Miami metropolitan area
Miami–Fort Lauderdale–West Palm Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area[1]
From top (left to right): Greater Downtown Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Sawgrass Mills, The Square at West Palm Beach, Miami Beach, and Boca Raton
Location of the Miami metropolitan area's four primary components in Florida
Location of the Miami metropolitan area's four primary components in Florida
Coordinates: 26°8′N 80°12′W / 26.133°N 80.200°W / 26.133; -80.200
Country United States
State Florida
Core city Miami
Principal cities[1]
Area
 • Land6,137 sq mi (15,890 km2)
Highest elevation
Jupiter
53 ft (16.2 m)
Lowest elevation
Atlantic Ocean
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 • Total6,138,333
 • Estimate 
(2023)[3]
6,183,199
 • Rank9th in the United States
1st in Florida
 • Density1,000.38/sq mi (386.37/km2)
GDP
 • MSA$483.755 billion (2022)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern Daylight Time)

The Miami metropolitan area, also known as South Florida, SoFlo, SoFla, the Gold Coast, the Tri-County Area, or Greater Miami, and officially the Miami–Fort Lauderdale–West Palm Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area, is a coastal metropolitan area in southeastern Florida. It is the ninth-largest metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in the United States, the fifth-largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States, and the largest metropolitan area in Florida. With a population of 6.18 million,[3] its population exceeds 31 of the nation's 50 states as of 2023. It comprises the three most populated counties in the state, Miami-Dade County, Broward County, and Palm Beach County, which rank as the first, second, and third-most populous counties in the state, respectively. Miami-Dade County, with 2,701,767 people in 2020, is the seventh-most populous county in the United States.

Miami is the region's financial and cultural core and most populous city. Other principal cities, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget, include Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach, Pompano Beach, Boca Raton, Sunrise, Deerfield Beach, Miami Beach, Kendall, Doral, Delray Beach, Jupiter, and Palm Beach Gardens.[1] The Miami metropolitan area is part of the larger South Florida region of the state, which also includes the Everglades and the Florida Keys.

With 1,279.2 sq mi (3,313 km2) of urban landmass, the Miami metropolitan area also is one of the world's most populous urban agglomerations.

South Florida is largely confined to a strip of land between the Atlantic Ocean and Everglades, and Miami's urbanized area is about 100 miles (160 km) long (north to south) and at most 20 miles (32 km) east to west; in some areas, its east to west width is only 5 miles (8 km). The Miami metropolitan statistical area is the second-longest urbanized area in the United States behind the New York metropolitan area.[5] It was the eighth-most densely populated urbanized area in the United States as of the 2000 census.[6]

As of the 2020 census, the Miami-Fort Lauderdale urbanized area had a land area of 1,244.18 square miles (3,222.4 km2), with a population of 6,077,522, for a population density of 4,884.78 inhabitants per square mile (1,886.02/km2). The Miami metropolitan area also had one urban cluster (UC) as of the 2020 census, which is not part of the Miami urbanized area. The Belle Glade urban cluster had a population of 23,009, area of 7.21 square miles (18.7 km2) and population density of 3,191.41 inhabitants per square mile (1,232.21/km2).[7] Miami, the largest city in the metropolitan area, had population density of over 10,000/sq mi (more than 3,800/km2) in 2000.[8][9] The Miami Urbanized Area was the fourth-largest urbanized area in the United States in the 2010 census.

The most notable colleges and universities in the Miami metropolitan area include Florida Atlantic University, Florida International University, Nova Southeastern University, and the University of Miami. The region also has three community colleges, Broward College, Miami Dade College, and Palm Beach State College. Some of these institutions, such as Florida International University and Miami Dade College, make up some of the largest institutions of higher learning in the United States.[10]

Definitions

Miami metropolitan area

Satellite image of the Miami metropolitan area in January 2023

As of 2023, the Miami metropolitan area is defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget as the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA),[1] with a 2020 population of 6,138,333. The MSA is made up of three "metropolitan divisions" :

The MSA is the second most populous metropolitan area in the Southeastern United States and has an area of 6,137 sq. mi (15,890 km2).

The original MSA for Miami, as defined by the OMB, included only Dade County (now Miami-Dade County). By 1995, the Miami-Hialeah and Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach MSAs had been merged into the Miami-Fort Lauderdale Consolidated MSA, consisting of the Miami Primary MSA (Dade County) and the Fort Lauderdale Primary MSA (Broward County).[12] In 2003, the West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach MSA was merged with the consolidated MSA to form the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area, consisting of: the Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deefield Beach Metropolitan Division (Broward County), the Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall Metropolitan Division (Miami-Dade County), and the West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach Metropolitan Division (Palm Beach County).[13]

Miami-Port Saint Lucie-Fort Lauderdale Combined Statistical Area

The Census Bureau also defines a wider commercial region based on commuting patterns, the Miami-Port Saint Lucie-Fort Lauderdale Combined Statistical Area (CSA), with a population of 6,887,655 in 2020.

As of 2023, the CSA consists of three component metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) and one Micropolitan statistical area (μSA):

When the CSA was defined in 2013, it included the Okeechobee μSA, but not the Key West μSA. In 2018 the Okeechobee μSA was removed from the CSA and the Key West μSA was added. The Okeechobee μSA was re-added to the CSA in 2023.[15][16][14]

Gold Coast

The Miami metropolitan area is frequently named the "Gold Coast" in convention with Florida's other coast regions, including the Space Coast, Treasure Coast, Sun Coast, Nature Coast, Forgotten Coast, Emerald Coast, Fun Coast, and First Coast. Like several of the others, it seems to have originated at the time the area first saw major growth. One of the best known of Florida's vernacular regions, the name is a reference to the wealth and ritzy tropical lifestyle that characterizes the area.*Lamme, Ary J.; Oldakowski, Raymond K. (November 2007). "Spinning a New Geography of Vernacular Regional Identity: Florida in the Twenty-First Century". Southeastern Geographer. 47 (2): 330–331. doi:10.1353/sgo.2007.0029. S2CID 129577530.[17]

