OJSC Rostelecom
Company typePublic (OAO), state owned
Founded23 September 1993; 30 years ago (1993-09-23)
HeadquartersMoscow, Russia
Key people
Mikhail Oseevsky (President)
Sergei Ivanov
(Chairman of the Board of Directors)
ProductsMobile Telephony
Broadband Internet
IPTV, OTT & Cable television,
Data centers
Cloud Solutions
Cybersecurity Services
Digital Region services
E-government Solutions.
Revenue$7.88 billion[1] (2021)
$1 billion[1] (2021)
$432 million[1] (2021)
Total assets$15 billion[1] (2021)
Total equity$3.09 billion[1] (2021)
Number of employees
SubsidiariesTele2 Russia, RTK-DC, DataLine, Central Telegraph, Giprosvyaz, etc

Rostelecom (Ростелеком) is Russia’s largest provider of digital services[2] for a wide variety of consumers, households, private businesses, government and municipal authorities, and other telecom providers. Rostelecom interconnects all local public operators’ networks into a single national network for long-distance service. In other words, if one makes a long-distance call or originates Internet contact to or from Russia, it is likely that Rostelecom is providing part of the service. The company's stock trades primarily on the Moscow Exchange.[3]


Prior to 1990, responsibility for the provision of telecommunications services lie at the Ministry of Communications of the USSR. On June 26, 1990, the Ministry of Communications of the USSR established a state-owned joint-stock company Sovtelekom, which was given the rights to operate the telecommunications network of the USSR. On December 30, 1992, by order of the State Property Committee of Russia, a state-owned enterprise Rostelecom, which consisted of 20 state long-distance and international calls, as well as communication equipment Intertelekom was organized.

Throughout the 1990s, the company which was part of Svyazinvest, was the sole long-distance operator in Russia. Alongside it, local companies operated in the different regions of Russia under the umbrella of Svyazinvest while Rostelecom connected between their networks. In 2001, these companies were merged to form a number of regional incumbent telecommunications operators: CentreTelecom, SibirTelecom, Dalsvyaz, Uralsvyazinform, VolgaTelecom, North-West Telecom, Southern Telecommunications Company and Dagsvyazinform. On 2011, Svyazinvest was liquidated with the regional subsidiaries merged into Rostelecom. In 2021, the company's revenue amounted to 351 billion rubles.[4]

On October 18, 2006 "Rostelecom" received a certificate of quality of IP-MPLS network and became the ISP backbone. In December 2006, Rostelecom and the telecommunications company KDDI in Japan under the "Transit Europe - Asia" signed an agreement to build a line of Nakhodka - Naoetsu with total bandwidth of 640 Gbit/s instead of the previous 560 Mbit/s.[5]


On 24 February 2022, in response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the United States Department of the Treasury imposed sanctions against Rostelecom.[6]


Owners of Rostelecom ordinary (voting) share as of November 2021:[7]


PJSC Rostelecom is the largest integrated digital services and products provider,[8][9] operating in all segments of the telecommunications market in Russia. The Company serves millions of households, state and private enterprises across the country.[10]

Rostelecom is a key strategic innovator that provides solutions[11] in the following fields: E-Government, cybersecurity, Beeline and MTS data-centres and cloud computing, biometry, healthcare, education and housing & utility services.[12]

In the summer of 2019, it was announced that Rostec plans to develop digital healthcare together with PJSC Rostelecom.[citation needed]

Land network

The company's network is based on extant Russian fiber-optic cable lines - FOCL. By cable the network is connected to countries in Europe and East Asia.

Fiber-optic cable lines crosses Russian Federation on directions «MoscowNovorossiysk», «Moscow — Khabarovsk» and «Moscow — Saint Petersburg».

IP transit has been allocated to a separate company, RTComm, using Rostelecom's STM-16 FOCL resources, but Rostelecom is building its own STM-64 (9,9533 Gbit/s) network, which as of August 2006, covered Rostov-on-Don, Krasnodar, Volgograd, Stavropol, and planned to cover the whole of Russia by the end of 2006.

Rostelecom had 29.2 million local fixed-line voice subscribers, 12.4 million mobile voice subscribers, 7.4 million fixed-line broadband subscribers and 5.5 million pay-TV subscribers at the end of the first quarter of 2010.

Satellite network

Using the services of the Russian Orbital Group, Rostelecom has built its satellite system for its Eastern region, comprising 11 land stations in Siberia and the Russian Far East. Satellite service for the Western region is being built at this time.

Cellular network

Throughout the 90s Rostelecom created subsidiaries that operated cellular networks in different regions of the country, including NSS, Baikalvestkom, Yeniseikom, SkyLink, Volgograd GSM and Akos which provided mobile services on the territory of 59 regions of Russia, serving more than 13.5 million subscribers. During the 2010s, Rostelecom and its subsidiaries built mobile networks of the third generation in 27 regions of Russia. Total planned to install more than 8 thousand base stations. Suppliers of equipment and solutions for the 3G+ network are Ericsson and Huawei.[13] In April 2013 the company announced the launch of 3G+ networks in the Sverdlovsk, Kurgan and Chelyabinsk regions, in the south of the Tyumen Oblast and in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area. MegaFon and Tele2 and SkyLink This launch followed the introduction of 3G+ services in Perm Krai. Rostelecom's 3G+ network was installed using HSPA+ technology, providing data transfer speeds of up to 21 MB/s, with the possibility of upgrading the network to reach speeds of up to 42 MB/s if demand requires. The 3G+ network is LTE-ready, so that only minor modifications will be required before the company can roll out its 4G (LTE) network in the future.[14] In June 2013 Rostelecom launched its first part of its LTE network in Sochi for the 2014 Winter Olympics. Besides, the company launched LTE networks in 8 other regions besides Karsnodar Krai by the end of 2013, including Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Republic of Khakassia, Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Sakhalin Oblast, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Nenets Autonomous Okrug and the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.[15]

