Prime Minister of Mongolia
Монгол Улсын Ерөнхий сайд  (Mongolian)
State emblem of Mongolia.svg
OyunErdene Minister.jpg
Incumbent
Luvsannamsrain Oyun-Erdene

since 27 January 2021
Executive branch of Mongolia
TypeHead of government
SeatUlaanbaatar
AppointerState Great Khural
Term length4 years; renewable
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Mongolia
FormationNovember 1912
11 September 1990
First holderTögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren (1912)
Dashiin Byambasüren (1990)
Salary29,876,672 annually (2021)[1]

The Prime Minister of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улсын Ерөнхий Сайд, romanized: Mongol Ulsyn Yerönkhii Said[a]) is the head of government of Mongolia and heads the Mongolian cabinet. The Prime Minister is appointed by the Mongolian parliament or the State Great Hural, and can be removed by the parliament with a vote of no confidence.

The incumbent prime minister is Luvsannamsrain Oyun-Erdene, who has served since 27 January 2021. He replaced Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh, who was elected to the presidency.[2]

Powers

The Prime Minister has full powers to hire and fire his cabinet ministers[3] and appoints the governors of the 21 aimags of Mongolia, as well as the governor of the capital, Ulaanbaatar.[4]

History

The office of Prime Minister was established in 1912, shortly after (Outer) Mongolia first declared independence from the Manchu Qing Dynasty. This was not recognized by many nations. By the time of Mongolia's second (and more generally recognized) declaration of independence (from the Chinese republic) in 1921, the office was controlled by a Communist group known as the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party. 1924 the party established the Mongolian People's Republic, and the Prime Minister's post was superseded by one known by the title "Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars". This was changed to "Chairman of the Council of Ministers" in 1946. The title of Prime Minister was only revived in 1990, when the People's Revolutionary Party gradually released its hold on power. Regardless of the changes of name, however, the modern Mongolian government recognizes the office as having existed continuously since 1912, and counts all holders of the office as Prime Ministers.

There is some confusion as to the first holder of the office. A lama named Tseren (or Tserenchimed) held office as "Prime Minister" during a provisional government, and is sometimes cited as the first holder of the modern office. However, the current[needs update] Mongolian government considers Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren, the first formal office-holder, to be the first. There is also some confusion over the status of Tsengeltiin Jigjidjav - some consider him to have only been acting Prime Minister, while some consider him to have been a full Prime Minister. The Mongolian government[needs update] takes the latter view.

List of prime ministers

Further information: List of prime ministers of Mongolia

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Traditional Mongolian script: ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠷᠦᠩᠬᠡᠢ ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠳ

References

  1. ^ "Эрх зүйн акт дэлгэрэнгүй".
  2. ^ "Монгол Улсын 32 дахь Ерөнхий сайдаар Л.Оюун-Эрдэнийг томилов". 27 January 2021.
  3. ^ Adiya, Amar (2022-05-03). "Mongolia Considers Major Political Reforms". Mongolia Weekly. Retrieved 2022-09-11.
  4. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Foreign Service office of Montsame News Agency, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 47