President of the
State of Eritrea
ፕረዚደንት መንግስቲ ኤርትራ (Tigrinya)
Flag of the President of Eritrea.svg
Isaias Afwerki in 2002 (2).jpg
Isaias Afwerki
since 24 May 1993
Executive branch of the Eritrean Government
StyleHis Excellency
ResidencePresident's Office, Asmara
AppointerNational Assembly
Term lengthFive years; once renewable†
Inaugural holderIsaias Afwerki
Formation24 May 1993
DeputyChairman of the National Assembly (de jure)
Salary6,000 USD annually[1]
†: As the Constitution of Eritrea has to date never been implemented, elections have never been held and the incumbent has remained in office without being bound by fixed terms.

Since the establishment of the office of president in 1993, the head of state of Eritrea has been Isaias Afwerki. The president is also the head of government of Eritrea, as well as commander-in-chief of the Eritrean Defence Forces.

As of 2021, there are no term limits for the president in the Constitution of Eritrea.[2]

The list also includes the secretary-general of the Provisional Government of Eritrea, who acted as head of state between 1991 and 1993, before the proclamation of independence.

List of officeholders

Political parties

  Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF)
  People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ)
No. Portrait Name
Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Flag of the EPLF.svg
Provisional Government of Eritrea (1991–1993) •
Isaias Afwerki in 2002 (2).jpg
Isaias Afwerki
(born 1946)
27 April 1991 24 May 1993 2 years, 27 days EPLF
Flag of Eritrea.svg
State of Eritrea (1993–present) •
Emblem of Eritrea (sinople argent naturel azur).svg
Isaias Afwerki in 2002 (2).jpg
Isaias Afwerki
(born 1946)[a]
24 May 1993 Incumbent 30 years, 18 days PFDJ

See also


  1. ^ Also Chairman of the National Assembly.


  1. ^ Today, Latest Africa News, Headlines & Top Stories (5 November 2018). "African Leaders With The Lowest Salaries". Archived from the original on 22 March 2019.
  2. ^ Cook, Candace; Siegle, Joseph. "Circumvention of Term Limits Weakens Governance in Africa". Africa Center for Strategic Studies.