The Hon. Lady Justice
Philomena Mbete Mwilu
3rd Deputy Chief Justice of Kenya
Assumed office
28 October 2016
Appointed byUhuru Kenyatta
Preceded byKalpana Rawal
Personal details
Philomena Mbete Mwilu

(1957-04-15) 15 April 1957 (age 66)
Alma materUniversity of Nairobi (LLM)
University of Nairobi (PhD)
OccupationDeputy Chief Justice of Kenya

Philomena Mbete Mwilu (born 15 April 1957) is a Kenyan lawyer and judge, who has served as the assistant Chief Justice of Kenya and Vice President of the Supreme Court of Kenya since 28 October 2016. Following the retirement of Chief Justice David Maraga, and before Martha Koome was appointed as the Chief Justice, she served as Acting Chief Justice and President of the Supreme Court of Kenya from 11 January 2021 to 19 May 2021, making her the first woman to hold that office.[1][2]

Personal life

Philomena Mwilu was born on 15 April 1957 in the present day Makueni County, Kaiti division, Kilala location. She is a mother of four children. Philomena Mwilu is a spouse to Amos Wako, former attorney general and senator for Busia County

Background and education

She studied at Alliance Girls High School. She then proceeded to study law at the University of Nairobi, graduating with a Bachelor of Laws. In 1984, she was admitted as an advocate of the High Court of Kenya.[1] She returned to the University of Nairobi for a Master of Laws Degree, graduating in 2018.[citation needed]

Early legal career

Justice Philomena Mbete Mwilu's long legal career spans over 35 years. She began by practicing law in the firm of "Muthoga Gaturu & Company" in 1984 and later transferred to "Mutunga & Company Advocates".[1] In June 1991 she was appointed senior legal manager at Jubilee Insurance Company Limited, serving in that capacity until 1997.[1]

From 1999 until 2001, she was the Board secretary at the "Electricity Regulatory Board" of Kenya, and later, from 2006 until 2007, she served as the deputy chairperson of the Energy Tribunal. In 2007, she served as a director of the board of Nairobi Water and Sewerage Company and later as chair of the Legal and Human Resource Committees of the board, prior to her joining the Kenya Judiciary.[1]

Judicial career

She was appointed a High Court judge in 2008, first serving in the Commercial Court Division in Nairobi. She was then moved to the High Court in Eldoret. From Eldoret, she was transferred back to Nairobi where she served at the Criminal Division of the High Court. She was appointed the head of the Environment and Land Division of the High Court in January 2012. In November 2012, she was appointed as a Justice of the Kenya Court of Appeal.[1][3]

In October 2016, she was nominated to take the position of Deputy Chief Justice of Kenya, replacing Kalpana Rawal, who had attained the mandatory retirement age of 70.[4] After interviewing Justice Mwilu and over 14 other nominees, the Judicial Services Commission selected Philomena Mbete Mwilu to become the next Deputy Chief Justice.[5]

In May 2017, she was elected by fellow Judges of the Supreme Court as their representative in the Judicial Service Commission.[6]

Lady Justice Mwilu was one of the judges who heard the 2017 presidential election petition, joining Chief Justice David Maraga as well as associate Justices Smokin Wanjala and Isaac Lenaola in nullifying President Kenyatta's win.[7] When a petition was filed to stop the fresh election that was scheduled following the nullification of the August presidential election, she was one of the Judges who failed to show up in court to hear the petition, forcing Chief Justice Maraga to adjourn the hearing.[8] Aside from the Chief Justice, only one of the remaining six judges was available for the hearing.[citation needed]

A day before the hearing, her official car had been shot at while driving through traffic, with her driver sustaining gunshot wounds.[9]

Arrest and prosecution

In August 2018, Justice Mwilu was dramatically arrested at her offices in the Supreme Court Building and escorted to the headquarters of the Directorate of Criminal Investigations and later in the evening to court where she was charged with several offences relating to property and loan transactions with the Imperial Bank with had collapsed by then.[10] It was alleged that she had been given unsecured loans by the bank which she failed to pay by taking advantage of her then office as Judge of the Court of Appeal, and that she had failed to pay property taxes to the Kenya Revenue Authority.

