South Florida
Location of South Florida
Country United States
State Florida
Largest city Miami

South Florida, sometimes colloquially shortened to SoFlo, is the southernmost region of the U.S. state of Florida. It is one of Florida's three most commonly referred to directional regions; the two others are Central Florida and North Florida. South Florida is the southernmost part of the continental United States and the only region of the continental U.S. that includes some areas with a tropical climate.

South Florida is dominated by the Miami metropolitan area and the Everglades. It also contains the Florida Keys; three U.S. national parks: Biscayne, Dry Tortugas, and Everglades; and multiple cities.


As with all vernacular regions, South Florida has no official boundaries or status and is defined differently by different sources. A 2007 study of Florida's regions by Ary Lamme and Raymond K. Oldakowski found that Floridians surveyed identified "South Florida" as comprising the southernmost sections of peninsular Florida, meaning from Jupiter, Florida south. That area includes the Miami metropolitan area, defined as Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties, the Florida Keys, and the interior region known as the Glades.

The term South Florida most commonly refers to the Miami metro’s tri-county area, interpretations vary on the inclusion of some other parts of Florida within the South Florida region, such as the inclusion of Southwest Florida and the Treasure Coast. Southwest Florida, representing the state's Gulf Coast, has emerged as a directional vernacular region. Respondents from as far northwest as the Tampa Bay area identified their region as being in Central Florida.[2] Confusing the matter further, the University of South Florida, named in part because of its status as the state's southernmost public university at the time of its 1957 founding, is located in Tampa Florida State Road 70 bisects approximately in the Central Florida region from west to east. However, Tampa is not considered South Florida region.[3]

Enterprise Florida, the state's economic development agency, identifies "Southeast Florida" as one of eight economic regions used by the agency and other state and outside entities, including the Florida Department of Transportation. Some entities alternately designate this region "South Florida".[4] Its definition includes much of the same territory as Lamme and Oldakowski's report, except the Gulf Coast and much of the interior Glades region.. It includes Monroe County and the three metropolitan counties of Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach, as well as the three "Treasure Coast" counties of Indian River, St. Lucie, and Martin to the north.[5]


The demographics of South Florida residents can be segmented as following:

Population % Place of Birth
32.2% State of Florida
33.0% Elsewhere in the U.S.
34.8% Outside of the U.S.

Over 87.2% of all foreigners residing in South Florida come from Latin America.

Political affiliations

South Florida is politically diverse, with multiple congressional districts in the region supporting both the Democratic and Republican parties. As evidenced by the 2020 United States presidential election, supporters of the Democratic Party are mostly concentrated in urban areas, as well as areas to the west of and including downtown Key West, rural communities surrounding Immokalee, and the areas surrounding Belle Glade, while supporters of the Republican Party reside in the most costal regions of the Miami area north of Pompano Beach, most of the Everglades, most of the regions between Port St. Lucie and Riviera Beach, Southwest Florida, and a supermajority of the region's inland and rural areas.[6]


A U.S. Geological Survey satellite image of the Miami metropolitan area in April 2007

Largest cities in South Florida by population:

City 2020 population[7] 2010 population[8] 2000 population County
Miami 442,241 399,457 362,470 Miami-Dade
Hialeah 223,109 224,669 226,419 Miami-Dade
Fort Lauderdale 182,760 165,521 152,397 Broward
Pembroke Pines 171,178 154,750 137,427 Broward
Hollywood 153,067 140,768 139,368 Broward
Miramar 134,721 122,041 72,739 Broward
Coral Springs 134,394 121,096 117,549 Broward
Miami Gardens 111,640 107,167 124,656 Miami-Dade
West Palm Beach 117,415 99,919 82,103 Palm Beach
Pompano Beach 112,046 99,845 78,191 Broward
Davie 105,691 91,992 75,720 Broward
Miami Beach 82,890 87,779 87,933 Miami-Dade
Plantation 91,750 84,955 82,934 Broward
Sunrise 97,335 84,439 85,787 Broward
Boca Raton 97,422 84,392 74,764 Palm Beach
Deerfield Beach 86,859 75,018 64,585 Broward
Boynton Beach 80,380 68,217 60,389 Palm Beach
Lauderhill 74,482 66,887 57,585 Broward
Weston 68,107 65,333 49,286 Broward
Delray Beach 66,846 60,522 60,020 Palm Beach
Homestead 80,737 60,512 31,909 Miami-Dade
Tamarac 71,897 60,427 55,588 Broward
North Miami 60,191 58,786 59,880 Miami-Dade
Wellington 61,637 56,508 38,216 Palm Beach
Jupiter 61,047 55,156 39,328 Palm Beach
Margate 58,712 53,284 53,909 Broward
Coconut Creek 57,833 52,909 43,566 Broward


Miami accent

The Miami accent is a regional accent of the American English dialect spoken in South Florida, particularly in Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach, and Monroe counties. The accent was born in central Miami, but has expanded to the rest of South Florida in the decades since the 1960s. The Miami accent is most prevalent in American-born South Floridian youth.[9][10][11]

The Miami accent is based on a fairly standard American accent but with some changes very similar to dialects in the Mid-Atlantic (especially the New York area dialect, Northern New Jersey English, and New York Latino English.) Unlike Virginia Piedmont, Coastal Southern American, and Northeast American dialects, the "Miami accent" is rhotic; it also incorporates a rhythm and pronunciation heavily influenced by Spanish (wherein rhythm is syllable-timed).[12]


