Flag of the Bey of Tunis (Husainid dynasty)

This is a list of the beys of Tunis who ruled Tunisia from 1613, when the Corsican-origin Muradid dynasty came to power,[1] until 1957, when the Cretan-origin Husainid monarchy was abolished.[2]

Muradid dynasty (1613–1702)

Coat of arms of the Muradid dynasty
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NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Murad I Bey
  • مراد الأول
? – 163116131631MuradidMurad I Bey of Tunis
Hammuda Pasha Bey
  • حمودة باشا باي
? – (1666-04-13)13 April 166616311666Son of Murad I BeyMuradidHammuda Pasha Bey of Tunis
Murad II Bey
  • مراد باي الثاني
? – 167516661675
(murdered)
Son of Hammuda Pasha BeyMuradidMurad II Bey of Tunis
Mohamed Bey El Mouradi[3]
  • محمد باي المرادي
? – (1698-10-14)14 October 1698167514 October 1696Son of Murad II BeyMuradidMohamed Bey El Mouradi
Ramadan Bey[4]
  • رمضان باي المرادي
? – 16 March 169914 October 169616 March 1699Son of Murad II BeyMuradidMohamed Bey El Mouradi
Murad III Bey[4]
  • مراد باي الثالث
1680 – 9 June 170216 March 16999 June 1702Grandson of Murad II BeyMuradidMurad III Bey of Tunis

Revolutions of Tunis (1702–1705)

Main article: Revolutions of Tunis

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Ibrahim Sharif of Tunis[5]
  • إبراهيم الشريف
? – 1705July 1702July 1705Ibrahim Sharif of Tunis

Husainid dynasty (1705–1956)

Coat of arms of the Husainid dynasty
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Beys of Tunis (1705–1956)

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Al-Husayn I ibn Ali
  • الحسين الأول بن علي التركي
1669 – 13 March 1740
(aged 71)
15 July 17057 September 1735
(deposed)
HusainidAl-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki of Tunis
Abu l-Hasan Ali I
  • أبو الحسن علي الأول
(1688-06-30)30 June 1688 – 22 September 1756(1756-09-22) (aged 68)7 September 173522 September 1756Nephew of Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-TurkiHusainidAbu l-Hasan Ali I of Tunis
Muhammad I ar-Rashid
  • محمد الأول الرشيد
1710 – 12 February 1759
(aged 49)
22 September 175612 February 1759Son of Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-TurkiHusainidMuhammad I ar-Rashid of Tunis
Ali II ibn Hussein
  • علي الثاني بن حسين
(1712-11-24)24 November 1712 – 26 May 1782(1782-05-26) (aged 69)12 February 175926 May 1782Son of Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-TurkiHusainidAli II ibn Hussein of Tunis
Hammuda ibn Ali
  • حمودة بن علي
(1759-12-09)9 December 1759 – 15 September 1814(1814-09-15) (aged 54)26 May 178215 September 1814Son of Ali II ibn HusseinHusainidHammuda ibn Ali of Tunis
Uthman ibn Ali
  • عثمان بن علي
(1763-05-27)27 May 1763 – 20 December 1814(1814-12-20) (aged 51)15 September 181420 December 1814
(murdered)
Son of Ali II ibn HusseinHusainidUthman ibn Ali of Tunis
Mahmud ibn Muhammad
  • محمود بن محمد
(1757-07-10)10 July 1757 – 28 March 1824(1824-03-28) (aged 66)20 December 181428 March 1824Son of Muhammad I ar-RashidHusainidMahmud ibn Muhammad of Tunis
Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud
  • الحسين الثاني بن محمود
(1784-03-05)5 March 1784 – 20 May 1835(1835-05-20) (aged 51)28 March 182420 May 1835Son of Mahmud ibn MuhammadHusainidAl-Husayn II ibn Mahmud of Tunis
Mustafa ibn Mahmud
  • مصطفى بن محمود
1786 – 10 October 1837
(aged 51)
20 May 183510 October 1837Son of Mahmud ibn MuhammadHusainidMustafa ibn Mahmud of Tunis
Ahmad I ibn Mustafa
  • Ahmad Bey
  • أحمد الأول بن مصطفى
(1806-12-02)2 December 1806 – 30 May 1855(1855-05-30) (aged 48)10 October 183730 May 1855Son of Mustafa ibn MahmudHusainidAhmad I ibn Mustafa of Tunis
Muhammad II ibn al-Husayn
  • M'hamed Bey
  • محمد الثاني بن الحسين
(1811-09-18)18 September 1811 – 22 September 1859(1859-09-22) (aged 48)30 May 185522 September 1859Son of Al-Husayn II ibn MahmudHusainidMuhammad II ibn al-Husayn of Tunis
Muhammad III as-Sadiq
  • Sadok Bey
  • محمد الثالث الصادق
(1813-02-07)7 February 1813 – 27 October 1882(1882-10-27) (aged 69)22 September 185927 October 1882Son of Al-Husayn II ibn MahmudHusainidMuhammad III as-Sadiq of Tunis
Ali III ibn al-Husayn
  • Ali Bey
  • علي الثالث بن الحسين
(1817-08-14)14 August 1817 – 11 June 1902(1902-06-11) (aged 84)28 October 188211 June 1902Son of Al-Husayn II ibn MahmudHusainidAli III ibn al-Husayn of Tunis
Muhammad IV al-Hadi
  • Hédi Bey
  • محمد الرابع الهادي
(1855-06-24)24 June 1855 – 11 May 1906(1906-05-11) (aged 50)11 June 190211 May 1906Son of Ali III ibn al-HusaynHusainidMuhammad IV al-Hadi of Tunis
Muhammad V an-Nasir
  • Naceur Bey
  • محمد الخامس الناصر
(1855-07-14)14 July 1855 – 10 July 1922(1922-07-10) (aged 66)11 May 190610 July 1922Son of Muhammad II ibn al-HusaynHusainidMuhammad V an-Nasir of Tunis
Muhammad VI al-Habib
  • Habib Bey
  • محمد السادس الحبيب
(1858-08-13)13 August 1858 – 11 February 1929(1929-02-11) (aged 70)10 July 192211 February 1929Cousin of Muhammad V an-NasirHusainidMuhammad VI al-Habib of Tunis
Ahmad II ibn Ali
  • Ahmed Bey
  • أحمد الثاني بن علي
(1862-04-13)13 April 1862 – 19 June 1942(1942-06-19) (aged 80)11 February 192919 June 1942Son of Ali III ibn al-HusaynHusainidAhmad II ibn Ali of Tunis
Muhammad VII al-Munsif
  • Moncef Bey
  • محمد السابع المنصف
(1881-03-04)4 March 1881 – 1 September 1948(1948-09-01) (aged 67)19 June 194215 May 1943
(deposed)
Son of Muhammad V an-NasirHusainidMuhammad VII al-Munsif of Tunis
Muhammad VIII al-Amin
  • Lamine Bey
  • محمد الثامن الأمين
(1881-09-04)4 September 1881 – 30 September 1962(1962-09-30) (aged 81)15 May 194320 March 1956
(proclaimed King of Tunisia)
Son of Muhammad VI al-HabibHusainidMuhammad VIII al-Amin of Tunis

