House of Representatives

Golaha Wakiilada
مجلس النواب

Majlis al-Nuwaab
5th House of Representatives
Seal of the Somaliland House of Representatives.svg
Type
Type
History
Founded1991[1]
Leadership
Speaker
Abdirisak Khalif[2][3], Waddani
since 3 August 2021
Structure
Seats82 members
Somaliland Chambre des représentants 2021.svg
Political groups
Majority (52)[4]
  •   Waddani (31)
  •   UCID (21)

Minority (30)[4]

Length of term
5 years
Elections
Open list proportional representation (regions as constituencies, three party maximum)
Last election
31 May 2021
Next election
2026
Meeting place
House of Representatives of the Republic of Somaliland.jpg
Hargeisa
Website
somalilandparliament.net
Footnotes
House of Representatives on Facebook

The House of Representatives (Somali: Golaha Wakiilada, Arabic: مجلس النواب) is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of the Somaliland, with the House of Elders being the upper house.

The interim House of Representatives was formed in 1991, and driven by Somali National Movement.[1] Somaliland National Charter of 1993 established bicameral legislature.[5] The current House of Representatives was formed following parliamentary elections held on 29 September 2005, which resulted in a strong combined majority for the opposition Kulmiye and UCID parties. It has a total of 82 members. The latter include the Speaker of the House, Bashe Mohamed Farah.[6] MPs are elected in six multi-member constituencies, using the party-list proportional representation system for a five-year term.

The constitution gives the House broad legislative powers over financial matters. Its most potent check on executive power is its right to approve, reject, or amend the government’s annual budget and the right to inspect annual expenditure reports that the executive is obligated to prepare.[7] The formation of the parliament in 2005 was the most important step in establishing a constitutionally-based, democratic governmental system in Somaliland.[8]

Electoral history

2005

No Region UCID Kulmiye UDUB Grand Total
File:2005 Somaliland parliamentary election by constituency.svg
1 Sahil 4 2 4 10
2 Awdal 3 3 7 13
3 Sanaag 2 5 5 12
4 Togdheer 4 6 5 15
5 Sool 2 4 6 12
6 Maroodi Jeex 6 8 6 20
21 28 33 82

2021

No Region UCID Kulmiye Waddani Grand Total
File:2021 Somaliland parliamentary election by constituency.svg
1 Sahil 3 4 3 10
2 Awdal 3 5 5 13
3 Sanaag 3 4 5 12
4 Togdheer 4 4 7 15
5 Sool 3 5 4 12
6 Maroodi Jeex 5 8 7 20
21 30 31 82

Subcommittees

List of Parliaments

Speakers

Speaker Took office Left office Notes
Ibrahim Megag Samatar 1991 1993 [1]
Ahmed Abdi Mohamed, 'Habsade' 1993 1997 [1]
Ahmed Muhammad Aden, 'Qaybe' 1997 2005 [11][1]
Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi, 'Irro' November 2005 August 2017 [10]
Bashe Mohamed Farah August 2017 August 2021 [10]
Abdirisak Khalif Ahmed August 2021 [12][13]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "History". January 8, 2019.
  2. ^ "Somalia: Somaliland gets new speaker in chaotic election". 3 August 2021. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  3. ^ Cakulle, Khadar Maxamed (3 August 2021). "Golaha Wakiilada Somaliland oo doortay guddoomiye" (in Somali). Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Somaliland Opposition Joins Forces to Grab Control of Parliament". Agence France-Presse. Voice of America. 2021-06-10. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  5. ^ "Somaliland International Democratization Support Strategy".
  6. ^ "Bashe Mohamed Farah elected Speaker of Somaliland's House of Representatives". The National Somaliland. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  7. ^ Chris Albin-Lackey. "Hostages to Peace" Threats to Human Rights and Democracy in Somaliland" (PDF). Human Rights Watch.
  8. ^ Adan Yusuf Abokor, Steve Kibble, Mark Bradbury, Haroon Ahmed Yusuf, Georgina Barrett. "Further steps to democracy" (PDF).((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ "Former Speaker of Somaliland's House of Representatives, Ambassador Qaybe Dies | Somalidiasporanews.com".
  10. ^ a b c "Somaliland Parliament picks Bashe Mohamed a new Speaker". Garowe Online.
  11. ^ "Former Speaker of Somaliland's House of Representatives, Ambassador Qaybe Dies | Somalidiasporanews.com".
  12. ^ "Somaliland parliament elects Abdirisak khalif as new speaker". 3 August 2021.
  13. ^ "Golaha Wakiilada Somaliland oo doortay guddoomiye".