Mobile phone penetration in Europe based on available data between 2009 and 2012: .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  > 140%   120–140%   100–120%   < 100%   No data
Mobile phone penetration in Europe based on available data between 2009 and 2012:
  > 140%
  120–140%
  100–120%
  < 100%
  No data

A mobile network operator or MNO (also known as a wireless service provider, wireless carrier, cellular company, or mobile network carrier) is a provider of wireless communications services. The main MNOs in Europe are listed below.

Albania

Albania as per Q1 2021 has 3.66 million subscribers, out of which there are 2.49 million active users (101% penetration rate). An active user is the number of users that communicated in the last three months.[1]

The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Albania is the Electronic and Postal Communications Authority.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in Millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Vodafone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
VoLTE 3600 MHz/3700 MHz 5G NR testing
1.492 (Q3 2021) Vodafone[2] 27602
2 One Telecommunications
(Formerly Telekom, AMC)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
1.364 (Q3 2021) Albania telecom invest 27601
3 ALBtelecom Mobile
(Formerly Eagle Mobile)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.550 (Q3 2021) Albtelecom 27603

Andorra

Andorra has 88,109 mobile subscribers[3] or about 113.63% mobile penetration.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Andorra Telecom
(Formerly Servei de Telecomunicacions d'Andorra)
900/1800 MHz GPRS
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800 MHz
LTE-LTE-A
VoLTE
0.088[4] (2021) Government of Andorra[5] 21303

Armenia

As of 2017, Armenia has 3.5 million subscribers in total, and a 120% penetration rate.[6]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Viva-MTS GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS-900/2100 MHz (Band: B1/B8) (UMTS, HSDPA)
LTE-LTE-A -1800/2600 MHz (Band: B3/B7) (LTE)
2.2 (Q3 2021)[7] MTS
2 Beeline Armenia GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS-900/2100 MHz (Band: B1/B8) (UMTS, HSDPA)

LTE-LTE-A (900 MHz, 1800 MHz)

1.0 (November 2017) Telecom Armenia (Team)
3 Ucom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS-900/2100 MHz (Band: B1/B8) UMTS, HSDPA
LTE-LTE-A -1800/2600 MHz (Band: B3/B7) (LTE)
0.933 (December 2017) Ucom

Austria

Austria has 13,0 million assigned numbers (i.e. 2,0 2G, 10,8 3G and 0,1 4G SIM cards), or a 151.0% penetration rate (4Q 2014[8]).

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Austria is the Austrian Regulatory Authority for Broadcasting and Telecommunications (RTR).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Magenta Telekom
(Formerly T-Mobile, max.mobil.)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ (roams on 3's UMTS network where no UMTS)
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
3500 MHz 5G NR
5.126 (3Q 2021) [9] Deutsche Telekom AG 23203
2 A1 GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
3500 MHz 5G NR
5.023 (including yesss!) (Q2 2021)[10] A1 Telekom Austria Group
(América Móvil (51%), ÖBAG (28,42%), free float (20,58%)
23201
3 Drei
•Includes the previous Orange network.
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
(roams on Magenta Telekom's GSM network when needed)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
3500 MHz 5G NR
3.369 (Q2 2021)[11] CK Hutchison Holdings 23205

Azerbaijan

In December 2005, Azerbaijan had 2 million subscribers in total, a 25% penetration rate.[citation needed] In 2014, Azerbaijan has over 10 million subscribers in total and 130% penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Azercell GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
4.417[12] (April 2013) AzInTelecom (state-owned company) 40001
2 Bakcell GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE[13]
3.4 Neqsol Holding 40002
3 Nar GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
2.1 (March 2014) Azerfon LLC 40004
4 Nakhtel GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
CDMA 800
  Nakhtel LLC 40006

Belarus

Belarus has 12.0 million subscribers in total, or a 126% penetration rate. (Q4 2020)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Belarus is the Ministry of Communications and Informatization.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 MTS GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
5.7 (Q4 2021) [7] Beltelecom (51%)
MTS (49%)
25702
2 A1
(Formerly velcom)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, DC-HSPA+

800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE

4.935 (Q2 2021)[10] A1 Telekom Austria Group 25701
3 Life GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.5 (Q3 2021) [14] Turkcell (80%), Belarusian Government (20%) 25704

Belgium

Belgium has 13.89 million subscribers in total, or a 124% penetration rate[15] (Q4 2014).

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Belgium is the Belgian Institute for Postal services and Telecommunications (BIPT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Proximus GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
2100/3500 MHz 5G NR
5.320[16] Proximus 20601
2 Orange
(formerly Mobistar, OBE)
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
5.144 (Q3 2021)[17] Orange S.A. (52.91%), free float (35.78%), others (11.31%) 20610
3 Base
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
2.952 (Q3 2021)[18] Telenet 20620

Bosnia and Herzegovina

In December 2016, Bosnia and Herzegovina had 3.404 million subscribers in total,[19] or a 97% penetration rate (compared to the World Bank population estimate of 2016[20]).

