President of the
Republic of Ghana
Presidential Seal of Ghana
Nana Akufo-Addo
since 7 January 2017
StyleHis/Her Excellency
TypeHead of state
Head of government
ResidenceJubilee House
Term lengthFour years, renewable once
Inaugural holderKwame Nkrumah
Republic established
Jerry Rawlings
Current Constitution
FormationRepublic Day
1 July 1960
1992 Constitution
15 May 1992
DeputyVice-President of Ghana
Salary934,800 Ghanaian cedi/US$76,000 annually[1]
Website(in English)
(in English)

The president of the Republic of Ghana is the elected head of state and head of government of Ghana, as well as commander-in-chief of the Ghana Armed Forces. The current president of Ghana is Nana Akufo-Addo, who won the 2020 presidential election against former president, John Dramani Mahama, by a margin of 4.23%.[2] He was sworn into office for his second term on 7 January 2021.[3]


According to Chapter 8, Article 62 of the 1992 Constitution of Ghana, a person shall not be qualified for election as the president of Ghana unless:

Presidential candidates must lodge a nomination document signed by at least two registered voters in each district, and includes the name of a vice presidential running mate.

The president serves a four-year term. The president is limited to two terms, whether successive or separated. The first president for whom the term limits applied was Jerry Rawlings in 2001.[5]

If the president dies, resigns, is permanently incapacitated, or is removed from office, the vice president automatically ascends as president for the balance of the term. If the vice president ascends to the presidency before more than half of the presidential term expires, the vice president is only allowed to run for a single full term as president. If both the president and vice president are unable to perform the duties of president, the Speaker of Parliament becomes acting president, and new elections must be held within three months.

Oath of office

The president of Ghana must be sworn in by the chief justice before Parliament and the citizens of Ghana. The president-elect must repeat the following:

"I, _______________ having been elected to the high office of President of the Republic of Ghana do (in the name of the Almighty God swear) (solemnly affirm) that I will be faithful and true to the Republic of Ghana; that I will at all times preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Republic of Ghana; and that I dedicate myself to the service and well-being of the people of the Republic of Ghana and to do right to all manner of persons.

I further (solemnly swear) (solemnly affirm) that should I at any time break this oath of office; I shall submit myself to the laws of the Republic of Ghana and suffer the penalty for it. (So help me God)".[6]


After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, these following insignia are handed over to the president. These devices are used to display the rank of his/her office and are used on special occasions.

Powers and duties of the president

Presidential styles of
Nana Akufo-Addo
Reference style'His Excellency President of the Republic of Ghana"
Spoken styleYour Excellency"
Alternative styleMr. President

Chapter 8 of the Constitution of Ghana states the duties and the powers of the president. The president is required to:

Also, the president is given the powers:

The president may execute or cause to be executed treaties, agreements or conventions in the name of the Republic of Ghana.[4] The president shall take precedence over the populace of the Republic of Ghana and may refer important policy matters to a national referendum, declare war, conclude peace and other treaties, appoint senior public officials, and grant amnesty (with the concurrence of the Parliament of Ghana).[4] In times of serious internal or external turmoil or threat, or economic or financial crises, the president may assume emergency powers "for the maintenance of national security or public peace and order".[4]

The president shall be removed from office if found, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, Chapter 8 section 69 (ii) – prejudicial or inimical to the economy or the security of the Republic of Ghana.[4] The president shall cease to hold office on the date the Parliament of Ghana votes to remove the president from office.

The presidential aircraft uses the colour scheme as the flag of Ghana in stripes, except for the use of the Ghanaian coat of arms on the empennage instead of the flag of Ghana.

In October 2012 a jet aircraft was acquired in the Golden Jubilee House. According to the Chief of the Golden Jubilee House Property Agency acquisition of an Embraer 190 jet aircraft for the president cost 105 million cedis (about US$55 million). The jet aircraft's planned location is in the Ghanaian Presidential Retreat's Peduase Lodge.[7]

List of presidents

Further information: List of heads of state of Ghana

Timeline since 1960

Nana Akufo-AddoJohn MahamaJohn Atta MillsJohn KufuorHilla LimannJerry RawlingsFred AkuffoIgnatius Kutu AcheampongEdward Akufo-AddoNii Amaa OllennuKofi Abrefa BusiaAkwasi AfrifaJoseph Arthur AnkrahKwame Nkrumah

Latest election

Main article: 2020 Ghanaian general election

CandidateRunning matePartyVotes%
Nana Akufo-AddoMahamudu BawumiaNew Patriotic Party6,730,58751.30
John MahamaJane Naana Opoku-AgyemangNational Democratic Congress6,213,18247.36
Christian Kwabena AndrewsAbu Grant LukemanGhana Union Movement105,5480.80
Ivor GreenstreetEmmanuel BobobeConvention People's Party12,2000.09
David ApaseraDivine AyivorPeople's National Convention10,8820.08
Asiedu WalkerJacob Osei YeboahIndependent9,7040.07
Kofi AkpalooMargaret Obrine SarfoLiberal Party of Ghana7,6830.06
Hassan AyarigaFrank Yaw KuadeyAll People's Congress7,1380.05
Brigitte DzogbenukuKofi Asamoah-SiawProgressive People's Party6,8490.05
Nana Konadu Agyeman RawlingsPeter Tennyson AsamoahNational Democratic Party6,5490.05
Akua DonkorErnest Adakabre Frimpong MansoGhana Freedom Party5,5740.04
Henry Herbert LarteyAndy Bampoe-SekyiGreat Consolidated Popular Party3,5640.03
Valid votes13,119,46097.67
Invalid/blank votes313,3972.33
Total votes13,432,857100.00
Registered voters/turnout17,027,94178.89

See also


  1. ^ "Top 15 Highest Paid African Presidents 2017". 15 December 2016.
  2. ^ "Ghana elections 2020: Nana Akufo-Addo declared winner". The Africa 9 December 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  3. ^ Dontoh, Ekow; Dzawu, Moses Mozart (10 December 2020). "Ghana's President Vows to Restore Growth After Election Win". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g The President – Chapter 008 – The Constitution of the Republic of Ghana 1992 – The Executive Archived 28 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Judiciary of Ghana.
  5. ^ Cook, Candace; Siegle, Joseph. "Circumvention of Term Limits Weakens Governance in Africa". Africa Center for Strategic Studies.
  6. ^ The Constitution of the Republic of Ghana 1992 – The Oath of Allegiance Archived 20 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Judiciary of Ghana.
  7. ^ "Ghana gets a New Presidential Jet". Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2013.