Location within Kenya
Location within the Horn of Africa
Location within Africa
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Mandera (Somali: Mandheera) is the capital of Mandera County in the former North Eastern Province of Kenya. It is situated at around, near the borders with Somalia and Ethiopia.
Mandera is the capital of the Mandera District.
As a whole, it used to constitute one district in previous administrations, which is now divided into six sub-counties and Constituencies; namely,
The county occupies an area of 26,744 km2.
Among the notable incident of Mandera history was the Rhamu Incident of the 1977 in which Somali military invaded Ethiopian defences from the Kenyan side in which a force of 1500 Somali soldiers attacked a border post, and killed 30 Kenyan police officers and soldiers. The Somali army successfully crossed into the Sidamo Region of Ethiopia in the so called Ogaden War.
Most of Mandera's inhabitants are ethnic Somali. Economic mainstay largely remains livestock trade.
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Mandera's climate is categorized as arid under the Köppen climate classification. Temperatures tend to be hot throughout the year. Daily temperatures are typically above 30 °C (86 °F), while at night, they can fall to 20 °C (68 °F). Precipitation is extremely low, with the area receiving a minimal amount of rain. Droughts are not unusual, often resulting in significant loss of livestock in rural areas where pastoralism is common.