Orange Polska SA
Company typeSpółka Akcyjna
Founded4 December 1991; 32 years ago (1991-12-04) (as Telekomunikacja Polska)
16 April 2012; 12 years ago (2012-04-16) (as Orange Polska)
Key people
Liudmila Climoc (CEO)
Maciej Witucki [pl] (chairman of the supervisory board)
RevenueIncrease PLN 15.715 billion (2010)[1]
Increase PLN 0.107 billion (2010)[1]
OwnerOrange S.A. (50.67%)
Number of employees
12,376 (2019)

Orange Polska (formerly Telekomunikacja Polska) is a Polish telecommunications provider established in December 1991. It is a public company traded on the Warsaw Stock Exchange, with a controlling stake owned by Orange S.A., the latter controlling over 50% of this stake by 2002. It operates the following services: PSTN, ISDN, GSM 900/1800 network (+ 3G UMTS, 4G LTE and 5G NR), ADSL, IDSL, FTTH fibre Internet, Frame Relay, ATM and Inmarsat.


Telekomunikacja Polska was established in December 1991 as a joint stock company under the control of the State Treasury, following the split-up of the communist era state-owned PTT entity Polish Post, Telegraph and Telephone [pl]. On 1 January 1992, the company began operations under the name of 'TP SA'. The company changed its ownership structure in 1998 and began trading on the Warsaw Stock Exchange in 2000. In the same year, the Treasury sold a 35% stake in TPSA to a consortium of France Télécom and Kulczyk Holding, with the consortium increasing its stake by a further 12.5% in 2001.

Headquarters in Warsaw, Aleje Jerozolimskie 160

On 21 December 2007, TP SA was fined PLN 75 million (approximately EUR 20.7 million) by the Office for Competition and Consumer Protection [pl] for discriminating against its competitors on the internet services market.[2]

Full privatisation of the company was completed in May 2010.[3]

In 2010 the company reported that they had almost 500,000 pay TV subscribers,[4] with the number now being 695,000 (as of late 2012).[5] The company currently serves approximately 5.6 million broadband customers.[6]

In 2011, TP SA had a $430 million claim filed against them by GN Store Nord (GN), which owns 75% of DPTG, in the second phase of an arbitration trial. Bloomberg reported that, "DPTG won a 2.2 billion-krone award in September at an arbitration tribunal in Vienna. The tribunal said the company had improperly calculated what it owed DPTG for a fiber-optic transmission system the venture installed in 1991. "TP SA" owed payments based on data traffic over the network. The companies disagreed over how to measure the traffic and spent nine years in arbitration. The September award covered traffic from 1994 to 2004, and the new claim refers to 2004 to 2009. TPSA has not paid the first award and has filed a complaint about the arbitration, while GN has started enforcement proceedings in Poland and the Netherlands."[7]

On 16 April 2012, Telekomunikacja Polska was renamed as Orange Polska, in line with France Télécom's international telecommunications branding.[8]

Internet service

Orange Polska's ADSL service in Poland is called Neostrada. The service is widely available throughout the country and is one of the most heavily subscribed to in Poland. In addition, Orange Polska also operates one of the largest residential fibre Internet (FTTH) networks in the country, branded as Orange Światłowód.

Mobile network

Under branding as Idea
The network was formerly known as PTK Centertel, the brand name of its previous analogue mobile network

Orange Polska mobile was founded in December 1991 to operate an analogue (first-generation) network under the Centertel brand. The network used Nordic Mobile Telephone standard known as NMT450i - working on 450 MHz band with some improvements copied from NMT900.

In 1998, it launched Idea, Poland's third GSM network, operating on both the 900 and 1800-MHz bands from the beginning. Until 2001, when the network stopped registering new subscribers for analogue services, Idea was known as Idea Centertel. Idea's slogan was Łączy Cię z ludźmi ("Connects you with people").

On March 2010, NMT network shutdown has been announced.[9] However, network had been kept operational until 2012 as it had a few hundred active users.[10] Former analogue customers were offered GSM contracts by 2012 to set up a CDMA2000 network on 450 MHz band.

Idea adopted the Orange brand name in 2005, although the operating company was still formally known as PTK Centertel until 31 December 2013. It, along with parent company Orange Polska S.A., is controlled by Orange S.A. The brand change took place simultaneously on 19 September 2005. The company sponsored a free concert in Warsaw by British musician Sting on 24 September 2005 for 150,000 of its clients to publicise the changeover.

The company also operates WLAN, 3G UMTS, 4G LTE and 5G NR networks in Poland. As of late 2011, the network had 14.7 million subscribers.[6]

In March 2013, Orange Poland (OPL) officially launched mobile access to the Internet using IPv6 protocol for its subscribers. Solution[11] is based on IPv6-only APN with CLAT/NAT64/DNS. Implementation of the 464xlat architecture.[12] is mandatory on device - CPE[13][14]


  1. ^ a b "Telekomunikacja Polska - skonsolidowany raport roczny". Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2012-10-03.
  2. ^ "Office of Competition and Consumer Protection". Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  3. ^ "(Translated) Complete privatisation of TPSA". Polish Treasury. May 8, 2010.
  4. ^ Dziadul, Chris (2010-10-27). "Polish telco nears 0.5m TV subs". Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  5. ^ Dziadul, Chris (2012-10-25). "Orange Polska comes under pressure". Broadband TV News. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
  6. ^ a b "The Company". Orange Poland. Archived from the original on 2013-08-27. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
  7. ^ "GN Store Nord Unit Files 2.4 Billion-Krone Claim Against TPSA". Bloomberg. Bloomberg L.P. 14 January 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
  8. ^ "The future's orange for TPSA Polish telecom". 2012-04-17. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
  9. ^ Przemysław Poznański (2010-01-07). "Analogowy Centertel odchodzi w marcu do lamusa". (in Polish). Retrieved 2012-05-19.
  10. ^ Witold Tomaszewski. "20 lat telefonii komórkowej w Polsce". (in Polish). Retrieved 2012-06-18.
  11. ^ "PLNOG 13: M. Czerwonka, T. Kossut: IPv6 in mobile network". 2 October 2014.
  12. ^ "v6ops Info Page". Retrieved 2013-08-04.
  13. ^ Customer-premises equipment
  14. ^ IPv6 transition mechanism#464XLAT