Franklin County
Franklin County Courthouse
Franklin County Courthouse
Map of Florida highlighting Franklin County
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 29°48′N 84°49′W / 29.8°N 84.82°W / 29.8; -84.82
Country United States
State Florida
FoundedFebruary 8, 1832
Named forBenjamin Franklin
SeatApalachicola
Largest communityEastpoint
Area
 • Total1,026 sq mi (2,660 km2)
 • Land535 sq mi (1,390 km2)
 • Water492 sq mi (1,270 km2)  47.9%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2020)
12,451
 • Density23/sq mi (9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.franklincountyflorida.com

Franklin County is a county along the Gulf of Mexico in the panhandle of the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2020 census, the population was 12,451,[1] making it the third-least populous county in Florida. The county seat is Apalachicola.[2]

The county includes several large preserved areas and rivers and has been home to commercial timber and fishing industry. More recently it has become popular for tourism and retirement. It includes several rivers, state parks, and islands.

History

Franklin County was founded in 1832.[3] It was named for Benjamin Franklin.[4]

The second largest town in Franklin County is Carrabelle, 25 miles east of Apalachicola on the Carrabelle River.

Camp Gordon Johnston

Main article: Camp Gordon Johnston

During World War II most of Franklin County was used by the U.S. Army for amphibious and jungle training, for which the beaches and islands were ideal. When the war ended and the military left, Lanark Village was established from the remaining officer's quarters.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,026 square miles (2,660 km2), of which 535 square miles (1,390 km2) is land and 492 square miles (1,270 km2) (47.9%) is water.[5]

Franklin County includes part of Tate's Hell State Forest. Bald Point State Park is nearby. The county's river's include the Carrabelle River and its tributaries the New River (Florida Panhandle) and Crooked River (Florida), visited by paddlers. The extreme eastern tip of the county is bordered by the Ochlockonee River.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Barrier Islands

Also, St. James Island, while part of the mainland, is technically an island, being separated from the rest of Franklin County by rivers and an estuary.

Historic sites

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18401,030
18501,56151.6%
18601,90422.0%
18701,256−34.0%
18801,79142.6%
18903,30884.7%
19004,89047.8%
19105,2016.4%
19205,3182.2%
19306,28318.1%
19405,991−4.6%
19505,814−3.0%
19606,57613.1%
19707,0657.4%
19807,6618.4%
19908,96717.0%
200011,05723.3%
201011,5494.4%
202012,4517.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2015[1] 2019[10]
Franklin County racial composition as of 2020
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Pop 2010[13] Pop 2020[14] % 2010 % 2020
White (NH) 9,188 9,798 79.56% 78.69%
Black or African American (NH) 1,574 1,403 13.63% 11.27%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 52 41 0.45% 0.33%
Asian (NH) 26 30 0.23% 0.24%
Pacific Islander (NH) 2 2 0.02% 0.02%
Some Other Race (NH) 3 41 0.03% 0.33%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 175 461 1.52% 3.7%
Hispanic or Latino 529 675 4.58% 5.42%
Total 11,549 12,451 100.00% 100.00%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 12,451 people, 4,691 households, and 2,926 families residing in the county.

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 11,057 people, 4,096 households, and 2,727 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km2). There were 7,180 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 81.24% White, 16.32% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 2.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,096 households, out of which 24.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples] living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 18.00% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 30.80% from 25 to 44, 27.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 129.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 135.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,756, and the median income for a family was $31,157. Males had a median income of $25,101 versus $20,494 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,140. About 11.80% of families and 17.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.20% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Franklin County residents are within the Franklin County School District.[16] All Students K-12 attend the Franklin County School at Eastpoint, FL, except those attending the Apalachicola Bay Charter School or other private schools.

Libraries

The Franklin County Public Library works with the Wilderness Coast Public Libraries. The FCPL has two library branches.

In addition, Franklin County has the Apalachicola Margaret Key Library, an independent library with a history of providing services for over 100 years. It is not a member of Wilderness Coast, but is recognized the state.

Politics

Voter Registration

Franklin County Voter Registration & Party Enrollment as of April 30, 2022
Political Party Total Voters Percentage
Democratic 3,115 42.00%
Republican 3,408 45.95%
Independent 755 10.47%
Third Parties 138 1.91%
Total 7,416 100.00%

Statewide Elections

United States presidential election results for Franklin County, Florida[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,675 68.16% 2,120 30.91% 64 0.93%
2016 4,125 68.08% 1,744 28.78% 190 3.14%
2012 3,570 64.98% 1,845 33.58% 79 1.44%
2008 3,818 63.12% 2,134 35.28% 97 1.60%
2004 3,472 58.54% 2,401 40.48% 58 0.98%
2000 2,454 52.83% 2,047 44.07% 144 3.10%
1996 1,563 34.20% 2,096 45.86% 911 19.93%
1992 1,664 37.99% 1,535 35.05% 1,181 26.96%
1988 1,913 58.52% 1,283 39.25% 73 2.23%
1984 2,218 67.05% 1,090 32.95% 0 0.00%
1980 1,508 44.59% 1,775 52.48% 99 2.93%
1976 1,054 35.45% 1,859 62.53% 60 2.02%
1972 2,277 82.14% 490 17.68% 5 0.18%
1968 529 16.86% 699 22.28% 1,909 60.85%
1964 1,419 50.95% 1,366 49.05% 0 0.00%
1960 764 33.84% 1,494 66.16% 0 0.00%
1956 571 37.34% 958 62.66% 0 0.00%
1952 611 33.04% 1,238 66.96% 0 0.00%
1948 130 12.24% 635 59.79% 297 27.97%
1944 102 7.98% 1,176 92.02% 0 0.00%
1940 102 6.79% 1,400 93.21% 0 0.00%
1936 125 8.13% 1,413 91.87% 0 0.00%
1932 99 9.37% 958 90.63% 0 0.00%
1928 334 44.30% 417 55.31% 3 0.40%
1924 109 20.00% 417 76.51% 19 3.49%
1920 276 29.18% 587 62.05% 83 8.77%
1916 81 16.80% 312 64.73% 89 18.46%
1912 58 14.87% 266 68.21% 66 16.92%
1908 112 22.54% 283 56.94% 102 20.52%
1904 144 29.69% 336 69.28% 5 1.03%


Previous gubernatorial elections results
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2018 64.72% 3,508 33.03% 1,790 2.25% 122
2014 58.17% 2,505 37.92% 1,633 3.91% 168
2010 47.72% 1,938 47.89% 1,945 4.39% 178
2006 49.89% 1,981 46.69% 1,854 3.42% 136
2002 47.81% 1,819 50.75% 1,931 1.45% 55
1998 56.08% 1,536 43.92% 1,203
1994 33.43% 1,324 66.57% 2,636

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Transportation

Airports

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[11][12]

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 31.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 131.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
  10. ^ "QuickFacts. Florida counties". Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  11. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  12. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  16. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Franklin County, FL" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 31, 2022. - Text list
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved June 14, 2018.

Government links/constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch

Tourism links

Coordinates: 29°48′N 84°49′W / 29.80°N 84.82°W / 29.80; -84.82