Mandera
Mandheera
City
Mandera is located in Kenya
Mandera
Mandera
Location within Kenya
Mandera is located in Horn of Africa
Mandera
Mandera
Location within the Horn of Africa
Mandera is located in Africa
Mandera
Mandera
Location within Africa
Coordinates: 03°55′N 41°50′E / 3.917°N 41.833°E / 3.917; 41.833Coordinates: 03°55′N 41°50′E / 3.917°N 41.833°E / 3.917; 41.833
Country Kenya
CountyMandera
Population
 (2019)
 • Total87,692
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Mandera (Somali: Mandheera) is the capital of Mandera County in the former North Eastern Province of Kenya. It is situated at around 3°55′N 41°50′E / 3.917°N 41.833°E / 3.917; 41.833, near the borders with Somalia and Ethiopia.

Districts

Mandera is the capital of the Mandera District.[2]

As a whole, it used to constitute one district in previous administrations, which is now divided into six sub-counties and Constituencies; namely,

  1. Mandera East which represents Mandera Town
  2. Mandera Central
  3. Mandera West
  4. Mandera North
  5. Banissa
  6. Elwak
  7. Lafey

The county occupies an area of 26,744 km2.[2]

Among the notable incident of Mandera history was the Rhamu Incident of the 1977 in which Somali military invaded Ethiopian defences from the Kenyan side in which a force of 1500 Somali soldiers attacked a border post, and killed 30 Kenyan police officers and soldiers. The Somali army successfully crossed into the Sidamo Region of Ethiopia in the so called Ogaden War.[3]

Demographics

Most of Mandera's inhabitants are ethnic Somali. Economic mainstay largely remains livestock trade.[citation needed]

Climate

Mandera
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
1
 
 
35
23
 
 
4
 
 
36
25
 
 
24
 
 
36
26
 
 
83
 
 
35
26
 
 
24
 
 
33
25
 
 
0
 
 
32
24
 
 
0
 
 
32
23
 
 
1
 
 
33
23
 
 
2
 
 
34
24
 
 
43
 
 
34
24
 
 
36
 
 
34
24
 
 
9
 
 
35
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Mandera's climate is categorized as arid under the Köppen climate classification. Temperatures tend to be hot throughout the year. Daily temperatures are typically above 30 °C (86 °F), while at night, they can fall to 20 °C (68 °F). Precipitation is extremely low, with the area receiving a minimal amount of rain. Droughts are not unusual, often resulting in significant loss of livestock in rural areas where pastoralism is common.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Mandera population statistics
  2. ^ a b Districts of Kenya
  3. ^ Aburo, Vainusa. "Mandera History". County Government of Mandera. Retrieved 2020-05-29.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2010-07-10.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)