King of Tunisia (1956–1957)

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Muhammad VIII al-Amin
  • Lamine Bey
  • محمد الثامن الأمين
(1881-09-04)4 September 1881 – 30 September 1962(1962-09-30) (aged 81)20 March 195625 July 1957
(deposed)
Son of Muhammad VI al-HabibHusainidMuhammad VIII al-Amin of Tunis

Genealogical tree

Simplified genealogical tree of the Beys of Tunis. Only the Beys and their direct ancestors are shown.

Ali at-Turki
MuhammadHusayn I
r. 1705–1735
Ali I
r. 1735–1756
Muhammad I
ar-Rashid

r. 1756–1759
Ali II
r. 1759–1782
Hammuda
r. 1782–1814
Uthman
r. 1814
Mahmud
r. 1814–1824
Husayn II
r. 1824–1835
Mustafa
r. 1835–1837
Ahmad I
r. 1837–1855
Muhammad II
r. 1855–1859
Muhammad III
as-Sadiq

r. 1859–1882
Ali III
r. 1882–1902
Muhammad
al-Ma'mun
Muhammad IV
al-Hadi

r. 1902–1906
Muhammad V
an-Nasir

r. 1906–1922
Muhammad VI
al-Habib

r. 1922–1929
Ahmad II
r. 1929–1942
Muhammad VII
al-Munsif

r. 1942–1943
Muhammad VIII
al-Amin

r. 1943–1957

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Abun-Nasr, Jamil (1987). A history of the Maghrib in the Islamic period. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 168–179. ISBN 0521337674.
  2. ^ Choueiri, Youssef (8 October 2013). Modern Arab Historiography: Historical Discourse and the Nation-State. Routledge. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-136-86869-6. The dynasty of the Husaynids, founded by Husayn Ibn 'All, an Ottoman agha of Greek origin, ruled Tunisia until 1957 when, after independence, it was abolished and a republic was announced.
  3. ^ Abadi 2022, pp. 333–337.
  4. ^ a b Abadi 2022, p. 339.
  5. ^ Abadi 2022, pp. 339–340.

References