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Elgeyo Marakwet
Flag of Elgeyo Marakwet
Location in Kenya
Location in Kenya
CountryKenya
Founded4 March 2013
CapitalIten
Government
 • GovernorWisley Rotich
Area
 • Total3,049.7 km2 (1,177.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total454,480[1]
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Elgeyo-Marakwet County is one of Kenya's 47 counties. Elgeyo Marakwet County is located in the former Rift Valley Province. Its capital and largest town is Iten. It borders the counties of West Pokot to the north, Baringo County to the east, southeast and south, Uasin Gishu to the southwest and west, and Trans Nzoia to the northwest.

Demographics

The total population of Elgeyo-Marakwet County is 454,480 persons, of this 227,317 are females, 227,151 males and 12 intersex persons. There are 99,861 households in the county with an average size of 4.5 persons per household with a density population of 150 persons per square km.[2]

Geography, geology and topography

Escarpment panorama viewed from Iten View Point
Escarpment panorama viewed from Iten View Point
Population density in Elgeyo markwet county
Population density in Elgeyo markwet county

The Kerio River binds the county on the eastern side. From its alluvial plain the topography gradually rises towards the west. The Elgeyo Escarpment stands out distinctly and causes elevation differences of up to 1,500 m.[3] In the northern and southern part of the county the topography is rugged, giving way to more subdued relief differences going westwards. The underlying geology mainly consists of gneisses from the Basement System. The Cherangany Hills rise gently to form the western half of the Great Rift Valley and extend northwest in a broken chain to Mount Moroto in Uganda.[4] Non-volcanic in origin, the Cherangany Hills resulted from subsequent erosion of the raised western ridge of the Eastern Rift Valley. The range is approximately 30 miles (48 km) long and 25 miles (40 km) wide and averages 9,000 feet (2,700 metres) in height; its highest point reaches more than 11,000 feet (3,370 metres). Many of the summits are covered with huge groundsels and lobelias. Some of the hills include Kameleogon (3581 m), Chebon (3375 m), Chepkotet (3370 m), Alaleigelat (3350 m) and Sodang (3211 m).[5]

Climate

Temperatures range from a minimum of 12 °C which is extremely cold with mists and even frost to some extent to a maximum of 22 °C. Rainfall ranges annually from 800 to 2300 mm High above sea level.⁵

Religion and ethnicity

Marakwet Dancers
Marakwet Traditional Dancers

The county is mainly occupied by Keiyo, Sengwer also called Cherangany and Marakwet are part of the larger ethnic grouping of eight culturally and linguistically related ethnic groups known as the Kalenjin.[clarification needed]
Marakwet is a sub-tribe of the Kalenjin. It is made up of the sub-dialects Almoo, Endoow, Markweta (the sub-dialect giving rise to the common name), and Sombirir (Borokot) who presently predominantly live in Marakwet District in the North Rift Valley Province. Some now live in Trans Nzoia East and Uasin Gishu North districts and in other towns.
The name Keiyo or Elgeyo has been used interchangeably to describe the Keiyo people. The latter name is disputed as a corruption of the true name, which was coined by the Uasin-Gishu Maasai, who were the Keiyo's neighbours in the mid-9th century at the western side of Eldoret.[6]

Administrative and Political Units

Elgeyo - Marakwet is divided into 4 sub-counties, 20 county assemblies wards, 68 locations and 199 sub-locations. Below is the distribution of the county assemblies wards.

Political Units
Constituency No. of Wards
Marakwet East 4
Marakwet West 6
Keiyo North 4
Keiyo South 6
TOTAL 20

Source[7]

County government

Alex Tolgos is the current County Governor. He is currently serving his second and last term as governor. [8] Onesmus Kipchumba Murkomen is the current (2021) senator of the county.[9] and County Women Representative was Susan Kipketer Chebet,[10] all of the United Republican Party, an affiliate of the Jubilee Alliance. The county has four constituencies in the National Assembly, and twenty ward seats in its County Assembly. The Speaker was Albert Kochei.