Climate and geography

Climate

See also: Climate of Miami

Biscayne National Park in Miami-Dade County on 28 April 2005

South Florida/Miami metropolitan area has a tropical climate, similar to the climate found in much of the Caribbean. It is the only metropolitan area in the 48 contiguous states that falls under that category. More specifically, it generally has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification, Am).[18] The South Florida metropolis sees most of its rain in the summer (wet season) and is quite dry in the winter (dry season). The wet season, which is hot and humid, lasts from May to October, when daily thunderstorms and passing weak tropical lows bring downpours during the late afternoon. The dry season often starts in late October and runs through late April. During the height of the dry season from February through April, South Florida is often very dry, and often brush fires and water restrictions are an issue. At times cold fronts can make it all the way down to South Florida and provide some modest rainfall in the dry season. The hurricane season largely coincides with the wet season.[19]

In addition to its sea-level elevation, coastal location and position near the Tropic of Cancer and the Caribbean, the area owes its warm, humid climate to the Gulf Stream, which moderates climate year-round. A typical summer day does not see temperatures below 75 °F (24 °C). Temperatures in the high 80s to low 90s (30–35 °C) accompanied by high humidity are often relieved by afternoon thunderstorms or a sea breeze that develops off the Atlantic Ocean, which then allow lower temperatures, although conditions still remain very muggy.

During winter, dry air often dominates as dew points are often very low. Average daily high temperatures across South Florida during the winter are around 74–77 °F (23–25 °C). Although daily highs can sometimes reach 82–85 °F (28–29 °C) even in January and February. Daily low temperatures during the winter are generally around 55–63 °F (13–17 °C). Each winter, cold fronts occasionally make their way down to the northern Bahamas and South Florida. As a result, daytime high temperatures in South Florida may only reach around 65 °F (18 °C) or cooler. When this occurs low temperatures can dip into the 40s during the early morning hours before quickly warming-up toward late morning/early afternoon. It is rare for temperatures to drop below 40 °F (4 °C), however, low temperatures at or around 35 °F (2 °C) have occurred some years. South Florida only experiences these cold spells about twice each winter and they typically only last a day or two before temperatures return to the mid 70s. On average South Florida is frost-free, although there can be a light frost in the inland communities about once every decade.

Hurricane season officially runs from June 1 through November 30, although hurricanes can develop outside that period. The most likely time for South Florida to be hit is during the peak of the Cape Verde season, mid-August through the end of September.[20] Due to its location between two major bodies of water known for tropical activity, South Florida is also statistically the most likely major area to be struck by a hurricane in the world, trailed closely by Nassau, Bahamas, and Havana, Cuba. Many hurricanes have affected the metropolis, including Betsy in 1965, Andrew in 1992, Irene in 1999, Hurricanes Katrina and Wilma in 2005, and Irma in 2017. In addition, a tropical depression in October 2000 passed over the city, causing record rainfall and flooding. Locally, the storm is credited as the No Name Storm of 2000, though the depression went on to become Tropical Storm Leslie upon entering the Atlantic Ocean.

