Coordinates: 28°46′N 81°43′W / 28.77°N 81.72°W / 28.77; -81.72

Lake County
Old Lake County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 28°46′N 81°43′W / 28.77°N 81.72°W / 28.77; -81.72
Country United States
State Florida
FoundedMay 27, 1887
SeatTavares
Largest cityClermont
Area
 • Total1,157 sq mi (3,000 km2)
 • Land938 sq mi (2,430 km2)
 • Water219 sq mi (570 km2)  18.9%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
367,118
 • Density369/sq mi (142/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts6th, 11th, 15th
Websitewww.lakecountyfl.gov

Lake County is a county in the central portion of the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 297,052.[1] Its county seat is Tavares,[2] and its largest city is Clermont. Lake County is included in the Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Lake County was created in 1887 from portions of Sumter and Orange counties. It was named for the many lakes contained within its borders[3] (250 named lakes and 1,735 other bodies of water[4]).

In the 1800s, the two main industries in the area were growing cotton and breeding cattle. In the latter part of the 19th century, people started to grow citrus trees. Throughout the 1940s and 50s, citrus production increased and grew into the area's leading industry.[citation needed] The December 1989 United States cold wave destroyed most of the citrus groves, dealing an economic blow that farmers could not recover from. Groves sold massive amounts of land to developers, resulting in increasing urban sprawl.[5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,157 square miles (3,000 km2), of which 938 square miles (2,430 km2) is land and 219 square miles (570 km2) (18.9%) is water.[6]

Sugarloaf Mountain is the highest point in peninsular Florida, at 312 feet (95 m) above sea level.[7]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18908,034
19007,467−7.1%
19109,50927.3%
192012,74434.0%
193023,16181.7%
194027,25517.7%
195036,34033.3%
196057,38357.9%
197069,30520.8%
1980104,87051.3%
1990152,10445.0%
2000210,52838.4%
2010297,05241.1%
2020383,95629.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2019[1]

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 297,047 people and 130,190 households residing in the county. The population density was 316.6 people per square mile (122.2/km2). There were 163,586 housing units at an average density of 174.3 per square mile (67.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 83.4% White (68.7% non-Hispanic White), 11.5% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, and 2.1% from two or more races. 16.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 88,413 households, out of which 23.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.75.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 20.30% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 23.80% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 26.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,903, and the median income for a family was $42,577. Males had a median income of $31,475 versus $23,545 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,199. About 6.90% of families and 9.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.80% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Lake County is represented by U.S. Senators Rick Scott and Marco Rubio, and U.S. Representatives Michael Waltz (R-FL6), Daniel Webster (R-FL11), and Scott Franklin (R-FL15).[13]

In the Florida Senate, Lake County is represented by Senators Dennis Baxley (R-FL12), and Kelli Stargel (R-FL22) . In the Florida House, Lake County is represented by Florida Representatives Keith Truenow (R-FL31), Anthony Sabatini (R-FL32), and Brett Hage (R-FL33).[14]

Lake County has five Constitutional Officers: Gary Cooney (Clerk of the Court and Comptroller), Peyton Grinnell (Sheriff), Cary Baker (Property Appraiser), David Jordan (Tax Collector), and Alan Hays (Supervisor of Elections), and five County Commissioners: Tim Sullivan (R-District 1), Sean Parks (R-District 2), Kirby Smith (R-District 3), Leslie Campione (R-District 4), and Josh Blake (R-District 5).[15]

The Florida Department of Corrections has Region III Correctional Facility Office on the grounds of the Lake Correctional Institution in an unincorporated area in Lake County.[16][17]

Libraries

The Lake County Library System was established in 1975 following the establishment of the Lake County Library Planning Advisory Board. Today it is governed by the Lake County Board of County Commissioners. The library system is made up of 6 branch libraries and 10 municipal libraries:

Elections

Lake County has voted Republican in U.S. presidential races since 1948.[32]