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Bosnia and Herzegovina is the Communications Regulatory Agency (Regulatorna agencija za komunikacije, RAK).[21]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
in million
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 BH Telecom GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, HSDPA, HSDPA+, DC-HSPA, DC-HSPA+, DC-HSUPA, DC-HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
1.8 (Jan 2021) BH Telecom 21890
2 m:tel GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE),
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, HSDPA, HSDPA+, DC-HSPA, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
1.414 (Dec 2012) Telekom Srbija 21805
3 HT Eronet GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE),
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, HSDPA, HSDPA+, DC-HSPA, DC-HSPA+, DC-HSUPA, DC-HSDPA, HSUPA
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
0.445 (Dec 2012) Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (50%), Hrvatski Telekom (39%), free float (11%) 21803

Bulgaria

Bulgaria has 7 945 739 subscribers in total, or a 114,9% penetration rate according to the CRC annual report for 2020.[22]

The Regulatory Authority for Telecommunication in Bulgaria is the Communications Regulation Commission (CRC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers Coverage Ownership MCC / MNC
1 A1
(Formerly Mtel, Mobiltel)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3600 MHz 5G NR
3.737 (Q3 2021)[10] Link A1 Telekom Austria Group
(América Móvil (51%), ÖBAG (28,42%), free float (20,58%)
28401
2 Telenor
(Formerly Globul)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, ViLTE
2600/3600 MHz 5G NR
3.463 (Q2 2021)[23] Link PPF 28405
3 Vivacom
(Formerly Vivatel)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
1800/3600 MHz 5G NR
2.953 (Q1 2021)[24] Link United Group 28403

Croatia

Croatia has 4,404,652 subscribers in total, or a 102,8% penetration rate. (4Q 2019)[25]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Croatia is the Hrvatska agencija za poštu i elektronicke komunikacije (website available in Croatian and English language).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Hrvatski Telekom
(Formerly T-Mobile, HTmobile)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro, VoLTE
VoWiFi
2100/3500 MHz - 5G NR
2.326 (Q3 2021) [9] Deutsche Telekom (51.7%) 21901
2 A1
(Formerly Vip, Vipnet)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
VoLTE
700/3600 MHz - 5G NR
1.990 (Q3 2021) [10] A1 Telekom Austria Group
(América Móvil (51%), ÖBAG (28,42%), free float (20,58%)
21910
3 Telemach
(Formerly Tele2)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
(Roaming on Hrvatski Telekom when needed)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.923 (Q1 2021)[24] United Group 21902

Cyprus

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
Mobile Network Operators in Cyprus (excludes Northern Cyprus)
1 Epic
(Formerly MTN)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.399[27] (March 2014) Monaco Telecom 28010
2 Cytamobile-Vodafone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3600 MHz 5G NR[28]
0.296[29] (December 2012) Cyprus Telecommunications Authority - Government of Cyprus 28001
3 PrimeTel 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
900/1800 MHz LTE
(2G/3G roaming on epic when needed)
0.115 (November 2019) PrimeTel PLC 28020
Mobile Network Operators operating only in Northern Cyprus
1 Kuzey Kıbrıs Turkcell GSM-900/1800 MHz(GPRS, EDGE)
900/1800 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
900/1800 MHz LTE
0.5 (Q3 2021)[14] Turkcell
2 Telsim Vodafone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/1800 MHz UMTS
0.15 (Q3 2021) Uzan Group

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic has 16.121 million subscribers in total, or a 151% penetration rate (December 2019).[30]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in the Czech Republic is the Český telekomunikační úřad.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 T-Mobile
(Formerly Paegas)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, ViLTE, VoWiFi
1800/2100 MHz - 5G NR
6.259 (Q3 2021) [9] Deutsche Telekom AG 23001
2 O2
(Formerly Eurotel, Český Telecom)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
CDMA EV-DO
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
3500 MHz - 5G NR
5.987 (Q2 2021)[23] PPF N.V. 23002
3 Vodafone
(Formerly Oskar)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, ViLTE, VoWiFi 1800/2100/2700 (planning) 5GNR
3.983 (Q3 2021)[2] Vodafone 23003

Denmark

Denmark has 8.208 million subscribers in total, or a 146% penetration rate[31] (June 2014). The regulator is the Danish Business Authority.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 TDC GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
800/2600 MHz[32] LTE
VoLTE
3500 MHz - 5G NR
3.157 (Q3 2021)[33] TDC 23801
2 Telenor
(Formerly Sonofon)
900/1800 GSM, (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100 MHz LTE
VoLTE

(Shares network with Telia)
3500 MHz - 5G NR

1.688 (Q3 2021)[34] Telenor 23802
3 Telia 900/1800 GSM, (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE
VoLTE

(Shares network with Telenor)

1.603 (Q3 2021)[35] Telia Company 23820
4 3 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE
VoLTE
VoWiFi
(Roams on TDC's GSM / UMTS / LTE network where 3 does not reach)
1.482 (Q2 2021)[11] CK Hutchison Holdings (60%), Investor AB (40%) 23806

Estonia

Estonia has 2.524 million subscribers in total, or a 188% penetration rate.[36] (December 2008)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telia

(Formerly EMT)

GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
VoLTE
1.184 (Q3 2021) [35] Telia Company 24801
2 Elisa
(Formerly Radiolinja)
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE
0.684 (Q3 2021)[37] Elisa 24802
3 Tele2

(Formerly Q-GSM)

GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2100 MHz LTE
0.439 (Q3 2021)[38] Tele2 24803

Faroe Islands

The Faroe Islands have 0.059 million subscribers in total (exact number 61,388), or a 126% penetration rate (population 48,652).[39] (2020) The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in the Faroe Islands is Fjarskiftiseftirlitið.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Føroya Tele GSM-900
900/2100 MHz UMTS
1800 MHz LTE
0.045 (74%) Government of Faroe Islands 28801
2 Hey
(Formerly Vodafone, Kall)
GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS
1800 MHz LTE
0.013 (25%) Nema 28802
3 Tosa GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS
1800 MHz LTE
0.0 (0%) Tosa 28803

Finland

Finland has 7.700 million subscribers in total, or a 144.59% penetration rate.[22] (December 2009). See also the Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority (FICORA) at Etusivu

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Elisa
(Formerly Radiolinja)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3500 MHz - 5G NR
4.239 (Q3 2021)[37] Elisa 24405
24406
24421
2 Telia
(Formerly Telecom Finland, Sonera)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3500 MHz - 5G NR
3.216 (Q3 2021) [35] Telia Company 24420
24436(SYV[1])
24491
3 DNA GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
700/800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
3500 MHz - 5G NR
2.707 (Q3 2021) [34] Telenor 24403
24404
24412
24413
24436(SYV[2])
4 Ålcom
(Formerly ÅMT / Ålands Mobiltelefon)
GSM-900 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
Not Yet Available Mariehamns Telefon, Ålands Telefonandelslag 24414

France

France has 75.5 million subscribers in total, or a 115.2% penetration rate (September 2015).[40]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in France is ARCEP.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange
(Formerly Itineris)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi

2100/3500 MHz 5G NR

35.099 (Q3 2021)[17] Orange S.A. 20801
2 Bouygues Telecom 900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
700/800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi

2100/3500 MHz 5G NR

21.603 (Q3 2021)[41] Bouygues Group (89.5%) 20820
3 SFR 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi

2100/3500 MHz 5G NR

18.630 (Q3 2021)[42] Altice (80.4%), free float (19.6%)[43] 20810
4 Free Mobile 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+ (Roaming on Orange 2G/3G when needed, limited to 384 kbit/s download, 384 kbit/s upload)
700/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A

700/3500 MHz 5G NR

13.486 (Q3 2021)[44] Iliad S.A. 20815

Georgia

As of July 2021, Georgia has 5.084434 subscribers in total. The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Georgia is the Georgian National Communications Commission.[45][46]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Magticom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE )
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE Advanced
VoLTE
2,099,983[47] (July 2021) International Tellcell LLC 28202
2 Silknet
(Formerly Geocell)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+, CDMA2000, EVDO Rev. A
2300 MHz TD-LTE, LTE Advanced, LTE Advanced Pro
1800 MHz LTE
1.693263[47] (July 2021) Silk Road Group 28201
3 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800 MHz LTE, LTE Advanced
1.291112 [47](July 2021) Veon (51%), GMC Group (49%) 28204

Germany

Germany has 114.1 million subscribers in total, or a 140% penetration rate[22] (December 2011). The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Germany is the Bundesnetzagentur (BNetzA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telekom
(Formerly D1 DeTeMobil, T-Mobile)
900/1800 MHz GSM (EDGE)
700/800/900/1500/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
2100/3600 MHz 5G NR
52.184 (Q3 2021)[9] Deutsche Telekom AG 26201
2 O2
(Formerly VIAG Interkom)
• Includes the previous E-Plus network.
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
700/800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
3500 MHz 5G NR
45.325 (Q3 2021)[48] Telefónica S.A. (69.2%), free float (30.8%) 26203
3 Vodafone
(Formerly D2 Mannesmann)
900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
700/800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
3600 MHz 5G NR
31.151 (Q3 2021)[2] Vodafone Group plc 26202

Gibraltar

Gibraltar, the British overseas territory has 0.028 million subscribers in total, or a 92.12% penetration rate.[22] (December 2009)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Gibtelecom GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.022[citation needed] Government of Gibraltar 26601

Greece

Greece has 12,070,571 (2019) million subscribers in total, or a 112% penetration rate (2019[49]). The Regulatory Authority for telecommunications in Greece is EETT.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Cosmote GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900 MHz/2100 MHz* UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
3500 MHz - 5G NR
7.040 (Q3 2021) [50] OTE (Deutsche Telekom 48.3%) 20201, 20202
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Panafon)
•Includes the previous Cyta Hellas network.
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz* UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE VoWiFi
3500 MHz - 5G NR
4.178 (Q3 2021)[2] Vodafone (99.8%) 20205 (Vodafone), 20214 (Cyta Hellas)
3 Wind
(Formerly Telestet, TIM)
•Includes the previous Q-Telecom network.
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
2100* UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3500 MHz - 5G NR
3.700 (Q2 2021)[51] United Group 20209 (Q-Telecom), 20210 (WIND)

*The 3G frequency is in process to be shut down and it will be used for 4G services. It has already been converted in some parts of Athens. Cosmote has announced that by the end of 2021 the 3G network won't be available anymore and will be replaced with 4G while for Vodafone and Wind, it will be by the end of 2022. This is a plan to give more space for 4G and 5G to be developed.

