|Formed||4 March 2013|
|• Governor||Salim Mvurya|
|• Total||8,270.3 km2 (3,193.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||100/km2 (270/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT)|
Kwale County is a county in the former Coast Province of Kenya. Its capital is Kwale, although Ukunda is the largest town.
Kwale county has an estimated population of 649,931.
Kwale is mainly an inland county, but it has coastline south of Mombasa. Diani Beach is part of the Msambweni division. Shimba Hills National Reserve and Mwaluganje elephant sanctuary are other attractions in the county.
Main ethnic communities in the county include the Digo and Duruma clans of the larger Mijikenda tribe and also a significant presence of the Kamba tribe.
The Digos are the majority in Msambweni, Lunga Lunga and Matuga while the Durumas are the dominant in Kinango. Most Kambas are found in Kinango and Lunga Lunga with a significant population in Msambweni.
The county has four constituencies:
|* 1999 census. Source:|
|Kubo, Kwale County||48,769||0|
|* 1999 census. Sources:|
Samburu should not be confused with Samburu County.
As of 2019, there were 43,624 Catholics,116,453 Protestants, 82,176 Evangelicals, 70,805 Other Christians; 520,160 Islams, 332 Hindus, 7,121 Traditionals; 4,703 from other religions and 12,551 who have no religion. 
The coastline in Kwale County stretches for roughly 250 kilometres, which consists of corals, sands and alluvial deposits.
The Coastal Plain, the Foot Plateau, the Coastal Uplands, and the Nyika Plateau are the four principal topographical features of Kwale County.
The Coastal Plain is famous for its white sand beaches. These land formations is a made up of eroded reef material, such as coral sand when it is deposited on the inshore side of the reef. Furthermore, this region has one of the most productive coral reefs, including coral flats, lagoons, reef platforms and fringing reefs. These reefs occupy an estimated total area of 50,000 Ha, with stony coral covering 30%-40% of the total reef population.
Behind the Coastal Plain lies the Foot Plateau at an altitude of 60-135 meters above sea level.
From the Foot Plateau, the Coastal Uplands (also known as "Shimba Hills"), ascends steeply, reaching an altitude of 135-462 meters above the sea level. This geographical area consist of numerous sandstone hills, which include the Shimba Hills (420m), Tsimba (350m), Mrima (323m) and Dzombo (462m).
On the western boundary of the county, the Nyika Plateau (commonly referred to as the "hinterland") gently climbs from roughly 180 meters and covers more than half of the county. A basement rocks system lies beneath the plateau, which also contains random reddish sand soils patches. Since the soil in these regions are semi-arid and low-fertile, livestock rearing became the main activity at the hinterland.
Seven major rivers and numerous minor streams form the county's drainage system. The main rivers and streams are Ramisi, Marere, Pemba, Mkurumuji, Umba, Mwachema and the Mwachi River. Out of these seven rivers, three are permanent (Marere, Mwaluganje, and the Ramisi River). All these rivers flow into the Indian Ocean.
The county has a monsoon climate; it is hot and dry from January to April, with the coolest months being June to August.
Rainfall is divided into two seasons: short rains from October to December, and long rains from March to June/July. The county's average temperature is 24.2°C. In the coastal low lands, temperature ranges from 26.30°C to 26.60°C; in Shimba Hills, 25.00°C to 26.60°C , and in the hinterland, 24.60°C to 27.50°C.
Annual rainfall varies between 400 and 1,680 mm.
Beans, cassava, maize, peas, grams and semi-commercial crops, like coconuts and mangoes, are the majority of crops grown in Kwale County.
Cashew nuts, sugarcane, cotton, simsim, bixa and tobacco are cultivated as cash crops.
On the 17th of December (Friday), 2021, the Kwale County opened a Sh130 million wholesale fresh produce market at Kombani, which was co-funded by the European Union and the county government, hoping to ease the selling of farmers’ produce and promote trading activities. The new market also ranks largest, after the Kongowea market in Mombasa, in the coastal area.
The Nyika Plateau, which receives rainfall of less than 700mm, relies heavily on livestock farming. About two-thirds of the county is covered by the hinterland.
According to the 2009 Census, there were 255,143 cattle, 349,755 goats, 83,133 sheep, and 433,827 indigenous chickens in the livestock population. Zebu and Boran cattle are the most common beef breeds, while Crosses of Ayrshire and Sahiwal cattle are the most common type for dairy.
Despite the large number of livestock, production has remained low due to poor-quality breeds, inadequate husbandry, and high pest and disease occurrences.
In November 2021, the Kenya Red Cross Society began the Livestock Off-take and Cash Transfer initiatives in Kwale County to help livestock farmers avoid severe losses during the drought season.
The livestock offtake programme includes purchasing, killing, and distributing livestock meat to local inhabitants.
Mohammed Mwainzi, the Kwale County Coordinator for the Kenya Red Cross Society, said the off-take programme aims to reduce livestock deaths during the dry season and empower livestock caretakers to withstand the ravages of drought and famine.
The price of each cow is between Sh 5,000 and Sh 6,000.
The Kenyian government also launched a Sh40 million Livestock Off-take Programme in Kwale County as a response to reduce loss of animals to drought. Government Spokesperson Colonel (Rtd) Cyrus Oguna said 26,000 people in Kwale who have been affected by drought will get a monthly stipend of Sh3,000 via mobile money transfer platforms to help cushion and enhance their lives.
Since 2014, Business for Development has been developing the Kwale Agribusiness Program (KAP). The program's purpose is to transition smallholder agricultural communities in Kenya's Kwale region from subsistence farming to more economically focused, and thus profitable, farming practices.
KAP is a partnership between Kwale County Government and the Government of the Republic of Kenya, as well as foundation partners: Base Titanium Limited (BTL), a mineral sands producer in Kwale County, and Cotton On Group (COG), Australia's largest worldwide retailer.
The main products of this program are cotton, grain, pulses, and livestock, including stock feed.
The KAP model has demonstrated that industrialisation of the Kenyan cotton sector is attainable through long-term improvements in farming methods, quality control, productivity, and increased profit margin retention by the farming community.
Over the next five years, the primary objective will be to execute the KAP model across Kenya's cotton growing communities. Through the growth and replication of the KAP model across Kenya, the initiative will contribute to the revival of the cotton sector in Kenya. To that end, the following goals have been set.
The society's name is derived from ‘pamba na viazi’, the Swahili words for cotton and potatoes. The development of the PAVI Kwale Farmers' Co-operative has provided additional aid by giving the farmers a united voice in discussions with COG and other customers, suppliers, government, and supportive partners.
Through the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MoALF) and the Kwale County Government, PAVI has been able to obtain technical assistance and additional resources. Both levels of government have expressed a strong desire to assist PAVI's agriculture prospects. A stock mill has been built, and negotiations for the development of a cooperatively operated cotton gin are currently underway.