President of the
Islamic Republic of Mauritania
رئيس الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية
Président de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie
Incumbent
Mohamed Ould Ghazouani
since 1 August 2019
ResidencePresidential Palace, Nouakchott
Term length5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holderMoktar Ould Daddah
Formation20 August 1961
Salary300,000 USD annually[1][2]
Websitepresidence.mr

This is a list of heads of state of Mauritania since the country gained independence from France in 1960 to the present day.

A total of nine people have served as head of state of Mauritania (not counting one Acting President). Additionally, one person, Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, has served on two non-consecutive occasions.

The current head of state of Mauritania is the President of the Republic Mohamed Ould Ghazouani, since 1 August 2019.[3][4]

Term limits

As of 2023, there is a two-term limit for the president in the Constitution of Mauritania. The first president who adhered to the term limits was Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz in 2019.[5]

Titles

List of officeholders

Political parties
  Mauritanian Regroupment Party (PRM)
  Mauritanian People's Party (PPM)
  Democratic and Social Republican Party (PRDS)
  Union for the Republic (UPR)
  El Insaf
Other factions
  Military
  Independent
Status
  Acting President
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party Prime minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Moktar Ould Daddah
(1924–2003)
1961
1966
1971
1976
28 November 1960 10 July 1978
(deposed)
17 years, 224 days PRM / PPM Himself
2 Mustafa Ould Salek
(1936–2012)
10 July 1978 3 June 1979
(resigned)[a]
328 days Military Bouceif
Sidi
Haidalla
3 Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Louly
(1943–2019)
3 June 1979 4 January 1980
(deposed)
215 days Military Haidalla
4 Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla
(born 1940)
4 January 1980 12 December 1984
(deposed)
4 years, 343 days Military Himself
Bneijara
Taya
Himself
5 Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya
(born 1941)
1992
1997
2003
12 December 1984 3 August 2005
(deposed)
20 years, 234 days Military /
PRDS
Himself
Boubacar
Khouna
Guig
Khouna
M'Bareck
6 Ely Ould Mohamed Vall
(1953–2017)
3 August 2005 19 April 2007 1 year, 259 days Military
(Sûreté Nationale)
Boubacar
7 Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi
(1938–2020)
2007 19 April 2007 6 August 2008
(deposed)
1 year, 109 days Independent Zeidane
Waghef
8 Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
(born 1956)
6 August 2008 15 April 2009 252 days Military Laghdaf
Ba Mamadou Mbaré
(1946–2013)[b]
15 April 2009 5 August 2009 112 days Independent Laghdaf
(8) Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
(born 1956)
2009
2014
5 August 2009 1 August 2019 9 years, 361 days UPR Laghdaf
Hademine
Béchir
9 Mohamed Ould Ghazouani
(born 1956)
2019
2024
1 August 2019 Incumbent 4 years, 340 days UPR Béchir
Sidiya
Bilal
El Insaf[c]

Timeline

Mohamed Ould GhazouaniBa Mamadou MbaréMohamed Ould Abdel AzizSidi Ould Cheikh AbdallahiEly Ould Mohamed VallMaaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed TayaMohamed Khouna Ould HaidallaMohamed Mahmoud Ould LoulyMustafa Ould SalekMoktar Ould Daddah

Latest election

Main article: 2019 Mauritanian presidential election

CandidatePartyVotes%
Mohamed Ould GhazouaniUnion for the Republic483,00752.00
Biram Dah AbeidDemocratic Alternation Pole172,64918.59
Sidi Mohamed Ould BoubacarIndependent165,99517.87
Kane Hamidou BabaCoalition Living Together80,7778.70
Mohamed Ould MaouloudUnion of the Forces of Progress22,6562.44
Mohamed Lemine El Mourteji El WafiIndependent3,6880.40
Total928,772100.00
Valid votes928,77296.04
Invalid/blank votes38,3003.96
Total votes967,072100.00
Registered voters/turnout1,544,13262.63
Source: Constitutional Council