Guernsey

The British Crown dependency Guernsey has 0.055 million subscribers in total, or a 95% penetration rate.[citation needed] (December 2005)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Sure GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS
LTE
Not yet available Batelco 23455
2 JT GSM-1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not yet available JT Group 23450
3 Airtel-Vodafone GSM-1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not yet available Bharti Airtel (50%), Vodafone (50%) 23403

Hungary

Hungary has 11.8 million subscribers in total.[52] (December 2017)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Hungary is NMHH – Nemzeti Média-, és Hírközlési Hatóság.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telekom
(Formerly Westel, T-Mobile)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi

(LTE 800 MHz is in cooperating with Telenor)
3600 MHz 5G NR

5.582 (Q3 2021)[9] Deutsche Telekom (59.21%), Free Float (40.79%)[53] 21630
2 Telenor
(Formerly Pannon)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE

(LTE 800 MHz is in cooperating with Telekom)
3600 MHz 5G NR

3.449 (Q2 2021) [23] PPF 21601
3 Vodafone GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3500 MHz 5G NR
3.055 (Q3 2021)[2] Vodafone 21670
4 Digi GSM-1800
1800 MHz LTE
VoLTE
3600 MHz TD-LTE
3500 MHz 5G NR (Seldom used, some cells in Budapest)
0.187 (Q3 2021)[54] 4iG[55] 21603

Iceland

Iceland has 0.470 million subscribers in total, or a 129.19% penetration rate.[22] (July 2019)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Iceland is Póst- og fjarskiptastofnun.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Síminn
(formerly Landssíminn)
GSM-900/1800 MHz
900/2100 MHz UMTS
700/1800/2600 MHz LTE
3600 MHz 5G NR
0.173[56] (July 2019) Síminn 27401
2 Nova 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
VoLTE
3500 MHz 5G NR
0.155[56] (July 2019) Nova 27411
3 Vodafone
(formerly Og Vodafone, Íslandssími)
GSM-900/1800 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS
800/1800 MHz LTE
0.130[56] (July 2019) Sýn 27402

Ireland

At the end of June 2021 Ireland had 7.404 million mobile subscribers in total, representing a 147.7% penetration rate[57] (September 2021)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Ireland is the Commission for Communications Regulation (ComReg).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Three
•Includes the previous O2 network
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
700/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A (Operating on a temporary licence)
1800/3500 MHz 5G NR
AML
2.777 (Q2 2021)[11] CK Hutchison Holdings 27205 (Three), 27202 (O2)
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Eircell)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTSHSPAHSPA+DC‑HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
700/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A (Operating on a temporary licence)
3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, VoWiFi, RCS, AML
2.028 (Q3 2021)[2] Vodafone 27201
3 eir
(Formerly Meteor)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
700/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A (Operating on a temporary licence)
1800/3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML
1.206 (Q3 2021)[58] Iliad (31,6%), NJJ (32,9%)[59] 27203

Isle of Man

The British Crown dependency Isle of Man has an unknown number of subscribers in total and an unknown percentage penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Manx Telecom GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS
800/1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Free float (AIM-listed) 23458
2 Sure GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available Batelco 23436

Italy

As of January 2020, Italy has 104.10 million subscribers in total, or a 172% penetration rate.[60] The country's telecom regulator is AGCOM.

In 2016 Wind and 3 Italy have agreed to complete a merger that has been approved by European and national authorities and, since March 2020, all consumer and business offers are sold under the new brand Wind Tre. A new operator, Iliad, entered the Italian market in May 2018 as a consequence of this merger.[61]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 TIM

(Formerly SIP)

900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1500/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3700 MHz 5G NR (Only in Rome and Turin)
30.473 (Q3 2021)[62] TIM Group 22201
2 Wind Tre

(Formerly Wind and 3 Italy)

900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3500 MHz - 5G NR
20.994 (Q2 2021)[11] CK Hutchison Holdings
22288 and 22299
3 Vodafone

(Formerly Omnitel)

900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE[63])
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3700 MHz 5G NR
18.146 (Q3 2021)[2] Vodafone 22210
4 Iliad 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
(Roaming on Wind Tre when needed)
3500 MHz - 5G NR
8.165 (Q3 2021)[44] Iliad SA 22250
5 Fastweb 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1500/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
(Roaming on Wind Tre and TIM[disambiguation needed])
3500 MHz 5G NR
2.316 (Q3 2021)[64] Swisscom 22208

Jersey

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 JT GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available JT Group 23450
2 Sure GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available Batelco 23455
3 Airtel-Vodafone GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available Bharti Airtel (50%), Vodafone (50%) 23403

