A map showing the borders of the United States' flight information regions as well as that of Canada and other neighboring nations.
A map showing the borders of the United States' flight information regions as well as that of Canada and other neighboring nations.

In aviation, a flight information region (FIR) is a specified region of airspace in which a flight information service and an alerting service (ALRS) are provided. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) delegates which country is responsible for the operational control of a given FIR. FIRs are the largest regular division of airspace in use in the world today, and have existed at least since 1947.[1][2]

Smaller countries' airspace is encompassed by a single FIR; larger countries' airspace is subdivided into a number of regional FIRs.[3][4]

Some FIRs encompass the territorial airspace of several countries.[5] Oceanic airspace is divided into oceanic information regions and delegated to a controlling authority bordering that region. The division among authorities is done by international agreement through the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

There is no standard size for FIRs–some are merely vertical extensions of their respective countries, however small they may be, while others may extend far into the open ocean–it is a matter for the administrative convenience of the country concerned. In some cases there is a vertical division of the FIR, in which case the lower portion remains named as such, whereas the airspace above is termed an upper information region (UIR).

A flight information service and an alerting service are the basic levels of air traffic service, providing information pertinent to the safe and efficient conduct of flights and alerting the different relevant authorities should an aircraft be in distress. These are available to all aircraft through an FIR. Higher levels of air traffic advisory and control services may be available within certain portions of airspace within an FIR, according to the ICAO class of that portion of airspace (with regard to national regulations), and the existence of a suitably equipped authority to provide the services.

List of flight information regions

The following table lists flight information regions alphabetically according to their ICAO code.

