Hand luggage compartments of an Airbus A340-600 aircraft (economy class), also referred to as "overhead bins"
Hand luggage compartments of an Airbus A340-600 aircraft (economy class), also referred to as "overhead bins"
A tiny portable scale to check if hand luggage is within weight limits.
A tiny portable scale to check if hand luggage is within weight limits.

The term hand luggage or cabin baggage (normally called carry-on in North America) refers to the type of luggage that passengers are allowed to carry along in the passenger compartment of a vehicle instead of a separate cargo compartment. Passengers are allowed to carry a limited number of smaller bags with them in the vehicle, which typically contain valuables and items needed during the journey. There is normally storage space provided for hand luggage, either under seating, or in overhead lockers. Trains usually have luggage racks above the seats and may also (especially in the case of trains travelling longer distances) have luggage space between the backs of seats facing opposite directions, or in extra luggage racks, for example, at the ends of the carriage (train car in American English) near the doors.

Commercial air travel

Hand baggage allowance is a topic frequently discussed in the context of commercial air travel. On the one hand, passengers may want to have more of their possessions at hand during flight, skip the often time-consuming baggage claim process, and avoid the risk of having their checked baggage lost or damaged. On the other hand, safety concerns, takeoff weight limitations, and financial incentives (e.g. charging for checked bags) cause airlines to impose limits on how much and what passengers can take into the aircraft cabin. A large amount of hand luggage also slows the security screening of passengers, and can slow boarding as it takes longer to find space in cabin storage areas.

Studies have found that passengers often pause to retrieve cabin baggage during an emergency evacuation, despite instructions to the contrary in pre-flight safety briefings. This is not a new phenomenon, as it was observed during the evacuation of a Boeing 737 that caught fire in 1984. At least one passenger re-entered a Boeing 777 that crashed in 2008 to retrieve personal belongings. Video of the evacuation of a Sukhoi Superjet that caught fire on landing in 2019 clearly shows passengers on the emergency slides with large suitcases, raising questions as to whether this contributed to the loss of life. Remote locking of overhead baggage bins is being considered as a solution to the issue.[1]

Allowances

Luggage gauge
Luggage gauge

The International Air Transport Association (IATA) sets guidelines for cabin baggage/hand luggage/carry-on luggage size.[2] As of 2022, the IATA recommends a maximum size of 56 cm × 45 cm × 25 cm (22 in × 18 in × 10 in), including protuberances like wheels, handles, and pockets.[3]

The IATA guidelines are voluntary; the actual size and weight limits of cabin baggage imposed by airlines differ widely. In some cases they are dependent on the aircraft model being used, in other cases it depends on the booking class.