Kosovo

Kosovo has 1.88 million subscribers in total, or a 103.47% penetration rate.[65] (June 2018)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in %)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Vala GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
51.95%[66] (Q2 2018) Government of Kosovo 22101
2 Ipko GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
36.07%[67] (Q2 2018) Telekom Slovenije 22102
3 mts GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.65%[68] (Q2 2018) Telekom Srbija 22103

Latvia

Latvia has 2.243 million subscribers in total, or a 99.72% penetration rate.[22] (December 2009)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 LMT GSM-900 MHz
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3500 MHz 5G NR
1.449 (Q3 2021)[35] Republic of Latvia and related (51%), Telia (49%) 24701
2 Tele2 GSM-900 MHz
900/2100 MHz UMTS
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3500 MHz - 5G NR
1.005 (Q3 2021)[38] Tele2 24702
3 Bite GSM-900 MHz
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3500 MHz - 5G NR
0.467[69] (September 2012) Providence Equity Partners 24705
4 Triatel 450 MHz CDMA2000[70] 24703

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein has 0.039 million subscribers in total, or a 105% penetration rate.[22] (April 2015)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 FL1 [de]
(formerly Mobilkom Liechtenstein AG)
GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available State-owned 29505
2 7acht
(formerly Orange FL)
GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Salt Mobile SA 29502
3 Swisscom FL GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
900/1800/2100 MHz LTE
VoLTE
Not Yet Available Swisscom 29501

The Liechtenstein mobile phone system is attached to Switzerland, customers of these three providers can roam on Swiss networks without additional fees.

Lithuania

Lithuania has 4.941 million subscribers in total, or a 167% penetration rate (25 October 2013).[71]

The regulator is Ryšių Reguliavimo Tarnyba (RRT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Tele2 GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS
2600 MHz LTE
1.889 (October 2020) Tele2 24603
2 Telia
(Formerly Omnitel, Teo LT)
GSM-900 MHz (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
1.385 (October 2020) Telia Company 24601
3 Bite GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
0.99 (20.1% Oct 2013) Providence Equity Partners 24602
4 Lietuvos radijo ir televizijos centras (MEZON) 3500 MHz WiMAX
2300 MHz LTE
0.097 (~2% May 2020)[72] State-owned (Pending sale to BITE) 24608

Luxembourg

Luxembourg has 719,000 subscribers in total, or a 148% penetration rate.[22] (December 2009)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange GSM-1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
3500 MHz - 5G NR
0.076[73] (September 2007) Orange S.A. 27099
2 Tango GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
VoLTE
3500 MHz - 5G NR
0.280[74] (December 2013) Proximus Group 27077
3 POST GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
3500 MHz - 5G NR
0.250[citation needed] POST Luxembourg 27001
4 Luxembourg Online 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA Not Yet Available Luxembourg Online 27005

Malta

Malta has 0.581 million subscribers in total, or a 137.18% penetration rate[75] (December 2013)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Epic
(Formerly Vodafone Malta and Telecell)
GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
0.302[2] (February 2020) Monaco Telecom 27801
2 GO
(Formerly MALTACOM)
GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
0.230[75] (December 2013) Dubai Holding (40%), Public (60%) 27821
3 Melita 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A Pro
0.076[75] (December 2013) EQT Partners 27877

Moldova

Moldova has 4.263 million subscribers in total, or a 120% penetration rate[76] (2012).

The country's telecommunications regulator is ANRCETI.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
2.097 (Q3 2021)[17] Orange S.A. (94.3%) 25901
2 Moldcell GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
1.4 (2020)[77] CG Corp Global[78] 25902
3 Moldtelecom 450 MHz CDMA2000, EVDO Rev. A
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.459 (2020)[77] Moldtelecom 25903,25905,25999
4 Interdnestrcom
operating in Transnistria region only
800 MHz CDMA2000, EVDO Rev. A [79]
800 MHz LTE[80]
0.291 (2012)[81] Sheriff 25906

Monaco

Monaco has 0.023 million subscribers on the Monaco Telecom network, or a 70.1% penetration rate[22] (December 2009). The French networks are also widely available in Monaco, but they don't disclose subscriber figures for Monaco.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Monaco Telecom 1800 MHz GSM
900/2100 MHz UMTS
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
0.021 NJJ Capital/Xavier Niel 55%, Société Nationale de Financement 45% 21201

Montenegro

Montenegro has 1.097.574 subscribers in total, or a 177.02% penetration rate (October 2013).[82]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Montenegro is Agencija za elektronske komunikacije i poštansku djelatnost.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telekom
(Formerly Monet)
GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
0.389 (Q3 2021)[83] Hrvatski Telekom (76.53%) (Deutsche Telekom 60.49%), free float (23.47%) 29702
2 Mtel GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.344 (Q1 2021)[84] 51% Telekom Srbija, 49% Telekom Srpske 29703
3 Telenor
(Formerly Promonte)
GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
WiMAX
0.327 (Q2 2021)[23] PPF 29701

