President of the
State of Eritrea
ፕረዚደንት መንግስቲ ኤርትራ (Tigrinya)
Isaias Afwerki
since 24 May 1993
Executive branch of the Eritrean Government
StyleHis Excellency
ResidencePresident's Office, Asmara
AppointerNational Assembly
Term length1991-What Election?
Inaugural holderIsaias Afwerki
Formation24 May 1993
DeputyChairman of the National Assembly (de jure)
Salary90,000 Eritrean nakfa/6,000 USD annually[1]
†: As the Constitution of Eritrea has to date never been implemented, elections have never been held and the incumbent has remained in office without being bound by fixed terms.

Since the establishment of the office of president in 1993, the head of state of Eritrea has been Isaias Afwerki. The president is also the head of government of Eritrea, as well as commander-in-chief of the Eritrean Defence Forces.

As of 2021, there are no term limits for the president in the Constitution of Eritrea.[2]

The list also includes the secretary-general of the Provisional Government of Eritrea, who acted as head of state between 1991 and 1993, before the proclamation of independence.

List of Chief Executives of Eritrea (1941–1960)

Term Incumbent Notes
British Administration
5 February 1941 to 4 May 1942 Sir William Platt, Administrator Brian Kennedy-Cooke British Deputy Chief Political Officer for Eritrea 1941–1942
4 May 1942 to 9 November 1944 Stephen Hemsley Longrigg, Administrator
9 November 1944 to 14 August 1945 C.D. McCarthy, Administrator
14 August 1945 to 1 November 1946 John Meredith Benoy, Administrator
1 November 1946 to 19 February 1951 Francis Greville Drew, Administrator
UN High Commissioner in Eritrea
19 February 1951 to 15 September 1952 Eduardo Anze Matienzo (born 1902 – died 1979) Non-party United Nations Transitional Administration in Eritrea
Chief Administrator
19 February 1951 to 15 September 1952 Duncan Camerone Cumming, Chief Administrator
15 September 1952 to 29 July 1955 Tedla Bairu, Chief Executive
8 August 1955 to December 1959 Asfaha Woldemikael, Chief Executive
December 1959 to 20 May 1960 20 May 1960 to 14 November 1962 Abiye Abebe, Chief Executive, Administrator

Eritrea Governor-General

Term Incumbent
Eritrea Ethiopian Province
14 November 1962 to 1964 Abiye Abebe, Governor-General
1964 to December 1970 Ras Asrate Medhin Kassa Governor-General
December 1970 to August 1974 Iskinder Desta Governor-General
August 1974 to 29 May 1975 Amanuel Amde Mikael, Governor-General
17 Feb 1975 – Jun 1977 Getachew Nadew                     (d. 1977)         Governor-General
1979 to 1983 Dawit Wolde Giorgis, 14 NovemberGovernor-General
August 1989 to 18 May 1991 Afework Wolemikael, Governor-General
August 1989 to 29 May 1991 Tesfaye Gebre Kidan, 14 NovemberGovernor-General

List of officeholders

Political parties

  Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF)
  People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ)
No. Portrait Name
Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Provisional Government of Eritrea (1991–1993) •
1 Isaias Afwerki
(born 1946)
27 April 1991 24 May 1993 2 years, 27 days EPLF
State of Eritrea (1993–present) •
1 Isaias Afwerki
(born 1946)[a]
24 May 1993 Incumbent 30 years, 337 days PFDJ

See also


  1. ^ Also Chairman of the National Assembly.


  1. ^ Today, Latest Africa News, Headlines & Top Stories (5 November 2018). "African Leaders With The Lowest Salaries". Archived from the original on 22 March 2019.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Cook, Candace; Siegle, Joseph. "Circumvention of Term Limits Weakens Governance in Africa". Africa Center for Strategic Studies. Archived from the original on 2023-05-06. Retrieved 2023-05-06.