1998 Montenegrin parliamentary election
Montenegro
← 1996 31 May 1998 2001 →
Party Leader % Seats +/–
DŽB Milo Đukanović 49.54 42 -19
SNP Momir Bulatović 36.10 29 New
LSCG Slavko Perović 6.29 5 -4
DSCG Mehmet Bardhi 1.58 1 -1
UDSH Fuad Nimani 1.03 1 -1
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
MontenegroParliament1998.png
Red: Coalition absolute majority
Orange: Coalition relative majority
Dark Blue: SNP absolute majority
Light Blue: SNP relative majority
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Milo Đukanović
DPS
Filip Vujanović
DPS

Parliamentary elections were held in Montenegro on 31 May 1998. The result was a victory for the So that we live better coalition formed by the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, Social Democratic Party of Montenegro and the People's Party of Montenegro which won 42 of the 78 seats.

Electoral system

Of the 78 seats in Parliament, 76 were elected by proportional representation in a nationwide constituency and two were elected in a special constituency for the Albanian minority. The electoral threshold was set at 3% and seats allocated using the d'Hondt method. Closed lists were used with a single list for both constituencies, although parties only had to award half their seats according to the order of the list, with the remaining half free for them to allocate.

Contesting parties

Name Abbreviation Main ideology Leader
So that We live Better
Da živimo bolje
Да живимо боље
Democratic Party of Socialists
Demokratska partija socijalista
Демократска партија социјалиста
DPS Social democracy
Catch-all
Milica Pejanović
Social Democratic Party
Socijaldemokratska partija
Социјалдемократска партија
SDP Social democracy
Separatism
Žarko Rakčević
People's Party
Narodna stranka
Народна странка
NS Conservatism
Unionism
Novak Kilibarda
Socialist People's Party
Socijalistička narodna partija
Социјалистичка народна партија
SNP Social democracy
Unionism
Momir Bulatović
Liberal Alliance of Montenegro
Liberalni savez Crne Gore
Либерални савез Црне Горе
LSCG Liberalism
Separatism
Slavko Perović
Democratic League in Montenegro
Demokratski savez u Crnoj Gori
Lidhja Demokratike në Mal të Zi
DS Albanian minority interests
Liberal conservativism
Mehmet Bardhi
Democratic Union of Albanians
Demokratska unija Albanaca
Unioni Demokratik i Shqipëtarëve
DUA Albanian minority interests
Social conservatism
Fuad Nimani

Split in the Democratic Party of Socialists

Main articles: 1997 Montenegrin presidential election and Socialist People's Party of Montenegro

In the late 1990s a rift inside the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro came out. On the 1997 Montenegrin presidential election, aside then's President of the Republic and the Party Momir Bulatović, the Premier of Montenegro and party's vice-president Milo Đukanović ran too, leading a reforming wing opposing mainstream DPS CG's political attitudes regarding support of Serbian president Slobodan Milošević. The ruling parties of the Republic of Serbia (the constitutive partner of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia like the Republic of Montenegro), SPS and SRS, have soundly and firmly stood on Momir's side, while the opposition in Serbia (SPO, DS, DSS and GS) gave their support in Milo. It is so that the Democratic Party of Socialists - Momir Bulatović had officially seceded from the other branch of the DPS CG, but Momir's supports had only retained majority in 5 municipalities of Montenegro, while the other 16 in which DPS reigned voiced their support of Milo.

Momir presented in the political campaign that his main goal was the preservation of FRY and the maintaining of the present political status in Montenegro. In the first round on 5 October 1997 Momir Bulatović won receiving most votes, 147,615 or 47.45%, but lost to opposing Milo the second round on 19 October 1997 when he won 169,257 or only 49.2%. Momir refused to recognize the results, calling them unrealistic and forged - considering that every single of the other candidates that ran in the first circle voiced their support in Momir in the second. One of the main controversial moments, as criticized by OEBS, is that Milo as Premier, managed to seize control of the Montenegrin national media (e.g. TV CG). On the other side, the Serbian national media had also been unbalanced, promoting Momir. The other unbalancing issue is that Milo, as Premier, was in a much stronger position to further his personal goals, controlling the government (the President had very little authority in effect) and had seized control over most of DPS' local authorities, while DPS - Momir Bulatović got only 5 of total DPS' 21. On the other hand, Momir enjoyed the support of Serbia and the Federal Yugoslav government itself. With the huge clashes between Momir and Milo, the election respected minimal democratic standards. However, with eventual loss at the election, the rift between the two wings was final.

So that We live Better coalition

Main article: Coalition for a European Montenegro

Following the internal turmoil within the DPS during late 1996 and early 1997 when the party's most prominent members Milo Đukanović and Momir Bulatović bitterly fought behind the scenes for the control of the party, Đukanović emerged as the clear winner of the year-long power struggle. Under his leadership, DPS began entering pre-election alliances with smaller parties under the coalition banner that had a different name ahead of each parliamentary elections.

Đukanović-led DPS called for an alliance between anti-Milošević parties, stating that Milošević's political pursuits were leading FR Yugoslavia into ruin. It made a coalition with the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro (SDP) that supported outright independence and the People's Party of Montenegro (NS) that wanted Montenegro to remain in a state with Serbia. DPS's own position at the time was that Montenegro and Serbia should be in a single unified state, but they opposed Milošević's rule.

The 1998 parliamentary election on May 31 essentially turned into another showdown between Đukanović and Bulatović over a single issue - Slobodan Milošević. Đukanović's coalition won, seizing 42 of 78 total parliamentary seats. Those 42 seats were then divided up three ways according to the coalition agreement: DPS received 32 seats while its coalition partners NS and SDP got 5 each.

Liberal Alliance of Montenegro

At the 1997 presidential election, LSCG did not table its candidate. However, in the second round the party supported Milo Đukanović over Momir Bulatović, in order to send a message that they are not against the West which supported Đukanović's candidacy. At the Montenegrin parliamentary election, 1998, LSCG won 6,21%, or a little more than 20,000 votes, and 5 seats in the Montenegrin parliament. LSCG lost a significant number of voters due to change of policy of DPS, which gradually started supporting the independence of Montenegro, attracting a portion of their voters. Due to poor electoral result, Perović resigned from his post. At the party electoral convention, held on 23 and 24 January 1999, Miodrag Živković officially became the new political leader of LSCG.[1]

Results

PartyVotes%Seats+/–
So that We Live Better170,08049.5442–19
Socialist People's Party of Montenegro123,95736.1029New
Liberal Alliance of Montenegro21,6126.295–4
Serb People's Party6,6061.920New
Democratic League in Montenegro5,4251.581–1
Serbian Radical Party4,0601.1800
Democratic Union of Albanians3,5291.031–1
Party of Democratic Action of Montenegro1,9960.580–3
Communists of Montenegro1,8850.5500
"For Serbdom"1,2990.380New
Serbian People's Radical Party7610.220New
Natural Law Party of Montenegro6110.1800
List of Unified Bosniaks – Muslims in Montenegro4190.120New
Party of Foreign Currency Savers of Montenegro3710.110New
Yugoslav United Left in Montenegro3450.100New
Party of Protection of Savings and Social Security1990.0600
Party of Human Way1950.060New
Total343,350100.0078+7
Valid votes343,35098.67
Invalid/blank votes4,6351.33
Total votes347,985100.00
Registered voters/turnout457,63376.04

References

  1. ^ "Miodrag Živković - leader (archive)". LSCG. Archived from the original on 2016-09-16. Retrieved 29 February 2016.