected the challenge and upheld Ruto's victory.[8] Observers had described the elections as largely peaceful and transparent.[9] Odinga said he would respect the court verdict, although he still claimed victory.[10]

Background

The Constitution of Kenya requires that a general election of members of parliament be held on the second Tuesday of August on every fifth year, which meant that the general election was scheduled for 9 August 2022. If Kenya is at war, the election can be delayed if a resolution is passed in each House of Parliament by at least two-thirds of all the members of the House. Such a resolution can delay the election by up to six months, and may be passed multiple times provided that the delays do not cumulatively exceed 12 months.[11]

The constitution requires that a presidential election take place at the same time as the general election. In the event that prior to the next general election the position of president falls vacant and the office of deputy president is also vacant (who otherwise would assume the office of president), a presidential election could be held at an earlier date. According to the constitution, in such circumstances, an election needs to be held within sixty days after the vacancy arose in the office of president.

Incumbent president Uhuru Kenyatta was not eligible to pursue a third term due to the two-term limit in the constitution.[12] County governors who had served two terms at the helms of their respective counties were also ineligible for a third term.[13]

Electoral system

Parliament Buildings, Nairobi

The President of Kenya is elected using a modified version of the two-round system: to win in the first round, a candidate must receive over 50% of the vote nationally and 25% of the vote in at least 24 of Kenya's 47 counties.[14][15] If no candidate achieves this, a second round is held between the top two candidates, in which the candidate with the most votes wins.[16][17]

The Parliament of Kenya consists of two houses: the Senate (upper house) and the National Assembly (lower house), both of which were fully renewed for five-year terms. Those elected in 2022 formed the 13th Parliament of Kenya.[18]

The National Assembly has 350 members, of which 290 are elected in single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting. Of the remaining 60, 47 are reserved for women and are elected from single-member constituencies based on the 47 counties, also using the first-past-the-post system.[19] The remaining 13 seats include 12 nominated by political parties based on their number of seats and a Speaker, elected by the assembly from outside of it as an ex officio member. The nominated members are reserved for youths, persons with disabilities and workers.[20]

The 68 members of the Senate are elected by four methods; 47 are elected in single-member constituencies based on the counties by first-past-the-post voting. Parties are then assigned a share of 16 seats for women, two for youth and two for persons with disabilities based on their seat share. A speaker is also elected as an ex officio member.[21]

Presidential candidates

Only four presidential aspirants and their running mates from parties were cleared.[22] Walter Mong'are's nomination to run for presidency was revoked, after it emerged his degree was not from a recognized university as required by law.[23] The final list of presidential candidates was;

Campaign

Leading up to the 2022 election, a new political dynamic based on class politics was emerging in Kenya,[28] framed as "hustlers" versus "dynasties".[29][30][31] The families of incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta and opposition leader Raila Odinga had dominated Kenyan politics since independence in 1963. Moreover, Kenya has traditionally been ruled by presidents who belong to either the Kikuyu people – like Kenyatta – or the Kalenjin people, like William Ruto. The potential victory of Odinga, a Luo, would mark a departure for the country, which has 44 ethnic groups.[32]

Ruto initially supported Odinga in the 2007 election against Mwai Kibaki. The announcement of the presidential results led to ethnic clashes among Kenya's tribes.[33] Police crackdowns on protesters and clashes that turned into ethnic attacks killed more than 1,000 people in post-election violence, eventually prompting a new constitution to devolve power. Ruto aligned himself with Kenyatta in 2013. Both Kenyatta and Ruto had been indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) on crimes against humanity charges for their alleged role in orchestrating the post-election violence in the 2007 election. The cases later collapsed, with former ICC chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda saying a relentless campaign of victim and witness intimidation made the trial impossible.[34][35]

In March 2018, President Kenyatta and his former rival for the presidency, Odinga, stunned the public when they shook hands and declared a truce after post-election violence in 2017 left dozens of people dead. The two leaders also sought to expand the executive through the Building Bridges Initiative (BBI) constitutional changes, which would have potentially allowed Kenyatta to stay in power as a prime minister. But despite the Supreme Court of Kenya ruling against the proposed amendments in August, the unexpected alliance has persevered, with Odinga attending official government functions with Kenyatta.[36] Cracks within the Jubilee government began to appear, leading to an eventual fallout between Kenyatta and his deputy, Ruto.[37][38]

