Monarchy of Madagascar
Coat of Arms (1896–97)
Last to reign
Ranavalona III
30 July 1883 – 28 February 1897
First monarchRadama I
Last monarchRanavalona III
Formation6 July 1810
Abolition28 February 1897
ResidenceAmbohimanga (spiritual)
Rova of Antananarivo (political)

This article lists the Imerina monarchs, from the earliest origins of the Merina monarchy until the French conquest of the Merina Kingdom during the Second Madagascar expedition.

Early monarchs in the Merina line

Below is a list of the line of Merina monarchs that ruled in the Central Highlands of Madagascar and from whom were issued the first true monarchs of a united Madagascar in the 19th century. Before the uniting of Madagascar, succession was based on the current monarch's designation of an heir, typically from among his or her own children. As such, the list below represents a direct genealogical line from the last 19th-century queen of Madagascar to some of the earliest known rulers identified in the 15th century or before. Prior to the 16th century, detailed information about the names and dates of Merina rulers becomes less consistent. Genealogy in this early period are derived primarily from oral history, while later names and dates are verifiable from primary sources. These combined sources provide the following list of Merina rulers preceding Andrianampoinimerina's unification of Imerina in the Central Highlands and his son Radama I's successful conquest of the majority of Madagascar, bringing the island under his rule.

Asterisks denote names drawn from oral history without substantive evidence to verify the ruler's life or reign, viz., legendary or semi-legendary monarchs.

Monarchs of the Kingdom of Madagascar (1810–1897)

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Radama I
  • the Great
1793 – 27 July 1828
(aged 35)
6 July 181027 July 1828Son of AndrianampoinimerinaMerinaRadama I of Madagascar
Ranavalona I1778 – 16 August 1861
(aged 83)
1 August 182816 August 1861Wife of Radama IMerinaRanavalona I of Madagascar
Radama II(1829-09-23)23 September 1829 – 12 May 1863(1863-05-12) (aged 33)16 August 186112 May 1863
Son of Ranavalona IMerinaRadama II of Madagascar
Rasoherina1814 – 1 April 1868
(aged 54)
12 May 18631 April 1868Wife of Radama IIMerinaRasoherina of Madagascar
Ranavalona II1829 – 13 July 1883
(aged 54)
1 April 186813 July 1883Wife of Radama IIMerinaRanavalona II of Madagascar
Ranavalona III(1861-11-22)22 November 1861 – 23 May 1917(1917-05-23) (aged 55)30 July 188328 February 1897
Niece of Ranavalona II
Granddaughter of Radama I
MerinaRanavalona III of Madagascar


Ranavalona IIIRanavalona IIRasoherinaRadama IIRanavalona IRadama I

Monarchs family tree

1745–c. 1787–1810
Radama I
King of Madagascar
Ranavalona I
Queen of Madagascar
d. 1852
Radama II
King of Madagascar
Ranavalona II
Queen of Madagascar
Prime Minister of Madagascar
Ranavalona III
Queen of Madagascar
Prime Minister of Madagascar
Queen of Madagascar

After the fall

Niece and heir apparent of the Queen Ranavalona III, Marie-Louise, in 1900

After the fall of the Royal House, and the death of the last ruling Sovereign, Queen Ranavalona III's heir apparent, Princess Marie-Louise of Madagascar, remained. She died childless in 1948.[2]

See also


  1. ^ Stewart, John (2006). African States and Rulers (Third ed.). Jefferson: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 148. ISBN 0-7864-2562-8.
  2. ^ Barrier, Marie-France (1996). Ranavalona, dernière reine de Madagascar (in French). Paris: Balland. p. 358. ISBN 978-2-7158-1094-5.