She lodged an objection to the criminal proceedings, claiming that as a judicial officer, any allegations of impropriety on her part were to be lodged with the Judicial Service Commission and not the ordinary courts.[11]

A three-judge bench of the High Court delivered a judgment in her petition in May 2019, holding that even though concurrent proceedings could be lodged at the JSC and the criminal courts, the proceedings against the DCJ were flawed since the DCI had obtained evidence against her in an unlawful manner.[12]

Immediately after the judgment, the Director of Public Prosecutions issued a statement condemning the decision, and promising to lodge an appeal with the Court of Appeal.[13]

A week later, a petition seeking her removal from office was lodged with the Judicial Service Commission on which she sits as a representative of the Supreme Court.[14]

The Director of Public Prosecutions, Noordin Haji lodged another petition before the Judicial Service Commission inviting the Commission to investigate her conduct.[15] The Petition followed from the criminal prosecution that had been quashed by the High Court.

Acting Chief Justice & President of the Supreme Court

When Chief Justice David Maraga went into mandatory retirement on 11 January 2021 on attaining the age of 70 as provided under Kenya's Constitution, Mwilu took over the leadership of the Judiciary as the Acting Chief Justice pending the recruitment of a substantive Chief Justice to replace Maraga. While Mwilu started acting as the Chief Justice on 13 December 2020 when Maraga went on terminal leave ahead of his retirement,[16] the final official hand over of the instruments of power took place on 11 January 2021.[17] She took office despite a case which was filed by an activist who argued that she should not be named the Acting Chief Justice while she was facing a court case on abuse of office and corruption.[18]

Her term as Acting Chief Justice ended on 19 May 2021 following the appointment of Martha Koome as the 15th Chief Justice of Kenya.[19]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f SoftKenya (2016). "Biography of Philomena Mbete Mwilu". Nairobi: (SoftKenya). Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  2. ^ PSCU (28 October 2016). "Judges Philomena Chebukati and Isaac Lenaola sworn in". Daily Nation. Nairobi. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  3. ^ Agutu, Nancy (10 October 2016). "Judge Philomena Mwilu nominated as Deputy Chief Justice". The Star (Kenya). Nairobi. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  4. ^ Kiplagat, Sam (10 October 2016). "Nominated DCJ Philomena Mwilu hailed by judges as 'valuable team player'". The Star (Kenya). Nairobi. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  5. ^ Murumba, Stellar (10 October 2016). "Justice Mwilu picked as next Deputy CJ". Business Daily Africa. Nairobi. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  6. ^ "Philomena Mwilu elected Supreme Court representative at JSC".
  7. ^ "Supreme Court quashes Uhuru Kenyatta's re-election". 28 June 2020.
  8. ^ "Petition seeking to block Thursday poll flops over quorum hitch » Capital News". 25 October 2017.
  9. ^ "Deputy CJ Philomena Mwilu's driver shot in an attack along Ngong Road".
  10. ^ "Judge Philomena Mwilu arrested at Supreme Court". 28 June 2020.
  11. ^ "Deputy CJ Philomena Mwilu Files Petition at High Court to Stop Criminal Proceedings Against Her". 29 August 2018.
  12. ^ "Philomena Mwilu survives as court stops prosecution over graft". 28 June 2020.
  13. ^ "DCJ Mwilu's battle with DPP heads to appeal court".
  14. ^ "Two petitions filed for removal of DCJ Philomena Mwilu". 12 June 2019.
  15. ^ "DPP now petitions JSC on the removal of Mwilu » Capital News". 27 June 2019.
  16. ^ Kwamboka, Paul Ogemba and Everlyn. "Mwilu takes charge as jostling for Chief Justice seat begins". The Standard. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  17. ^ 11 January 2021, Monday (11 January 2021). "Mwilu takes helm of Judiciary as Chief Justice Maraga retires". Business Daily. Retrieved 11 January 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  18. ^ 11 December 2020, Friday (11 December 2020). "Why activist Omtatah wants Mwilu barred from CJ office". Business Daily. Retrieved 11 January 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  19. ^ Njeru, Betty. "President Uhuru appoints Martha Koome as new Chief Justice". The Standard. Retrieved 19 May 2021.