Presidential nomination

In December 2021, the Mount Kenya Foundation, one of the country's most powerful and wealthy Kikuyu lobbies, announced their support for Odinga, while Kenyatta has repeatedly said that the next president will be "neither Kikuyu nor Kalenjin". On 10 December 2021, Odinga declared his intention to run for the presidency for the fifth time.[32]

In January 2022, Ruto's United Democratic Alliance (UDA) announced a coalition pact with the Amani National Congress, FORD–Kenya and several other political parties. The new coalition was called Kenya Kwanza.[39]

In February 2022, Kenyatta's Jubilee party announced that it would join the Azimio la Umoja coalition headed by Odinga, the leader of the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM).[40] On 12 March 2022, at least 26 political parties, including major political parties Jubilee, Wiper, ODM and KANU, signed a co-operation pact endorsing Raila Odinga's presidential candidature.[41] That same day, Kenyatta publicly endorsed Odinga for the presidency.[42]

On 15 March 2022, the UDA and Kenya Kwanza endorsed Ruto as their presidential candidate.[43][44]

Deputy presidential nomination

Several individuals showed interest in the position of deputy president.[45] Azimio la Umoja held interviews for 10 prospective running mates,[46] namely: Kalonzo Musyoka, Martha Karua, Peter Munya, Sabina Chege, Peter Kenneth, Stephen Kipkiyeny Tarus, Ali Hassan Joho, Wycliffe Oparanya, Lee Kinyanjui and Charity Ngilu.[47] Musyoka, Odinga's two-time running mate, threatened to skip the interviews,[47] but ultimately appeared for an interview on 10 May 2022.[48] In the Kenya Kwanza camp, several names were rumoured to be possible running mates, namely: Rigathi Gachagua, Kindiki Kithure, Anne Waiguru, Ndindi Nyoro, Justin Muturi and Musalia Mudavadi.[49]

In April 2022, Roots Party candidate George Wajackoyah named Justina Wamae, a former candidate for Parliament from Mavoko Constituency, as his running mate.[50] On 15 May 2022, Kenya Kwanza endorsed Rigathi Gachagua as Ruto's running mate.[51] Azimio la Umoja selected Martha Karua as Odinga's running mate on 16 May 2022.[52] The Agano Party's Waihiga Mwaure selected Ruth Mucheru Mutua as his running mate.[53]

Manifestos

Azimio la Umoja was the first political outfit to launch their manifesto on 6 June 2022.[54] The ten point manifesto voiced key issues such as a corruption-free government.[55] The manifesto came in the form of a declaration and promised to strengthen devolution; economically empower women; waste no single child; spur the economic pillar; facilitate climate-smart agriculture; revamp the manufacturing sector; enact responsible leadership; preserve sovereignty of the people; increase access to clean water; create "Baba Care",[56] which would focus on social protection and transformation; and upscale health coverage to universal health care.[57][58]

Ruto's UDA and Wajackoyah's Roots Party launched their manifestos on 30 June 2022. Ruto, who intended to apply a "bottom-up economic model", presented a manifesto promising to revive the economy, provide healthcare for all, promote micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME), and implement a two-thirds gender rule and affordable housing, among other policies.[59][60]

Wajackoyah intended to legalise marijuana for commercial purposes, introduce snake farming, export dog meat, shut and bring down the standard-gauge railway, hang the corrupt, suspend the constitution, introduce four-day work week, move capital city to Isiolo, create eight states, and repatriate idle foreigners.[61]

On 4 July 2022, Agano Party presidential candidate David Mwaure Waihiga launched his 12-point manifesto.[62] He argued that it was time for the country to move forward and start on a new slate in terms of leadership. He planned to pledge alliance to the constitution; to family, women, youth, persons living with disability, county governments, workers, business owners, the economy, religious institutions and the environment; as well as to the international community.[63] He also promised to recover public monies stashed in offshore accounts as well as dissolve the Nairobi City County government.[64]

