Kitui County
Sunset at Tsavo East National Park mostly located in Kitui County
Motto(s): 
Kaunti Yiitu, Rasilimali Situ, Maisha Maseo (Our County, Our Resources, Good Life)
Location in Kenya
Coordinates: 1°29′S 38°23′E / 1.483°S 38.383°E / -1.483; 38.383Coordinates: 1°29′S 38°23′E / 1.483°S 38.383°E / -1.483; 38.383
Country Kenya
Formed27 August 2010
CapitalKitui
Government
 • GovernorCharity Kaluki Ngilu
 • Deputy Governor of KituiWathe Nzau
 • SenatorEnoch Kiio Wambua
 • Woman RepresentativeIrene Muthoni Kasalu
Area
 • Total30,430 km2 (11,750 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total1,136,187
 • Density37/km2 (97/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
WebsiteOfficial website

Kitui County is a county in the former Eastern Province of Kenya. Its capital and largest town is Kitui, although Mwingi is also another major urban centre. The county has a population of 1,136,187 (2019 census).[1] and an area of 30,430 km2.[2] It lies between latitudes 0°10 South and 3°0 South and longitudes 37°50 East and 39°0 East.[3][4]

Kitui County shares its borders with seven counties; Tharaka-Nithi and Meru to the north, Embu to the northwest, Machakos and Makueni to the west, Tana River to the east and southeast, and Taita-Taveta to the south.[5]

History

The name Kitui means 'a place where iron goods are made'.[6] The Kamba iron-smiths who settled in the county many years before the colonial period are the ones who named the area Kitui.[6][7]

Demographics

Kitui county has a total population of 1,136,187 of which 549,003 are males, 587,151 females and33 intersex persons. There are 262,942 household with an average household size of 4.3 persons per household and a population density 37 people per square kilometre.[8]

Distribution of Population by Sex and Sub-County
Sub-County Male Female Intersex Total
Ikutha 39,986 42,976 2 82,964
Katulan 23,150 23,957 1 47,108
Kisasi 22,646 23,496 46,142
Kitui Centra 52,123 53,863 5 105,991
Kitui West. 33,887 36,983 1 70,871
Kyuso 36,789 40,077 1 76,867
Lower Yatta 31,7 0 1 31,628 63,329
Matinyani 23,362 24,448 1 47,811
Migwani 33,525 41,726 4 79,255
Mumoni. 13,748 15,596 29,344
Mutitu 26,388 28,896 3 55,287
Mutitu North. 10,337 10,877 1 21,215
Mutomo 54,819 58,531 6 113,356
Mwingi Central.. 52,339 56,174 108,713
Mwingi East 40,314 44,820 5 85,139
Nzambani 22,929 23,857 2 46,788
Thagicu 7,141 7,994 1 15,136
Tseikuru 19,619 21,252 40,871
Total 549,003 587,151 33 1,136,187

Source [9]

The population is mostly made up of people of the Akamba ethnicity. Tharaka people, a section of the Ameru, are also found in Kitui County mainly in Tharaka ward. There is also a growing Somali presence.[6]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1979 464,283—    
1989 652,603+40.6%
1999 819,250+25.5%
2009 1,012,709+23.6%
2019 1,136,187+12.2%
source:[10]

Administration and Political Units

Administrative Units

There are eight sub counties, forty county assembly wards, one hundred and sixty seven locations and four hundred and eleven sub-locations.[11]

Further, the sub-counties are divided into smaller units called wards. There are 40 wards which are further divided into 247 villages.[12]

Administrative Sub-Counties

Source[11]

Electoral Constituencies

Source[13]

Political Leadership

Charity Kaluki Ngilu is the governor and second to hold office after Julius Malombe and she is deputised by Gideon Nzau Wathe.[14][15]Enoch Kiio Wambua is the senator join office in 2017 after unseating the first senator David Musila.[16][17] Irene Muthoni Kasalu is the women representative and second holder of this office after Nyiva Mwendwa.[18][19]