County Executive Committee

Person Docket
Edwin Kisang Education and Technical Training
Shadrack Yatich Trade, Co-operatives, Energy and Tourism
Kevin Biwott[11] Public Works and Transport
Anita Kimwattan Health Services
Abraham Barsosio Water, Physical Planning and Natural Resources
Dr.Kiprono Chepkok Youth, Sports, Women and Social Services
Anne Kibosia Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries

Source [12]

County Ward Representatives

Constituency Ward Representative
Marakwet East Kapyego kerich cyrus
Marakwet East Sambirir Suter Paul Kipkemoi
Marakwet East Endo Kirop Festus Korir
Marakwet East Embobut/Embulot Chebii Simion
Marakwet West Lelan Priscilla Kurgat
Marakwet West Sengwer Kiprono Kipketer David
Marakwet West Cherang'any/Chebororwa Koech Philemon Kiptoo
Marakwet West Moiben/Kuserwo Chesingany William Cheruiyot
Marakwet West Kapsowar Yego David
Marakwet West Arror Christopher Kibor Kimutai
Keiyo North Kamariny Lagat Kenneth Kibet
Keiyo North Emsoo Cheboiboch Christopher Kangogo
Keiyo North Tambach Keitany Vincent Kiptoo
Keiyo North Kapchemutwa Cherop Rosa
Keiyo South Kaptarakwa Kigen Thomas Kipkorir
Keiyo South Chepkorio Kibet Tecla Jerotich
Keiyo South Soy North Kipchumba Vincent Kipruto
Keiyo South Soy South Cheruiyot Gilbert Kaptugen
Keiyo South Kabiemit Boit Wilson Kipketer
Keiyo South Metkei Chirchir Daniel
Nominated Kaptarakwa Rael Jepiwott Limo
Nominated
Nominated
Nominated
Nominated

[13][14]

Health

There are a total of 129 health facilities in the county with an averages of 3.7 km access distance from one health centre to another.[15] The county has 626 medical personnel cutting across different of medical profession.[16][17]

Transport and Communication

The is covered with 292.1 km of earth, 1,415.3 km of murram and 92.2 km of bitumen.[when?][18][19] As at 2014 there were 8 postal offices across the county with 1,600 installed letter boxes, 1,112 rented letter boxes and 488 vacant letter boxes.[20]

Economy

Economic activity in the county is characterized by mixed farming, which consists mainly of livestock and subsistence farming. Other activities include small business, tourism and fluorspar mining in Kerio Valley. Oil Prospecting by Tullow Oil Company is ongoing in Kerio Valley.[21]

As at 2014 county had 62,190,000 cattle, 7,220,000 goats and 10,232,000 sheep.[22]

Tourism

Major Tourist Attractions are

Education systems

There are a total of 554 ECD centres, 418 primary schools and 112 secondary schools in the county.

Schools in County
Category No. of Public No. of Private Total
ECD Centres 427 127 554
Primary Schools 367 51 418
Secondary Schools 111 1 113

Source[23][20]


Indicator Statistics
Number of Institutions (2007) Primary (373), Secondary (75)
Primary Enrolment (110,399)
Teacher to Pupil Ratio 1: 36 (Public Schools)
Secondary Enrolment (20,887)
Teacher to Pupil Ratio 1:30 (Public Schools)
Tertiary 1 Teacher Training College, 3 Vocational Training Centers
Adult Literacy Classes Enrolment (Data Not available)
Notable Secondary Schools
  • KEIYO NORTH
  • the st.Patrick's High School (Iten, Kenya)
  • Chebara Boys High School
  • Singore Girls Secondary School
  • Tambach Boys High School
  • kipsoen boys
  • kessup girls
  • st alphonsus mutei
  • st peters kapkoi day
  • St Francis kimuron
  • Anin mixed Secondary
  • chepsigot mixed
  • KEIYO SOUTH
  • Maria soti educational centre
  • simotwo boys
  • kipsaos boys
  • kapkenda girls
  • metkei girls
  • our lady of victory kaptagat
  • st agatha mokwo
  • st marys boys kitany
  • st joseph kipsaina girls
  • Koptega girls
  • Lelboinet boys
  • Biwott mixed day

[24]

Health

Indicator Statistics
Health Facilities: 113 - Referral Hospitals (1), District Hospital (1), Sub-District Hospitals (5), Dispensaries (89), Health Centres (15), Medical Clinics (1), Others (1)
Doctor to Population Ratio: 1:50,000 (Marakwet), 1:156,471 (Keiyo)
Infant Mortality Rates: 57/1000 (Keiyo)
Under Five Mortality Rates: 9.7/1000 (Keiyo)
Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Diarrhoea, Bronchopneumonia and respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections
Notable Hospitals:
  • Africa Inland Church Kapsowar Hospital.
  • Iten Referral Hospital.
  • Chebiemit District Hospital
  • Kocholwo Sub-County Hospital
  • Kaptarakwa Sub-County Hospital
  • Tot Sub-County Hospital

[24]

Sports

Major sports activity

The county is notable for its long-standing tradition of producing top athletes who have represented Kenya in many international athletics events.