ICAO code Type FIR or ACC name Oceanic or other subtype Country or territory
AGGG FIR Honiara ACC  Solomon Islands
ANAU FIR Nauru ACC  Nauru
AYPM FIR Port Moresby ACC  Papua New Guinea
BGGL FIR Nuuk ACC  Greenland ( Denmark)
BIRD FIR Reykjavík ACC  Iceland
CZEG FIR Edmonton ACC  Canada
CZQM FIR Moncton Southern ACC  Canada
CZQX FIR Gander Domestic ACC  Canada
CZUL FIR Montreal ACC  Canada
CZVR FIR Vancouver ACC  Canada
CZWG FIR Winnipeg ACC  Canada
CZYZ FIR Toronto ACC  Canada
DAAA FIR Alger ACC  Algeria
DGAC FIR Accra ACC  Ghana
DIII FIR Abidjan ACC  Ivory Coast
DNKK FIR Kano ACC  Nigeria
DRRR FIR Niamey ACC  Niger
DTTC FIR Tunis ACC  Tunisia
EZZZ FIR EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL  Belgium
EBBU FIR Brussels ACC  Belgium/ Luxembourg
EDGG FIR Langen ACC  Germany
EDMM FIR Munich ACC  Germany
EDUU UIR Rhein ACC  Germany
EDVV UIR Hannover ACC  Germany
EDWW FIR Bremen ACC  Germany
EDYY UIR Maastricht ACC  Belgium/ Germany/ Netherlands
EETT FIR Tallinn ACC  Estonia
EFIN FIR Helsinki ACC  Finland
EGGX FIR Shanwick Oceanic OCA Oceanic  United Kingdom
EGPX FIR Scottish ACC  United Kingdom
EGQQ FIR Scottish ACC (Mil) Military  United Kingdom
EGTT FIR London ACC  United Kingdom
EHAA FIR Amsterdam ACC  Netherlands
EISN FIR Shannon ACC  Ireland
EKDK FIR Copenhagen ACC  Denmark
ENOB FIR Bodo Oceanic OCA Oceanic  Norway
ENOR FIR Polaris ACC  Norway
EPWW FIR Warszawa ACC  Poland
ESAA FIR Suecia ACC  Sweden
ESMM FIR Malmo ACC  Sweden
ESOS FIR Stockholm ACC  Sweden
EVRR FIR Riga ACC  Latvia
EYVL FIR Vilnius ACC  Lithuania
FABL FIR Bloemfontein ACC  South Africa
FACA FIR Cape Town ACC  South Africa
FACT FIR Cape Town ACC  South Africa
FADN FIR Durban ACC  South Africa
FAJO FIR Johannesburg Oceanic ACC Oceanic  South Africa
FAJX FIR Johannesburg ACC  South Africa
FAPX FIR Port Elizabeth ACC  South Africa
FBGR FIR Gaborone ACC  Botswana
FCCC FIR Brazzaville ACC  Congo, Republic of the
FIMM FIR Mauritius ACC  Mauritius
FKKK FIR Douala ACC  Cameroon
FLFI FIR Lusaka ACC  Zambia
FMCX FIR Comoros ACC  Comoros
FMMM FIR Antananarivo ACC  Madagascar
FNAN FIR Luanda ACC  Angola
FOOO FIR Libreville ACC  Gabon
FQBE FIR Beira ACC  Mozambique
FSSS FIR Seychelles ACC  Seychelles
FTTT FIR N'Djamena ACC  Chad
FVHF FIR Harare ACC  Zimbabwe
FWLL FIR Lilongwe ACC  Malawi
FYWF FIR Windhoek ACC  Namibia
FZZA FIR Kinshasa ACC  Congo, Democratic Republic of the
GCCC FIR Canarias ACC  Canary Islands ( Spain)
GLRB FIR Roberts ACC  Liberia
GMMM FIR Casablanca ACC  Morocco
GOOO FIR Dakar Oceanic ACC Oceanic  Senegal
GVSC FIR Sal Oceanic ACC Oceanic  Cape Verde
HAAA FIR Addis Ababa ACC  Ethiopia
HBBA FIR Bujumbura ACC  Burundi
HCSM FIR Mogadishu ACC  Somalia
HECC FIR Cairo ACC  Egypt
HHAA FIR Asmara ACC  Egypt
HKNA FIR Nairobi ACC  Kenya
HLLL FIR Tripoli ACC  Libya
HRYR FIR Kigali ACC  Rwanda
HSSS FIR Khartoum ACC  Sudan
HTDC FIR Dar Es Salaam ACC  Tanzania
HUEC FIR Entebbe ACC  Uganda
KZAB FIR Albuquerque ARTCC  United States
