An electronic visa, electronic entry visa or electronic travel authorisation/electronic travel authority (ETA) is a travel permit in an electronic form. It is often required in addition to a valid passport for access into a particular jurisdiction.

Background

Beginning in the 2000s many countries introduced e-visas and electronic travel authorisations (ETAs) as an alternative to traditional visas. An ETA is a kind of pre-arrival registration, which may or may not be officially classified as a visa depending on the issuing jurisdiction, required for foreign travellers who are exempted from obtaining a full visa. In contrast to the procedures that typically apply in regard to proper visas, per which the traveller normally has no recourse if rejected, if an ETA is rejected the traveller can choose to apply for a visa instead. In contrast, an e-visa is simply a visa that travellers can apply for and receive online without visiting the issuing state's consular mission or visa agency.

Usage

The following jurisdictions require certain categories of international travellers to hold an ETA or e-visa to clear border controls upon arrival:

as formal international travel. There are arrangements exist for travel between territories controlled by the Republic of China and territories controlled by the People's Republic of China. [d] do not require a visa to enter Hong Kong, but must apply for a pre-arrival registration (PAR) prior to arrival. If not successful, Indian travellers may apply for a visa instead. Taiwanese people are eligible only if they were born in Taiwan or entered Hong Kong as an ROC nationals before, otherwise they should instead apply for an entry permit (a de facto visa) to enter Hong Kong using their Republic of China passport. They may alternatively enter Hong Kong using a Mainland Travel Permit for Taiwan Residents issued by Mainland Chinese authorities without any additional permit.

Travellers under the Visa Waiver Programme are required to obtain permission through the Electronic System for Travel Authorisation if arriving in America by air or cruise but not if entering by land or by ferry, using a passport issued by the Government of Bermuda to a British Overseas Territories Citizen, or if entering as a Canadian citizen. Travellers from Brazil normally require a visa to enter Canada, but are eligible to apply for an ETA if they have held a Canadian visa within the 10 years prior to applying, or if they currently hold a valid non-immigrant American visa. Such travellers still may not enter Canada by land or sea without a valid Canadian visa.

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Electronic visas
  Countries granting electronic visas universally
  Countries granting electronic visas to select nationalities
  Countries requiring electronic registration from most visa exempt visitors (excluding Australian eVisitor)
  Countries that plan to introduce eVisas in the future

An electronic visa (e-Visa or eVisa) is stored in a computer and is linked to the passport number so no label, sticker, or stamp is placed in the passport before travel. The application is done over the internet, and the receipt acts as a visa, which can be printed or stored on a mobile device.

Country Mode Universal eligibility VoA alternative Ref.
 Angola Pre-approval X X [23]
 Antigua and Barbuda eVisa X [24]
 Armenia eVisa X [25]
 Ascension Island eVisa X [26]
 Australia ETA X X [27]
 Azerbaijan eVisa X partial [28]
 Bahrain eVisa X partial [29]
 Benin eVisa X [30]
 Cambodia eVisa X [31]
 Djibouti eVisa [32]
 Egypt eVisa X partial [33]
 Ethiopia eVisa partial [34]
 Gabon eVisa partial [35]
 Georgia eVisa X X [36]
 Guinea eVisa X [37]
 Guinea-Bissau Pre-approval [38]
 Hong Kong ETA X X [39]
 India eVisa X partial [40]
Iran Iran eVisa X [41]
 Ivory Coast eVisa X [42]
 Japan eVisa X [43]
 Kenya eVisa X [44]
 Kuwait eVisa X [45]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa partial [46]
 Laos eVisa X [47]
 Lesotho eVisa X [48]
 Madagascar eVisa [49]
 Malawi eVisa [50]
 Malaysia eVisa X X [51]
 Mexico ETA X X [52]
 Mongolia Pre-approval X partial [53]
 Montserrat eVisa X [54]
 Morocco ETA X X [55]
 Myanmar eVisa X partial [56]
 New Zealand ETA X X [57]
 Nigeria eVisa X partial [58]
 Oman eVisa X [59]
 Pakistan ETA X X [60]
 Papua New Guinea eVisa X [61]
 Qatar eVisa
 Russia eVisa X X [62]
 Rwanda eVisa [63]
 Saint Helena eVisa X [64]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis eVisa X [65]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa X [66]
 Saudi Arabia eVisa X [67]
 Singapore eVisa X X [68]
 South Sudan eVisa X [69]
 Sri Lanka ETA X [70]
 Suriname eVisa X [71]
 Taiwan eVisa X partial [72]
 Tajikistan eVisa X X [73]
 Tanzania eVisa [74]
 Thailand eVisa/Pre-approval X [75]/[76]
 Turkey eVisa X X [77]
 Uganda eVisa X [78]
 Ukraine eVisa X X [79]
 United Kingdom EVW X X [80]
 Uzbekistan eVisa X X [81]
 Vietnam eVisa X X [82]
 Zambia eVisa partial [83]
 Zimbabwe eVisa partial [84]

Russia maintains an eVisa program for visitors from certain countries arriving to Russian Far East, Saint Petersburg, Leningrad Region and Kaliningrad Region.[85] And will introduce a single electronic visa from 1 January 2021.[86]

Authorities of Belarus,[87] Chad,[88] Republic of the Congo,[89] Democratic Republic of the Congo,[90] Equatorial Guinea,[91] Ghana,[92] Kazakhstan,[93] Liberia,[94] South Africa,[95] and Tunisia[96] have announced plans to introduce electronic visas in the future.

