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Prime Minister of Nigeria
Only officeholder
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa

(1 October 1960 – 15 January 1966)
Federal government
TypeHead of government
Member ofCabinet
AppointerGovernor-General of Nigeria (1960–1963)
President of Nigeria
Formation1 October 1960
First holderAbubakar Tafawa Balewa
Final holderAbubakar Tafawa Balewa
Abolished15 January 1966

The prime minister of Nigeria was a political office in Nigeria. The Prime minister was the head of government in the country from 1960 to 1966, when the office was replaced by the president of Nigeria holding this role.

History of the office

When Nigeria gained independence from the United Kingdom on 1 October 1960, it originally had a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as the head of state.

But in 1963, Nigeria ended its status as a Commonwealth Realm and became a republic.[1] The head of state was the president, while the prime minister served as the head of government. In 1966, the office of prime minister was abolished (as the inaugural holder of the office, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, had been assassinated) and since then, Nigeria has been a presidential republic with the president as the head of state and head of government.

Prime Minister of Nigeria (1960–1966)

No. Picture Name


Term of office Political Party Cabinet Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Prime Minister of the Federation of Nigeria
1 Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
1 October 1960 1 October 1963 3 years Northern People's Congress Balewa II
Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
(1) Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
1 October 1963 15 January 1966
2 years, 106 days Northern People's Congress Balewa II–III
Post abolished (15 January 1966 – Present)

See also


  1. ^ Ugorji, Basil (2012). From Cultural Justice to Inter-Ethnic Mediation: A Reflection on the Possibility of Ethno-Religious Mediation in Africa. Denver, Colorado: Outskirts Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-1-4327-8835-3. OCLC 794821499.