Dimensions Vol. Linear
equiv.
Airlines and notes
40 cm × 25 cm × 20 cm 20 L 85 cm Ryanair has introduced a smaller carry on size, valid for all new bookings and all flights from 2018-11-01 onwards. It is possible to take also the previous bigger size carry on by booking Priority Boarding.[4]
40 cm × 30 cm × 20 cm 24 L 90 cm Wizz Air free backpack/carry-on (trolley bag with payment).[5]
45 cm × 35 cm × 20 cm 32 L 100 cm Japan Airlines on aircraft with under 100 seats on domestic flights[6]
48 cm × 36 cm × 20 cm 35 L 104 cm Aurigny class Regional (one bag max. 10 kg) or class Inter-Island (max. 6 kg)[7]
55 cm × 35 cm × 20 cm 39 L 110 cm IATA 2015 proposed "Cabin OK" standard (largely abandoned),[a] Flybe (+ one smaller bag, e.g. laptop)[14]
55 cm × 40 cm × 20 cm 44 L 115 cm Asiana Airlines,[15] Korean Air,[16] Vueling,[17] Ukraine International Airlines,[18] Air China (one bag no more than 5 kg for Economy Class, two bags no more than 8 kg each for First Class/Business Class),[19] Ryanair (not guaranteed to travel in cabin, first bag max. 10 kg;. Second bag of size 35 cm × 20 cm × 20 cm also allowed, valid for existing booking of flights before 2018-11-01 only, for other bookings see below.).[20] Level (airline)[21]
22 in × 14 in × 9 in
(~56 cm × 36 cm × 23 cm)
45 L 115 cm American Airlines (one bag plus one personal item),[22]Delta Air Lines (one bag plus one personal item),[23] United Airlines (one bag plus one personal item),[24] Allegiant Air,[25] Hawaiian Airlines,[25] Jetblue Airways,[26] Nok Air,[25] US Airways[25]
56 cm × 36 cm × 23 cm 46 L 115 cm Virgin Atlantic,[27] Air Asia[25]
55 cm × 35 cm × 25 cm 48 L 115 cm Air France (weight allowance depends on route and class),[28] Malaysia Airlines; (one bag up to 7 kg plus one personal item).[29] From April 2019, all Brazilian airlines adopt this standard, verifying luggage size before the security checkpoint and weight is limited to 10 kg by ANAC (Brazilian Civil Aviation Agency) regulations.
55 cm × 40 cm × 23 cm 51 L 118 cm Austrian Airlines, Edelweiss Air, Lufthansa, Swiss Global Air Lines, Swiss International Air Lines (one bag max. 8 kg or a foldable garment bag up to 57 cm × 54 cm × 15 cm) also allowed in the cabin: another item of carry-on baggage (max. 30 × 40 × 10 cm, e.g. handbag, laptop bag);,[30][31] Air Canada (10 kg plus one personal item not exceeding 43 cm × 33 cm × 16 cm),[32] Wizz Air trolley bag with payment[5]
55 cm × 40 cm × 24 cm 53 L 119 cm Aer Lingus (one bag max. 10 kg plus one personal item not exceeding 33 cm × 25 cm × 20 cm)[33]
55 cm × 40 cm × 25 cm 55 L 120 cm All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines on aircraft with at least 100 seats on domestic flights,[6] for all aircraft on international flights, Transavia (45 × 40 × 25 cm guaranteed to be allowed on board while 55 × 40 × 25 cm may be transported in hold, free of charge.[34]
24 in × 16 in × 10 in
(~61 cm × 41 cm × 25 cm)
63 L 127 cm Airtran Airways,[25] Frontier Airlines,[25] Southwest Airlines,[25] Virgin America[25]
56 cm × 45 cm × 25 cm 63 L 126 cm IATA guideline size. British Airways (one bag plus one bag up to 40 cm × 30 cm × 15 cm, up to 23 kg each);[35] EasyJet (one bag, no special weight limit, not guaranteed to travel in cabin);[36] Finnair (one bag, max. 8 kg plus one personal item)[37] Aegean Airlines (one bag up to 8 kg);[38]
22 in × 18 in × 10 in
(~56 cm × 46 cm × 25 cm)
64 L 127 cm Spirit Airlines[25]
24 in × 17 in × 10 in
(~61 cm × 43 cm × 25 cm)
66 L 129 cm Alaska Airlines[25]
Isometric projection of hand luggage allowance sizes in centimetres+: an additional unspecified personal item is permitted
Isometric projection of hand luggage allowance sizes in centimetres
+: an additional unspecified personal item is permitted

Dimensions are sometimes listed as "linear", meaning that when added together, height, width, and length are not to exceed a certain total number.

Business class, first class passengers and holders of high level mileage club members are often allowed to carry on a second bag of a similar or smaller size and weight.[40]

On smaller sized aircraft, sometimes the hand baggage can be carried to the aircraft door, where it is collected by baggage handlers for stowing in the cargo area and returned to the passenger right after landing.[citation needed]

Security restrictions

Following the increase in restrictions imposed on flights from UK airports and to the US after the events of August 2006 transatlantic aircraft plot, hand baggage on such flights was restricted to one cabin bag no bigger than 45 cm × 35 cm × 16 cm effective since 15 August 2006.[41] On 21 September 2006, the British Airports Authority advised that from the following day, the allowable size of the single item of hand baggage on outgoing flights from the UK would be increased to 56 cm × 45 cm × 25 cm (approx. 22 in × 17.75 in × 9.85 in),[42] the IATA guideline size. Most UK airports still have a strict limit of one piece of cabin baggage per passenger, including business class.[citation needed]

European Union

Vending machine for carry-on luggage plastic bags at Munich Airport
Vending machine for carry-on luggage plastic bags at Munich Airport

A common regulation for cabin baggage restrictions was introduced on 6 November 2006 in European Union and in Switzerland, Norway and Iceland.