These lists are not exhaustive. Some countries may have more detailed classifications of some of these categories reflecting the nuances of their respective geographies, social conditions, economies, international treaties, etc.

Notes

  1. ^ Eligible jurisdictions are:[5]
  2. ^ Holders of the following passports are eligible:[8]
  3. ^ The area under the definition consists of:
  4. ^ Documents required for travel between the PRC and ROC are:
  5. ^ This includes nationals of:[11]
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ Eligible jurisdictions are as follows:[15]
  9. ^ A holder of an EVW authorisation can visit and/or study in the UK for up to 6 months without a visa. An EVW is only valid for one entry, and a new EVW must be obtained each time an eligible person wishes to enter the UK to visit and/or study for up to 6 months without a visa. The EVW is valid for visits up to 90 days to Ireland once a holder has cleared immigration in the United Kingdom.

References

  1. ^ "Fact Sheet 53 – Australia's Entry System for Visitors". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Archived from the original on 17 August 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Policy study on an EU Electronic System for travel Authorization (EU ESTA) – Annexes: Introduction of the ETA, eVisitor and eVisa systems" (PDF). PricewaterhouseCoopers. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
  3. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) for Electronic Travel Authority (subclass 601)". Australian Embassy, Republic of Korea. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
  4. ^ "Electronic Travel Authority (Subclass 601)". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Archived from the original on 12 December 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  5. ^ "For Electronic Travel Authority Applicants – Who can apply". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Archived from the original on 12 December 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  6. ^ a b "eVisitor (subclass 651)". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  7. ^ "eVisitor: Frequently asked questions for clients What is eVisitor?". spotidoc.com. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  8. ^ "For eVisitor Applicants – Who can apply". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  9. ^ East Africa: Single Visa to Boost East Regional Tourism, All Africa, 6 March 2014.
  10. ^ "V11-East Africa Tourist Visa". www.migration.gov.rw. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  11. ^ e-Visa, Government of India.
  12. ^ India denies e-visas to UK and Canadian nationals, Travel Daily, 22 September 2021.
  13. ^ Visa and exemption services, Directorate of Immigration Services of Kenya.
  14. ^ "Electronic Travel Authority". immigration.govt.nz. Archived from the original on 22 July 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  15. ^ "List of Countries for Visa on Arrival (Tourist)". Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  16. ^ "Online Visa Application". www.eta.gov.lk.
  17. ^ "Qatar launches Electronic Travel Authorisation System". 14 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Qatar". web.archive.org. 28 June 2017.
  19. ^ "FAQS". Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  20. ^ "UK electronic visa waiver introduced for Oman, Qatar and UAE". GOV.UK.
  21. ^ Wilson, Ninian. "How MPs voted on amendments by Lords to Nationality and Borders Bill". The National.
  22. ^ "Nationality and Borders Bill: Electronic Travel Authorisation factsheet". Gov.uk. 25 February 2022. Archived from the original on 20 March 2022.
  23. ^ "SME e-Visa". www.smevisa.gov.ao.
  24. ^ "Visa Application" (in French). Evisa.immigration.gov.ag. 1 January 1980. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  25. ^ "eVisa Issuance System". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  26. ^ "Ascension Island eVisa - Welcome to Ascension Island E-Visa Application". www.ascension-visas.com.
  27. ^ "Home". www.abf.gov.au.
  28. ^ "The Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic". evisa.gov.az.
  29. ^ "Bahrain Visa Online Application". Evisa.gov.bh. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  30. ^ "Accueil e-visa". evisa.gouv.bj.
  31. ^ "eVisa". Archived from the original on 28 July 2014.
  32. ^ "eVisa". www.evisa.gouv.dj.
  33. ^ "Egypt e-Visa Portal". Ministry of Interior (Egypt). Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  34. ^ "Ethiopian eVISA". www.evisa.gov.et.
  35. ^ "Gabon e-Visa". Direction Générale de la Documentation et de l'Immigration.
  36. ^ "Georgia e-VISA Portal". www.evisa.gov.ge.
  37. ^ "Guinea Visa". www.paf.gov.gn.
