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This is an alphabetical list of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Americas. It comprises three regions, Northern America (Canada and the United States), the Caribbean (cultural region of the English, French, Dutch, and Creole speaking countries located on the Caribbean Sea) and Latin America (nations that speak Spanish and Portuguese). The Americas are almost entirely located in the Western Hemisphere, with some of the north-west islands of Alaska entering the Eastern Hemisphere. The majority of islands lying in the Atlantic between the Americas and Afro-Eurasia, such as Iceland, are not normally associated with the Americas and are therefore excluded from this list.

Sovereign states

The following is a list of sovereign states in the Americas. All 35 states are members of the United Nations and the Organization of American States.[1]

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Flag English short name English long name Capital Local long name(s) Year of independence ISO 3-letter
Alpha Code
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[2] Antigua and Barbuda St. John's English: Antigua and Barbuda 1981 ATG
Flag of Argentina Argentina[3][4] Argentine Republic Buenos Aires Spanish: República Argentina 1816 ARG
Flag of the Bahamas Bahamas[2] Commonwealth of The Bahamas Nassau English: Commonwealth of The Bahamas 1973 BHS
Flag of Barbados Barbados[2] Barbados Bridgetown English: Barbados 1966 BRB
Flag of Belize Belize[2] Belize Belmopan English: Belize
Spanish: Belice
1981 BLZ
Flag of Bolivia Bolivia[5] Plurinational State of Bolivia La Paz and Sucre[B] Spanish: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
Quechua: Buliwya Mamallaqta
Aymara: Wuliwya Suyu
Guarani: Tetã Volívia
1825 BOL
Flag of Brazil Brazil[4] Federative Republic of Brazil Brasília Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil 1822 BRA
Flag of Canada Canada[6] Canada Ottawa English: Canada
French: Canada
1867 CAN
Flag of Chile Chile[3][7] Republic of Chile Santiago[C] Spanish: República de Chile 1818 CHL
Flag of Colombia Colombia[5] Republic of Colombia Bogotá Spanish: República de Colombia 1810 COL
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica Republic of Costa Rica San José Spanish: República de Costa Rica 1821 CRI
Flag of Cuba Cuba Republic of Cuba Havana Spanish: República de Cuba 1902 CUB
Flag of Dominica Dominica[2] Commonwealth of Dominica Roseau English: Commonwealth of Dominica 1978 DMA
Flag of the Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Spanish: República Dominicana 1844 DOM
Flag of Ecuador Ecuador[5][7] Republic of Ecuador Quito Spanish: República del Ecuador
Quechua: Ikwadur Ripuwlika
1822 ECU
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador Republic of El Salvador San Salvador Spanish: República de El Salvador 1821 SLV
Flag of Grenada Grenada[2] Grenada St. George's English: Grenada 1974 GRD
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala Republic of Guatemala Guatemala City Spanish: República de Guatemala 1821 GTM
Flag of Guyana Guyana[2] Co-operative Republic of Guyana Georgetown English: Co-operative Republic of Guyana 1966 GUY
Flag of Haiti Haiti[2] Republic of Haiti Port-au-Prince French: République d'Haïti 1804 HTI
Flag of Honduras Honduras Republic of Honduras Tegucigalpa Spanish: República de Honduras 1821 HND
Flag of Jamaica Jamaica[2] Jamaica Kingston English: Jamaica 1962 JAM
Flag of Mexico Mexico United Mexican States Mexico City Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos 1821 MEX
Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua Republic of Nicaragua Managua Spanish: República de Nicaragua 1821 NIC
Flag of Panama Panama Republic of Panama Panama City Spanish: República de Panamá 1903 PAN
Flag of Paraguay Paraguay[4] Republic of Paraguay Asunción Spanish: República del Paraguay
Guarani: Tetã Paraguái
1811 PRY
Flag of Peru Peru[5] Republic of Peru Lima Spanish: República del Perú
Quechua: Piruw Republika
Aymara: Piruw Suyu
1821 PER
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis[2] Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre English: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis 1983 KNA
Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia[2] Saint Lucia Castries English: Saint Lucia 1979 LCA
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[2] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1979 VCT
Flag of Suriname Suriname[2] Republic of Suriname Paramaribo Dutch: Republiek Suriname 1975 SUR
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[2] Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain English: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago 1962 TTO
Flag of the United States United States[6][7] United States of America Washington, D.C. English: United States of America 1776 USA
Flag of Uruguay Uruguay[4] Oriental Republic of Uruguay Montevideo Spanish: República Oriental del Uruguay 1828 URY
Flag of Venezuela Venezuela Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Caracas Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela 1811 VEN