Climate data for West Palm Beach Airport, Florida (1981–2010 normals,[21] extremes 1888–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 75.2
(24.0)
76.3
(24.6)
80.0
(26.7)
84.1
(28.9)
87.0
(30.6)
90.7
(32.6)
92.0
(33.3)
91.3
(32.9)
88.3
(31.3)
84.3
(29.1)
82.3
(27.9)
76.7
(24.8)
84.3
(29.1)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 57.4
(14.1)
58.6
(14.8)
61.7
(16.5)
65.0
(18.3)
71.1
(21.7)
75.0
(23.9)
75.2
(24.0)
75.4
(24.1)
74.3
(23.5)
70.9
(21.6)
63.4
(17.4)
60.0
(15.6)
66.8
(19.3)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 2.18
(55)
2.09
(53)
2.05
(52)
2.03
(52)
5.76
(146)
9.02
(229)
9.27
(235)
9.83
(250)
9.93
(252)
9.57
(243)
5.07
(129)
2.27
(58)
60.35
(1,533)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.8 6.7 5.0 5.8 14.1 16.0 18.1 19.0 16.7 17.1 10.2 7.1 132.6
Source: NOAA[22][23]
Climate data for Fort Lauderdale Int'l Airport, Florida (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1912–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 75.5
(24.2)
76.7
(24.8)
78.5
(25.8)
82.9
(28.3)
85.6
(29.8)
89.8
(32.1)
91.9
(33.3)
90.5
(32.5)
88.8
(31.6)
85.8
(29.9)
81.0
(27.2)
76.9
(24.9)
83.3
(28.5)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 59.0
(15.0)
60.5
(15.8)
63.4
(17.4)
66.9
(19.4)
72.0
(22.2)
74.4
(23.6)
75.9
(24.4)
75.8
(24.3)
75.2
(24.0)
71.8
(22.1)
65.7
(18.7)
61.3
(16.3)
67.7
(19.8)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 3.63
(92)
2.96
(75)
3.36
(85)
2.89
(73)
4.65
(118)
10.16
(258)
5.98
(152)
7.44
(189)
8.59
(218)
6.82
(173)
3.24
(82)
2.46
(62)
62.18
(1,579)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 5.0 6.1 6.9 5.4 8.8 15.9 15.9 15.7 15.8 10.6 8.1 8.1 122.3
Source: [24][25][26]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31)
89
(32)
93
(34)
97
(36)
98
(37)
98
(37)
100
(38)
98
(37)
97
(36)
95
(35)
91
(33)
89
(32)
100
(38)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 84.4
(29.1)
85.8
(29.9)
89.0
(31.7)
90.7
(32.6)
92.8
(33.8)
94.2
(34.6)
94.7
(34.8)
94.5
(34.7)
93.2
(34.0)
90.9
(32.7)
87.0
(30.6)
84.9
(29.4)
95.8
(35.4)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 76.2
(24.6)
78.2
(25.7)
80.6
(27.0)
83.6
(28.7)
86.7
(30.4)
89.3
(31.8)
90.6
(32.6)
90.7
(32.6)
89.0
(31.7)
85.9
(29.9)
81.3
(27.4)
78.2
(25.7)
84.2
(29.0)
Daily mean °F (°C) 68.6
(20.3)
70.7
(21.5)
73.1
(22.8)
76.7
(24.8)
80.1
(26.7)
82.8
(28.2)
84.1
(28.9)
84.2
(29.0)
83.0
(28.3)
80.1
(26.7)
74.8
(23.8)
71.2
(21.8)
77.4
(25.2)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 61.0
(16.1)
63.2
(17.3)
65.6
(18.7)
69.8
(21.0)
73.4
(23.0)
76.3
(24.6)
77.5
(25.3)
77.7
(25.4)
76.9
(24.9)
74.2
(23.4)
68.3
(20.2)
64.3
(17.9)
70.7
(21.5)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 45.1
(7.3)
48.5
(9.2)
52.3
(11.3)
59.6
(15.3)
66.7
(19.3)
71.5
(21.9)
72.5
(22.5)
72.8
(22.7)
72.7
(22.6)
65.0
(18.3)
55.7
(13.2)
49.7
(9.8)
42.5
(5.8)
Record low °F (°C) 28
(−2)
27
(−3)
32
(0)
39
(4)
50
(10)
60
(16)
66
(19)
67
(19)
62
(17)
45
(7)
36
(2)
30
(−1)
27
(−3)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.83
(46)
2.15
(55)
2.46
(62)
3.36
(85)
6.32
(161)
10.51
(267)
7.36
(187)
9.58
(243)
10.22
(260)
7.65
(194)
3.53
(90)
2.44
(62)
67.41
(1,712)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.7 6.5 6.3 6.9 10.8 17.6 17.3 19.4 18.1 13.8 8.6 8.0 141.0
Average relative humidity (%) 72.7 70.9 69.5 67.3 71.6 76.2 74.8 76.2 77.8 74.9 73.8 72.5 73.2
Average dew point °F (°C) 57.6
(14.2)
57.6
(14.2)
60.4
(15.8)
62.6
(17.0)
67.6
(19.8)
72.0
(22.2)
73.0
(22.8)
73.8
(23.2)
73.2
(22.9)
68.7
(20.4)
63.9
(17.7)
59.2
(15.1)
65.8
(18.8)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 219.8 216.9 277.2 293.8 301.3 288.7 308.7 288.3 262.2 260.2 220.8 216.1 3,154
Percent possible sunshine 66 69 75 77 72 70 73 71 71 73 68 66 71
Average ultraviolet index 5.1 6.7 8.6 10.2 10.5 10.7 10.8 10.5 9.3 7.1 5.3 4.5 8.2
Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity, dew point and sun 1961–1990),[27][28][29] The Weather Channel[30]
Source 2: UV Index Today (1995 to 2022),[31] Thunderstorm days (1961 to 1990)[32]
Climate data for Miami Beach, 1981−2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 73.8
(23.2)
74.9
(23.8)
76.3
(24.6)
79.4
(26.3)
82.8
(28.2)
86.5
(30.3)
88.1
(31.2)
88.5
(31.4)
87.0
(30.6)
83.7
(28.7)
79.3
(26.3)
75.7
(24.3)
81.3
(27.4)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 61.4
(16.3)
63.0
(17.2)
65.3
(18.5)
69.2
(20.7)
73.9
(23.3)
77.0
(25.0)
78.3
(25.7)
78.6
(25.9)
77.7
(25.4)
74.7
(23.7)
69.5
(20.8)
64.3
(17.9)
71.1
(21.7)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 2.09
(53)
2.33
(59)
3.00
(76)
3.20
(81)
4.98
(126)
8.27
(210)
4.35
(110)
6.37
(162)
7.88
(200)
4.47
(114)
2.74
(70)
2.05
(52)
51.73
(1,313)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 6.7 6.0 6.9 6.0 8.9 14.5 12.1 14.0 14.9 11.2 8.1 6.9 116.2
Source: NOAA (extremes 1927−present)[27]

Component counties, subregions, and cities

Largest cities

Downtown Miami in November 2014
Fort Lauderdale in November 2015
West Palm Beach in November 2014

The following is a list of the twenty largest cities in the Miami metropolitan area as ranked by population.[33][34][35]

City County 2000
population
2010
population
2020
population
2010 to 2020
% change
Miami Miami-Dade 362,470 399,457 442,241 +10.71%
Hialeah Miami-Dade 226,419 224,669 223,109 −0.69%
Fort Lauderdale Broward 152,397 165,521 182,760 +10.41%
Pembroke Pines Broward 137,427 154,750 171,178 +10.62%
Hollywood Broward 139,357 140,768 153,067 +8.74%
Miramar Broward 72,739 122,041 134,721 +10.39%
Coral Springs Broward 117,549 121,096 133,394 +10.16%
Miami Gardens Miami-Dade 100,758 107,167 111,640 +4.17%
Pompano Beach Broward 78,191 99,845 112,046 +12.22%
West Palm Beach Palm Beach 82,103 99,919 117,415 +17.51%
Davie Broward 75,720 91,922 105,691 +14.98%
Boca Raton Palm Beach 74,764 84,392 97,422 +15.44%
Sunrise Broward 85,779 84,439 97,335 +15.27%
Plantation Broward 82,934 84,955 91,750 +8.00%
Miami Beach Miami-Dade 87,933 87,779 82,890 −5.57%
Deerfield Beach Broward 64,583 75,018 86,859 +15.78%
Boynton Beach Palm Beach 60,389 68,217 80,380 +17.83%
Lauderhill Broward 57,585 66,887 74,482 +11.35%
Doral Miami-Dade 20,438 45,704 75,874 +66.01%
Homestead Miami-Dade 31,909 60,512 80,737 +33.42%