Netherlands

The Netherlands has 21.182 million subscribers in total, or a 128% penetration rate[22] (December 2009).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 T-Mobile
•Includes the previous Tele2 and Orange networks.
2G discontinued on the 1st of June 2021[85]
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2600 MHz TD-LTE
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML
700 MHz 5G NR
6.853 (Q2 2021)[86] WP/AP Telecom Holdings IV B.V. (Warburg Pincus 50%, Apax Partners 50%) 20416 and 20402
2 KPN
•Includes the previous Telfort network.
900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
(3G to be discontinued as of 31 March 2022)
800/1500/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2600 MHz TD-LTE
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML
700/2100 MHz 5G NR
450 MHz CDMA (Smart meters)
5.563 (Q3 2021)[87] Koninklijke KPN N.V. 20408
3 Vodafone
(Formerly Libertel)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
700/800/1500/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML
1800 MHz 5G NR (Dynamic Spectrum Sharing)
5.328 (Q3 2021)[2] VodafoneZiggo 20404

North Macedonia

North Macedonia has 2.299 million subscribers in total, or a 105% penetration rate.[88]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in North Macedonia is AEK.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telekom
(Formerly T-Mobile, MOBIMAK)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A, VoLTE ,
1.211 (Q3 2021)[89] Magyar Telekom (59.21%) (Deutsche Telekom 60.49%) 29401
2 A1
(Formerly one.Vip)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A , VoLTE , 5G / Test ,
1.084 (Q2 2021)[10] A1 Telekom Austria Group
(América Móvil (51%), ÖBAG (28,42%), free float (20,58%)
29403

Norway

Norway has 5.730 million subscribers in total, or a 108.97% penetration rate[22] (December 2016).

The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Norway is the Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telenor GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
3500 MHz - 5G NR
2.764 (Q3 2021)[34] Telenor 24201
2 Telia
(Formerly NetCom)
•Includes the previous Tele2 network.
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3500 MHz 5G NR
2.292< (Q3 2021)[35] Telia Company 24202
3 Ice
(Formerly Ice.net)
450/700/800/900/1800/2100 MHz LTE
(Roams on Telias's network where there is no coverage)
0.337[90] (December 2016) Ice group 24214, 24206

Poland

Poland has 54.1 million subscribers in total (Q4 2020).[91]

The country's telecom regulator is UKE (Urząd Komunikacji Elektronicznej).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange
(Formerly Idea)
GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS 900/2100 MHz (HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+)
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2100 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, VoWiFi
16.590 (Q3 2021)[17] Orange S.A. (50.67%), free float (49.33%) 26003
2 Plus
(Formerly Plus GSM)
CDMA 420 MHz
GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS 900/2100 MHz (HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+)
900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2600 MHz 5G NR TDD
VoLTE, VoWiFi
13.045 (Q3 2021)[92] Cyfrowy Polsat S.A. 26001
3 Play E-GSM/GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS 900/2100 MHz (HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+)
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2100 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, ViLTE, VoWiFi (for supported iOS/Android devices)
(Roaming 2G/3G/LTE on Orange Poland* network. Limited to 3 Mbit/s download, 1 Mbit/s upload).
* available till 2025, on some areas already inactive
12.087 (Q3 2021)[44] Iliad S.A. 26006
4 T-Mobile
(Formerly Era)
GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS 900/2100 MHz (HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+)*
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2100 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, VoWiFi
* available till 2023
11.425 (Q3 2021)[9] Deutsche Telekom AG 26002

Portugal

Portugal has 17.6 million subscribers in total, or a 170.5% penetration rate (13.1 million active subscribers or 127.4% penetration rate).[93] (Q3 2017)

The country's telecom regulator is ANACOM.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 MEO
(Formerly TMN)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3600 MHz - 5G NR
6.147 (Q3 2021)[94] Altice 26806
2 NOS
(Formerly Optimus)
GSM-900/1800, (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE
700/3500 MHz - 5G NR
5.209 (Q3 2021)[95] NOS 26803
3 Vodafone
(Formerly Telecel)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2600 MHz TD-LTE
VoLTE
3500 MHz 5G NR
4.688 (Q3 2021)[2] Vodafone 26801

Romania

Romania has 22.6 million active subscribers in total, or a 112% penetration rate. (2020)[96] The country's telcom regulator is ANCOM.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange
(Formerly Dialog)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
3500 MHz 5G NR
9.860 (Q3 2021)[17] Orange S.A. 22610
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Connex)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, ViLTE, VoWiFi
3500 MHz 5G NR
9.803 (Q3 2021)[2] Vodafone 22601
3 Digi GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
900/2100 MHz LTE
2600 MHz TD-LTE
VoLTE, VoWiFi
3600 MHz 5G NR
4.035 (Q3 2021)[54] RCS&RDS 22605
4 Telekom
(Formerly Cosmorom, Cosmote)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100 MHz LTE
3.602 (Q3 2021)[50] OTE (Deutsche Telekom 48.3%) 22603