Electoral candidates debates

On 2 March 2022, the Media Council of Kenya, in conjunction with the Media Owners Association and Kenya Editors' Guild, announced plans to conduct presidential debates in July 2022.[65] Clifford Machoka was appointed to organise the presidential and deputy presidential debates.[66] The debates were scheduled to run on 11, 19, and 26 July 2022 at Catholic University of Eastern Africa; and they were to be broadcast live across most television and radio stations, and their online platforms.[67] A Nairobi City County gubernatorial debate was also scheduled amongst the presidential and deputy presidential debates due to it being Kenya's capital.[68] Each of the debates ran in two sessions; the first session involved candidates who stood below 5% in the last three opinion polls, while the second session was between candidates reaching above 5% in the same polls.[69]

On 11 July 2022, the first tier of the Nairobi gubernatorial debate took place and four of the seven candidates expected took the stage, namely: Nancy Mwadime of the Usawa kwa Wote Party, Herman Grewal of Safina, Kenneth Nyamwamu of the United Progressive Alliance and independent candidate Esther Thairu.[70] The second tier of the debate, which aired on primetime, put former Nairobi deputy governor Polycarp Igathe against incumbent senator Johnson Sakaja, though the latter arrived 20 minutes late into the debate.[71] The deputy presidential debate that involved four candidates also aired in two sessions: Wamae faced off against Mucheru.[72] Karua and Gachagua duelled in the second tier.[73] An estimated 34 million Kenyans tuned in for the deputy presidential debate; an estimated 18.7 million of those who followed the debate were registered voters. 70% watched the second tier while 5% viewed the first.[74] The hallmark of the three debates, the presidential debate, was the final one, and it was to have Mwaure go against Wajackoyah first, while Odinga and Ruto face off in the second tier.[75] However, Odinga and Wajackoyah dropped out of the presidential debate.[76][77] Odinga argued that he could not debate with Ruto, whom he accused of having questionable integrity.[78] Wajackoyah's demand to debate with the two main presidential candidates was not met; though he made his way to the debating venue before storming off.[78][79] Mwaure and Ruto were featured alone in their respective sessions.[80][81] In addition to joint presidential debates, individual television stations aired gubernatorial debates from other counties, and a constituency debate.[82]

Campaign season

"Vote-rich counties" or counties with over 500,000 registered voters.

The campaign season officially kicked off on 29 May 2022 as clearance of electoral candidates continued.[83] Although the presidential election was considered a two-horse race between Odinga and Ruto, Wajackoyah gained significant popularity within the electorate due to his radical measures to quell the ballooning public debt.[84][85] Ruto's Kenya Kwanza proclaimed themselves 'hustlers', calling Odinga a dynasty and a 'project' of the outgoing government.[86] Odinga's Azimio la Umoja branded Kenya Kwanza as an alliance of the corrupt since most of the leaders in the coalition are suspected, accused, or convicted of corruption and other integrity issues.[87] Odinga billed himself and his running mate Karua as liberators who fought for the multiparty system, campaigned for the new regime in 2002 and were proponents of the 2010 constitutional dispensation.[88][89] On 28 July 2022, Ruto's running mate Gachagua was ordered by the anti-corruption court to forfeit Ksh 202 million to the state after it was determined the funds were proceeds of corruption.[90]

On 6 August 2022, all candidates across all elective seats held their final campaigns in different parts of the country.[91] Odinga held his last rally at Moi International Sports Centre; Ruto at Nyayo in Nairobi and Kirigiti Stadia in Kiambu County; Wajackoyah and Mwaure in different parts of Nairobi.[92][93][94][95]

Conduct

Mass voter listing

The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) announced plans to roll out the first phase of a 30-day mass voter registration exercise beginning 4 October 2021. The exercise targeted between 6 and 7 million new voters.[96] However, with the home stretch of voter registration approaching, the commission raised concerns over its failure to reach its target.[97] On 17 January 2022, the three-week second phase of the mass voter listing targeting 4.5 million voters kicked off, registering low turnout as well.[98][99] In May 2022, the commission suspended voter registration to March 2023, attributing the move to the auditing and verification processes that may alter with the timelines set ahead of the elections.[100]

Electoral candidates clearance

IEBC registered all aspirants expected to run for the various elective seats between 29 May and 7 June 2022.[101] William Ruto and Raila Odinga were cleared on 4 and 5 June respectively, in an event that would see them present their nomination papers.[102]