Tables

Results by wilaya
Wilaya Ghazouani Abeid Boubacar Baba Maouloud El Wavi Neutral Null
Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes %
Adrar 16,743 68.88% 1,514 6.23% 5,009 20.61% 226 0.93% 751 3.09% 63 0.26% 178 0.71% 668 2.66%
Assaba 47,275 68.19% 10,702 15.44% 8,805 12.70% 921 1.33% 1,418 2.05% 203 0.29% 305 0.42% 2,496 3.46%
Brakna 46,038 50.64% 10,643 11.71% 15,947 17.54% 16,836 18.52% 1,291 1.42% 160 0.18% 1,350 1.42% 2,753 2.90%
Dakhlet Nouadhibou 14,248 30.04% 15,587 32.86% 10,713 22.59% 5,534 11.67% 1,075 2.27% 273 0.58% 491 1.00% 1,010 2.06%
Gorgol 23,594 35.95% 21,429 32.65% 3,451 5.26% 15,196 23.16% 1,795 2.74% 158 0.24% 937 1.36% 2,435 3.53%
Guidimagha 19,454 41.69% 16,131 34.56% 4,021 8.62% 6,461 13.84% 529 1.13% 73 0.16% 573 1.16% 1,958 3.98%
Hodh Ech Chargui 75,463 81.80% 2,877 3.12% 12,156 13.18% 367 0.40% 594 0.64% 799 0.87% 336 0.35% 2,809 2.94%
Hodh El Gharbi 52,350 75.07% 3,421 4.91% 11,647 16.70% 625 0.90% 1,430 2.05% 266 0.38% 243 0.34% 1,849 2.57%
Inchiri 5,659 60.67% 753 8.07% 2,244 24.06% 472 5.06% 180 1.93% 19 0.20% 94 0.98% 193 2.01%
Nouakchott-Nord 29,055 39.77% 15,003 20.54% 22,558 30.88% 2,776 3.80% 3,133 4.29% 534 0.73% 824 1.08% 2,368 3.11%
Nouakchott-Ouest 25,379 34.89% 20,055 27.57% 13,468 18.51% 10,124 13.92% 3,414 4.69% 306 0.42% 1,164 1.53% 2,386 2,386
Nouakchott-Sud 30,889 31.39% 30,621 31.12% 18,742 19.05% 15,054 15.30% 2,667 2.71% 433 0.44% 1,472 1.43% 3,203 3.11%
Tagant 19,467 73.47% 1,105 4.17% 4,622 17.44% 73 0.28% 1,186 4.48% 44 0.17% 152 0.56% 549 2.02%
Tiris Zemmour 8,772 44.07% 2,991 15.03% 5,690 28.59% 1,834 9.21% 539 2.71% 77 0.39% 174 0.84% 556 2.69%
Trarza 65,068 57.77% 17,150 15.23% 25,021 22.22% 2,808 2.49% 2,369 2.10% 211 0.19% 1,119 0.96% 3,352 2.86%
Diaspora 3,553 35.73% 2,667 26.82% 1,901 19.12% 1,470 14.78% 285 2.87% 69 0.69% 92 0.90% 211 2.06%
Total 483,007 52.00% 172,649 18.59% 165,995 17.87% 80,777 8.70% 22,656 2.44% 3,688 0.40% 9,504 0.98% 28,796 2.98%
Source: Constitutional Council

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Resigned in the aftermath of the 1979 coup d'état.[6]
  2. ^ Simultaneously served as the President of the Senate. The first black leader of Mauritania.
  3. ^ Founded in 2022.

References

  1. ^ "راتب الرئيس الموريتاني الشهري لايزال يعادل راتب رئيس الصين السنوي". 2 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Names and figures .. salaries of the heads of the world".
  3. ^ "Ghazouani sworn in as new Mauritanian president: CENI". www.aa.com.tr.
  4. ^ "Mauritania Constitutional Council Confirms Mohamed Ould Ghazouani as President". Voice of America.
  5. ^ Cook, Candace; Siegle, Joseph. "Circumvention of Term Limits Weakens Governance in Africa". Africa Center for Strategic Studies.
  6. ^ "Mauritanian President Resigns 11 Months After Coup". The New York Times. 4 June 1979. Retrieved 26 March 2019.