Areas with between 10,000 and 100,000 inhabitants

Areas with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants

Demographics

Miami MSA (Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach)
CensusPop.Note
192066,542
1930214,830222.8%
1940387,52280.4%
1950693,70579.0%
19601,497,099115.8%
19702,236,88549.4%
19803,220,84444.0%
19904,056,10025.9%
20005,007,56423.5%
20105,564,63511.1%
20206,138,33310.3%
2023 (est.)6,183,1990.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1920–1970[36] 1980[37] 1990[38]
2000[39] 2010[40] 2020[2] 2023[3]
Historical racial composition 2020[2] 2010[40] 2000[39] 1990[38] 1980[37]
White (non-Hispanic) 29.1% 34.8% 44.1% 54.5% 64.6%
Hispanic or Latino 45.9% 41.6% 34.0% 27.8% 20.2%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 18.7% 19.7% 18.1% 16.3% 14.2%
Asian and Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic) 2.6% 2.2% 1.7% 1.2% 1.1%
Native American (non-Hispanic) 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Other Race (non-Hispanic) 0.8% 0.3% 0.3% 0.1%
Two or more races (non-Hispanic) 2.8% 1.2% 1.8% N/A N/A
Population 6,138,333 5,564,635 5,007,564 4,056,100 3,220,844
Demographic characteristics 2020[41][42][43] 2010[44][45][46] 2000[47][48][49] 1990[38] 1980[37][50]
Households 2,641,002 2,464,417 2,149,749 1,586,355 1,261,686
Persons per household 2.32 2.26 2.33 2.56 2.55
Sex Ratio 92.8 93.8 93.4 92.1 90.1
Ages 0–17 19.6% 21.7% 23.6% 22.0% 22.6%
Ages 18–64 61.5% 62.4% 59.9% 59.7% 59.3%
Ages 65 + 18.9% 15.9% 16.4% 18.3% 18.1%
Median age 42.2 39.9 37.7 36.4 36.9
Population 6,138,333 5,564,635 5,007,564 4,056,100 3,220,844
Economic indicators
2017–21 American Community Survey Miami metro area Florida
Median income[51] $34,644 $34,367
Median household income[52] $62,855 $61,777
Poverty Rate[53] 13.6% 13.1%
High school diploma[54] 86.5% 89.0%
Bachelor's degree[54] 34.1% 31.5%
Advanced degree[54] 13.0% 11.7%
Language spoken at home[c] 2015[d] 2010[e] 2000[57] 1990[58] 1980[59]
English 46.9% 49.2% 55.3% 64.0% 72.9%
Spanish or Spanish Creole 41.6% 39.7% 34.6% 27.8% 20.2%
French or Haitian Creole 5.9% 5.8% 4.9% 3.0% 1.3%
Other Languages 5.5% 5.3% 5.3% 5.1% 5.7%
Nativity 2015[f] 2010[g] 2000[64][65] 1990[58] 1980[59]
% population native-born 60.0% 61.8% 65.0% 71.0% 76.7%
... born in the United States 57.0% 59.1% 62.3% 68.4% 75.0%
... born in Puerto Rico or Island Areas 1.8% 1.7% 1.9% 2.2% 1.8%
... born to American parents abroad 1.2% 1.1% 0.8% 0.9%
% population foreign-born[h] 40.0% 38.2% 35.0% 29.0% 23.3%
... born in Cuba 13.0% 12.0% 11.5% 11.3% 10.6%
... born in Haiti 3.7% 3.5% 2.9% 1.8% N/A[i]
... born in Colombia 2.9% 2.8% 2.5% 1.4% N/A[i]
... born in Jamaica 2.3% 2.3% 2.1% 1.4% 0.7%
... born in Venezuela 1.6% 1.2% 0.7% 0.3% N/A[i]
... born in Nicaragua 1.5% 1.7% 1.8% 1.7% N/A[i]
... born in the Dominican Republic 1.2% 1.1% 1.0% 0.5% 0.2%
... born in Mexico 1.1% 1.1% 1.0% 0.5% 0.2%
... born in Honduras 1.1% 1.1% 0.9% 0.4% N/A[i]
... born in Peru 1.1% 1.1% 0.9% 0.5% N/A[i]
... born in Brazil 0.8% 0.7% 0.6% 0.2% N/A[i]
... born in Guatemala 0.7% 0.7% 0.4% 0.2% N/A[i]
... born in Argentina 0.7% 0.6% 0.5% 0.3% N/A[i]
... born in Canada 0.6% 0.6% 0.7% 0.7% 0.9%
... born in Ecuador 0.5% 0.5% 0.4% 0.2% N/A[i]
... born in El Salvador 0.5% 0.5% 0.4% 0.2% N/A[i]
... born in India 0.4% 0.3% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
... born in Trinidad and Tobago 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.2% N/A[i]
... born in the United Kingdom 0.3% 0.3% 0.4% 0.5% 0.6%
... born in China 0.3% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
... born in the Philippines 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
... born in Italy 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.3% 0.5%
... born in Chile 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% N/A[i]
... born in the Bahamas 0.2% 0.2% N/A[i] 0.3% N/A[i]
... born in Spain 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% N/A[i]
... born in Germany 0.2% 0.2% 0.4% 0.5% 0.6%
... born in Panama 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% N/A[i]
... born in Russia 0.2% 0.1% 0.2% 0.3%[j] 0.9%[j]
... born in Poland 0.1% 0.2% 0.3% 0.5% 0.7%
... born in Hungary 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2%
... born in Austria < 0.1% < 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2%
... born in other countries 3.4% 3.7% 3.3% 3.6% 6.7%

There is a strong divide between the northern and southern parts of the region in terms of dominant language. In 2010, English was the household language of 73.1% of Palm Beach County residents and 63.4% of Broward County residents but only 28.1% of Miami-Dade County residents. In contrast, 63.8% of Miami-Dade County residents spoke Spanish at home.

Religion

Religion in the Miami metropolitan area (2014)[66]

  Protestantism (39%)
  Mormonism (0.5%)
  Other Christian (1%)
  No religion (21%)
  Judaism (9%)
  Other religion (1%)

According to a 2014 study by the Pew Research Center, Christianity is the most prevalent religion in the Miami metropolitan area (68%), with 39% professing attendance at a variety of churches that could be considered Protestant and 27% professing Roman Catholic beliefs.[67][68] Judaism is second (9%), followed by Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism and a variety of other religions have smaller followings; 21% of the population did not identify with any religion.

The Miami area has one of the largest Jewish communities in the United States. 10.2% of the population identified as Jewish in the 2000 Census.[69] According to a 2011 survey of American Judaism, Palm Beach County had the most Jews of any Florida county both in absolute numbers (205,850) and as a percentage of the overall population (15.8%). Broward County came in second place with 170,700 Jewish residents or 9.8% of the population, and Miami-Dade County came in third with 106,300 or 4.3%.[70]

Housing

Changes in house prices for the area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 10-city composite index of the value of the residential real estate market.

