Front page, 22 June 2009
Owner(s)Editoriale Libero S.r.l.
Founder(s)Vittorio Feltri
EditorVittorio Feltri
Alessandro Sallusti
Associate editorPietro Senaldi
Founded18 July 2000; 23 years ago (2000-07-18)
Political alignmentLiberal conservatism
HeadquartersVia L. Majno 42, Milan, Italy
Circulation82,680 (as of June 2018)
ISSN1973-5928 Edit this at Wikidata

Libero (English: "Free"), also known as Libero Quotidiano (English: "Daily Free"), is an Italian daily newspaper published in Milan with an average circulation of 22,709 copies in May 2023.[1] In 2004, Angelo Agostini [it] categorized Libero, alongside Il Foglio and l'Unità, as an activist daily (quotidiano-attivista), in contrast to the institution daily (quotidiano-istituzione) like Corriere della Sera and La Stampa, and the agenda daily (quotidiano-agenda) like la Repubblica.[2]

History and profile

Libero was first published in July 2000. The paper's first issue went out on newsstands on 18 July 2000, and the masthead was designed by the graphic designer Franco Bevilacqua; the paper placed itself in the centre-right area. The founder is the journalist Vittorio Feltri, while the owner and publisher of the paper is Editoriale Libero S.r.l.[3] In February 2007, some members of the New Red Brigades were arrested on a charge of wanting to fire-bomb the Libero editorial offices in Milan.[4] The paper has been edited by Maurizio Belpietro since August 2009. In 2014, the paper aired in Italy the video, originally published by the Middle East Media Research Institute, of an imam during a Friday sermon in a mosque near Venice, in the Italian region of Veneto, calling for Jews to be killed, which prompted the government to expel him; the decision drew widespread support across the political spectrum and from the local Muslim community.[5]

About the paper in 2007, Oscar Giannino said: "Many of our readers buy Libero and Libero mercato because they find there a voice outside the choir and from the parties, but in favour of a clearly liberal and liberist vision, anti-tax and anti-public waste, wary of any party excess ... as well as wary of the excesses of the judiciary, when then justice and security for ordinary citizens are not guaranteed." Observers describe Libero as an activist daily holding anti-immigration, centre-right,[2] right-wing populist, and neoliberal stances,[6] and as a right-wing newspaper,[7] with a tabloid journalism format.[8] Additionally, Feltri was one of the first signatories of the 2006 manifesto of the Liberal Reformers, which asked the country's centre-right coalition for a more liberal stance on socio-cultural issues.[9][10]

The newspaper has been at the center of numerous controversies regarding its headlines. In 2015, following the terrorist attacks in Paris, Libero titled Islamic Bastard[11] on its front page, causing outrage among the Italian muslim community. Maurizio Belpietro, director at the time, resigned the following day. In 2019, another front page headline that read GDP down, but gays on the rise was again followed by protests and outrage. The newspaper has actively supported climate change denial and on multiple occasions has mocked and attacked climate activists like Greta Thunberg.


The 2008 circulation of the paper was 125,215 copies.[12] The paper had a circulation of 113,628 copies in 2009 and 105,123 copies in 2010.[13] By 2015, its circulation was about 52,000 copies.[8]

See also


  1. ^ Accertamenti Diffusione Stampa, May 2023.
  2. ^ a b Saitta, Eugénie (April 2006). "The Transformations of Traditional Mass Media Involvement in the Political and Electoral Process" (PDF). Nicosia, Cyprus: European Consortium for Political Research. pp. 5–6. Archived from the original (Conference Paper) on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2023. ... and Libero, a centre right-wing newspaper created by Vittorio Feltri in 2000. ... Angelo Agostini (2004) distinguishes three types of Italian daily newspapers: ... and [the third type] the activist daily ('quotidiano-attivista') such as Il Foglio, Libero or L'Unità. ... The third kind of daily newspapers is the most recent type, and has only appeared in recent years. It regularly organises mobilisation: from the struggle against immigration initiated by Libero, to the USA-day proposed by Il Foglio to support the United States after 11 September 2001, or the rounds (girotondi) organised by L'Unità to protest against war in Iraq.
  3. ^ "Libero (Italy)". Publicitas. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  4. ^ Biondani, Paolo (29 February 2008). "Capi br arrestati all'alba dopo summit segreto". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  5. ^ McKenna, Josephine (5 August 2014). "Italy expels imam for preaching hatred against Jews". Religion News Service. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  6. ^ Fábián, Annamária (30 May 2023). The Representation of Refugees and Migrants in European National Media Discourses from 2015 to 2017: A Contrastive Approach (Corpus Linguistics). Berlin: Springer Nature. p. 164. ISBN 978-3-662-66775-0. Retrieved 27 June 2023 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ Conway, Kyle; Davier, Lucile (24 April 2019). Journalism and Translation in the Era of Convergence. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. p. 57. ISBN 978-90-272-6255-4. Retrieved 27 June 2023 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ a b Brändle, Verena; Cinalli, Manlio; Eisele, Olga; Lahusen, Christian; Trenz, Hans-Jörg (13 April 2021). Solidarity in the Media and Public Contention over Refugees in Europe. London: Routledge. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-000-37048-5. Retrieved 27 June 2023 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ "Riformatori Liberali presentano manifesto 'Diamo un'anima libertaria al centrodestra'...anche sull'eutanasia". (in Italian). 13 October 2006. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  10. ^ "Riformatori Liberali: siamo l'anima libertaria della CdL". (in Italian). 14 October 2006. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  11. ^ "Belpietro Bastardi islamici". (in Italian). 14 November 2015. Archived from the original on 15 April 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  12. ^ "Data for average newspaper circulation in 2008". ADS Notizie (in Italian). Accertamenti Diffusione Stampa. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  13. ^ "National Newspapers". International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations. 2015. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2023.