Russia

The country's telecom regulator is Roskomnadzor.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership Mobile country code
Mobile Network Operators (excluding operators in the federal subjects of Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol (occupied territory of Ukraine))
1 MTS GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, VoLTE
1800/2100/2600/4700 MHz 5G NR
79.7 (Q3 2021)[7] Sistema (43,23%), MTS PJSC companies (13,76%), free float (43,01%)[97] 25001
2 MegaFon GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
70.5 (Q1 2021)[98] USM Holdings 25002
3 Tele2 Russia GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
CDMA2000 1x, 450 MHz
450 MHz LTE (as Skylink)
CDMA2000 EV-DO Rev. A, 450 MHz
NMT - 450i, 450 MHz
49.9 (Q3 2020)[99][100] Rostelecom 25020
4 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
49.7 (Q3 2020)[101] Veon (LetterOne (47.9%), The Stichting (8.3%), free float (43.8%)) 25099
Mobile Network Operators operating only in the federal subjects of Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol(occupied territory of Ukraine)
5 Win Mobile GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
N/A K-Telecom 25032
6 Volna mobile GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
N/A KTK Telecom 25060
7 Sevmobile GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
N/A Sevmobile 25033
8 Krymtelekom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
N/A Krymtelekom 25034

San Marino

San Marino has 0.037 million subscribers in total, or a 116.95% penetration rate.[22] (December 2013)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telefonia Mobile Sammarinese (TMS) GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A

(Uses the Italian TIM network)

0.019[102] (February 2012) Gruppo TIM (51%), Government of San Marino (49%) 22201

Serbia

Serbia has 9.1987 million subscribers based on the 3-month customer activity, or a 128.09% penetration rate.[103] (December 2013)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Serbia is RATEL (Regulatorna agencija za elektronske komunikacije i poštanske usluge).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
Percent of total 100% market
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 mts 900/1800 MHz - GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz - UMTS (HSDPA, DC-HSPA+)
800/1800/2100 MHz - LTE (LTE-A, LTE-A Pro, VoLTE)
2600/3500 MHz - 5G
3.898 (Q4 2020)[84]
Telekom Srbija 22003
2 Telenor 900/1800 MHz - GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz - UMTS (HSDPA, DC-HSPA+)
800/1800/2100 MHz - LTE, (LTE-A, LTE-A Pro, VoLTE, ViLTE)
2600/3500 MHz - 5G
2.888 (Q2 2021)[23]
PPF 22001
3 A1

(Formerly Vip)

900/1800 MHz - GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz - UMTS (HSDPA, DC-HSPA+)
800/1800/2100 MHz - LTE (LTE-A, LTE-A Pro, VoLTE)
2.388 (Q3 2021)[10]
A1 Telekom Austria Group
(América Móvil (51%), ÖBAG (28,42%), free float (20,58%)
22005

Slovakia

Slovakia has 7,68 million subscribers in total, or a 132.79% penetration rate. All facts are based on the 3-month customer activity base.[104] (November 2019)

The Regulatory Authority for electronic communications "telecommunication" in Slovakia is Úrad pre reguláciu elektronických komunikácií a poštových služieb (RÚ).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telekom
(Formerly Eurotel, T-Mobile)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, RCS
2100 MHz 5G NR
2.493 (Q3 2021)[9] Deutsche Telekom 23102, 23104
2 Orange
(Formerly Globtel, Slovtel)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+
(Shares 3G with Swan Mobile/4ka)
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi, RCS
1800/3500 MHz 5G NR
2.490 (Q3 2021)[17] Orange S.A. 23101
3 O2
(Formerly Telefonica, O2 Telefonica)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
(Roaming on Telekom Slovakia (2G) when needed)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3500/3700 MHz TD-LTE (Planned transition to mobile 5G NR)[105]
VoLTE,
VoWiFi
1800/3700 MHz 5G NR
2.236 (Q2 2021)[23] PPF 23106
4 4ka (SWAN Mobile) 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
(Roaming on Orange Slovakia (2G) when needed)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+
(Shares 3G with Orange Slovakia)
1800 MHz LTE
VoLTE, ViLTE
1800/3700 MHz 5G NR
0.557[106][107] (2Q 2020) SWAN Mobile, a. s. 23103

Slovenia

Slovenia has 2.590.853 subscribers in total, or a 123% penetration rate.[108] (3Q 2021)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Slovenia is AKOS (Agencija za komunikacijska omrežja in storitve).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telekom Slovenije
(formerly Mobitel)
GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz: UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
2600/3600 MHz - 5G NR
0.964 (Q3 2021)
Including Izimobil, Spar Mobil, Hip mobil, Mega M, Novatel MOBIL, SoftNet mobil
Telekom Slovenije 29341
2 A1
(formerly Si.mobil)
GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz: UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3600 MHz - 5G NR
0.832 (Q3 2021)
Including bob, Hotmobil,
A1 Telekom Austria Group 29340
3 Telemach
(formerly Tušmobil)
GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz: UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+ (Roams on Telekom Slovenije (2G/3G) where there is no Telemach coverage)
800/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
700/3600 MHz - 5G NR
0.625(Q3 2021)[24] United Group 29370
4 T-2 2100 MHz: UMTS, HSPA (Roaming on Telekom Slovenije (2G/3G/LTE) network when needed)
2100 MHz LTE
3600 MHz - 5G NR (testing)
0.169 (Q3 2021)
Gratel (87%) 29364