Constituent parts of sovereign states

Flag English short name English long name Political status Capital Local short name(s)
Aruba Aruba Aruba Constituent country of the
Kingdom of the Netherlands
Oranjestad Dutch: Aruba
Bonaire Bonaire Bonaire Special municipality of the country of the Netherlands[8] Kralendijk Dutch: Bonaire
Papiamento: Boneiru
France Clipperton Island[9] Clipperton Island Overseas state private property and
constituent part of the French Republic
Uninhabited French: Île de Clipperton
Curaçao Curaçao Curaçao Constituent country of the
Kingdom of the Netherlands
Willemstad Dutch: Curaçao
Papiamento: Kòrsou
French Guiana French Guiana French Guiana Overseas region and constituent part
of the French Republic[10]
Cayenne French: Guyane
Greenland Greenland Greenland Autonomous territory of the
Kingdom of Denmark
Nuuk Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat
Danish: Grønland
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Overseas region and constituent part
of the French Republic[10]
Basse-Terre French: Guadeloupe
Martinique Martinique Martinique Overseas region and constituent part
of the French Republic[10]
Fort-de-France French: Martinique
Saba Saba Saba Special municipality of the country of the Netherlands[8] The Bottom Dutch: Saba
Saint Barthélemy Saint Barthelemy Collectivity of Saint Barthelemy Overseas collectivity and constituent part
of the French Republic
Gustavia French: Saint-Barthélemy
France Saint Martin Collectivity of Saint Martin Overseas collectivity and constituent part
of the French Republic
Marigot French: Saint-Martin
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon Overseas collectivity and constituent part
of the French Republic
Saint-Pierre French: Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon
Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius Special municipality of the country of the Netherlands[8] Oranjestad Dutch: Sint Eustatius
Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Constituent country of the
Kingdom of the Netherlands
Philipsburg Dutch: Sint Maarten

Dependent territories of sovereign states

Flag English short name English long name Political status Capital Local short name(s)
Anguilla Anguilla Anguilla British overseas territory The Valley English: Anguilla
Bermuda Bermuda Bermuda Islands British overseas territory Hamilton English: Bermuda
Portuguese: Bermudas
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands British overseas territory Road Town English: British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Cayman Islands British overseas territory George Town English: Cayman Islands
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands[11] Falkland Islands British overseas territory Stanley English: Falkland Islands
Spanish: Islas Malvinas
Montserrat Montserrat[2] Montserrat British overseas territory Brades English: Montserrat
United States Navassa Island[12] Navassa Island Unincorporated unorganized territory
of the United States
Uninhabited English: Navassa Island
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Unincorporated organized territory
of the United States
San Juan Spanish: Puerto Rico
English: Puerto Rico
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands[11] South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands British overseas territory King Edward Point English: South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands British overseas territory Cockburn Town English: Turks and Caicos Islands
United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands Unincorporated organized territory
of the United States
Charlotte Amalie English: United States Virgin Islands

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The current government of Cuba was excluded from participation in the Organization under a decision adopted by the Eighth Meeting of Consultation in Punta del Este, Uruguay, on 31 January 1962.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Full member of the Caribbean Community
  3. ^ a b Claims territory in Antarctica
  4. ^ a b c d Full member of Mercosur
  5. ^ a b c d Full member of the Andean Community
  6. ^ a b Signatory to the North American Free Trade Agreement, source: CIA The World Factbook
  7. ^ a b c Includes Pacific islands usually not considered part of the Americas
  8. ^ a b c The Special Municipalities of the Netherlands are fully incorporated parts of the Netherlands.
  9. ^ Sometimes considered to be part of Oceania.
  10. ^ a b c The Overseas Departments of France are fully incorporated parts of France.
  11. ^ a b Claimed by Argentina
  12. ^ Claimed by Haiti