Prime Minister of the
Togolese Republic
Premier ministre de la
République togolaise
Incumbent
Victoire Tomegah Dogbé
since 28 September 2020
TypeHead of government
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
AppointerPresident of Togo
Formation27 April 1960
First holderSylvanus Olympio

This is a list of prime ministers of Togo since the formation of the post of Prime Minister in 1960, to the present day.

A total of thirteen people have served as Prime Minister of Togo – twelve men and one woman. Among them, one person, Edem Kodjo, has served on two non-consecutive occasions.

The incumbent prime minister, Victoire Tomegah Dogbé, was appointed by president Faure Gnassingbé. She took the oath on 28 September 2020.

History of the office

1991 conflict with the presidency

In the months following the appointment of Joseph Kokou Koffigoh as Prime Minister by the National Conference on 27 August 1991,[1] the soldiers of the Togolese Armed Forces (FAT) loyal to President Gnassingbé Eyadéma repeatedly tried to oust Koffigoh:

Duties and competences

The President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister. He terminates his functions.[11]

The Prime Minister is the head of the Government. He directs the action of the Government and coordinates the functions of the other members. He presides over the Committees of Defense. He substitutes for, the case arising, the President of the Republic in the presidency of the Councils provided for in Articles 66 and 72 of this Constitution. He assures the interim of the head of the State in case of incapacity for cause of illness or of absence from the national territory.[12]

Before his entry into office, the Prime Minister presents before the National Assembly the program of action of his Government.[12]

The National Assembly accords its confidence to him by a vote with the absolute majority of its members.[12]

The Prime Minister assures the execution of the laws.[13]

He may delegate certain of his powers to the ministers.[13]

The acts of the President of the Republic other than those provided for in Articles 4, 66, 68, 73, 74, 98, 100, 104 and 109 of this Constitution, are countersigned by the Prime Minister or, the case arising, by the Ministers given the charge of their execution.[14]

List of officeholders

Political parties
  Committee of Togolese Unity (CUT)
  Coordination of New Forces (CFN)
  Togolese Union for Democracy (UDT)
  Rally of the Togolese People (RPT)
  Pan-African Patriotic Convergence (CPP)
  Action Committee for Renewal (CAR)
  Union for the Republic (UNIR)
Other factions
  Independent
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party President(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Sylvanus Olympio
(1902–1963)
27 April 1960 12 April 1961 350 days CUT Himself
Post abolished (12 April 1961 – 27 August 1991)
2 Joseph Kokou Koffigoh
(born 1948)
27 August 1991 23 April 1994 2 years, 239 days CFN Eyadéma
3 Edem Kodjo
(1938–2020)
23 April 1994 20 August 1996 2 years, 119 days UDT
4 Kwassi Klutse
(born 1945)
20 August 1996 21 May 1999 2 years, 274 days RPT
5 Eugene Koffi Adoboli
(born 1934)
21 May 1999 31 August 2000 1 year, 102 days RPT
6 Agbéyomé Kodjo
(born 1954)
31 August 2000 29 June 2002 1 year, 302 days RPT
7 Koffi Sama
(born 1944)
29 June 2002 9 June 2005 2 years, 345 days RPT
Gnassingbé
Abass
Gnassingbé
(3) Edem Kodjo
(1938–2020)
9 June 2005 20 September 2006 1 year, 103 days CPP
8 Yawovi Agboyibo
(1943–2020)
20 September 2006 6 December 2007 1 year, 77 days CAR
9 Komlan Mally
(born 1960)
6 December 2007 8 September 2008 277 days RPT
10 Gilbert Houngbo
(born 1961)
8 September 2008 23 July 2012 3 years, 319 days Independent
11 Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu
(born 1958)
23 July 2012 10 June 2015 2 years, 322 days CPP / UNIR
12 Komi Sélom Klassou
(born 1960)
10 June 2015 28 September 2020 5 years, 110 days UNIR
13 Victoire Tomegah Dogbé
(born 1959)
28 September 2020 Incumbent 3 years, 152 days UNIR

Timeline

Victoire Tomegah DogbéKomi Sélom KlassouKwesi Ahoomey-ZunuGilbert HoungboKomlan MallyYawovi AgboyiboKoffi SamaAgbéyomé KodjoEugene Koffi AdoboliKwassi KlutseEdem KodjoJoseph Kokou KoffigohSylvanus Olympio

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Oct 1991 — Failure of coup attempts", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 37, October 1991, page 38,518.
  2. ^ a b "Effort to oust Togo's interim leader fails", Deseret News, 1 October 1991.
  3. ^ "4 Killed After Rebel Troops Fail to Kidnap Togo Premier", The New York Times, 9 October 1991.
  4. ^ a b "Togo Leader Adds to Cabinet to End Crisis", The New York Times, 2 January 1992.
  5. ^ a b "France Moves Troops to Block Togo Coup", Associated Press, 30 November 1991.
  6. ^ a b "Soldiers abandon coup bid in Togo", The New York Times, 1 December 1991.
  7. ^ "Soldiers, Breaking Promise, Resume Palace Siege in Togo", The New York Times, 2 December 1991.
  8. ^ "Togo's Prime Minister Proposes Compromise", The New York Times, 3 December 1991.
  9. ^ a b c "Rebels Seize Togolese Premier", The New York Times, 4 December 1991.
  10. ^ a b c "Despite a Coup, Togo's Reform Prime Minister Clings to Post", Reuters, 5 December 1991.
  11. ^ Article 66 of the Constitution of 1992.
  12. ^ a b c Article 78 of the Constitution of 1992.
  13. ^ a b Article 79 of the Constitution of 1992.
  14. ^ Article 80 of the Constitution of 1992.