  38. ^ "Electronic Visa Application System - Guinea Bissau". www.rgb-visa.com.
  39. ^ "Pre-arrival Registration for Indian Nationals | Immigration Department". www.immd.gov.hk.
  40. ^ "Indian e-Visa". indianvisaonline.gov.in.
  41. ^ "IR-IRAN Electronic Visa (Iran eVisa) Application - Ministry of Foreign Affairs". e_visa.mfa.ir.
  42. ^ "Energie – SNEDAI GROUPE". www.snedai.com.
  43. ^ "JAPAN eVISA". www.evisa.mofa.go.jp.
  44. ^ "evisa.go.ke - Republic of Kenya Electronic Visa System". evisa.go.ke.
  45. ^ "You are being redirected..." evisa.moi.gov.kw.
  46. ^ "e-VISA". evisa.e-gov.kg.
  47. ^ https://laoevisa.gov.la/index
  48. ^ "visa lesotho tourism documents travel evisalesotho.com". Lesotho E-Visa. 24 December 2014.
  49. ^ "eVisa | Welcome to the eService of Tourism, Immigration and Emigration". www.evisamada.gov.mg.
  50. ^ "Malawi e-Visa System | Malawi Visa Online | The Official e-Visa Application Portal of Malawi | Department of Immigration and Citizenship Services". evisa.gov.mw.
  51. ^ "Official Malaysia Visa". www.windowmalaysia.my.
  52. ^ Migración, Instituto Nacional de. "Sistema de Autorización Electrónica (SAE)". gob.mx.
  53. ^ "Mongolia Immigration Agency". gov.mn.
  54. ^ "Montserrat Online Visa Application :: Government of Montserrat :: Home". www.immigration.ms.
  55. ^ "Accès Maroc". www.acces-maroc.ma.
  56. ^ Myanmar eVisa, Ministry of Immigration and Population
  57. ^ "Information about: NZeTA | Immigration New Zealand". www.immigration.govt.nz. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  58. ^ "The Nigeria Immigration Service". portal.immigration.gov.ng.
  59. ^ "Home - Evisa". evisa.rop.gov.om.
  60. ^ "Pakistan Online Visa System - Government of Pakistan".
  61. ^ "eVisa". evisa.ica.gov.pg.
  62. ^ "Russia to offer simplified E-Visas to 53 countries, including Nordic neighbours". The Independent Barents Observer. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  63. ^ "HOME". www.migration.gov.rw.
  64. ^ "St. Helena eVisa - Welcome to St. Helena E-Visa Application". evisa.sainthelena.gov.sh.
  65. ^ Izhikevich, Eugene (2006). "Main Page". Scholarpedia. 1 (2): 1. Bibcode:2006SchpJ...1....1I. doi:10.4249/scholarpedia.1.
  66. ^ "e-Visa STP". www.smf.st.
  67. ^ "Saudi eVisa | The Official website for Tourist Visa to Saudi Arabia". visa.visitsaudi.com.
  68. ^ Submission of Application for Visa Electronically (SAVE) Archived 11 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine, Government of Singapore
  69. ^ "evisa.gov.ss - Apply for a South Sudan e-Visa online". www.evisa.gov.ss.
  70. ^ "Online Visa Application". Department of Immigration and Emigration of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  71. ^ "Suriname E-Visa | VFS Global | Official partner of the Government of Suriname". suriname.vfsevisa.com.
  72. ^ "Online visa application form". visawebapp.boca.gov.tw.
  73. ^ "Tajikistan e-Visa". www.evisa.tj.
  74. ^ "Tanzania eVisa - Welcome". eservices.immigration.go.tz.
  75. ^ "Visa On Arrival". extranet.immigration.go.th.
  76. ^ "Official Website of Thailand Electronic Visa". www.thaievisa.go.th. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  77. ^ "Electronic Visa Application System - Republic of Tukey - Ministry of Foreign Affairs". evisa.gov.tr.
  78. ^ "Uganda e-Visa". visas.immigration.go.ug.
  79. ^ "e-Visa - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine". mfa.gov.ua.
  80. ^ "Get an electronic visa waiver to enter the UK". GOV.UK.
  81. ^ "VisaClient2".
  82. ^ "Vietnam evisa - National portal on Immigration". Vietnam Immigration Department.
  83. ^ "e-Services | Zambia Immigration Department". evisa.zambiaimmigration.gov.zm.
  84. ^ "eVisa Zimbabwe". www.evisa.gov.zw.
  85. ^ "E-visa". electronic-visa.kdmid.ru.
  86. ^ "Госдума ввела электронные визы для въезда в РФ". Российская газета (in Russian). Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  87. ^ "Belarus MFA suggests introducing e-visas for nationals of third countries". eng.belta.by. 25 July 2019.
  88. ^ Alwihda, Info. "Le Tchad lance le visa électronique pour les voyageurs". Alwihda Info - Actualités TCHAD, Afrique, International.
  89. ^ Mballa, Destin (1 May 2019). "Congo: Le visa touristique bientôt électronique".
  90. ^ "La RDC annonce " l'identification biométrique " de la population". La Libre Afrique. 4 September 2019.
  91. ^ "Meeting at Ministry for Culture on Tourist Visa Online National Office - Official Web Page of the Government of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea". www.guineaecuatorialpress.com.
  92. ^ "Bawumia e-Visa Coming". Modern Ghana.
  93. ^ April 2018, Meruyert Abugaliyeva in International on 28 (28 April 2018). "Kazakhstan to start issuing e-visas in July".
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