For Kitui County, the County Executive Committee comprises:-

County Executive Committee
Number
The Governor 1
The Deputy Governor 1
The County Secretary 1
The CEC Members 10
Total 13

kSource[20]

Members of Parliament 2017-2022 (Kitui County)

Education

There are 1826 ECD centres 1476 primary schools and 384 secondary schools. The county has also 5 teachers training colleges, 311 adult training institutions and 1 technical training institutions.[37]

Education Institutions in County
Category Public Private Total Enrolment
ECD Centres 1518 308 1826 90,731
Primary schools 1318 158 1476 346,022
Secondary schools 374 10 384 73,385
Teachers Training Colleges 3 2 5
Technical Training Institutes 1 0 1
Universities 1 0 1
University Campuses 5 0 5
Adult Education Centres 311 0 311 12,438

Source[38][39]

Health

There are a total of 256 health facilities in the county with one county referral hospital. County has 2,084 health personnel of different cadre.[40]

HIV prevalence is at 4.2% below the national 5.9%.[41]

Health Facilities by Ownership
Government *FBO Private NGO TOTAL
Hospitals 11 2 1 14
Health centres 38 2 40
Dispensaries 183 10 18 201
Clinics 3 1

Source[37]

Major towns

Major towns in the county include Kitui, Mwingi, Mutomo, Kwa Vonza, Mutitu, Ikutha, Kabati, Migwani, Mutonguni, Mbitini and Kyuso.

Climate

Dry river bed in Kitui County.
Dry river bed in Kitui County.

The climate is semi-arid; it receives roughly 71 cm (28 inches). A significant point however is that rainfall occurs practically only during the rainy seasons (one long around March & April, and one short, around October, November and December). The terms Long and Short Rains has nothing to do with amount of rainfall received but rather on the length of the rainy seasons.[6]

Urbanisation

Urbanisation in South Eastern Kenya
County
Urbanisation in South Eastern Kenya (Percent)
Machakos County
52
Kitui County
13.8
Makueni County
11.8
 Kenya Average
32.3

Urbanisation by County in South Eastern Kenya

Source: OpenDataKenya

Education

There are 1826 ECD centres 1476 primary schools and 384 secondary schools. The county has also 5 teachers training colleges, 311 adult training institutions and 1 technical training institutions.[37]

Education Institutions in County
Category Public Private Total Enrolment
ECD Centres 1518 308 1826 90,731
Primary schools 1318 158 1476 346,022
Secondary schools 374 10 384 73,385
Teachers Training Colleges 3 2 5
Technical Training Institutes 1 0 1
Universities 1 0 1
University Campuses 5 0 5
Adult Education Centres 311 0 311 12,438

Source[38]

Kitui School and Muthale Girls are the only national schools in Kitui County. Other major secondary schools are St. Charles Lwanga Secondary School, Kyuso Boys Sec, St. Joseph's Seminary at Mwingi, St, Benedict Ikutha Boys' high school, Kisasi Boys' Secondary School, Matinyani Boys' Secondary, Mutonguni Secondary School, St. Luke's Yatta Boys' Secondary School, Katheka boys high school (St Aquinas) Mutito Boys' Secondary School and Mwingi Boys' Secondary School. Major girls' schools include Mulango Girls' High School, St. Angela's High School, Mbitini Girls' Secondary School, Chuluni Girls' Secondary School, Mutito Girls' Secondary School and Mutomo Girls' Secondary School. Other notable secondary schools are St.Ursula Girls-Tungutu, St. Aquinas Kyangwithya Boys, Nzambani Boys, Maliku Girls, Thitani Girls, Zombe Girls, Migwani Boys, Katheka Boys, Kabaa secondary school and St. Lawrence Kaluva Secondary School

Kathungi Secondary School, which is also found in Kitui County, is famous for its football championship in the country. Kathungi were the 2013 national silver medalists. Alongside the national champions Upper Hill, they represented Kenya in East Africa Secondary School games held in Lira, Uganda.[42]