As of 2005, the Miami area had a total of 2.3 million housing units, 13% of which were vacant. Of the total housing units, 52% were in single-unit structures, 45% were in multi-unit structures, and 3% were mobile homes. 25% of the housing units were built since 1990. As of 2019, over 70% of Miami's residents are renters with median rent of $1,355, $180 over the national average.

Households and families: There were 2,338,450 households, The average household size was 2.6 people. Families made up 65% of the households in the Miami area. This figure includes both married-couple families (45%) and other families (20%). Nonfamily households made up 35% of all households in Miami. Most of the nonfamily households were people living alone, but some consisted of people living in households in which no one was related to the householder.

Occupied housing unit characteristics: In 2005, the Miami area had 2.0 million occupied housing units – 1.3 million (66%) owner occupied and 688,000 (34%) renter occupied.

As of 2010, housing costs in the Miami area typically represented 40% of household income, compared to 34% nationwide.[71]

Property tax increase: In March 2009, Miami area lawmakers passed a 5–10% hike in property tax millage rates throughout the metropolitan area to fund the construction of new schools and to fund understaffed schools and educational institutions, resulting in an increase in residents' property tax bills beginning in the 2009 tax year.

Politics

The Stephen P. Clark Government Center in Downtown Miami, headquarters of many of Miami-Dade County's government offices

Politically, metropolitan Miami is strongly Democratic, like most large metropolitan regions in the United States. Broward County is the second-most heavily Democratic county in the state,[72][73] behind only Gadsden County, which is much smaller. This contrasts with most of the rest of Florida, whose heavier Southern influence and high population of elderly voters makes it a swing or Republican-leaning state. Miami-Dade County has a relatively high percentage of Republican voters for an urban county, due partially to its Cuban-American population, which leans Republican as a result of its anti-communist views, but Miami-Dade County still remains very Democratic when compared with most of Florida's other counties.[74][75][76] Despite being more suburban and affluent, Palm Beach County is reliably Democratic as well and in the 2020 presidential election voted for Democratic candidate Joe Biden by a higher margin than Miami-Dade County did.

In the 2016 presidential election, 62.3% of voters in the Miami metropolitan area voted Democratic. This was the 6th highest of any metro area in the United States.[77] However, in recent years the area has shifted hard to the Republicans, with former president Donald Trump losing the metro area by 16 points in 2020 compared to losing it by 30 in 2016 (Fueled especially by Miami Dade County shifting 22 points to the right between 2016 and 2020), and Governor Ron DeSantis winning the metro area outright in the 2022 gubernatorial election, winning both Miami Dade and Palm Beach Counties (With the former being won by double digits) while losing Broward only by less than 16 points.

Government

The metropolitan area is governed by 3 counties. In total there are 107 municipalities or incorporated places in the metropolis. Each one of the municipalities has its own city, town or village government, although there is no distinction between the 3 names. Much of the land in the metropolis is unincorporated, which means it does not belong to any municipality, and therefore is governed directly by the county it is located in.

Congressional districts

The Miami metropolitan area contains all or part of nine Congressional districts: the 18th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, and 27th districts.[78] As of 2017 (the 113th Congress), the Cook Partisan Voting Index listed four as being Republican-leaning: the 18th, 25th, 26th, and 27th, with the 25th being the most Republican-leaning at R+5, and five as being Democratic-leaning: the 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, and 24th, with the 24th being the most Democratic-leaning at D+34, making it the ninth-most Democratic-leaning district in the nation.[79]

Economy

See also: List of companies based in Miami

Brickell, an urban neighborhood in Downtown Miami, contains the largest concentration of international banks in the U.S.
GDP
(billion US$)
Miami-Dade County 219.746[80]
Broward County 146.735[81]
Palm Beach County 117.543[82]
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL (MSA) 483.755[83]

Among those employed in the Miami metropolitan area, 32% were management, professional, and related occupations, 30% were sales and office occupations, 18% were service occupations, 11% were construction, extraction, maintenance and repair occupations, and 9% were production, transportation, and material moving occupations. 81% of the people employed were Private wage and salary workers; 12% were Federal, state, or local government workers; and 7% were self-employed.

The median income of households in the Miami area was $43,091. 78% of the households received earnings and 13% received retirement income other than Social Security. 30% of the households received Social Security. The average income from Social Security was $13[citation needed]. These income sources are not mutually exclusive; that is, some households received income from more than one source.

In 2005, for the employed population 16 years and older, the leading industries in the Miami area were educational services, health care, and social assistance, which accounted for 18%, and Professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services, which accounted for 13% of the population. 79% of Miami area workers drove to work alone in 2005, 10% carpooled, 4% took public transportation, and 4% used other means. The remaining 3% worked at home. Among those who commuted to work, it took them on average 28.5 minutes to get to work.

Culture

Miami dialect

Main article: Miami accent

In Miami-Dade County a unique dialect, commonly called the Miami dialect, is widely spoken. The dialect developed among second- or third-generation Hispanics, including Cuban-Americans, whose first language was English, though some non-Hispanic white, black, and other races who were born and raised in Miami-Dade tend to adopt it as well.[84] It is based on a fairly standard American accent but with some changes very similar to dialects in the Mid-Atlantic, especially the New York area dialect, Northern New Jersey English, and New York Latino English. Unlike Virginia Piedmont, Coastal Southern American, and Northeast American dialects and Florida Cracker dialect of the Miami accent is rhotic; it also incorporates a rhythm and pronunciation heavily influenced by Spanish in which rhythm is syllable-timed.[85]

It is possible to differentiate the Miami accent from a variety of interlanguages spoken by second-language speakers. The Miami accent does not generally display addition of /ɛ/ before initial consonant clusters with /s/, speakers do not confuse of /dʒ/ with /j/, (e.g., Yale with jail), and /r/ and /rr/ are pronounced as alveolar approximant [ɹ] instead of alveolar tap [ɾ] or alveolar trill [r] in Spanish.[86][87][88][89]

