Bustocco and Legnanese
Native toItaly
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Bustocco and Legnanese (natively büstócu and legnanés) are two dialects of Western Lombard, spoken respectively in the cities of Busto Arsizio (Province of Varese) and Legnano (Province of Milan), Lombardy.

Although there is little evidence of Ligurian settlements in the area,[2] they are widely thought to have been characterised by the Ligurian substratum.[3] While Legnanese is closer to the Milanese dialect,[citation needed] Bustocco is especially considered very similar to the modern Ligurian language,[4] for example for the frequent unstressed [u] at the end of masculine nouns and other words is more frequent (e.g. Bustocco gatu "cat", secu "dry", coldu "hot", bücéu "glass", candu "when" = Legnanese gatt, secch, cald, bicér, quand), as well as the elimination of some intervocalic consonants (e.g. Bustocco lauà "to work" = Legnanese lavurà). In both dialects stressed /a/ sounds like a mix between a and o.[citation needed][clarification needed]

A comic theatrical group called I Legnanesi uses Legnanese (with simplified grammar and lexicon heavily based on Italian) in its shows.[5]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian (2023-07-10). "Glottolog 4.8 - Piemontese-Lombard". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. doi:10.5281/zenodo.7398962. Archived from the original on 2023-10-29. Retrieved 2023-10-29.
  2. ^ "Bustocco: un dialetto ligure?" [Bustocco: a Ligurian dialect?]. Patrimoni Linguistici (in Italian). 28 August 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  3. ^ Marinoni, Augusto (1957). I dialetti da Saronno al Ticino. Busto Arsizio-Legnano [The dialects from Saronno to the Ticino. Busto Arsizio-Legnano] (in Italian). Rotary Club. pp. 37–50.
  4. ^ Giavini, Luigi (2002). Le origini di Busto Arsizio dai Liguri ai Longobardi [The origins of Busto Arsizio from the Ligurians to the Lombards] (in Italian). Nomos Edizioni. pp. 17–38.
  5. ^ "I lLegnanesi - Compagnia teatrale dialettale". Retrieved 1 November 2018.