Member countries of the ECAA are shown in dark and medium shades.
  ECAC, Eurocontrol, ECAA, EU
  ECAC, Eurocontrol, ECAA

The European Common Aviation Area (ECAA) is a single market in aviation services.

ECAA agreements were signed on 5 May 2006 in Salzburg, Austria between the EU and some external countries. It built upon the EU's acquis communautaire and the European Economic Area. The ECAA liberalises the air transport industry by allowing any company from any ECAA member state to fly between any ECAA member states airports, thereby allowing a "foreign" airline to provide domestic flights.

ECAA states and EMAA aviation agreements.
  ECAA founding states
  ECAA states which joined later
  other European aviation agreement[1]
  EMAA signed
  negotiations with EU


Founding members

On 9 June 2006, the ECAA agreement was signed[2] by almost all of the 27 EU members, the European Union itself, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Iceland, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia as well as Kosovo (UNMIK as Kosovo representative under Security Council resolution 1244). The last two EU member states to sign it were Slovakia and Latvia respectively on 13 June 2006 and 22 June 2006.


Further agreements to join the Common Aviation Area have been offered to the EU's Eastern Partnership members. Agreements currently in force, include:

Euro-Mediterranean aviation agreements (EMAAs)

Moreover, a system of association agreements with the ECAA has been enacted for the Mediterranean partnership countries.

In force

Under negotiation


Because the UK has left the European Union (Brexit), the UK is no longer part of the Common Aviation Area. Unless permission or new treaties with the UK are made, aviation to and from the UK may stop[needs update].[12] There was a delay in this hard Brexit until the end of 2020, because the Brexit withdrawal agreement states that most EU rules continue to be valid for the UK during 2020. However, EU has approved regulations 2019/494 and 2019/505 in order to secure air traffic between UK and EU plus EEA.[13] Also, the British government has taken various steps to ensure the continuation of air travel, such as an open skies agreement with the United States.[14] The British airline EasyJet which has many flights outside the UK has set up a subsidiary in Austria (easyJet Europe) whilst keeping its headquarters in Luton, England.

See also


  1. ^ "International aviation: Switzerland".
  2. ^ "Multilateral Agreement on the Establishment of a European Common Aviation Area (ECAA)".
  3. ^ "Common Aviation Area Agreement between the European Union and its Member States and Georgia".
  4. ^ "Common Aviation Area Agreement between the European Union and its Member States and the Republic of Moldova".
  5. ^ "Mobility and transport".
  6. ^ "New EU-Armenia Deal Reached in Brussels". 28 February 2017.
  7. ^ "Aviation: EU and Armenia sign aviation agreement".
  8. ^ "Euro-Mediterranean Aviation Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the Kingdom of Morocco".
  9. ^ "Euro-Mediterranean Aviation Agreement between the European Union and its Member States of the one part and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan".
  10. ^ "Euro-Mediterranean Aviation Agreement between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of the State of Israel".
  11. ^ "International aviation: Tunisia".
  12. ^ Gerrard, Bradley (18 August 2017). "With no plan B, Brexit stakes for aviation sector are sky high". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  13. ^ Regulation (EU) 2019/502 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 March 2019 on common rules ensuring basic air connectivity with regard to the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the Union (Text with EEA relevance.)
  14. ^ "UK and US agree post-Brexit flights deal". 29 November 2018. Retrieved 11 April 2019.