In December 2013, Rostelecom board approved a plan to merge its mobile business into Tele2 Russia, former division of Nordic telecoms group Tele2 which sold it in April 2013 to VTB Bank due to the lack of 3G and 4G data licences, limiting its future growth prospects. Rostelecom would get a 45% voting stake in the new company, T2 RTK Holding, in exchange for contributing its standalone mobile subsidiaries and assets, including SkyLink. Tele2 Russia, owned by state-controlled bank VTB and Russian businessmen Yuri Kovalchuk and Alexei Mordashov, will have 55%. Rostelecom and Tele2 Russia together have around 38 million mobile subscribers, or a combined market share of 16%.[16] During the second stage, Rostelecom spun-off its integrated mobile businesses into its new wholly owned subsidiary, RT-Mobile (Russian: РТ-Мобайл), which will be expected to have Rostelecom's mobile licences, including the LTE licences, re-issued to it.[17] Analysts said the deal makes sense as "Rostelecom has been less efficient in rolling out mobile networks. By relying on the Tele2 team in mobile expansion Rostelecom removes risks, while remaining open to an upside".[18] In February 2014 Rostelecom and Tele2 signed a framework agreement on the integration of mobile assets to the authorized capital of the joint venture "T2 Rus Holding". At the first stage of integration, Rostelecom passed seven cellular subsidiaries it owns: "Sky Link", "Nizhny Novgorod Cellular Communications", "Baikalwestcom", " Volgograd GSM" Yenisei Telecom" and ICCO.[19]

Network infrastructure


In April 2017, Rostelecom (AS12389) originated 50 prefixes for numerous other autonomous systems (AS). This caused Internet traffic normally destined for these organizations to instead be routed to Rostelecom. The hijacked prefixes belonged to financial institutions (most notably MasterCard and Visa), other telecom companies, and a variety of other organizations.[20] What makes the list of affected networks 'curious' is the high number of financial institutions such as: MasterCard, Visa, Fortis, Alfa-Bank, and more. The other notable characteristic of this event is that the advertisement included several more prefixes that were more specifically defined than the prefixes normally announced, which makes it less likely that these were unintentionally leaked.

In 2017, state-owned Rostelecom was selected to run a Russian national biometric database,[21] with Russian legislators adopting a law to oblige banks and state agencies to enter their customers' biometric information, including facial images and voice samples, into the database.[22]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e "Condensed consolidated financial statements for 12m2021" (PDF). Rostelecom. 4 March 2022. p. 126. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  2. ^ Pai, Shailaja (2021-12-10). "Rostelecom, VEB Ventures deploy new-gen backbone". Developing Telecoms. Retrieved 2022-06-16.
  3. ^ "RATING REPORT: Rostelecom PJSC". Fitch Ratings. 1 December 2020.
  4. ^ "ПАО "Ростелеком"". www.rusprofile.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2023-11-30.
  5. ^ Россия-Япония: скорость связи вырастет в 1000 раз // CNews.ru, 13.12.2006
  6. ^ "U.S. Treasury Announces Unprecedented & Expansive Sanctions Against Russia, Imposing Swift and Severe Economic Costs". 24 February 2022.
  7. ^ "ПАО "Ростелеком" - крупнейший в России провайдер цифровых услуг и решений. Официальный корпоративный информационный сайт". company.rt.ru. Retrieved 2022-06-16.
  8. ^ "Investegate |ROSTELECOM PJSC Announcements | ROSTELECOM PJSC: Rostelecom acquired a leading Internet provider in Yekaterinburg and the Sverdlovsk region". www.investegate.co.uk. Retrieved 2022-07-13.
  9. ^ "Russia's Rostelecom acquires MVNE platform provider TVE-Telecom - SAMENA Daily News". www.samenacouncil.org. Retrieved 2022-07-13.
  10. ^ "ROSTELECOM PJSC: Rostelecom announces 100% consolidation of RTC-IT". Bloomberg.com. 2021-11-11. Retrieved 2022-07-13.
  11. ^ "ROSTELECOM PJSC: Business Strategy 2025: lifting our digital ambition". Bloomberg.com. 2021-11-16. Retrieved 2022-07-13.
  12. ^ "Rostelecom - Headquarter Locations, Products, Competitors, Financials, Employees". www.cbinsights.com. Retrieved 2022-07-13.
  13. ^ "Дочка "Ростелекома" начала тестирование сети 3G+ в Красноярске". comnews.ru. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  14. ^ "Rostelecom launches 3G+ network in five regions of the Urals Federal District". Rostelecom official website. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
  15. ^ "Rostelecom OJSC: Rostelecom launches the first part of its LTE network in Sochi". Bloomberg. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
  16. ^ "Rostelecom approves mobile merger with former Tele2 unit". Reuters. 14 December 2013.
  17. ^ "Rostelecom Board OKs Merging Mobile Assets with Tele2 Russia". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
  18. ^ "Rostelecom CEO Says Tele2 Russia Deal Will Create Value". Bloomberg. 22 November 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
  19. ^ ""Ростелеком" и "Tele2" расписались". comnews.ru. 7 February 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  20. ^ "BGPstream and The Curious Case of AS12389 | BGPmon". bgpmon.net. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
  21. ^ "Russia Plans National Biometric Database Starting Next Year". Bloomberg News. 26 December 2017.
  22. ^ "The Russian Government's Advance on Biometric Data | Human Rights Watch". 2022-07-23. Retrieved 2023-10-22.

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