The Miami accent is much less common in Broward County and Palm Beach County, where the majority of the population is non-Hispanic.[citation needed]

Area codes

Main article: List of Florida area codes

Media

Main article: Media in Miami

See also: List of radio stations in Florida

The Miami Herald's headquarters on Biscayne Bay in Downtown Miami from March 1963 until May 2013, when the building was sold to a Malaysian company for $236 million and demolished; the Miami Herald is now headquartered in Doral, about 13 miles from Downtown Miami

Greater Miami is served by several English-language and two major Spanish-language daily newspapers. The Miami Herald, headquartered in Doral, is Miami's primary newspaper with over a million readers. It also has news bureaus in Broward County, Monroe County, and Nassau, Bahamas. The South Florida Sun-Sentinel circulates primarily in Broward and southern Palm Beach counties and also has a news bureau in Havana, Cuba. The Palm Beach Post serves mainly Palm Beach County, especially the central and northern regions, and the Treasure Coast. The Boca Raton News publishes five days a week and circulates in southern Palm Beach County.[90] El Nuevo Herald, a subsidiary of the Miami Herald, and Diario Las Americas,[91] are Spanish-language daily papers that circulate mainly in Miami-Dade County. La Palma and El Sentinel are weekly Spanish newspapers published by the Palm Beach Post and Sun-Sentinel, respectively, and circulate in the same areas as their English-language counterparts.

There are several university student-run newspapers in the area, including The Miami Hurricane at the University of Miami, University Press at Florida Atlantic University, PantherNOW at Florida International University, and The Current at Nova Southeastern University.

Greater Miami is split into two separate television/radio markets: The Miami-Fort Lauderdale market serves Miami-Dade, Broward and the Florida Keys. The West Palm Beach market serves Palm Beach County and the Treasure Coast region.

Miami-Fort Lauderdale is the 12th largest radio market and the 16th-largest television market in the U.S. television stations serving the Miami-Fort Lauderdale area include WAMI-TV (UniMas), WBFS-TV (MyNetworkTV), WSFL-TV (The CW), WFOR-TV (CBS), WHFT-TV (TBN), WLTV (Univision), WPLG (ABC), WPXM (ION), WSCV (Telemundo), WSVN (FOX), WTVJ (NBC), WLRN-TV (PBS), and WPBT (also PBS), the latter television station being the only channel to serve the entire metropolitan area.

In addition to the Miami-Fort Lauderdale market, West Palm Beach has its own. It is the 49th largest radio market and the 38th-largest television market in the U.S. Television stations serving the West Palm Beach area include WPTV (NBC), WPEC (CBS), WPBF (ABC), WFLX (FOX), WTVX (The CW), WXEL (PBS), WTCN (MyNetworkTV), and WPXP (ION). The West Palm Beach market shares use of WSCV and WLTV for Telemundo and Univision respectively. Also, both markets cross over and tend to be available interchangeably between both areas. In 2015, WPBT and WXEL merged their operations, to form South Florida PBS, although both stations have maintained separate programming schedules and social media platforms, but share the same subchannel lineup.

Education

Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton
Florida International University in University Park
University of Miami in Coral Gables
Nova Southeastern University in Davie

In Florida, each county is also a school district. Each district is headed by an elected school board. A professional superintendent manages the day-to-day operations of each district, who is appointed by and serves at the pleasure of the school board.

The Miami-Dade County Public School District is currently the 4th-largest public school district in the nation. The School District of Palm Beach County is the 4th-largest in Florida and the 11th-largest in the United States. Broward County Public School District is the 6th-largest in the United States.

The University of Miami is one of the top-ranked private research institutions in the United States, and has the most selective admissions standards of Florida's 171 colleges and universities.[92]

As of 2023, Florida International University, with over 55,000 enrolled students, is the eighth-largest public university by enrollment in the nation.

Some colleges and universities in Greater Miami include:

In 2005, 82% of people 25 years and over had at least graduated from high school and 28% had a bachelor's degree or higher. Among people 16 to 19 years old, 7% were dropouts; they were not enrolled in school and had not graduated from high school. The total school enrollment in the Miami metro area was 1.4 million in 2005. Nursery school and kindergarten enrollment was 170,000 and elementary or high school enrollment was 879,000. College or graduate school enrollment was 354,000.

Transportation

Main article: Transportation in South Florida

Rail transport in South Florida
Mangonia Park
Tri-Rail
West Palm Beach
Silver Service Tri-Rail Greyhound Lines
West Palm Beach
Brightline
Lake Worth Beach
Tri-Rail
Tri-Rail fare
zone boundary
Boynton Beach
Tri-Rail
Delray Beach
Silver Service Tri-Rail
Tri-Rail fare
zone boundary
Boca Raton
Tri-Rail
Boca Raton
Brightline
Deerfield Beach
Silver Service Tri-Rail
Pompano Beach
Tri-Rail
Tri-Rail fare
zone boundary
Cypress Creek
Tri-Rail
Fort Lauderdale
Brightline
Fort Lauderdale
Silver Service Tri-Rail
Tri-Rail fare
zone boundary
Fort Lauderdale Airport
Tri-Rail
Sheridan Street
Tri-Rail Greyhound Lines
Hollywood
Silver Service Tri-Rail
Tri-Rail fare
zone boundary
Aventura
Brightline
Golden Glades
Tri-Rail Greyhound Lines
Opa-locka
Tri-Rail
Miami
Silver Service
Palmetto
Okeechobee
Hialeah
Tri-Rail and Metrorail Transfer
Tri-Rail
Northside
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Plaza
Brownsville
Hialeah Market
Tri-Rail
Earlington Heights
Allapattah
Miami Intermodal Center
Tri-Rail Greyhound Lines
Miami International Airport
enlarge…
Santa Clara
Civic Center
Culmer
School Board
Adrienne Arsht Center
Museum Park
Eleventh Street
Park West
Freedom Tower
Historic Overtown/Lyric Theatre
Wilkie D. Ferguson Jr.
MiamiCentral
Brightline Tri-Rail enlarge…
Government Center
College North
College/Bayside
First Street
Bayfront Park
Miami Avenue
Third Street
Knight Center
Riverwalk
Miami River
Fifth Street
Brickell City Centre
Tenth Street/Promenade
Brickell
Financial District
Vizcaya
Coconut Grove
Douglas Road
University
South Miami
Dadeland North
Dadeland South
Metrobus (Miami-Dade County)#South Dade Transitway