In June 2022, reports began to emerge that Sakaja Johnson presented a fake certificate to IEBC from a Ugandan university and that he never graduated from the University of Nairobi (UoN).[103] Initially, Sakaja had stated in interviews that he was an alumnus of UoN, where he purportedly pursued a bachelor's degree in actuarial science.[103] It would later emerge that Sakaja was yet to complete his studies at UoN since his enrollment in 2003.[103] He admitted in a radio interview that he did not graduate from the city's university, accusing Uhuru Kenyatta of plotting to destroy his political ambitions.[104][105] At the time of clearance, he had presented a Bachelor of Science in Management certificate from Uganda's Team University, where he alleged he was an external student. On 29 June 2022, the Commission for University Education revoked his degree, pending investigations.[106] The IEBC declined to revoke Sakaja's clearance, stating it can only disqualify him candidate if issued with a court order.[107] Uganda's Inspector General ordered a probe into the legislator's degree saga.[108] On 12 July 2022, the High Court dismissed a petition over Sakaja's degree, faulting the petitioner, Dennis Gakuu Wahome, for failing to discharge the burden of proof that the gubernatorial candidate degree certificate was fake.[109]

Former Nairobi governor Mike Sonko was denied clearance to run for the Mombasa governorship following his impeachment in 2020.[110] Sonko filed a petition at the High Court to have it compel IEBC to clear him for the gubernatorial race.[111] On 13 July 2022, the court noted in its ruling that Sonko's impeachment case was yet to be determined by the Supreme Court, and ordered the electoral commission to clear Sonko to vie for the Mombasa governorship.[112] On 14 July 2022, Sonko presented his nomination papers at IEBC where he was cleared to vie for Mombasa governor.[113] On 15 July 2022, the Supreme Court ruled that Sonko was duly impeached by the county assembly of Nairobi City, which automatically makes Sonko fail the integrity test to occupy any elective or appointed office.[112][114] Following the court's decision, IEBC revoked his clearance.[115]

IEBC preparation for general election

By the end of clearance, IBEC gazetted a total of 16,098 candidates contesting 1,882 elective slots.[116] IEBC received the first batch of ballot papers on 7 July 2022.[116][117] The ballot papers were printed by a Greek firm known as Inform P Lykos, situated in Athens, which was awarded the tender worth Ksh 3 billion.[118] The Kenya Integrated Election Management System (KIEMS) was used as the primary mode of voter verification, with the manual register used as a supplementary when these KIEMS kits fail.[119] This led to a vast discussion across the political spectrum on the possibility of KIEMS being subject to manipulation. Some noted that Smartmatic International, the supplier of the digital register, is not short of controversy.[120]

On 21 July 2022, three Venezuelan nationals were intercepted at the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport with what were believed to be sensitive election materials.[121] IEBC released a statement on their social media platform decrying the detention of Smartmatic International staff.[121] Directorate of Criminal Investigations (DCI) boss George Kinoti released an official statement claiming the two Venezuelan nationals traveled with expired passports, were in possession of 'questionable' material and were on a business trip.[122][123] The foreigners had stickers that were to be used in the election.[124] IEBC explained that the stickers had information on the polling station, polling centre, ward, constituency and county.[125] On 28 July 2022, following their public spat, DCI and IEBC ended their row, amicably agreeing that the issue with the stickers had been solved.[126]

General elections

On 8 August 2022, IEBC suspended the gubernatorial elections in Kakamega and Mombasa counties, as well as the parliamentary polls for Pokot South, Rongai and Kacheliba constituencies.[127][128] Chebukati noted that the ballot papers for affected areas had errors, including pictures for candidates and details.[129] Apart from the mentioned counties and constituencies, IEBC also suspended elections in five wards over candidates' deaths.[130] Voters in the affected areas voted on 23 August 2022.[1]

On election day, voting in Eldas Constituency of Wajir County was postponed to 10 August 2022 due to security concerns.[131] This was after the constituency returning officer was hospitalised after being shot in the leg.[132]

The voting exercise was greatly affected by the failure of the KIEMS kits to pick voters' fingerprints.[133] IEBC allowed the use of manual register in parts of Kakamega and Makueni counties after a blight of hitches from the KIEMS kits.[134] Some polling stations opened later than the stipulated time of 6 am, leading to delayed voting.[135]

By midday on election day, 6,567,859 voters, constituting 30% of those registered, had cast their ballots.[136] An hour before the closure of polling centers at 5 pm, the electoral commission reported a voter turnout of 12,065,803, equating to 56.17% of registered voters.[137][138] On 10 August 2022, IEBC announced that 14 million Kenyans, who were identified electronically, had voted bringing the total percentage to 65.4%.[139][140]

