Republic of Noli
Repubblica di Noli (Italian)
Repubbrica de Nöi (Ligurian)
1192–1797
Flag of Noli
Flag
Coat of arms of Noli
Coat of arms
Location of the Republic of Noli
Location of the Republic of Noli
Location of Noli in Italy, depicted along with other maritime republics
Location of Noli in Italy, depicted along with other maritime republics
CapitalNoli
Common languagesLigurian, Latin, Italian
Religion
Roman Catholic
GovernmentAristocratic oligarchic republic (City-state)
Podestà as Head of state 
Historical eraMiddle Age, Renaissance, Early Modern Age
• Established through decree by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor
7 August 1192
• Annexation by the Ligurian Republic
2 December 1797
Population
• Estimate
1,500 in the 18th Century[1]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Marquisate of Finale
Ligurian Republic
Today part ofItaly

The Republic of Noli (Italian: Repubblica di Noli; Ligurian: Repubbrica de Nöi) was an Italian maritime republic that was centred on the city of Noli, in Liguria, and existed from 1192 to 1797. The area is now in the province of Savona, Italy. To protect itself from possible attacks and invasions by Savona and Marquisate of Finale, Noli allied in 1202 with the Republic of Genoa in a sort of protectorate, in fact, documents of the time show that the relationship was equal and not one of submission.[2] The alliance allowed the Republic of Noli to have such growing importance that in 1239, a diocese was established there by Pope Gregory IX.

History

Noli was founded in 1192. It survived for 605 years before it was annexed by Napoleon in 1797.[3]

Economy

Despite its small size, Noli's good shipyard and harbour allowed them to become a commercial power.[4] They had good trade relations with Genoa, as they only had to pay one penny to be allowed to trade in Genoa, whereas the Spanish had to pay 60 pennies to be allowed to trade.[5]

Military

Noli's efficient shipyard allowed them to become somewhat of a naval power, despite its small size.[4] The alliance with Genoa afforded it much protection, especially as Genoa used Noli's port to shelter their ships.[6]

It is known that during a conflict with Savona, Noli sacked the town of Spotorno, which was owned by them, in 1227.[7]

Foreign relations

In 1202, Noli was threatened by the County of Savona. In response, Noli formed a confederation with the powerful Republic of Genoa.[6][3] Noli kept this alliance until they were dissolved in 1797.[4]

Flag

The flag of Noli was first created in the 13th century, with a white cross and a red background, the exact opposite of Genoa's flag. Many of the merchant ships of Noli chose to fly under the Genoese flag, as it commanded much more respect.[4]

Religion

In 1239, the Pope appointed a bishop to Noli.[8]

References

  1. ^ VV, Noli percorsi storici, p. 20
  2. ^ De Negri, Teofilo Ossian. Storia di Genova: Mediterraneo, Europa, Atlantico (in Italian). Aldo Martello Editore. p. 320.
  3. ^ a b Facaros & Pauls 2006, p. 112.
  4. ^ a b c d Flag Institute.
  5. ^ Epstein 2001, p. 39.
  6. ^ a b Finley 2001, p. 120.
  7. ^ Whitehouse 2016, p. 201.
  8. ^ Whitehouse 2016, p. 202.

Sources

Links