United Provinces of Central Italy
Province Unite del Centro Italia  (Italian)
1859–1860
Flag of the United provinces
Flag used in Tuscany
Flag of the United provinces (left); Flag used in Tuscany (right).
The United Provinces of Central Italy (green).
The United Provinces of Central Italy (green).
StatusClient state of the Kingdom of Sardinia
CapitalModena
Common languagesItalian, Tuscan, Emilian-Romagnol
GovernmentMilitary government
• King
Victor Emmanuel II
• Governor General
Carlo Bon Compagni di Mombello
• Appointed Regent
Eugenio Emanuele di Savoia-Carignano
Historical eraLate modern
• Revolution
8 December 1859
• Annexation
22 March 1860
CurrencySardinian lira, Tuscan florin
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Duchy of Parma
Duchy of Modena and Reggio
Papal Legations
Kingdom of Sardinia
Today part ofItaly

The United Provinces of Central Italy, also known as Confederation of Central Italy or General Government of Central Italy, was a short-lived military government established by the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. It was formed by a union of the former Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Duchy of Parma, Duchy of Modena, and the Papal Legations, after their monarchs were ousted by popular revolutions.

After August 1859, the pro-Piedmontese regimes of Tuscany, Parma, Modena and the Papal Legations agreed to several military treaties. On 7 November 1859, they elected Eugenio Emanuele di Savoia-Carignano as their regent. However, King Victor Emmanuel II of Savoy, who was allied to France which claimed a counterpart, refused to endorse the election, and sent Carlo Bon Compagni instead as the Governor General of Central Italy, who was responsible for the diplomatic and military affairs of the states.

On 8 December 1859, Parma, Modena and the Papal Legations were incorporated into the Royal Provinces of Emilia. After plebiscites were held during March 1860, and France was granted Nice and Savoy, the territory was annexed formally to Piedmont-Sardinia, as Bon Compagni resigned on 3 March 1860.

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