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National Parliament

Parlamentu Nasionál  (Tetum)
Parlamento Nacional  (Portuguese)
5th National Parliament
Logo
Type
Type
History
Founded20 May 2002
Leadership
President
Aniceto Guterres Lopes (Fretilin)
since 19 May 2020
Vice-Presidents
Maria Angelina Lopes Saremento (People's Liberation Party)
Luis Roberto da Sliva (KHUNTO)
Structure
Seats65 MPs
Parliamento Nacional 2019.svg
Political groups
Government (41)
  •   FRETILIN (23)
  •   PLP (8)
  •   KHUNTO (5)
  •   PD (5)

Opposition (24)

  •   CNRT (21)
  •   UDT (1)
  •   FM (1)
  •   PUDD (1)
Length of term
5 years
AuthorityTitle III, Part III, Constitution of East Timor
Elections
Party-list proportional representation
D'Hondt method
Closed list
Last election
12 May 2018
Next election
By May 2023 or earlier
Meeting place
2020-09-15 Parlamentu Nasionál abertura III Sesaun Lejislativa hosi V Lejislatura 4.jpg
Parlamento Nacional
Dili, Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Website
www.parlamento.tl

The National Parliament (Tetum: Parlamentu Nasionál, Portuguese: Parlamento Nacional) is the unicameral national legislature in East Timor. It was created in 2001 as the Constituent Assembly while the country was still under the supervision of the United Nations, but renamed itself to the National Parliament with the attaining of national independence on 20 May 2002.

Structure

National Parliament has 65 members, elected every 5 years through party-list proportional representation voting. The three main components of concerning parliament in East Timor are the National Parliament, the Prime Minister, and the President.

President

The President is elected in a separate election from National Parliament, and their role is the head of state. They are able to reject certain legislation, but their role is limited by the Constitution. The current President, as of 20 May 2022, is José Ramos-Horta.

Prime Minister

The President appoints the Prime Minister, but it is expected that the President will select the leader chosen by the largest party/coalition. Essentially, if no one party is able to form a majority in its own right, then all the members of parliament subsequently elect the head of government. The Prime Minister carries out the function of the head of government. The current Prime Minister, as of 22 June 2018, is Taur Matan Ruak.

Elections

Main article: East Timorese parliamentary election, 2018

Elections are held every 5 years using a party-list proportional representation voting system to elect 65 members to the National Assembly. Voting is voluntary for all East Timorese citizens over the age of 17. There have been five elections for the parliament in East Timor: 2001, 2007, 2012, 2017, and 2018.

Current members

The 5th National Parliament of East Timor currently consists of 65 members elected in the 2018 election. 34 members are from Alliance for Change and Progress (CNRTPLPKHUNTO), 23 are from Fretilin, 5 are from the Democratic Party (PD), and 3 are from Democratic Development Forum (PUDD–UDTFM–PDN). Each of these MPs will serve a 5-year term, which began in June 2018.[1]

List of presidents of the National Parliament

# Portrait Name Took office End office Party Notes
1
2007 Luo-Olo.JPG
Francisco Guterres 20 May 2002 31 July 2007 Fretilin [2]
2
Fernando de Araújo.jpg
Fernando de Araújo 8 August 2007 30 July 2012 Democratic Party [3]
3
Vicente da Silva Guterres.jpg
Vicente Guterres 30 July 2012 2016 CNRT [3]
4
Adérito Hugo da Costa 2016-06-16.jpg
Adérito Hugo da Costa 2016 2017 CNRT [3]
5
2017-09-27 Aniceto Guterres Lopes portrait.jpg
Aniceto Guterres Lopes 5 September 2017 2018 Fretilin [3]
6
2018-11-28 Arão Noé da Costa Amaral.jpg
Arão Noé da Costa Amaral 5 April 2018 2020 CNRT [4]
(5)
2017-09-27 Aniceto Guterres Lopes portrait.jpg
Aniceto Guterres Lopes 19 May 2020 Incumbent Fretilin [4]

Composition of the National Parliament since 2001

See also

References

  1. ^ "IFES Election Guide | Elections: East Timor Parliament 2012". www.electionguide.org.
  2. ^ "Parlamento Nacional de Timor-Leste | Biografia - FRANCISCO GUTERRES Lu Olo".
  3. ^ a b c d "Parlamento Nacional de Timor-Leste | Antigos Presidentes".
  4. ^ a b "Parlamento Nacional de Timor-Leste | Presidente - Biografia".

Coordinates: 8°33′17″S 125°34′43″E / 8.55472°S 125.57861°E / -8.55472; 125.57861