Didmus Barasa, the Member of Parliament for Kimilili Constituency, had been accused of shooting dead his rival's security guard and fleeing the scene following the event.[141]

Observers described the elections as largely peaceful and transparent.[9]

Interference

An investigation into a company that has reportedly interfered in elections worked on the 2022 Kenyan election. A strategist working on the campaign of William Ruto claims that his Telegram account had been hacked before the elections, including increased activities. It was revealed that this was done by Tal Hanan, an Israeli businessman who has reportedly interfered in several elections around the world. Hanan also hacked the Telegram and Gmail accounts linked to other advisers working with the Ruto campaign.[142]

While the client behind the hacks has not been revealed, Odinga has acknowledged that he hired white hat hackers, or ethical hackers, to uncover evidence to uncover electoral fraud that saw him lose the election.[143]

Opinion polls

This table below lists polls completed since Raila Odinga announced that he would enter the race.

Polling
firm
Fieldwork
date
Sample
size
Others Undecided No response
Odinga
Azimio
Ruto
UDA
Tifa Research 31 July–1 August 2022 2,268 49% 41% 1.8% 8%
(Infotrak for Nation Media Group) 30 July–1 August 2022 2,400 49% 41% 2.2% 7% 0.8%
Afroopinion 23–31 July 2022 450 49% 45.6% 5.4%
Ipsos 23–30 July 2022 6,105 47% 41% 3.1% 3.8% 5.1%
Tifa Research 21–26 July 2022 2,056 46.7% 44.4% 2% 5.2% 1.9%
Tifa Research 25–30 June 2022 1,533 42% 39% 4% 10% 4%
InfotraK 23–27 May 2022 9,000 42% 38% 1% 20%
Tifa Research 17 May 2022 1,719 39% 35% 2% 14% 8%
(Infotrak for Nation Media Group) 8–9 May 2022 42% 42% 2% 10% 5%
Tifa Research 22–26 April 2022 2,033 32% 39% 1% 16% 12%
Radio Africa Limited April 2022 41.3% 45.5%
Radio Africa Limited March 2022 46.7% 43.4% 3% 2.3%
Radio Africa Limited February 2022 35.1% 47.1%
Tifa Research 9–13 February 2022 1,541 27% 38.7% 4.3% 20% 10%
Radio Africa Limited January 2022 35.1% 46.1%
Tifa Research 9–13 November 2021 1,519 23% 38% 6% 23% 10%
Radio Africa Limited November 2021 28.6% 45.6%
Radio Africa Limited July 2021 14.2% 42.7%
Radio Africa Limited January 2020 19.9% 38.8%

Graphical summary of opinion polls

Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.

Results and reactions

The results had been scheduled to be announced at 3 pm on 15 August 2022,[144] however, by 5 pm no announcement had been made. Four IEBC commissioners, led by vice chair Juliana Cherera, held a press conference stating that they do not "take ownership" of the results, citing issues with the final tallying process.[145] The results were announced at 6 pm by IEBC chairman Wafula Chebukati. All candidates except Raila Odinga appeared at the announcement; Odinga's chief agent Saitabao Ole Kanchory announced that Odinga would not appear until his campaign team could verify the results.[146] As Chebukati and other two commissioners made their way into the Bomas of Kenya auditorium, violence erupted in the venue and the IEBC staff were escorted away.[147] After security personnel resolved the situation, Chebukati made his way to the auditorium and announced the results, naming William Ruto as the president-elect.[148]

The following day, 16 August, the dissident IEBC commissioners, Cherera, Francis Wanderi, Irene Masit and Justus Nyang’aya, gave a more detailed explanation of the division within the commission.[149] The four stated that the total percentage exceeded 100%, the results were not processed and analysed by all the commissioners, and that Chebukati did not provide the total numbers of registered voters, votes cast, or rejected ballots. They accused Chebukati of announcing results prematurely, before votes from some counties had been incorporated,[150] and accused Chebukati of exceeding his legal role.[151] This was disputed by the Elections Observations Group, a Kenyan NGO, who stated "The commission's verification process was credible and every critical player was involved with that process – from observers, political party agents, media, body officials ... The commission made data publicly available".[152] Chebukati also defended his announcement by stating that the 100.01% result was attributable to a rounding error,[153] and accused the four dissenting commissioners of trying to force a re-run of the election.[154]