Cape Florida Light, a lighthouse constructed in 1825 on Cape Florida at the south end of Key Biscayne

Lamme and Oldakowski identify several demographic, political, and cultural elements that characterize South Florida and distinguish it from other areas of the state. Many of its differences appear to be driven by its proportionately higher level of migration from the northern U.S. states and from the Caribbean and Latin America, particularly in the densely populated Miami area.[13] Politically, South Florida is more liberal than the rest of the state. While less than 10% of people in either North or Central Florida felt their area was liberal, over a third of South Floridians described their region as such.[14] 38% characterized the area as conservative; 26% as moderate.[14] This tracks with South Florida's demographics, and Lamme and Oldakowski's findings parallel Barney Warf and Cynthia Waddell's research on Florida's political geography during the 2000 Presidential election.[14][15] The economy in South Florida is very similar to that in Central Florida. Compared to the more diversified economy in North Florida, tourism is by far the most significant industry in South and Central Florida, with a much smaller but vibrant agricultural industry.[16]


Lamme and Oldakowski's survey also found some cultural indicators distinguishing South Florida. South Florida is the only region of the state where ethnic foods are as popular as general American cuisine.[17] Floribbean cuisine is a fusion cuisine which developed in South Florida, drawing influence from Floridian, Caribbean, Asian and Latin American cuisines. Additionally, while there was little geographical variation for most styles of music, there was regional variation for both country and Latin music. Country was significantly less popular in South Florida than in North or Central Florida, while Latin was more popular than in the other regions.[17]

Urban planning

The Anthony J. Catanese Center for Urban and Environmental Solutions at Florida Atlantic University notes the unusual growth pattern of South Florida. Unlike many areas with centralized cities surrounded by development, most of South Florida is preserved natural area and designated agricultural reserves, with development restricted to a dense, narrow strip along the coast. The developed area is highly urbanized and increasingly continuous and decentralized, with no particular dominant core cities. The center projects this pattern to continue in the future.[18]

Partition proposals

The partition of Florida as proposed by the South Miami's mayor and its city commission in 2014

There have been several proposals for partitioning the state of Florida to form a separate state of South Florida. Such proposals have usually been made as political statement rather than serious attempts at secession. Reasons often stated are cultural, ethnic, economic, and financial frustrations with the state government in Tallahassee, which is in North Florida.[19]

In 2008, the North Lauderdale City Commission passed a resolution calling for a new state of South Florida to be formed from Palm Beach, Broward, Miami-Dade and Monroe Counties.[20][19]

In 2014, South Miami's city commission passed a resolution in favor of splitting the state in half, with a northern boundary drawn to include the counties of Brevard, Orange, Polk, Hillsborough, and Pinellas, which roughly includes parts of Tampa Bay and Orlando areas. In total, the proposed State of South Florida would have included 24 counties.[21][22][23]

See also


  1. ^ "County Population".
  2. ^ Lamme & Oldakowsi, p. 329.
  3. ^ "USF History". University of South Florida. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  4. ^ "Charting the Course" uses "the term 'Southeast' Florida interchangeably with 'South' Florida" for this region; p. 3.
  5. ^ "Charting the Course", p. 2–3.
  6. ^ Park, Alice; Smart, Charlie; Taylor, Rumsey; Watkins, Miles (2021-02-02). "An Extremely Detailed Map of the 2020 Election". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-10-25.
  7. ^ Bureau of Economic and Business Research (2011). "Florida Population: Census Summary 2010". University of Florida. ((cite web)): |author= has generic name (help)
  8. ^ Bureau of Economic and Business Research (2021). "Florida Population: Census Summary 2020". University of Florida. Archived from the original on 2020-09-27. Retrieved 2017-04-18. ((cite web)): |author= has generic name (help)
  9. ^ Haggin, Patience (27 August 2013). "Miami Accents: Why Locals Embrace That Heavy "L" Or Not". Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  10. ^ Watts, Gabriella (26 August 2013). "Miami Accents: How 'Miamah' Turned Into A Different Sort Of Twang". Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  11. ^ "English in the 305 has its own distinct Miami sound - Lifestyle -". Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  12. ^ "'Miami Accent' Takes Speakers By Surprise". Articles – June 13, 2004. Archived from the original on 2012-08-20. Retrieved 2012-10-08.
  13. ^ Lamme & Oldakowsi, p. 330.
  14. ^ a b c Lamme & Oldakowsi, p. 336.
  15. ^ Warf & Waddell, pp. 88.
  16. ^ Lamme & Oldakowsi, pp. 336–337.
  17. ^ a b Lamme & Oldakowsi, p. 337.
  18. ^ "Charting the Course", p. 3.
  19. ^ a b Morelli, Keith (May 8, 2008). "2 Broward Cities Plant Seeds of Secession". The Tampa Tribune. Archived from the original on September 8, 2017. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  20. ^ Huriash, Lisa J. (May 6, 2008). "North Lauderdale wants to split Florida into two states". Sun-Sentinel. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  21. ^ Cutway, Adrienne. "Officials want South Florida to break off into its own state". Retrieved 10 July 2018.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ Cutway, Adrienne (21 October 2014). "Officials want South Florida to break off into its own state". Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  23. ^ "Officials want to create 51st state in South Florida". Archived from the original on 2014-10-22. Retrieved 2014-10-22.