Spain

See also: List of telephone operating companies § Spain

Spain has 55.567 million subscribers in total, or a 117.58% penetration rate.[109] (Oct 2021)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Spain is CNMC (Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Movistar 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1800/2100/3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE
VoWiFi
ViLTE
15.974[109] (Oct 2021) Telefónica 21407
2 Orange
(Formerly Amena)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
3500 MHz - 5G NR
12.846[109] (Oct 2021) Orange 21403
3 Vodafone
(Formerly Airtel)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3700 MHz 5G NR
12.457[109] (Oct 2021) Vodafone 21401
4 Yoigo 1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE (Roams on Orange and Movistar where there is no Yoigo coverage)
3500 MHz - 5G NR
11.321[109] (Oct 2021) Grupo MÁSMÓVIL 21404

Sweden

Sweden has 14.244 million subscribers in total, or a 148.4% penetration rate[22] (2013)

The country's telcom regulator is Swedish Post and Telecom Authority.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telia GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A

700/3500 MHz 5G NR

6.689 (Q3 2021)[35] Telia Company 24001
2 Tele2
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A,

3500 5G NR

2.962(Q3 2021)[38] Tele2 24007
3 Telenor
(Formerly Vodafone)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3500 5G NR
2.741 (Q3 2021)[34] Telenor 24008
4 Tre 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/2100/2600 MHz FD-LTE, 2600 MHz TD-LTE, LTE-A

2100/2600/3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, VoWiFi

2.267 (Q2 2021)[11] CK Hutchison Holdings (60%), Investor AB (40%) 24002

Switzerland

Switzerland has 11.365[110] million mobile subscribers and a 138% penetration rate.[110] (December 2014)
The country's telecom regulator is BAKOM.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Swisscom 900 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
700/2100/3500 MHz 5G NR
6.378[64] Partially State-owned (51%), free float (49%) 22801
2 Sunrise
(Formerly diAx)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3500 MHz 5G NR
2.590 (Q3 2021)[111] Liberty Global 22802
3 Salt
(formerly Orange CH)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi
2.141[112] (Q3 2014) NJJ Capital[113] 22803

Turkey

Further information: List of Turkey mobile virtual network operators

Turkey has 71.7 million subscribers in total, or a 94.34% penetration rate. (2015)

The telecom regulator in Turkey is Information and Communication Technologies Authority (BTK : Bilgi Teknolojileri ve Iletisim Kurumu).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Turkcell GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+, 3C-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
VoLTE, VoWiFi
5G (testing)
39.300 (Q3 2021)[14] Turkey Wealth Fund (26.2%), LetterOne (19.8%), free float (54%)
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Telsim)
GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
VoLTE, VoWiFi
5G (testing)
24.699 (Q3 2021)[2] Vodafone
3 Türk Telekom
(Formerly Avea, Aria, Aycell)
GSM 900 (only in rural areas)/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
VoLTE, VoWiFi
5G (testing)
23.900 (Q3 2021)[114] Türk Telekom

Ukraine

Ukraine has 55.860 million subscribers in total, or a 129.8% penetration rate.[115] (October, 2018)

The country's telecom regulator is NKRZI.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Kyivstar

(Including previous Beeline Ukraine network)

900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
25.9 (2Q 2021) Veon 25503 and 25502
2 Vodafone
(Formerly MTS Ukraine)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
18.9 (2Q 2021) Bakcell 25501
3 Lifecell
(Formerly Life)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+, 3C-HSPA+
900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
9.9 (Q3 2021)[14] Turkcell 25506
4 Intertelecom 800 MHz CDMA2000, CDMA2000 EV-DO rel.0, rev. A, rev. B

(The gradual shutdown of the network began in many regions since 2020)

1.4 (3Q 2017) Odinaco Ltd (49%), Victor Gushan (35.7%) 25504
5 TriMob 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA

(Own 3G network in Kyiv city centre only. Free 2G/3G roaming on Vodafone network available)

0.300 (2Q 2018) excluding Lycamobile Ukrtelecom 25507
6 PEOPLEnet 800 MHz CDMA2000, CDMA2000 EV-DO
(Network in Dnipropetrovsk region only)
0.853 (4Q 2012) Telesystemy Ukrainy 25521

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom has 92.0 million subscribers in total, or an approximate 139% penetration rate (31 December 2017).[116]

The country's telecom regulator is Ofcom.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 O2 900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/800/900/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2300/2600 MHz TD-LTE
700/3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML, RCS
24.1 (Q3 2021)[117]

(Includes Virgin Mobile)

Virgin Media O2 23410
2 EE
(Formerly Orange, T-Mobile)
1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
700/2100/3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML
21.4 (Q3 2021)[118]

(Includes BT Mobile and Plusnet Mobile)

BT Group 23430 and 23433
3 Vodafone 900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1500/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2600 MHz TD-LTE
2100/3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML, RCS
17.0 (Q3 2021)[2]

(Includes VOXI)

Vodafone 23415
4 Three 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/800/1500/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML
9.4 (Q2 2021)[11]

(Includes SMARTY)

CK Hutchison Holdings 23420

See also

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