South Eastern Kenya University is a public university located in Kitui with the Main Campus at Kwa Vonza and other campuses at Mwingi and Kitui towns. Kenyatta University has a campus at Kwa Vonza while Moi University has a campus at Kyuso in Mwingi North sub-county.[12] University of Nairobi also has a campus in Kitui town. Kenya Medical Training College has campuses in Kitui and Mwingi.[12]

Statistics

Statistics for Kitui County
County
Statistics for the County (Percent)
Literacy
74.7
Attending School (15-18 Yrs)
77.8
Paved Roads
2.4
Good Roads
39.9
Electricity Access
4.8

Statistics for the County

Source: USAid Kenya

Health

There are a total of 256 health facilities in the county with one county referral hospital. County has 2,084 health personnel of different cadre.[37][43]

HIV prevalence is at 4.2% below the national 5.9%.[44]

Health Facilities by Ownership
Government *FBO Private NGO TOTAL
Hospitals 11 2 1 14
Health centres 38 2 40
Dispensaries 183 10 18 201
Clinics 3 1

Source [43]

Kitui County has several hospitals and health centres to meet the health needs of residents, among them Kitui County Referral Hospital, Mwingi Sub-County General Hospital, Kitui Nursing Home, Neema Hospital, Jordan Hospital, mission-run hospitals such as Muthale Mission hospital and some private health centres.[6]

Economy

The vast majority of the economy is based on sustenance farming, despite the fact that the agriculture is an extremely challenging endeavor giving the sporadic rainfall. A logical move therefore would be a transition to non-agricultural industries.[6]

During a recent, informal survey of the businesses in the town of Ikutha in southern Kitui County, the following businesses were identified:

Industries

Situated in Kitui town is a cotton ginnery where cotton farmers from around the county can deliver their harvest. It is the only major industry in the region, and was set up way back in 1935. Kitui is a semi-arid region and not many crops fare well there apart from cotton, hence the ginnery plays a major role creating income for the many cotton farmers in the region.[45]

Minerals

Kitui county has large deposits of coal in Mui Basin,[12] having low energy content/calorific value, meaning it produces less heat when burned. It also has sulphur. The coal could potentially supply the 1,000 MW Lamu Coal Power Station, and the 960-megawatt (MW) Kitui coal plant.[46]

Mutomo/Ikutha district contains limestone.[12]

Wealth/Poverty Level

Wealth/Poverty Level in South Eastern Kenya
County
Poverty Level in South Eastern Kenya (Percent)
Machakos County
59.6
Kitui County
63.1
Makueni County
64.1
 Kenya Average
45.9

Poverty level by County

Source: OpenDataKenya Worldbank

Tourism

Nzambani Rock

Nzambani Rock is one of the tourist attractions in Kitui County
Nzambani Rock is one of the tourist attractions in Kitui County

Also in Kitui county is one of the largest Rock outcrops in Kenya which is locally known as "Ivia ya Nzambani". Situated past Kitui Town, about 1 km from Chuluni Market is the Nzambani Rock which is famous for the tales and myths of its origin. Activities here include hiking and rock climbing.[49]

Religion and traditional culture

Christianity is the dominant religion in Kitui County. Roman Catholics make about 15% of the county's population. Other Christian denominations in the county include The Africa Brotherhood Church (ABC), the African Inland Church (AIC), Anglican Church of Kenya (ACK), Presbyterian Church of East Africa (PCEA), Independent Presbyterian Church (IPC), Redeemed Gospel Church and many others. Kitui county has a significant number of Muslims and several mosques can be spotted around the county's major urban centres. Few people in the county still hold on to traditional beliefs. They believe in a god called Mulungu or Ngai - the creator of everything on Earth.