Odinga rejected the outcome of the presidential election and announced he would begin a legal challenge.[155] He termed the election a "travesty", "unconstitutional", and "null and void".[156][157] Odinga also asked for his supporters to refrain from violence.[148] On 22 August, Odinga filed a court challenge to the result.[7] Odinga claimed the election results were based on criminal and fraudulent activities, his party agents were barred access to several election sites, technology was used for fraud, and the fraud was preplanned. Several others filed complaints too, claiming for instance that the results were not included in the tallying and verification of the IEBC chairman from 28 constituencies with at least 8% of the votes. [158] On 5 September, Kenya's Supreme Court rejected the petitions and upheld Ruto's victory.[159][160] Observers had described the elections as largely peaceful and transparent.[9] Odinga said he would respect the court verdict, although he still claimed victory.[10]

President

CandidateRunning matePartyVotes%
William RutoRigathi GachaguaUnited Democratic Alliance7,176,14150.49
Raila OdingaMartha KaruaAzimio la Umoja6,942,93048.85
George WajackoyahJustina WamaeRoots Party Kenya61,9690.44
David WaihigaRuth MutuaAgano Party31,9870.23
Total14,213,027100.00
Valid votes14,213,02799.21
Invalid/blank votes113,6140.79
Total votes14,326,641100.00
Registered voters/turnout22,120,45864.77
Source: IEBC

By county

Code County Registered
voters
Total
votes
Invalid/
blank
Valid
votes
Odinga Ruto Wajackoyah Waihiga
1 Mombasa 642,362 281,113 3,812 277,301 161,015 113,700 2,104 482
2 Kwale 328,316 180,368 1,359 179,009 125,541 51,918 1,137 413
3 Kilifi 588,842 288,813 3,191 285,496 204,536 77,331 2,534 1,221
4 Tana River 141,110 94,573 1,068 93,505 51,390 41,505 412 198
5 Lamu 81,468 50,957 887 50,070 26,160 22,876 848 186
6 Taita–Taveta 182,126 112,493 999 111,494 81,271 29,148 826 249
7 Garissa 201,513 110,550 590 109,960 81,376 28,111 396 77
8 Wajir 207,767 134,447 1,014 133,391 83,486 49,062 626 217
9 Mandera 217,034 136,411 846 135,565 106,279 28,351 676 259
10 Marsabit 166,944 115,385 481 114,904 55,675 58,782 303 144
11 Isiolo 89,535 59,514 536 58,978 26,449 32,302 175 52
12 Meru 772,573 511,285 4,809 506,476 103,679 398,946 2,798 1,053
13 Tharaka-Nithi 231,966 162,558 980 161,578 15,062 145,081 974 461
14 Embu 334,684 222,947 1,899 221,048 31,469 188,874 1,339 554
15 Kitui 532,833 332,397 3,324 329,073 203,750 77,912 2,412 1,216
16 Machakos 687,565 413,997 3,759 410,238 258,647 79,386 2,525 872
17 Makueni 479,401 292,726 1,908 290,819 229,187 59,331 1,848 572
18 Nyandarua 361,217 242,238 1,622 240,616 49,228 189,519 1,048 821
19 Nyeri 481,632 329,151 2,271 326,880 52,043 272,507 1,344 982
20 Kirinyaga 376,001 262,723 1,823 262,723 37,978 220,752 1,361 644
21 Murang'a 620,929 422,897 2,554 420,343 67,181 310,895 1,723 1,379
22 Kiambu 1,275,008 830,826 5,635 825,191 210,302 605,761 4,373 3,798
23 Turkana 238,528 144,631 1099 143,532 56,300 29,333 227 139
24 West Pokot 220,026 174,963 1,258 173,705 63,147 109,940 298 160
25 Samburu 100,014 70,688 340 70,348 41,737 28,319 238 62
26 Trans-Nzoia 398,981 252,983 2,470 250,513 131,581 115,750 875 412
27 Uasin Gishu 506,138 351,946 2,083 349,863 76,032 272,862 590 390
28 Elgeyo-Marakwet 213,884 166,761 1,537 165,224 4,902 160,092 176 120
29 Nandi 406,288 309,067 1,492 307,575 24,872 240,820 404 256
30 Baringo 281,053 218,105 1,014 217,091 40,316 143,429 425 186
31 Laikipia 263,012 170,420 1,336 169,084 34,276 105,827 522 389
32 Nakuru 1,054,856 691,673 5,503 686,170 170,169 357,439 1,756 1,536
33 Narok 398,784 400,449 1,597 398,852 106,967 132,366 303 181
34 Kajiado 463,273 310,271 1,647 308,624 157,704 147,974 1,132 778
35 Kericho 428,067 336,337 1,821 334,516 14,442 272,975 362 180
36 Bomet 875,689 301,151 1,545 299,606 15,132 333,491 667 274
37 Kakamega 844,551 844,709 5,562 503,719 325,302 130,184 3,224 1,128
38 Vihiga 310,043 186,448 2,115 184,333 113,623 66,717 1,448 503
39 Bungoma 646,598 410,667 5,516 405,151 144,658 255,337 2,480 1, 511
40 Busia 416,756 279,619 2,889 276,730 226,317 48,827 1,406 474
41 Siaya 533,595 378,248 1,894 376,354 371,201 4,307 735 209
42 Kisumu 606,754 433,577 2,572 431,005 419,141 10,049 734 247
43 Homa Bay 551,071 406,157 2,045 404,112 397,499 3,469 719 139
44 Migori 469,019 349,384 1,611 347,773 292,451 64,645 810 338
45 Kisii 637,010 407,227 4,391 402,836 262,618 133,838 1,590 696
46 Nyamira 323,283 210,648 1,997 208,651 126,284 76,541 849 339
47 Nairobi City 2,416,551 1,352,236 12,869 1,339,367 760,506 560,293 5,846 4,563
Total 22,110,015[161][162]
(+) Diaspora
291 Diaspora 10,443[163] 3,435 1,840 36 30
Total 22,120,458[3] 6,942,930 7,176,141 61,969 31,987