United States

The United States Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has introduced a series of restrictions effective since 26 September 2006 under the name "3:1:1" for liquids.[44]

The TSA has additional restrictions for security searches: for example, the baggage should not be locked (except with a special luggage locks that TSA staff can open), gifts should not be wrapped, and shoes may be required to be taken off during body search with the metal detector. Food items in the luggage may be mistaken for dangerous material triggering an intensive search.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In 2015, the IATA made an effort to introduce a common smaller size for cabin luggage by introducing the "IATA Cabin OK" logo. Major airlines have expressed their interest to accept luggage of that size on their flights. This is specified as 55 × 35 × 20 cm (or 21.5 × 13.5 × 7.5 inches).[8] The Washington Post reported that the move was backed by eight "major" airlines.[9] The new size restrictions were criticised widely[10][11] with the introduction program to be put on hold a few days later.[12][13] As of April 2016, none of these airlines has introduced the new format.

References

  1. ^ Kaminski-Morrow, David (9 May 2019). "ANALYSIS: Superjet fire puts focus on evacuation threat". Flightglobal.com.
  2. ^ "Baggage Services". Iata.org. Archived from the original on 25 March 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  3. ^ IATA. "Passenger Baggage Rules". Retrieved 17 February 2022.
  4. ^ "New Bag Policy From November Will Cut Check Bag Fees & Reduce Boarding Delays | Ryanair's Corporate Website". corporate.ryanair.com. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Wizz Air Baggage". Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  6. ^ a b "JAL Domestic Flights - Items that can be carried aboard". Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  7. ^ "FAQ / luggage". Aurigny Airlines. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  8. ^ "Airlines to Address Carry-On Bag Dilemma". International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  9. ^ Swanson, Ana; Cameron, Darla (9 June 2015). "Airlines could soon shrink the size of luggage you're allowed to carry on". The Washington Post. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  10. ^ "'Cabin OK' is not OK: Our view". USA Today. 16 June 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Senator Weighs in on IATA's Carry-On Luggage Proposal". 14 June 2015.
  12. ^ "IATA Pauses Rollout of Cabin OK to Reassess Initiative". IATA. 17 June 2015.
  13. ^ "Standardized airline carry-on bag campaign halted". CBC News. 17 June 2015.
  14. ^ "Cabin Baggage Flybe". Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  15. ^ "Carry-on Baggage". flyasiana.com. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  16. ^ "Baggage Services". koreanair.com. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  17. ^ "Checking in suitcases and hand luggage". vueling.com. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  18. ^ "Free Hand Luggage Allowance". Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  19. ^ "Carry-on Baggage". Air China. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  20. ^ "General Terms & Conditions of Carriage". Ryanair.com. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  21. ^ https://staticms.flylevel.com/1116/level_carriage_-conditions_english.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  22. ^ "American Airlines Carry-on Baggage Allowance". aa.com.
  23. ^ "Carry-on Baggage". Delta Air Lines. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  24. ^ "Carry-on Baggage - Carry-on Bag Policy - United Airlines". united.com.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Carry on Luggage Size Chart". The Luggage List. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  26. ^ "Bag Info". Retrieved 17 February 2022.
  27. ^ "Hand baggage". virgin-atlantic.com. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  28. ^ "Hand baggage". Air France. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  29. ^ "Plan - Baggage - Cabin Baggage". malaysiaairlines.com.
  30. ^ "Lufthansa Carry-on baggage". Lufthansa. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  31. ^ "Baggage". Austrian Airlines. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  32. ^ "Carry-On Baggage - aircanada".
  33. ^ "Cabin Baggage - Aer Lingus". aerlingus.com. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  34. ^ "Hand luggage". Transavia.
  35. ^ "Hand baggage allowances". British Airways. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  36. ^ "Terms and conditions". easyJet.com. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  37. ^ "Carry-on baggage". Finnair. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  38. ^ "Cabin Baggage Allowance". aegeanair.com. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  39. ^ "Baggage - FAQ". 17 February 2022.
  40. ^ Asia Today. East Asia News and Features (Australia) Pty. Limited. 1993.
  41. ^ ""U.K. Expands Carry-On Bag Size], AllBusiness.com, 22 September 2006". allbusiness.com.
  42. ^ "Hand luggage rules to be relaxed". BBC News. 21 September 2006. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  43. ^ "Hand Luggage Restrictions at UK airports".
  44. ^ "Liquids Rule". tsa.gov. 16 December 2014.