KZAK FIR Oakland Oceanic ARTCC Oceanic  United States
KZAU FIR Chicago ARTCC  United States
KZBW FIR Boston ARTCC  United States
KZDC FIR Washington ARTCC  United States
KZDV FIR Denver ARTCC  United States
KZFW FIR Ft Worth ARTCC  United States
KZHU FIR Houston ARTCC  United States
KZID FIR Indianapolis ARTCC  United States
KZJX FIR Jacksonville ARTCC  United States
KZKC FIR Kansas City ARTCC  United States
KZLA FIR Los Angeles ARTCC  United States
KZLC FIR Salt Lake ARTCC  United States
KZMA FIR Miami ARTCC  United States
KZME FIR Memphis ARTCC  United States
KZMP FIR Minneapolis ARTCC  United States
KZNY FIR New York ARTCC  United States
KZOA FIR Oakland ARTCC  United States
KZOB FIR Cleveland ARTCC  United States
KZSE FIR Seattle ARTCC  United States
KZTL FIR Atlanta ARTCC  United States
KZWY FIR New York Oceanic ARTCC Oceanic  United States
LAAA FIR Tirana ACC  Albania
LBSR FIR Sofia ACC  Bulgaria
LBWR FIR Varna ACC  Bulgaria
LCCC FIR Nicosia ACC  Cyprus
LDZO FIR Zagreb ACC  Croatia
LECB FIR Barcelona ACC  Spain
LECM FIR Madrid ACC  Spain
LECS FIR Sevilla ACC  Spain
LFBB FIR Bordeaux ACC  France
LFEE FIR Reims ACC  France
LFFF FIR Paris ACC  France
LFMM FIR Marseille ACC  France
LFRR FIR Brest ACC  France
LGGG FIR Athens ACC  Greece
LHCC FIR Budapest ACC  Hungary
LIBB FIR Brindisi ACC  Italy
LIMM FIR Milano ACC  Italy
LIRR FIR Roma ACC  Italy
LJLA FIR Ljubljana ACC  Slovenia
LKAA FIR Praha ACC  Czech Republic
LLLL FIR Tel-Aviv ACC  Israel
LMMM FIR Malta ACC  Malta
LOVV FIR Wien ACC  Austria
LPPC FIR Lisboa ACC  Portugal
LPPO FIR Santa Maria Oceanic ACC Oceanic  Azores ( Portugal)
LQSB FIR Sarajevo ACC  Bosnia and Herzegovina
LRBB FIR Bucuresti ACC  Romania
LSAG FIR Geneve ACC  Switzerland
LSAS FIR Switzerland ACC  Switzerland
LSAZ FIR Zurich ACC  Switzerland
LTAA FIR Ankara ACC  Turkey
LTBB FIR Istanbul ACC  Turkey
LUUU FIR Chisinau ACC  Moldova
LWSS FIR Skopje ACC  North Macedonia
LYBA FIR Beograd ACC  Serbia
LZBB FIR Bratislava ACC  Slovakia
MDCS FIR Santo Domingo ACC  Dominican Republic
MHTG FIR Central American ACC  Honduras
MKJK FIR Kingston ACC  Jamaica
MMFO FIR Mazatlan Oceanic ACC Oceanic  Mexico
MMFR FIR Mexico ACC  Mexico
MPZL FIR Panama ACC  Panama
MTEG FIR Port-Au-Prince ACC  Haiti
MUFH FIR Habana ACC  Cuba
MYNA FIR Nassau ACC  Bahamas
NFFF FIR Nadi ACC  Fiji
NTTT FIR Tahiti ACC  French Polynesia ( France)
NWWX FIR Noumea ACC  New Caledonia ( France)
NZZC FIR New Zealand ACC  New Zealand
NZZO FIR Auckland Oceanic ACC Oceanic  New Zealand
OAKX FIR Kabul ACC  Afghanistan
OBBB FIR Bahrain ACC  Bahrain
OEJD FIR Jeddah ACC  Saudi Arabia
OIIX FIR Tehran ACC  Iran
OJAC FIR Amman ACC  Jordan
OKAC FIR Kuwait ACC  Kuwait
OLBB FIR Beirut ACC  Lebanon
OMAE FIR Emirates ACC  United Arab Emirates
OOMM FIR Muscat ACC  Oman
OPKR FIR Karachi ACC  Pakistan
OPLR FIR Lahore ACC  Pakistan
ORBB FIR Baghdad ACC  Iraq
ORMM FIR ORMM FIR  Iraq
OSTT FIR Damascus ACC  Syria
OYSC FIR Sanaa ACC  Yemen