Notable people

Dr. Willy Munyoki Mutunga, the former Chief Justice, hails from Kitui County
Dr. Willy Munyoki Mutunga, the former Chief Justice, hails from Kitui County

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kenya Census 2009 - Census - Kenya". Scribd. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Kenya Districts". www.statoids.com. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  3. ^ Kitui County Integrated Development Plan CIDP 2018-2022. Kitui County Government. 2018. p. 16.
  4. ^ "About Kitui – Kitui County Government". Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  5. ^ "::.The County Government of Kitui .:: - The County Government of Kitui". www.kitui.go.ke. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "About Kitui County in Kenya". kenya-information-guide.com. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  7. ^ Ambler, Charles H. (1985). "Population Movement, Social Formation and Exchange: Central Kenya in the Nineteenth Century". The International Journal of African Historical Studies. 18 (2): 201–222. doi:10.2307/217740. ISSN 0361-7882. JSTOR 217740.
  8. ^ 2019 Kenya Population and House Census: Volume 1- Population by County and Sub-county. 9789966102096: Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. 2019. pp. 17, 19, 20, 24.CS1 maint: location (link)
  9. ^ Munene, Evans (4 November 2019). "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Results". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  10. ^ Kenya: Administrative Division population statistics
  11. ^ a b interior_admin. "Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government". interior.go.ke. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d e "The County - Visitkitui". www.visitkitui.com. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  13. ^ "The Report of the Interim Independent Boundaries Review Commission (IIBRC): Delimitation of Constituencies and Recommendations on Local Authority Electoral Units and Administrative Boundaries for Districts and Other Units" (PDF). IEBC. 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  14. ^ "Governors & Deputy Governors". cog.go.ke. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  15. ^ "Charity Ngilu". Mzalendo. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  16. ^ "Enoch Kiio Wambua". Mzalendo. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Members of the Senate | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Women Representatives | KEWOPA KENYA". Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Irene Muthoni Kasalu". Mzalendo. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  20. ^ "179. County executive committees - Kenya Law Reform Commission (KLRC)". www.klrc.go.ke. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  21. ^ "Benson Makali Mulu". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  22. ^ "Hon. Mulu, Benson Makali | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Nimrod Mbithuka Mbai". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
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  25. ^ "David Mwalika Mboni". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
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  27. ^ "Rachael Kaki Nyamai". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  28. ^ "Hon. Nyamai, Rachael Kaki | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  29. ^ "Edith Nyenze". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  30. ^ "Hon. Nyenze, Edith | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  31. ^ "Gideon Mutemi Mulyungi". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  32. ^ "Hon. Mulyungi, Gideon Mutemi | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  33. ^ "Paul Musyimi Nzengu". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  34. ^ "Hon. Nzengu, Paul Musyimi | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  35. ^ "Charles Ngusya Nguna". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  36. ^ "Hon. Nguna, Charles Ngusya | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  37. ^ a b c d "Publications". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  38. ^ a b "Ministry of Education, ICT & Youth Development – Kitui County Government". Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  39. ^ County Statistical Abstract Kitui County 2015. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. 2015. p. 26.
  40. ^ "County Statistical Abstract Kisii County 2015". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  41. ^ "Kenya HIV Estimates Report 2018" (PDF). National AIDS Control Council. 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  42. ^ Futaa. "ARS: Upper Hill see off Kathungi to clinch KSSSA title". www.futaa.com. Retrieved 29 March 2018.[permanent dead link]
  43. ^ a b "Ministry of Health and Sanitation – Kitui County Government". Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  44. ^ "HIV Estimates Rreport Kenya 2018" (PDF). National AIDS Control Council. 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  45. ^ [1][dead link]
  46. ^ "Kitui coal mining to displace 30,000 households". Energy Siren. 18 December 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  47. ^ a b c d "Tourism and tourist attractions in Kitui County". kenyacountyguide.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2016.
  48. ^ "How a rock solved water shortage problem in a Kenyan village". next.blue. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  49. ^ "Nzambani rock offers more than just the intriguing tales about". Daily Nation. Retrieved 9 August 2019.