Amtrak, Brightline, and Tri-Rail
Metrorail
Metromover
MIA Mover
Disabled access
All stations are accessible

Roads

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Julia Tuttle Causeway, which connects Miami and Miami Beach, May 2008

The Miami metropolitan area is served by five interstate highways operated by the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) in conjunction with local agencies. Interstate 95 (I-95) runs north to south along the coast, ending just south of Downtown Miami at South Dixie Highway (US 1). I-75 runs east to west, turning south in western Broward County and connecting suburban north Miami-Dade to Naples on the Southwest Coast via Alligator Alley, which transverses the Florida Everglades before turning north. I-595 connects the Broward coast and Downtown Fort Lauderdale to I-75 and Alligator Alley. In Miami, I-195 and I-395 relay the main I-95 route east to Biscayne Boulevard (US 1) and Miami Beach across Biscayne Bay via the Julia Tuttle and MacArthur causeways.

In greater Miami, the Miami-Dade Expressway Authority and Florida's Turnpike Enterprise (FTE) maintain eight state expressways in conjunction with FDOT. The Airport Expressway (SR 112) and the Dolphin Expressway (SR 836) relay western Miami-Dade suburbs to the eastern urban coast at I-95, and to Miami Beach via I-195 and I-395 at the Airport and Midtown interchanges. The Gratigny Parkway (SR 924) connects northern Miami suburbs to the southern end of I-75. The Palmetto Expressway (SR 826) is the primary beltway road of urban Miami, relaying I-95 and Florida's Turnpike (SR 91) at the Golden Glades Interchange near northeastern North Miami Beach to the southern inland suburbs of Kendall and Pinecrest. The Don Shula Expressway (SR 874) and the Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike (SR 821) form the southernmost end of the beltway, connecting the Palmetto Expressway to the bedroom communities of Homestead and Florida City. The Snapper Creek Expressway (SR 878) relays the Don Shula Expressway to South Dixie Highway (US 1).

The urban bypass expressway in greater Fort Lauderdale is the Sawgrass Expressway (SR 869), connecting the northern Broward County coast at I-95 and Deerfield Beach to I-595 and I-75 at Alligator Alley in Sunrise.

Express lanes on I-95 start in Miami-Dade County and continue into Broward County. With an increased presence of traffic in South Florida, express lanes have been implemented in southern Palm Beach County.

Major freeways and tollways

Major airports

The metropolitan area is served by three major commercial airports. These airports combine to make the fourth largest domestic origin and destination market in the United States, after New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago.[93]

Airport IATA code County FAA Category
Miami International Airport MIA Miami-Dade Large Hub
Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport FLL Broward Large Hub
Palm Beach International Airport PBI Palm Beach Medium Hub

The following smaller general aviation airports are also in the metro area:

Airport IATA code ICAO code County
Dade-Collier Training and Transition Airport TNT KTNT Miami-Dade
Miami Homestead General Aviation Airport Miami-Dade
Homestead Joint Air Reserve Base HST KHST Miami-Dade
Miami Executive Airport TMB KTMB Miami-Dade
Miami-Opa Locka Executive Airport OPF KOPF Miami-Dade
Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport FXE KFXE Broward
North Perry Airport HWO KHWO Broward
Pompano Beach Airpark PPM KPMP Broward
North Palm Beach County General Aviation Airport Palm Beach
Palm Beach County Park Airport LNA KLNA Palm Beach
Boca Raton Airport BCT KBCT Palm Beach

Seaports

Port of Miami, the world's busiest cruise ship port, December 2007

The metropolis also has four seaports, the largest and most important being the Port of Miami. Others in the area include Port Everglades, Port of Palm Beach and the Miami River Port. On August 21, 2012, PortMiami and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers signed the Partnership Agreement (PPA) construction agreement that will allow the Deep Dredge project to go out for bid. The Deep Dredge will deepen the Port's existing channels to minus 50/52 feet to prepare for the Panama Canal expansion, now scheduled for completion in early 2015. PortMiami's deeper channel will provide ships with an economically efficient, reliable and safe navigational route into the Port. PortMiami will be the only U.S. Port south of Norfolk, Virginia to be at the minus 50 foot depth in sync with the opening of the expanded Canal. Deep Dredge is expected to create more than 30,000 direct, indirect, and induced jobs in Florida and allow the Port to meet its goal to double its cargo traffic over the next decade.

Public transportation

Miami-Dade Transit (MDT) is the largest public transit agency in Florida, operating rapid transit, people movers, and an intercity bus system. Metrorail is Florida's only rapid transit, currently with 23 stations on a 24.4-mile (39.3 km) track. The Downtown Miami people mover, Metromover, operates 20 stations and three lines on a 4.4-mile (7.1 km) track through the Downtown neighborhoods of the Arts & Entertainment District, the Central Business District, and Brickell. Metrobus serves the entirety of Miami-Dade County, also serving Monroe County as far south as Marathon, and Broward County as far north as Downtown Fort Lauderdale. In Broward County, Broward County Transit runs public buses, as does Palm Tran in Palm Beach County. Additionally, the South Florida Regional Transportation Authority operates Tri-Rail, a commuter rail train that connects the three of the primary cities of South Florida (Miami, Fort Lauderdale, and West Palm Beach), and most intermediate points. Brightline provides service to Miami, Aventura, West Palm Beach, Fort Lauderdale, Boca Raton, and Central Florida's Orlando, with talks to expand to Tampa and Jacksonville.[94][95]

Sports

Main article: Sports in Miami

Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, the home field for both the Miami Dolphins of the National Football League and the Miami Hurricanes of NCAA Division I college football

Professional

The Miami metro area is home to five major league professional sports teams:

College sports

The most prominent college sports program in the Miami metropolitan area are the Miami Hurricanes of the University of Miami in Coral Gables, who compete in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, the highest level of collegiate athletics.[96] The University of Miami's football team has won five national championships since 1983 and its baseball team has won four national championships since 1982.