PAZA FIR Anchorage ACC  United States
PAZN FIR Anchorage Oceanic ACC Oceanic  United States
PHZH FIR Honolulu ACC  United States
RCAA FIR Taipei ACC  Taiwan, China
RJJJ FIR Fukuoka ACC  Japan
RKRR FIR Incheon ACC  South Korea
RPHI FIR Manila ACC  Philippines
SACF FIR Cordoba ACC  Argentina
SACU UIR Cordoba UIR  Argentina
SAEF FIR Ezeiza ACC  Argentina
SAEU UIR Ezeiza UIR  Argentina
SAMF FIR Mendoza ACC  Argentina
SAMV UIR Mendoza UIR  Argentina
SARR FIR Resistencia ACC  Argentina
SAVF FIR Comodoro Rivadavia ACC  Argentina
SAVU UIR Comodoro Rivadavia UIR  Argentina
SBAO FIR Atlantico ACC  Brazil
SBAZ FIR Amazonica ACC  Brazil
SBBS FIR Brasilia ACC  Brazil
SBCW FIR Curitiba ACC  Brazil
SBRE FIR Recife ACC  Brazil
SCCZ FIR Punta Arenas ACC  Chile
SCEZ FIR Santiago ACC  Chile
SCFZ FIR Antofagasta ACC  Chile
SCIZ FIR Easter Island ACC  Easter Island ( Chile)
SCTZ FIR Puerto Montt ACC  Chile
SEFG FIR Guayaquil ACC  Ecuador
SGFA FIR Asuncion ACC  Paraguay
SKEC FIR Barranquilla ACC  Colombia
SKED FIR Bogota ACC  Colombia
SLLF FIR La Paz ACC  Bolivia
SMPM FIR Paramaribo ACC  Suriname
SOOO FIR Rochambeau ACC  French Guiana ( France)
SPIM FIR Lima ACC  Peru
SUEO FIR Montevideo ACC  Uruguay
SVZM FIR Maiquetia ACC  Venezuela
SYGC FIR Georgetown ACC  Guyana
TJZS FIR San Juan ACC  Puerto Rico ( United States)
TNCF FIR Curacao ACC  Curaçao ( Netherlands)
TTZP FIR Piarco ACC  Trinidad and Tobago
UAAX FIR Almaty ACC  Kazakhstan
UACX FIR Astana ACC  Kazakhstan
UAFX FIR Bishkek ACC  Kyrgyzstan
UASS FIR Semipalatinsk ACC  Kazakhstan
UDDD FIR Yerevan ACC  Armenia
UEMH FIR Tyoply Klyuch ACC  Russia
UENN FIR Nyurba ACC  Russia
UESS FIR Chersky ACC  Russia
UESU FIR Zyryanka ACC  Russia
UEVV FIR Gigansk ACC  Russia
UGEE FIR Yerevan/Zvartnots ACC  Russia
UGGG FIR Tbilisi ACC  Georgia
UHBI FIR Magdagachi ACC  Russia
UHHH FIR Khabarovsk/Novy  Russia
UHMI FIR Mys Shmidta ACC  Russia
UHMM FIR Magadan Oceanic Oceanic  Russia
UHMP FIR Pevek ACC  Russia
UHNN FIR Nikolayevsk-na-Amure ACC  Russia
UHPT FIR Tilichiki ACC  Russia
UHPU FIR Ust-Khairyozovo ACC  Russia
UHSH FIR Okha ACC  Russia
UIKB FIR Bodaybo ACC  Russia
UIKK FIR Kirensk ACC  Russia
UKBV, UKDV, UKFV, UKLV, UKOV UIR Kyiv ACC, Dnipro ACC, Lviv ACC, Odesa ACC  Ukraine
UKBV FIR Kyiv ACC  Ukraine
UKDV FIR Dnipro ACC  Ukraine
UKFV FIR Dnipro ACC, Odesa ACC  Ukraine
UKLV FIR Lviv ACC  Ukraine
UKOV FIR Odesa ACC  Ukraine
ULLL FIR Sankt Peterburg ACC  Russia
ULOL FIR Velikiye Luki ACC  Russia
UMKD FIR Kazan ACC  Russia
UMMV FIR Minsk ACC  Belarus
UNLL FIR Kolpashevo ACC  Russia
UOTT FIR Turukhansk ACC  Russia
URRV FIR Rostov-Na-Donu ACC  Russia
USDK FIR Mys Kamenny ACC  Russia
USHB FIR Beryozovo ACC  Russia
USHH FIR Khanty-Mansiysk ACC  Russia
UTAK FIR Turkmenbashi ACC  Turkmenistan
UTNR FIR Nukus ACC  Uzbekistan
UTSD FIR Samarkand ACC  Uzbekistan
UTTR FIR Tashkent ACC  Uzbekistan
UUWV FIR Moscow ACC  Russia
UUYW FIR Vorkuta ACC  Russia
UUYY FIR Syktyvkar ACC  Russia