Kenyan and foreign athletes train at Iten Elgeyo Marakwet County
Kenyan and foreign athletes train at Iten Elgeyo Marakwet County

Notable sport personalities

Notable Athletes hailing from this county include;

Important towns

EMC Towns

¤kamwosor ¤Kipsaos ¤Kapchorwa ¤Tabare ¤HZ

Eminent people

List Achievements
The late Nicholas Biwott Former Powerful Cabinet Minister in Government of President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi. Also known as 'TOTAL MAN aka KARNET'
Kipchumba Murkomen Elgeyo Marakwet County Senator 2013 to date First deputy Majority leader of the Kenyan Senate

2nd Majority Leader of the Kenyan Senate

Moses Kiplagat Changwony Former MD Sasini, Tardar and former aspirant Governatorial candidate Elgeyo Marakwet County
Julius Kipngetich Former CEO of Kenya Wildlife Service, Formerly Equity Bank Kenya Chief Operations Officer and Currently Uchumi Supermarkets CEO
Philip Kiptoo Tunoi Judge of Supreme Court of Kenya between 2012 - to Date
Philip Kipchirchir Murgor lawyer and Former Director of Public Prosecution
Brother Colm O'Connell Irish missionary and retired teacher. Successful Athletics Coach
Gladys Boss Shollei Former Chief Registrar of Kenya Judiciary, Current Woman Representative candidate Uasin Gishu County
William Chebor Murgor a member of pre-independence legislative council-Legco, and former MP of Keiyo North
Lieutenant General Lazaro Kipkurui Sumbeiywo Former Commandant of the Defence Staff College and Army Commander. Kenya special envoy to the Sudan and south Sudan peace process Joseph Kipchirchir Boinnet- Immediate former inspector general of the National Police Service
Sub-County/Constituency Wards
Marakwet East Kapyego · Sambirir · Endo · Embobut/Embulot
Marakwet West Lelan · Sengwer · Cherang'any/Chebororwa · Moiben/Kuserwo · Kapsowar · Arror
Keiyo North Kamariny · Emsoo · Tambach · Kapchemutwa
Keiyo South Kaptarakwa · Chepkorio · Soy North · Soy South · Kabiemit · Metkei

Services and urbanisation

Stats for Elgeyo-Marakwet County[26]
County
Stats for the County (Percent)
Urbanisation
14.4
Literacy
77.6
Attending School (15-18 Yrs)
84.8
Paved Roads
5.7
Good Roads
50.8
Electricity Access
7.2
Poverty Rate
55.5

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kenya Census 2009". Retrieved 22 July 2014 – via Scribd.
  2. ^ Munene, Evans (4 November 2019). "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Results". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  3. ^ Jones, W. B (1 January 1988). "Listric growth faults in the Kenya Rift Valley". Journal of Structural Geology. 10 (7): 661–672. Bibcode:1988JSG....10..661J. doi:10.1016/0191-8141(88)90074-0. ISSN 0191-8141.
  4. ^ "Moroto | Uganda". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Attraction - iSafiri". isafiri.com. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  6. ^ "History – Uasin Gishu County". Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  7. ^ IEBC. "The Report of the Interim Independent Boundaries Review Commission (IIBRC): Delimitation of Constituencies and Recommendations on Local Authority Electoral Units and Administrative Boundaries for Districts and Other Units" (PDF). Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Governors & Deputy Governors". cog.go.ke. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Members of the Senate | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Women Representatives | KEWOPA KENYA". Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  11. ^ "Governance".
  12. ^ "Governance". Elgeyo Marakwet County. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  13. ^ "SUMMARY OF RESULTS FOR MEMBER OF COUNTY ASSEMBLY WARD REPRESENTATIVE. [MARCH 4TH 2013 - GENERAL ELECTION&*93;". Iebc.or.ke. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  14. ^ "Members Nominated To County Assembly Wards". Iebc.or.ke. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  15. ^ Siele, Linus. "County health facilities increase to 129 as access to healthcare reduced to 3.7 km". Elgeyo Marakwet County. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  16. ^ "Health Services & Sanitation". Elgeyo Marakwet County. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Publications". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Home". www.kerra.go.ke. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Roads, Public Works & Transport". Elgeyo Marakwet County. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  20. ^ a b Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (2015). County Statistical Abstract Elgeyo Marakwet 2015. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. p. 18.
  21. ^ "Tullow hopeful of Kenya FID this year". www.petroleum-economist.com. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  22. ^ "Livestock Development, Cooperatives & Fisheries". Elgeyo Marakwet County. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Education and Technical Training". Elgeyo Marakwet County. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  24. ^ a b "Elgeyo Marakwet". Crakenya.org. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  25. ^ Chebororwa
  26. ^ USAid Kenya Archived 23 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine

Coordinates: 0°48′N 35°34′E / 0.800°N 35.567°E / 0.800; 35.567