Zanzibar House of Representatives
Baraza la Wawakilishi (Swahili)
|Founded||14 January 1980|
New session started
Mgeni Hassan Juma
Length of term
|28 October 2020|
|Unguja, Zanzibar, Tanzania|
The Zanzibar House of Representatives is the unicameral, subnational legislature of the autonomous islands of Zanzibar in Tanzania.
The current legislature was formed in 1980. Prior to this, the Revolutionary Council held both the executive and legislative functions for 16 years following the Zanzibar Revolution in 1964.
|Type of Representatives since 2020||CCM||ACT-W||TADEA||Total|
|Elected in constituencies||46||4||0||50|
|Nominated by the President of Zanzibar||4||2||1||7|
|Special seats reserved for women||18||0||0||18|
|Attorney General (Ex officio member)||-||-||-||-|
ACT-Wazalendo achieved more than 10% of the vote and thus was included into the Government of National Unity according to the Zanzibar constitution. After a split in the so far strong CUF opposition party, most members and votes had shifted to ACT-W.
The legislature formed in 2016 after the 2016 Zanzibari general elections consisted of 88 members. This election had been a repeat of the annulled 2015 election and was boycotted by the opposition.
|Elected from constituencies||54||0||54|
|Nominated by the President of Zanzibar||7||3||10|
|Special seats reserved for women (40%)||22||0||22|
|Speaker (if not from the MPs)||1||–||1|
|Attorney General (Ex officio member)||–||–||1|
The results of the past elections held under the multiparty system are as follows:
|Political Party||Election Year|
|Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM)||26||34||30||28|
|Civic United Front (CUF)||24||16||19||22|
The 2010 Zanzibari general election saw an almost equal division of votes between the two leading parties. The 2015 election was annulled by the election commission, leading to protests from the CUF opposition and their boycott of the 2016 election in which the CCM won every elected seat.