UWOO FIR Orenburg/Tsentralny ACC  Russia
VABF FIR Mumbai ACC  India
VCCF FIR Colombo ACC  Sri Lanka
VDPF FIR Phnom Penh ACC  Cambodia
VECF FIR Kolkata ACC  India
VGFR FIR Dhaka ACC  Bangladesh
VHHK FIR Hong Kong ACC  Hong Kong
VIDF FIR Delhi ACC  India
VLIV FIR Vientiane ACC  Laos
VLVT FIR Vientiane ACC  Laos
VNSM FIR Kathmandu ACC    Nepal
VOMF FIR Chennai ACC  India
VRMF FIR Male ACC  Maldives
VTBB FIR Bangkok ACC  Thailand
VVHM FIR Ho Chi Minh ACC  Vietnam
VVHN FIR Hanoi ACC  Vietnam
VYMD FIR  Myanmar
VYYF FIR Yangon ACC  Myanmar
WAAF FIR Ujung Pandang  Indonesia
WAAZ FIR Ujung Pandang ACC  Indonesia
WABZ FIR Biak Sector Sector  Indonesia
WADZ FIR Bali Sector Sector  Indonesia
WAJZ FIR  Indonesia
WAKZ FIR Merauke Sector Sector  Indonesia
WALZ FIR Balikpapan Sector Sector  Indonesia
WAMZ FIR Manado Sector Sector  Indonesia
WAOZ FIR Banjarmasin Sector Sector  Indonesia
WAPZ FIR Ambon Sector Sector  Indonesia
WATZ FIR Kupang Sector Sector  Indonesia
WBFC FIR Kota Kinabalu ACC  Brunei/ Malaysia
WIIF FIR Jakarta  Indonesia
WIIZ FIR Jakarta ACC  Indonesia
WIMZ FIR Medan Sector Sector  Indonesia
WIOZ FIR Pontianak Sector Sector  Indonesia
WIPZ FIR Palembang Sector Sector  Indonesia
WMFC FIR Kuala Lumpur ACC  Malaysia
WSJC FIR Singapore ACC  Singapore
YBBB FIR Brisbane ACC  Australia
YMMM FIR Melbourne ACC  Australia
ZBPE FIR Beijing ACC  China
ZGZU FIR Guangzhou ACC  China
ZHWH FIR Wuhan ACC  China
ZJSA FIR Sanya ACC  China
ZKKP FIR Pyongyang ACC  North Korea
ZLHW FIR Lanzhou ACC  China
ZMUB FIR Ulan Bator ACC  Mongolia
ZPKM FIR Kunming ACC  China
ZSHA FIR Shanghai ACC  China
ZWUQ FIR Urumqi ACC  China
ZYSH FIR Shenyang ACC  China

See also

References

Citations
  1. ^ "Record Strait Traffic Due Today". The Mercury. Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 24 December 1947. p. 1. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Ensuring safety of air routes". The Advocate. Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 4 February 1953. p. 3. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  3. ^ Bhalotra, Y. P. R.; Botswana. Department of Meteorological Services (1990), Gaborone flight information region requirements for meteorological service, Director, Meteorological Services, retrieved 23 January 2014
  4. ^ "Ex-military spy drone to conduct NASA climate tests in Australian airspace" ABC News (24 January 2014) re: Brisbane, Queensland, Australia FIR – "Airservices Australia today confirmed that the NASA Global Hawk would conduct tropospheric research in Brisbane's Flight Information Region (FIR). Brisbane's FIR covers an area including northern New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory and northern Western Australia plus airspace over the north and north eastern oceans"
  5. ^ Jeziorski, Andrzej (1999-03-10), "South Pacific Forum pushes for unified flight information region", Flight International, Reed Business Information Ltd: 14(1), ISSN 0015-3710