This article uses bare URLs, which are uninformative and vulnerable to link rot. Please consider converting them to full citations to ensure the article remains verifiable and maintains a consistent citation style. Several templates and tools are available to assist in formatting, such as reFill (documentation) and Citation bot (documentation). (September 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Kericho" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (September 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Location of Kericho, Kenya
Tea country surrounding Kericho

Kericho is the biggest town in Kericho County located in the highlands west of the Kenyan Rift Valley. Standing on the edge of the Mau Forest, Kericho has a warm and temperate climate making it an ideal location for agriculture and in particular, the large scale cultivation of tea.[1]

The town is strategically located along Kenya's western tourism circuit with access to Lake Victoria, the Maasai Mara National Reserve and Ruma National Park.

As of the 1999 census, the town has a population of 150,000.[2] Kericho is the home town of the Kipsigis, who are a part of the Kalenjin people.

Kericho is home to the world's single largest tea plantation.

Etymology

The etymology of Kericho is unclear. One theory has it that it was home to the region's first hospital, built by the colonial British at the start of the 20th century. This is in reference to kerichek, the word for medicine in the Kipsigis language. Other theories have it that the town was named for a local medicine man called Kipkerich or after a Maasai chief, Ole Kericho who was killed in the 18th century by the Abagusii.[citation needed]

History

The settlement at Kericho was founded in 1902 by British settlers.[3]

Kericho hosts Africa's largest Sikh Gurudwara[4] and the second largest Catholic cathedral in Kenya.[5]

Gurdwara Sahib is built on the site of the home and workshop of Kericho Wagon Works founder Sant Baba Puran Singh Ji of Kericho. The site is currently a place of worship for the Sikh community and a museum gazetted by the Government of Kenya as a place of spiritual significance.

It is dedicated to the memory of Sant Baba Puran Singh Ji, founder of the international charitable organization, Guru Nanak Nishkam Sewak Jatha which promotes the spirit and practice of selfless service ("nishkam sewa") in the name of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of the Sikh faith.

Chandarana Records a pioneer of Benga music and the Kenyan music recording industry is based in Kericho town.

Kericho is home to Olympic-winning long-distance athletes and hosts Zoo Kericho F.C. a football club competing in the Kenyan Premier League and Kericho R.F.C. competing in the Nationwide League.[6]

Other notable places of interest include Chagaik Arboretum, Chelimo Arboretum, Tagabi Arboretum, Uhuru Garden and the vast scenic tea estates with high ground view points.

Geography

Kericho is reputed to hold the record for the highest number of hail occurrences in a year, either at 132 days with hail[7] or 113 days in 1965. Kericho has up to 50 days of hail each year,[8] but large hail is rare.[7]

Government

Kericho town is the headquarters of Kericho county, which is itself made up of six constituencies/sub-counties including Bureti, Belgut, Ainamoi, Soin/ Sigowet, Kipkelion East, and Kipkelion West.

Transport

Kericho is accessible by road through the B1 road (Kenya) that links Mau-Summit, Kericho to Kisumu and Busia. In addition, the C25 Kapsoit-Sondu road connects Kericho to the A1 road (Kenya) linking Isebania to Lokichoggio through Kisumu and Kitale.[9]

The Nakuru-Kisumu railway line passes through Kericho County with railway stations at Mau Summit, Londiani, Kedowa, Lumbwa, Kipkelion and Fort Ternan. Fort Ternan was previously used as a halfway point for passenger and goods trains between Nakuru and Kisumu.[10]

Private airstrips operated by tea estates have a more regular use for purposes of crop spraying.[11]

Communication and media

Kericho town has access to a high-speed fiber-optic Internet connection, fixed line, and mobile telecommunications.

There are several local FM radio stations including Kass FM, Chamgei FM, KBC Kitwek FM, Radio Injili, Sayare Radio, Light and Life FM, Sema Radio and The Just FM.

Tertiary education

Kericho hosts several satellite campuses and colleges providing certificate, diploma and degree courses.

Secondary education

Kericho is home to: 1.Litein High School, 2.Taita Towett Boys High School, 3.Kipkelion Girls High school, 4.Kapsoit high school, 5.Kabianga Boys High School, 6.Kericho High school, 7.Moi Tea Secondary, 8.Kipsigis Girls High School, 9.Cheptenye Boys High School, 10.Kericho Tea Boys, 11.Tengecha schools 12. Moi Sitotwet 13. Getumbe Secondary school 14. Poiywek Secondary School 15. Kericho Day Secondary school 16. Kipchimchim Secondary school 17. Kaptebeswet secondary school 18. Kabianga Girls High School and others

Religion

Kericho is home to followers of the Africa Gospel Church, Full Gospel Church, Seventh-day Adventists, Catholics, Sikhs, Muslims, Hindus, African Inland Church, Jehovah's Witnesses and Anglicans.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Investing in Kericho County". Soko Directory. 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2020-05-28.
  2. ^ "The National Treasury" (PDF). Treasury.go.ke. 2015-07-09. Retrieved 2015-12-06.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ United Nations Centre for Human Settlements, Regional Development Planning and Management of Urbanization: Experiences from Developing Countries, UN-HABITAT, 1997, p.189
  4. ^ "Guru Nanak Nishkam Sewak Jatha. Kericho, Kenya". 26 August 2007.
  5. ^ "The Star".
  6. ^ "About Kericho RFC | Shujaa Pride".
  7. ^ a b Linacre, E.; Geerts, B. (May 1998). "More on hail". University of Wyoming. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  8. ^ Burt, Christopher C. (30 April 2011). "World's Largest Hailstones | Weather Extremes". Weather Underground. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Classification". Archived from the original on 2016-01-30. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  10. ^ "Kenya Branches".
  11. ^ http://aeroclubairfields.com/go.php?mod=public&loco=airstrips

00°22′09″S 35°17′02″E / 0.36917°S 35.28389°E / -0.36917; 35.28389