Other collegiate sports programs in the metropolitan area include the Florida Atlantic Owls of Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton, the FIU Panthers of Florida International University in University Park, the Nova Southeastern Sharks of Nova Southeastern University in Davie, and the Barry Buccaneers of Barry University in Miami Shores.

Minor league and other sports

The Miami area is also host to minor league sports teams, including:

Major professional and D-I college teams (attendance > 10,000)
Club Sport League Venue (Capacity) Attendance League Championships
Miami Dolphins Football National Football League Hard Rock Stadium (64,767) 70,035 Super Bowl (2) — 1972, 1973
Miami Heat Basketball National Basketball Association Kaseya Center (19,600) 19,710 NBA Finals (3) — 2006, 2012, 2013
Miami Marlins Baseball Major League Baseball LoanDepot Park (36,742) 21,386 World Series (2) — 1997, 2003
Inter Miami CF Soccer Major League Soccer Chase Stadium 21,550
Florida Panthers Hockey National Hockey League FLA Live Arena (19,250) 10,250 None
Miami Hurricanes Football NCAA D-I (ACC) Hard Rock Stadium (64,767) 53,837 National titles (5) — 1983, 1987, 1989, 1991, 2001
Florida Atlantic Owls Football NCAA D-1 (AAC) FAU Stadium (29,571) 18,948 None
FIU Panthers Football NCAA D-I (Conference USA) FIU Stadium (23,500) 15,453 None

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  2. ^ Official records for Miami were kept at the Lemon City from September 1895 to November 1900, the Miami COOP from December 1900 to May 1911, the Weather Bureau Office from June 1911 to February 1937, at various locations in and around the city from March 1937 to July 1942, and at Miami Int'l since August 1942. For more information, see ThreadEx.
  3. ^ Language spoken at home among residents at least five years old; only languages (or language groups) which at least 2% of residents have spoken at any time since 1980 are mentioned
  4. ^ Refers to 2013–2017 American Community Survey data;[55] the last Decennial Census where language data was collected was in the 2000 census
  5. ^ Refers to 2008–2012 American Community Survey data;[56] the last Decennial Census where language data was collected was in the 2000 census
  6. ^ Refers to 2013–2017 American Community Survey data;[60][61] the last Decennial Census where foreign-born population data was collected was in the 2000 census
  7. ^ Refers to 2008–2012 American Community Survey data;[62][63] the last Decennial Census where foreign-born population data was collected was in the 2000 census
  8. ^ Only countries of birth which at least 0.2% of residents were born in at any time since 1980 are mentioned
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Not counted separately; aggregated into "Other" category
  10. ^ a b Data from the 1980 census and 1990 census pertains to residents born anywhere in the Soviet Union, not just Russia

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Guidance on the Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). Executive Office of the President. July 21, 2023. p. 62. Retrieved July 21, 2023.
  2. ^ a b c "P2: HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT ... - Census Bureau Table". P2 | HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2023.
  3. ^ a b c "County Population Totals and Components of Change: 2020-2023". County Population Totals: 2020-2023. U.S. Census Bureau. March 30, 2023. Retrieved March 22, 2024.
  4. ^ "Total Gross Domestic Product for Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL (MSA)". Federal Reserve Economic Data. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  5. ^ PDFMiami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach: Linear & Visionless – retrieved August 2, 2006
  6. ^ USA Urbanized Areas Over 500,000: 2000 Rankings – Rank by Density – URL retrieved September 5, 2006
  7. ^ "2020 Census ua list all (spreadsheet)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2024.
  8. ^ Lists of Census 2000 Urbanized Areas and Urban Clusters Archived June 13, 2002, at the Wayback Machine – URL retrieved August 27, 2006
  9. ^ NOTE: large (2.8 MB) PDF file – UMiami, Florida Urbanized Area Outline Map, 2000 Census – URL retrieved August 27, 2006
  10. ^ "The NCES Fast Facts Tool provides quick answers to many education questions (National Center for Education Statistics)".
  11. ^ a b "Florida Population: Census Summary 2020" (PDF). University of Florida Bureau of Economic and Business Research. 2021. pp. 27–29. Retrieved May 21, 2023.
  12. ^ "List II - Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas" (PDF). White House Office of Management and Budget. June 30, 1995. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 9, 2017. Retrieved May 23, 2023.
  13. ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 03-04 - Attachment" (PDF). White House Office of Management and Budget. June 6, 2003. p. 39. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 9, 2017. Retrieved May 22, 2023.
  14. ^ a b "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Guidance on the Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). Executive Office of the President. July 21, 2023. p. 138. Retrieved July 21, 2023.
  15. ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-1: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. February 28, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2023.
  16. ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 18-04 - Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance in the Uses of These Areas" (PDF). White House Office of Management and Budget. September 14, 2018. Retrieved May 23, 2023.
  17. ^ "2020 U.S. Census data".
  18. ^ "Köppen Climate Classification Map: South Florida=Aw=tropical wet & dry". Archived from the original on July 6, 2011.
  19. ^ Climate Zones of the World, under Koppen's System. Retrieved August 8, 2006.
  20. ^ Weather.com Vulnerable cities: Miami, Florida Archived April 27, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved February 19, 2006.
  21. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  22. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  23. ^ "Station Name: FL WEST PALM BEACH INTL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  24. ^ Minas, Isabella. "Best Times to Visit Ft Lauderdale". travel.usnews.com. USNews. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
  25. ^ Torres, Javier. "Climate Fort Lauderdale, FL". usclimatedata.com. US Climate Data. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  26. ^ Henthorn, Dawn. "Avg Monthly Temps & Rainfall in Fort Lauderdale, FL". tripsavvy.com. Retrieved August 22, 2018.
  27. ^ a b "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  28. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991–2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  29. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for Miami, FL 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
  30. ^ "Monthly Averages for Miami International Airport". The Weather Channel. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
  31. ^ "Historical UV Index Data - Miami, FL". UV Index Today. Retrieved April 21, 2023.
  32. ^ "Number Days with Thunder". UNdata. Retrieved June 19, 2023.
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