Kilifi County
An African pied wagtail in Kilifi, Kenya
Flag of Kilifi County
Coat of arms of Kilifi County
Location in Kenya
Location in Kenya
CountryKenya
Formed4 March 2013
CapitalKilifi
Government
 • GovernorGideon Mung'aro
Area
 • Total12,245.9 km2 (4,728.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total1,453,787
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Websitewww.kilifi.go.ke

Kilifi County was formed in 2010 as a result of a merger of Kilifi District and Malindi District. Its capital is Kilifi and its largest town is Malindi. Kilifi county is one of the five counties[1] that harbor the Kenyan Coast[2] with 109km2 being in the Indian Ocean[3] .The county has a population of 1,453,787 people following the 2019 census which covers an area of 12,245.90 km2 (4,728.17 sq mi).[4][5]

The county is located north and northeast of Mombasa. Kilifi has fewer tourists than Mombasa County, however there are some tourists beaches in Kikambala, Watamu, Malindi and Kilifi. The county is known for its Ruins of Gedi, including mosques[6] and tombs,[7] dating from the 11th to the 17th century.

Tourism

Tourism and fishing in Kilifi County are the major economic activities due to its proximity to the Indian Ocean. The county has some of the best beaches and popular resorts and hotels.[8] The major tourist attractions in Kilifi County are Ruins of gedi,[9] Watamu Marine,[10] Malindi Museum,[11] Marine park,[12] Rabai Museum,[13] Matungu Public beach, Kaya forest[14] and Tropical beach.

Other attractions include historical sites such as the Mnarani ruins that date back to between the 14th and 17th century.[15] Kilifi county has different types of wildlife like Whale sharks,[16] manta rays,[17] octopus,[18] barracuda, Lions,[19] Buffalo, Rhino[20] ,Elephant[21] and birds.[22]

Trade and Commerce

The county has a strong industrial sector with the Mabati Rolling Mill and the Athi River Cement Factory contributing heavily to the region's economy in employment provision and income generation.[23]

Agriculture

Opportunities exist in agriculture, particularly dairy and crop farming thanks to fertile soil and good weather. The county had a successful cashew nut milling industry. [24] Maize and cassava are the main subsistence crops and the main cash crops grown in the county include coconuts, cashew nuts, sisal and citrus fruits such as mangoes and pineapples .

Demographic

Kilifi county has a total population of 1,453,787 of which 704,089 are males, 749,673 females and 25 intersex persons. There are 298,472 household with an average household size of 4.4 persons per household and a population density 116 people per square kilometer.[25] The major communities living in Kilifi County include Mijikenda,[26] Swahili,[27] Bajuni,[28] Indians, Arabs and European settlers

Distribution of Population by Sex and Sub-County
Sub-County Male Female Intersex Total
Chonyi 29,527 32,807 1 62,335
Ganze 66,921 76,981 4 143,906
Kaloleni 92,614 101,063 5 193,682
Kaum a 10,965 11,673 5 22,638
Kilifi North 86,986 91,836 178,824
Kilifi South 101,852 104,897 2 206,753
Magarini 93,302 98,308 4 191,610
Malindi 163,351 169,866 333,226
Rabai 58,571 62,242 9 120,813
Total 704,089 749,673 25 1,453,787

Source [29]


Historical population
YearPop.±%
1979 430,986—    
1989 591,903+37.3%
1999 825,855+39.5%
2009 1,109,735+34.4%
2019 1,453,787+31.0%
source:[30]

Religion

  Christian (68%)
  Muslim (18%)
  Other Religions (4%)
  Atheist (10%)

Religion in Kilifi County [31]

Administrative and Political Units

Administrative Units

Kilifi county has 7 Sub-counties, 35 County Assembly Wards and 52 Locations.[32]

Constituencies

The county has 7 Constituencies:[33]

Constituency Popln 2009 Census Area No of wards Wards
Kilifi North Constituency 207,587 405 7 Tezo, Sokoni, Kibarani, Dabaso, Matsangoni, Watamu, Mnarani
Kilifi South Constituency 171,607 401 5 Junju, Mwarakaya, Shimo la Tewa, Chasimba, Mtepeni
Kaloleni Constituency 139,302 651 4 Mariakani, Kayafungo, Kaloleni, Mwana Mwinga
Rabai Constituency 113,622 241 4 Mwawesa, Ruruma, Kambe-Ribe, Rabai/Kisurutuni
Ganze Constituency 137,664 2,942 4 Ganze, Bamba, Jaribuni, Sokoke
Malindi Constituency 162,712 627 5 Jilore, Kakuyuni, Ganda, Malindi Town, Shella
Magarini Constituency 177,241 6,979 6 Maarafa, Magarini, Gongoni, Adu, Garashi, Sabaki
1,109,735 12,245.90 35

Bahari Constituency which was formed 1988 was disbanded in 2013 by creation of two new constituencies, Kilifi North Constituency and Kilifi South Constituency.

