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Premier of the Cabinet of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Flag of North Korea.svg
Incumbent
Kim Tok-hun

since 13 August 2020
NominatorSupreme People's Assembly
AppointerSupreme People's Assembly
Inaugural holderKim Il-sung
Formation9 September 1948
Premier of the Cabinet
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised RomanizationNaegang Chongni
McCune–ReischauerNaegak Ch'ongni

The Premier of the Cabinet[1] (Korean내각 총리; MRNaegak Ch'ongni) is the head of government of North Korea and a key adviser to the Supreme Leader of North Korea. The office is also alternatively known as Prime Minister of North Korea.[2] The current premier is Kim Tok-hun, who is also a member of the Presidium of the Politburo of the Workers' Party of Korea.[3]

History

Originally, under the 1948 Constitution of the DPRK, the Premier was the highest state post in North Korea. Kim Il-sung himself inaugurated the post, keeping it for 24 years until 1972, while the ceremonial role of the head of State rested in the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Supreme People's Assembly.

The 1972 Constitution created the post of President of the DPRK, which replaced the premiership as the top state post. The executive presidency was created with Kim in mind, and he transferred to that post soon after the Constitution was promulgated. The Premier was now the head of the Administration Council, but most of the powers of the former cabinet were passed to the Central People's Committee [ja]], the highest ruling council chaired by the president himself. The first premier after Kim Il-sung was his long-time ally Kim Il. The post was then officially known as Premier of the Administration Council (정무원 총리, jungmuwon chongni).

After Kim Il-sung died, the post of president remained vacant (officially Kim Il-sung was proclaimed Eternal President) as his son Kim Jong-il planned a new State reorganization. A constitution revision in 1998 abolished both the Central People's Committee and the Administration Council, re-creating the Cabinet.

Functions

The Premier represents and oversees the cabinet, which is charged with executing the policies decided by the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea. The office has no policy-making authority of its own.

The Premier is nominally part of a triumvirate overseeing North Korea's executive branch, alongside the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly and the President of the State Affairs Commission. According to the constitution of the DPRK, the SAC chairman, SPA Presidium president and Premier have powers equivalent to one-third of those of a president's powers in most presidential systems. The SPA presidium chairman conducts foreign relations, the premier handles domestic matters and heads the government, and the SAC chairman (known as the chairman of the National Defence Commission before 2016) commands the armed forces. However, the SAC chairman is constitutionally defined as "the highest post in the state" and the country's supreme leader.

The Premier ranks as the lowest member of the executive triumvirate: significantly, Kim Jong-il was NDC Chairman without interruption from 1993 until 2011, and Kim Yong-nam was President of the SPA Presidium from 1998 to 2019, while there have been six premiers since Kim Il-sung's death.

Officeholders

The following is a list of premiers of North Korea since its founding in 1948.

Premier of the Cabinet of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 내각 수상
No. Image Premier Political party Term of office Election Head of State
1
Kim Il Sung Portrait-3.jpg
Kim Il-sung
김일성
(1912–1994)
Workers' Party of North Korea 9 September 1948 28 December 1972 1st SPA
Kim Tu-bong 2.jpg

Kim Tu-bong
(1948–1957)
Workers' Party of North Korea
Workers' Party of Korea Workers' Party of Korea
2nd SPA
Ch

Choe Yong-gon
(1957–1972)
Korean Social Democratic Party
Workers' Party of Korea
3rd SPA
4th SPA
Premier of the Administration Council of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 정무원 총리
No. Premier Political party Term of office Election Head of State
2
KimIl1974.jpg
Kim Il
김일
(1910–1984)
Workers' Party of Korea 28 December 1972 30 April 1976 5th SPA
Kim Il Sung Portrait-3.jpg

Kim Il-sung
(1972–1994)
Workers' Party of Korea
3
Pak Sŏngch
Pak Song-chol
박성철
(1913–2008)
Workers' Party of Korea 30 April 1976 15 December 1977
4
Li Jong-ok.jpg
Ri Jong-ok
리종옥
(1916–1999)
Workers' Party of Korea 15 December 1977 25 January 1984 6th SPA
7th SPA
5
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Kang Song-san
강성산
(1931–2007)
Workers' Party of Korea 25 January 1984 29 December 1986
6
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Ri Kun-mo
리근모
(1926–2001)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 December 1986 12 December 1988 8th SPA
7
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Yon Hyong-muk
연형묵
(1931–2005)
Workers' Party of Korea 12 December 1988 11 December 1992
9th SPA
(5)
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Kang Song-san
강성산
(1931–2007)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 December 1992 21 February 1997
Vacant
(1994–1998)
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Hong Song-nam
홍성남
(1929–2009)
Acting Premier of
the Administration Council
Workers' Party of Korea 21 February 1997 5 September 1998
Premier of the Cabinet of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 내각 총리
No. Premier Political party Term of office Election Head of State
8
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Hong Song-nam
홍성남
(1929–2009)
Workers' Party of Korea 5 September 1998 3 September 2003 10th SPA
Kim Yong-nam in Moscow (cropped).jpg

Kim Yong-nam
(1998–2019)
Workers' Party of Korea
9
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Pak Pong-ju
박봉주
(born 1939)
Workers' Party of Korea 3 September 2003 11 April 2007 11th SPA
10
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Kim Yong-il
김영일
(born 1944)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2007 4 June 2010
12th SPA
11
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Choe Yong-rim
최영림
(born 1930)
Workers' Party of Korea 4 June 2010 1 April 2013
(9)
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Pak Pong-ju
박봉주
(born 1939)
Workers' Party of Korea 1 April 2013 11 April 2019
13th SPA
12
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Kim Jae-ryong
김재룡
(born 1959)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019 13 August 2020 14th SPA
Kim Jong-un April 2019 (cropped).jpg

Kim Jong-un
(since 2019)
Workers' Party of Korea
13
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Kim Tok-hun
김덕훈
(born 1961)
Workers' Party of Korea 13 August 2020 Incumbent

Timeline

Kim Tok-hunKim Jae-ryongPak Pong-juKang Song-sanKim Yong-ilHong Song-namKang Song-sanYon Hyong-mukRi Kun-moRi Jong-okPak Song-cholKim ilKim il-sung

See also

References

  1. ^ "Constitution - The Cabinet". Naenara. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  2. ^ United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American Activities, p. PA1552, at Google Books
  3. ^ "Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments: Korea, North - NDE". Central Intelligence Agency. 21 June 2018. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2018.