Parliament

Main article: 13th Parliament of Kenya

National Assembly

Party or allianceConstituencyCountySeats
Votes%SeatsVotes%SeatsAppointedTotal+/–
Azimio la UmojaOrange Democratic Movement389
Jubilee Party128
Wiper Democratic Movement – Kenya126
United Democratic Movement7
Democratic Action Party5New
Kenya African National Union5
Pamoja African Alliance3New
Maendeleo Chap Chap Party2
United Party of Independent Alliance2New
Kenya Union Party2New
United Progressive Alliance2New
Movement for Democracy and Growth1New
United Democratic Party1New
Total173
Kenya KwanzaUnited Democratic Alliance5143New
Amani National Congress18
Forum for the Restoration of Democracy – Kenya16
The Service Party2New
Chama Cha Kazi1New
Democratic Party1
Total161
Grand Dream Development Party1New
National Agenda Party1
National Ordinary People Empowerment Union1New
Independents12New
Total123490
Source: NTV (Kenya)[164][165][166] Kenyans[167]

Senate

PartySeats
CountyAppointedTotal
Kenya Kwanza241034
Azimio la Umoja231033
Total472067
Source: [164][166]

Misinformation on various social media

There was a fake statement shared on Facebook claiming that two local media houses - Royal Media Services and The Standard Group had called the elections in favour of Raila Odinga. According to this fake statement, Raila Odinga was leading the 2022 Presidential elections with 51.13% while William Samoei Ruto was at 48.22%. These claims were denounced by the media houses' senior editors and PesaCheck also confirmed that the statement was fake.[168]

Notes

  1. ^ Counties Kakamega and Mombasa gubernatorial election pushed to 23 August 2022. Three constituencies, and two wards to hold parliamentary and ward polls on the same day. Eldas Constituency held their elections on 10 August 2022[1] Wafula Chebukati suspended the election again due to safety concerns of the IEBC staff. The mini-polls were conducted on 29 August 2022 in the affected areas.[2]
  2. ^ Odinga is gazetted to run for president under Azimio la Umoja One Kenya Coalition Party. He still remains the leader of ODM.[4][5]
  3. ^ There is agreement in the international community that the presidential elections were at least partially manipulated.[25] In July 2008, an exit poll commissioned by the United States was released, which predicted Odinga to have won the presidency by a comfortable margin of 6%, 46% to 40%, well outside the exit poll's 1.3% margin of error.[26]

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