United States presidential election results for Lake County, Florida[32]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 125,859 59.56% 83,505 39.52% 1,950 0.92%
2016 102,188 59.48% 62,838 36.58% 6,773 3.94%
2012 87,643 57.99% 61,799 40.89% 1,702 1.13%
2008 82,802 56.19% 62,948 42.71% 1,621 1.10%
2004 74,389 60.02% 48,221 38.90% 1,340 1.08%
2000 50,010 56.44% 36,571 41.27% 2,030 2.29%
1996 35,097 47.48% 29,752 40.25% 9,074 12.27%
1992 30,825 44.17% 23,200 33.24% 15,762 22.59%
1988 37,327 68.40% 16,766 30.72% 479 0.88%
1984 35,319 74.29% 12,217 25.70% 7 0.01%
1980 26,798 64.53% 13,128 31.61% 1,602 3.86%
1976 19,976 57.42% 14,369 41.31% 442 1.27%
1972 23,079 82.63% 4,803 17.20% 48 0.17%
1968 11,763 47.42% 4,599 18.54% 8,442 34.03%
1964 12,897 62.39% 7,773 37.61% 0 0.00%
1960 12,979 72.45% 4,936 27.55% 0 0.00%
1956 10,888 71.57% 4,326 28.43% 0 0.00%
1952 9,132 70.63% 3,797 29.37% 0 0.00%
1948 3,579 43.23% 3,474 41.96% 1,226 14.81%
1944 2,693 38.38% 4,323 61.62% 0 0.00%
1940 2,659 33.32% 5,322 66.68% 0 0.00%
1936 2,034 33.46% 4,045 66.54% 0 0.00%
1932 1,867 37.82% 3,070 62.18% 0 0.00%
1928 3,383 68.08% 1,474 29.66% 112 2.25%
1924 948 36.46% 1,381 53.12% 271 10.42%
1920 734 28.90% 1,720 67.72% 86 3.39%
1916 330 25.25% 886 67.79% 91 6.96%
1912 92 11.34% 596 73.49% 123 15.17%
1908 200 24.01% 487 58.46% 146 17.53%
1904 148 20.33% 529 72.66% 51 7.01%
1900 143 20.58% 492 70.79% 60 8.63%
1896 302 24.35% 870 70.16% 68 5.48%
1892 0 0.00% 1,137 85.68% 190 14.32%


Voter registration

Data comes from the Lake County Supervisor of Elections.[33]

Party Registration and Enrollment
Party Number of Registered Voters %
Republican 106,063 44.9
Democratic 73,459 31.1
Independent 61,509 26.1
Other 1,631 <0.1
Total 242,662 100

Education

[clarification needed]

Main article: Lake County Schools

There are a number of public schools in the county.

Colleges

The following colleges are in the county:

Transportation

Aviation

The Tavares Seaplane Base[34] is a city-owned, public-use seaplane base on Lake Dora in Tavares.[35]

Panorama of the Tavares Seaplane Base & Marina on Lake Dora
Panorama of the Tavares Seaplane Base & Marina on Lake Dora

The Leesburg International Airport is a former Army Airfield and municipal airport along Lake Harris east of downtown Leesburg, Florida.

Mid Florida Air Service Airport is on State Road 44 east of Eustis.[36]

Major highways

See also: List of county roads in Lake County, Florida

Public transportation

LakeXpress is the public transportation agency that serves the Lake County, Florida area since 2007.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 32.
  4. ^ "Financial report" (PDF). lakecountyclerk.org. 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  5. ^ Omaye, Jayna (December 13, 2014). "Devastating 1989 freeze killed citrus, ushered in development in Lake County". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 1, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. ^ Crampton, Vincent. "You won't get light-headed atop Florida's highest point". OrlandoSentinel.com. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 3, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2019.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 3, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2019.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 3, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2019.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Region III – Correctional Facility Office Archived 2008-06-13 at the Wayback Machine." Florida Department of Corrections. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.
  17. ^ "Lake Correctional Institution." Florida Department of Corrections. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2019.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ Bloodsworth, Doris. A Library Love Affair: How the Love of Books Helped Shape the History of Clermont, Florida. Florida Libraries. Vol. 53, No. 2, Fall 2010. pp. 4–6.
  20. ^ "Eustis Memorial Library".
  21. ^ "Historic Trail of FP | City of Fruitland Park Florida". www.fruitlandpark.org.
  22. ^ "Helen Lehmann Memorial Library". Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  23. ^ "Lady Lake Public Library". Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  24. ^ "Welcome to Leesburg". leesburgflorida.gov.
  25. ^ "Marianne Beck Memorial Library". howey.org. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  26. ^ "Marion Baysinger Memorial Library". Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  27. ^ "Minneola Schoolhouse Library". Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  28. ^ "Tavares Public Library | Tavares, FL – Official Website". www.tavares.org.
  29. ^ "HOME". Umatilla Library.
  30. ^ "W.T. Bland Public Library | Mount Dora, FL – Official Website". ci.mount-dora.fl.us.
  31. ^ Lake County Library System. Online, available: https://www.mylakelibrary.org/ Archived March 12, 2017(Date mismatch), at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ a b Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  33. ^ Department, Lake County Board of County Commissioners, Communications. "Welcome – Lake County Supervisor of Elections". www.lakevotes.com. Archived from the original on March 31, 2017. Retrieved March 30, 2017.
  34. ^ Show, Christine (November 22, 2008). "Tavares keeps it simple in naming seaplane base". Orlando Sentinel.
  35. ^ "Tavares Seaplane Base & Marina". City of Tavares. Archived from the original on June 17, 2010. Retrieved June 16, 2010.
  36. ^ "Mid Florida Air Services Airport" (PDF).
  37. ^ "Walt Disney by Neal Gabler – eBook – Random House – Read an Excerpt". Random House. October 3, 2006. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  38. ^ Dickinson, Joy Wallace. "Walt Disney's ties to Central Florida reach back far beyond debut of Magic Kingdom 40 years ago". OrlandoSentinel.com.

Government links/Constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch

Miscellaneous links