National Assembly

Assemblée nationale
الجمعية الوطنية
9th National Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
President of the Assembly
Dileita Mohamed Dileita, UMP
since 5 March 2023
Political groups
  Union for the Presidential Majority (58)   UDJ (7)
Last election
24 February 2023
Meeting place
Assemblee Nationale, Djibouti

11°35′45″N 43°08′55″E / 11.595916472648423°N 43.14861465874951°E / 11.595916472648423; 43.14861465874951

The National Assembly, formerly known as the Chamber of Deputies, is the unicameral legislative branch of the government of Djibouti.


The first Assembly of the territory, then a French colony, was from 1946 to 1957 the Representative Council. The framework law of 1956 established a Territorial Assembly, which was replaced in 1967 by the Chamber of Deputies, which remained in office after independence in 1977.


It consists of 65 members – 30 Somali (30 Issa) and 25 Afar – elected to serve five-year terms in multi-seat (4 to 37 each) constituencies. The first free multi-party parliamentary election since independence (1977) was held in 2003, with the ruling coalition, led by the People's Rally for Progress (RPP), receiving 62.7% of the vote.

Idriss Arnaoud Ali was President of the National Assembly from 2003 until his death in 2015. He was succeeded by Mohamed Ali Houmed.

For its entire existence, the National Assembly has been dominated by the Popular Rally for Progress, which is presently the senior partner in the Union for a Presidential Majority coalition. From 1981 to 1992, the RPP was the sole legal party. Even after opposition parties were legalized in 1992, the RPP won every seat in the legislature. From 1997 onward, it fought elections as part of a coalition, known since 2003 as the UMP, which continued to sweep every seat. Opposition parties did not manage to enter the legislature until 2013. In the 2018 Djiboutian parliamentary election, which was boycotted by the main opposition parties, the Union for the Presidential Majority won a heavy majority.[1][2] The Djiboutian political system concentrates most power in the president's hands, and there is little opposition to executive decisions.

As of 2018, a quota mandates that at least 25% of the legislators be women.[3]


Name Took office Left office Notes
Ahmed Dini Ahmed 13 May 1977 13 July 1977 [4]
Saad Warsama Dirie 1977 1979 [4]
Abdoulkader Waberi Askar 1979 1993 [4]
Said Ibrahim Badoul 1993 2003 [4]
Idriss Arnaoud Ali 2003 2015
Mohamed Ali Houmed 2015 2023
Dileita Mohamed Dileita 2023 Incumbent


The building of the national assembly was built and partially financed by the government of Iran and completed on November 23, 2014. The debt for this project has still not been paid to this date. Iranian parliament speaker Ali Larijani attended a ceremony to inaugurate this new building and to hand it over.


  1. ^ "Djibouti ruling party claims landslide parliamentary win". Africanews. 2018-02-26. Retrieved 2021-01-15.
  2. ^ "IPU PARLINE database: DJIBOUTI (Assemblée nationale), Last elections". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 2021-01-15.
  3. ^ "Présidence de la République de Djibouti". République de Djibouti (in French). 2018-01-11. Retrieved 2021-01-15.
  4. ^ a b c d "Les Anciens Presidents". National Assembly. 19 April 2016. Archived from the original on 19 April 2016.