President of the Republic of Botswana
Presidential flag
Mokgweetsi Masisi
since 1 April 2018
StyleMr President
His Excellency
ResidenceState House
AppointerParliament of Botswana
Term length5 years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Botswana
Inaugural holderSeretse Khama
Formation30 September 1966
DeputyVice-President of Botswana
Salary1,075,056 Botswana pula[1]

The president of the Republic of Botswana is the head of state and the head of government of Botswana, as well as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, according to the Constitution of Botswana.

Presidential term

The president is elected to a five-year term that runs concurrently with the term of the National Assembly. Since 1997, the tenure of presidency has been limited to a total of 10 years (equivalent to two full terms), whether successive or separated. For example, if current president Mokgweetsi Masisi were to leave office in 2024, he could run again in 2029, but would have to leave office for good in 2034.

The first president for whom the term limits applied was Festus Mogae in 2008.[2]


The president is elected via a form of double simultaneous vote. All candidates for the National Assembly declare whom they endorse for president when they lodge their nomination papers, and the candidate who receives a majority of endorsements from the elected members of the National Assembly is automatically elected.[3][4][5] If no candidate receives a majority of endorsements, the National Assembly elects the president by simple majority, before it co-opts the specially elected members. If no president is elected after three ballots, or if the Speaker determines that no candidate has enough support to be elected, the legislature is automatically dissolved.[4] In practice, the president is the leader of the majority party in the Assembly.

Presidents of Botswana (1966–present)

Political parties
  Botswana Democratic Party (BDP)

Died in office

No. Portrait Name
Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Seretse Khama
30 September 1966 13 July 1980[†] 13 years, 287 days BDP
2 Quett Masire
18 July 1980 31 March 1998 17 years, 256 days BDP
3 Festus Mogae
(born 1939)
1 April 1998 1 April 2008 10 years BDP
4 Ian Khama
(born 1953)
1 April 2008 1 April 2018 10 years BDP
5 Mokgweetsi Masisi
(born 1961)
2019 1 April 2018 Incumbent 5 years, 310 days BDP

Lifespan timeline of presidents of Botswana

This is a graphical lifespan timeline of presidents of Botswana. The presidents are listed in order of office.

Mokgweetsi MasisiIan KhamaFestus MogaeQuett MasireSeretse Khama


  1. ^ Error: Unable to display the reference properly. See the documentation for details.
  2. ^ Cook, Candace; Siegle, Joseph. "Circumvention of Term Limits Weakens Governance in Africa". Africa Center for Strategic Studies.
  3. ^ Chaudry, Serena (18 October 2009). "Botswana's President Khama wins new term". The Independent. Reuters.
  4. ^ a b The President and Vice President. Chapter 4, Part I, Constitution of Botswana
  5. ^ Ntuane, Batsalo. Democratic forces must safeguard presidential term limits Archived 2018-06-23 at the Wayback Machine. Mwegi, 2006-05-22.

See also[edit]