Political Leadership

Hon. Amason Jeffa Kingi is the current Governor of Kilifi County and serving his last term after being elected twice 2013, 2017 and his deputized by Hon. Gideon Edmund Saburi,[34][35]Stewart Mwachiru Shadrack Madzayo who is the senator since 2013.[36][37] Gertrude Mbeyu Mwanyanje is the Women representative elected in 2017.[38] First women representative Aisha Jumwa decided to for member of parliament in 2017.[39]Prior to his election, Hon. Amason Kingi was the Minister for Fisheries Development between 2010 to March 2013. He has also served as the Minister for East African community between 2008 and 2010 and served as the Member of Parliament for Magarini from 2003-2013

The County Executive Committee in Kilifi county consists of

County Executive Committee
Number
The Governor 1
The Deputy Governor 1
The County Secretary 1
The CEC Members 10
Total 13

Source [40]

Education

Kilifi County has 1071 ECD centers 757 primary schools and 178 secondary schools, 13 Youth Polytechnics, 280 adult education centres.[41]

Education Institutions in Kilifi County 2014
Category Public Private Total Enrolment
ECD Centres 602 469 1071 104,362
Primary schools 526 231 757 310,007
Secondary schools 132 46 178 47,010
Youth Polytechnics 13 0 13
Adult Education Centres 280 0 280

Source [42]

Health

There are a total of 235 health facilities in the county with one county referral hospital.[43]

Health Facilities by Ownership
Government *FBO Private NGO TOTAL
Hospitals 5 2 10 17
Health centres 13 1 3 17
Dispensaries 70 11 2 4 87
Clinics 1 109 4 113

Source [44]

Transport and Communication

The county is covered by 3,678.6 Km of road network. of this 2,230.9 km is covered by earth surface, 1,091.5 km is murram surface and 356.2 km is covered by bitumen.[43]

There are 7 Post Offices with 6,800 installed letter boxes, 6,120 rented letter boxes and 680 vacant letter boxes.[45]

Image gallery

Villages and settlements

See also

References

  1. ^ "Counties of Kenya | Mappr". www.mappr.co. 23 January 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  2. ^ Campbell, Paul. "Kenyan Coast | Indian Ocean | Beach Holidays | Diani | Lamu | Mombasa". www.travelbutlers.com. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  3. ^ "Indian Ocean | History, Map, Depth, Islands, & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  4. ^ Government, Kilifi County. "Position and Size". Kilifi County Government. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  5. ^ "2019 Kenya Population and House Census: Distribution of by Administrative Units. Volume 2" (PDF). Africa Check. 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  6. ^ "The Mosque in Islam | All About Turkey". www.allaboutturkey.com. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  7. ^ Mark, Joshua J. "Tomb". World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  8. ^ Government, Kilifi County. "Welcome to Kilifi". Kilifi County Government. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Ruins of Gedi". Retrieved 15 October 2022.
  10. ^ "About W.M.A. – Watamu Marine Association". Retrieved 15 October 2022.
  11. ^ "Malindi Museum: Malindi Museum Kenya 2020 guide". Bwindi Forest National Park. Retrieved 15 October 2022.
  12. ^ "MOMBASA MARINE NATIONAL PARK AND RESERVE". Kichaka Tours and Travel/ Kenya Tour and Safari Operator. Retrieved 15 October 2022.
  13. ^ "Rabai Museum". UpKenya. Retrieved 15 October 2022.
  14. ^ "Kaya Forests – Kenya". Sacred Land. Retrieved 15 October 2022.
  15. ^ Kilifi County Archived 20 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Whale Shark | Species | WWF". World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  17. ^ "Giant Manta Ray". Oceana. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  18. ^ "Octopus". National Wildlife Federation. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  19. ^ "Lion". African Wildlife Foundation. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  20. ^ "AWF – Check out the Rhino!". African Wildlife Foundation. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  21. ^ "Elephant | Species | WWF". World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  22. ^ "Birds". National Geographic. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  23. ^ MRM (4 May 2020). "MABATI ROLLING MILLS (MRM) DONATES FOOD STUFFS TO FAMILIES IN KILIFI COUNTY". MABATI ROLLING MILLS LIMITED. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  24. ^ Government, Kilifi County. "AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK & FISHERIES". Kilifi County Government. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  25. ^ Munene, Evans (4 November 2019). "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Results". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  26. ^ "Details of the Mijikenda Tribe and People and their Culture in Kenya". Go Visit Kenya. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  27. ^ "Swahili (Language) - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics". www.sciencedirect.com. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  28. ^ "The Bajuni People". Journey Kenya. 30 December 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  29. ^ 2019 Kenya Population and House Census: Volume 1 - Population by County and Sub-county. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. 2019. pp. 17, 19, 20, 22, 31, 40. ISBN 9789966102096.
  30. ^ KENYA: Administrative Division population statistics
  31. ^ "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume IV: Distribution of Population by Socio-Economic Characteristics" (PDF). Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  32. ^ "The Report of the Interim Independent Boundaries Review Commission (IIBRC): Delimitation of Constituencies and Recommendations on Local Authority Electoral Units and Administrative Boundaries for Districts and Other Units" (PDF). IEBC. 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  33. ^ Kilifi County
  34. ^ "Governors & Deputy Governors". cog.go.ke. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  35. ^ "Amason Kingi". Mzalendo. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  36. ^ "Members of the Senate | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  37. ^ "Stewart Mwachiru Shadrack Madzayo". Mzalendo. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  38. ^ "Gertrude Mbeyu Mwanyanje". Mzalendo. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  39. ^ "Women Representatives | KEWOPA KENYA". Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  40. ^ "179. County executive committees - Kenya Law Reform Commission (KLRC)". www.klrc.go.ke. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  41. ^ "Ministry of Education". www.education.go.ke. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  42. ^ "Publications". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  43. ^ a b "Kilifi County Statistical Abstract 2015". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  44. ^ Government, Kilifi County. "Health Services Kilifi County". Kilifi County Government. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  45. ^ County Statistical Abstract Kilifi County 2015. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. 2015. p. 38.

Coordinates: 3°40′00″S 39°45′00″E / 3.66667°S 39.75°E / -3.66667; 39.75