Prime Minister of the
Republic of Madagascar
Coat of arms of Madagascar.svg
Кристиан Нтсай (22-12-2020).jpg
Incumbent
Christian Ntsay

since 6 June 2018
AppointerAndry Rajoelina,
as President of Madagascar
Inaugural holderAndriamihaja
(Merina Kingdom)
Gabriel Ramanantsoa
(Malagasy Republic)
Formation1828
(Merina Kingdom)
18 May 1972
(Malagasy Republic)
WebsitePrimature

This is a list of prime ministers of Madagascar, since the establishment of the office of chief minister in 1828, during the Merina Kingdom.

Key

Political parties
Other factions
Status

List of officeholders

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Monarch(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Merina Kingdom
1
No image.png
Andriamihaja
(died 1833)[a]
1828 1833 4–5 years Independent Ranavalona I
2
No image.png
Rainiharo
(died 1852)
1833 10 February 1852
(died in office.)
18–19 years Independent
3
Rainivoninahitriniony Prime Minister of Madagascar.jpg
Rainivoninahitriniony
(1821–1869)
10 February 1852 14 July 1864
(deposed.)
12 years, 155 days Independent
Radama II
Rasoherina
4
Rainilaiarivony.jpg
Rainilaiarivony
(1828–1896)
14 July 1864 14 October 1895
(deposed.)
31 years, 92 days Independent
Ranavalona II
Ranavalona III
5
No image.png
Rainitsimbazafy 15 October 1895 September 1896
(removed from office.)
0–1 years Independent
6
Rasanjy, ca. 1890.jpg
Rasanjy
(1851–1918)[b]
September 1896 February 1897 5 months Independent
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political affiliation High commissioner(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
French Madagascar (within the French colonial empire and the French Union)
Post abolished (February 1897 – 27 May 1957)
7
Philibert Tsiranana 1962-08-29.jpg
Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)[c]
27 May 1957 14 October 1958 1 year, 140 days PSD Soudacaux
Malagasy Republic (within the French Community)
(7)
Philibert Tsiranana 1962-08-29.jpg
Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
14 October 1958 1 May 1959 199 days PSD Soudacaux
Post abolished (1 May 1959 – 26 June 1960)
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political affiliation President(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Malagasy Republic (independent)
Post abolished (26 June 1960 – 18 May 1972)
8
Gabriel Ramanantsoa 1961-07-31.jpg
Gabriel Ramanantsoa
(1906–1979)
18 May 1972 5 February 1975
(resigned.)
2 years, 263 days Military Himself
Post abolished (5 February 1975 – 30 December 1975)
Democratic Republic of Madagascar
Post abolished (30 December 1975 – 11 January 1976)
9
No image.png
Joël Rakotomalala
(1929–1976)
11 January 1976 30 July 1976
(died in office.)
201 days AREMA Ratsiraka
10
No image.png
Justin Rakotoniaina
(1933–2001)
12 August 1976 1 August 1977 354 days AREMA
11
Désiré Rakotoarijaona.jpg
Désiré Rakotoarijaona
(born 1934)
1 August 1977 12 February 1988 10 years, 195 days Military
12
No image.png
Victor Ramahatra
(born 1945)
12 February 1988 8 August 1991 3 years, 177 days Military
13
No image.png
Guy Razanamasy
(1928–2011)
8 August 1991 12 September 1991 35 days AREMA
Third Republic of Madagascar
(13)
No image.png
Guy Razanamasy
(1928–2011)
12 September 1991 9 August 1993 1 year, 331 days AREMA Ratsiraka
Zafy
14
No image.png
Francisque Ravony
(1942–2003)
9 August 1993 30 October 1995 2 years, 82 days CSDDM
15
No image.png
Emmanuel Rakotovahiny
(1938–2020)
30 October 1995 28 May 1996 211 days UNDD
16
Norbert Ratsirahonana - 1996.jpg
Norbert Ratsirahonana
(born 1938)
28 May 1996 21 February 1997 269 days AVI
Himself
Ratsiraka
17
No image.png
Pascal Rakotomavo
(1934–2010)
21 February 1997 23 July 1998 1 year, 152 days AREMA
18
No image.png
Tantely Andrianarivo
(born 1954)
23 July 1998 31 May 2002[d] 3 years, 312 days AREMA
19
No image.png
Jacques Sylla
(1946–2009)
(26 February 2002)
27 May 2002
20 January 2007 4 years, 238 days Independent Ravalomanana
No image.png
Jean-Jacques Rasolondraibe
(born 1947)
31 May 2002 5 July 2002 35 days AREMA Ratsiraka
20
Charles Rabemananjara detail, 12th AU Summit, 090203-N-0506A-616.jpg
Charles Rabemananjara
(born 1947)
20 January 2007 17 March 2009
(deposed.)
2 years, 56 days TIM Ravalomanana
High Transitional Authority
21
No image.png
Monja Roindefo
(born 1965)
(7 February 2009)
17 March 2009
10 October 2009
(13 November 2009)
207 days Monima Rajoelina
22
No image.png
Eugène Mangalaza
(born 1950)
10 October 2009 18 December 2009 69 days Independent
Président UNA.jpg
Cécile Manorohanta 18 December 2009 20 December 2009 2 days TGV
23
Albert Camille Vital (IAEA Imagebank) crop.jpg
Albert Camille Vital
(born 1952)
20 December 2009 2 November 2011 1 year, 317 days Military
24
Jean Omer Beriziky-IMG 0958.jpg
Omer Beriziky
(born 1950)
2 November 2011 16 April 2014 2 years, 165 days LEADER-Fanilo
Rajaonarimampianina
Fourth Republic of Madagascar
25
Roger Kolo 2014.jpg
Roger Kolo
(born 1943)
16 April 2014 17 January 2015 276 days Independent Rajaonarimampianina
26
Жан Равелонариву 1 (20-01-2015) (cropped).png
Jean Ravelonarivo
(born 1959)
17 January 2015 10 April 2016 1 year, 84 days Independent
27
Оливье Солонандрасана (14-03-2018).jpg
Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana
(born 1964)
13 April 2016 6 June 2018 2 years, 54 days Independent
28
Кристиан Нтсай (22-12-2020).jpg
Christian Ntsay
(born 1961)
6 June 2018 Incumbent 4 years, 92 days Independent
Rakotovao
Rajoelina

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Styled as Chief Minister.
  2. ^ Styled as Principal Governor.
  3. ^ Styled as Vice President of the Executive Council.
  4. ^ Under house arrest by Ravalomanana from 27 May 2002.