Prime Minister of Madagascar
Praiminisitra Madagasikara (Malagasy)
Premier Ministre du Madagascar (French)
Incumbent
Christian Ntsay
since 6 June 2018
AppointerPresident of Madagascar
Inaugural holderAndriamihaja
(Merina Kingdom)
Gabriel Ramanantsoa
(Malagasy Republic)
Formation1828
(Merina Kingdom)
18 May 1972
(Malagasy Republic)
WebsitePrimature

This is a list of prime ministers of Madagascar, since the establishment of the office of chief minister in 1828, during the Merina Kingdom.

List of officeholders

Political parties
  Social Democratic Party (PSD)
  Malagasy Revolutionary Party (AREMA)
  Committee for Support of Democracy and Development in Madagascar (CSDDM)
  National Union for Democracy and Development (UNDD)
  Judged by Your Work Party (AVI)
  I Love Madagascar (TIM)
  Madagascar for the Malagasy (Monima)
  Young Malagasies Determined (TGV)
  Economic Liberalism and Democratic Action for National Recovery (LEADER-Fanilo)
Other factions
  Military
  Independent
Status
  Denotes Acting Prime Minister
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Monarch(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Merina Kingdom
1 Andriamihaja
(died 1833)[a]
1828 1833 5 years Independent Ranavalona I
2 Rainiharo
(died 1852)
1833 10 February 1852
(died in office.)
19 years Independent
3 Rainivoninahitriniony
(1821–1869)
10 February 1852 14 July 1864
(deposed.)
12 years, 155 days Independent
Radama II
Rasoherina
4 Rainilaiarivony
(1828–1896)
14 July 1864 14 October 1895
(deposed.)
31 years, 92 days Independent
Ranavalona II
Ranavalona III
5 Rainitsimbazafy 15 October 1895 September 1896
(removed from office.)
10 months Independent
6 Rasanjy
(1851–1918)[b]
September 1896 February 1897 5 months Independent
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political affiliation High commissioner(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
French Madagascar (within the French colonial empire and the French Union)
Post abolished (February 1897 – 27 May 1957)
7 Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)[c]
27 May 1957 14 October 1958 1 year, 140 days PSD Soudacaux
Malagasy Republic (within the French Community)
(7) Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
14 October 1958 1 May 1959 199 days PSD Soudacaux
Post abolished (1 May 1959 – 26 June 1960)
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political affiliation President(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Malagasy Republic (independent)
Post abolished (26 June 1960 – 18 May 1972)
8 Gabriel Ramanantsoa
(1906–1979)
18 May 1972 5 February 1975
(resigned.)
2 years, 263 days Military Himself
Post abolished (5 February 1975 – 30 December 1975)
Democratic Republic of Madagascar
Post abolished (30 December 1975 – 11 January 1976)
9 Joël Rakotomalala
(1929–1976)
11 January 1976 30 July 1976
(died in office.)
201 days AREMA Ratsiraka
10 Justin Rakotoniaina
(1933–2001)
12 August 1976 1 August 1977 354 days AREMA
11 Désiré Rakotoarijaona
(born 1934)
1 August 1977 12 February 1988 10 years, 195 days Military
12 Victor Ramahatra
(born 1945)
12 February 1988 8 August 1991 3 years, 177 days Military
13 Guy Razanamasy
(1928–2011)
8 August 1991 12 September 1991 35 days AREMA
Third Republic of Madagascar
(13) Guy Razanamasy
(1928–2011)
12 September 1991 9 August 1993 1 year, 331 days AREMA Ratsiraka
Zafy
14 Francisque Ravony
(1942–2003)
9 August 1993 30 October 1995 2 years, 82 days CSDDM
15 Emmanuel Rakotovahiny
(1938–2020)
30 October 1995 28 May 1996 211 days UNDD
16 Norbert Ratsirahonana
(born 1938)
28 May 1996 21 February 1997 269 days AVI
Himself
Ratsiraka
17 Pascal Rakotomavo
(1934–2010)
21 February 1997 23 July 1998 1 year, 152 days AREMA
18 Tantely Andrianarivo
(1954–2023)
23 July 1998 31 May 2002[d] 3 years, 312 days AREMA
19 Jacques Sylla
(1946–2009)
(26 February 2002)
27 May 2002
20 January 2007 4 years, 238 days Independent M. Ravalomanana
Jean-Jacques Rasolondraibe
(born 1947)
31 May 2002 5 July 2002 35 days AREMA Ratsiraka
20 Charles Rabemananjara
(born 1947)
20 January 2007 17 March 2009
(deposed.)
2 years, 56 days TIM M. Ravalomanana
High Transitional Authority
21 Monja Roindefo
(born 1965)
(7 February 2009)
17 March 2009
10 October 2009
(13 November 2009)
207 days Monima Rajoelina
22 Eugène Mangalaza
(born 1950)
10 October 2009 18 December 2009 69 days Independent
Cécile Manorohanta 18 December 2009 20 December 2009 2 days TGV
23 Albert Camille Vital
(born 1952)
20 December 2009 2 November 2011 1 year, 317 days Military
24 Omer Beriziky
(born 1950)
2 November 2011 16 April 2014 2 years, 165 days LEADER-Fanilo
Rajaonarimampianina
Fourth Republic of Madagascar
25 Roger Kolo
(born 1943)
16 April 2014 17 January 2015 276 days Independent Rajaonarimampianina
26 Jean Ravelonarivo
(born 1959)
17 January 2015 10 April 2016 1 year, 84 days Independent
27 Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana
(born 1964)
13 April 2016 6 June 2018 2 years, 54 days Independent
28 Christian Ntsay
(born 1961)
6 June 2018 Incumbent 5 years, 320 days Independent
Rakotovao
Rajoelina
Himself
R. Ravalomanana
Rajoelina

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Styled as Chief Minister.
  2. ^ Styled as Principal Governor.
  3. ^ Styled as Vice President of the Executive Council.
  4. ^ Under house arrest by Ravalomanana from 27 May 2002.