Hollywood, Florida
The skyline of Hollywood, Florida, October 2020
The skyline of Hollywood, Florida, October 2020
Flag of Hollywood, Florida
Official seal of Hollywood, Florida
Nickname: 
Diamond of the Gold Coast
Location of Hollywood, Florida
Map of USA
Map of USA
Hollywood, Florida
Location of Hollywood in the state of Florida
Map of USA
Map of USA
Hollywood, Florida
Hollywood, Florida (the United States)
Coordinates: 26°1′17″N 80°10′30″W / 26.02139°N 80.17500°W / 26.02139; -80.17500
Country United States
State Florida
CountyBroward
FoundedFebruary 18, 1921
IncorporatedNovember 28, 1925
Government
 • TypeCommission-manager
 • MayorJosh Levy
 • Vice MayorAdam D. Gruber
 • CommissionersLinda Hill Anderson,
Traci L. Callari,
Idelma Quintana,
Caryl S. Shuham, and
Kevin D. Biederman
 • City ManagerGeorge R. Keller, Jr.
 • City ClerkPatricia Cerny
Area
 • Total30.78 sq mi (79.71 km2)
 • Land27.25 sq mi (70.58 km2)
 • Water3.52 sq mi (9.13 km2)  11.23%
Elevation9 ft (3 m)
Population
 • Total153,067
 • Estimate 
(2022)[4]
152,650
 • Rank176th in the United States
12th in Florida
 • Density5,601.83/sq mi (2,162.79/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
33004, 33009, 33019-33021, 33023, 33024, 33312, 33314, 33316
Area code(s)954, 754
FIPS code12-32000[5]
GNIS feature ID0284176[6]
Websitewww.HollywoodFL.org

Hollywood is a city in Broward County, Florida, United States. It is a suburb of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to 6.14 million people in 2020. As of the 2020 census, the population was 153,067,[3] making it the third-largest city in Broward County, the fifth-largest in the Miami metro area, and the 12th-largest in Florida. The average temperature is between 69 and 83 °F (21 and 28 °C).

History

In 1920, Joseph Young arrived in South Florida to create his own "Dream City in Florida". His vision included the beaches of the Atlantic Ocean stretching westward with man-made lakes, infrastructure, roads, and the Intracoastal Waterway. He wanted to include large parks, schools, churches, and golf courses, all industries and activities that were very important to him. After Young spent millions of dollars constructing the city, he was elected its first mayor in 1925. The town quickly became home to northerners known as "snowbirds", who fled the north during the winter and then escaped the south during the summer. By 1960, Hollywood had more than 2,400 hotel units and 12,170 single-family homes.[7] Young bought up thousands of acres of land around 1920, and named his new town "Hollywood by the Sea" to distinguish it from his other real-estate venture, "Hollywood in the Hills", in New York.

A photo of Hollywood Beach taken in late October 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic

The Florida guide, published by the Federal Writers' Project, describes the development of Hollywood, an early example of the planned communities that proliferated in Florida during the real-estate boom of the 1920s:

During the early days of development here, 1,500 trucks and tractors were engaged in clearing land and grading streets; two yacht basins, designed by General George Washington Goethals, chief engineer in the construction of the Panama Canal, were dredged and connected with the Intracoastal Waterway. A large power plant was installed, and when the city lights went on for the first time, ships at sea reported that Miami was on fire, and their radio alarms and the red glow in the sky brought people to the rescue from miles around. [8]

— Federal Writers' Project, "Part III: The Florida Loop", Florida: A Guide to the Southernmost State (1947)

Prospective purchasers of land were enticed by free hotel accommodation and entertainment, and "were driven about the city-to-be on trails blazed through palmetto thickets; so desolate and forlorn were some stretches that many women became hysterical, it is said, and a few fainted."[8] Young had a vision of lakes, golf courses, a luxury beach hotel (Hollywood Beach Hotel, now Hollywood Beach Resort), country clubs, and a main street, Hollywood Boulevard.[9] Hollywood was severely damaged by the 1926 Miami hurricane; local newspapers reported that it was second only to Miami in losses from the storm.[7] After Young's death in 1934, the city encountered other destructive hurricanes, and the stock market crashed, causing personal financial misfortunes.[9]

Hurricane Irma hit Florida in 2017, wreaking widespread damage. Due to the spontaneity of the hurricane, nearly 700 elderly nursing-home residents died.[10] An investigation found that some of the deaths were a result not of the hurricane but of the poor conditions residents experienced in its aftermath. Four nursing-home staff were charged with negligence and manslaughter.[11] The Florida Department of Economic Opportunity created Rebuild Florida, an initiative to provide aid to citizens affected by Irma. Its initial focus was its Housing Repair Program, which offered assistance in rebuilding families' homes. The program prioritized low-income vulnerable residents, such as the disabled, the elderly, and families with children under five.[citation needed] The program had varied results across the city, with hundreds of citizens claiming they were left without help.

Timeline

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 30.8 square miles (80 km2), of which 3.46 square miles (9 km2) are covered by water (11.23%).[31]

Hollywood is in southeastern Broward County, and includes about 5 to 6 miles (8.0 to 9.7 km) of Atlantic Ocean beach, interrupted briefly by a portion deeded to Dania Beach.

Climate

Hollywood has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af), with long, hot, humid, and rainy summers and short, warm, and dry winters.

Climate data for Hollywood, Florida, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 2000–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
88
(31)
91
(33)
96
(36)
98
(37)
98
(37)
97
(36)
97
(36)
95
(35)
93
(34)
91
(33)
90
(32)
98
(37)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 84.7
(29.3)
85.7
(29.8)
87.7
(30.9)
89.2
(31.8)
90.5
(32.5)
92.1
(33.4)
93.4
(34.1)
93.3
(34.1)
92.4
(33.6)
91.1
(32.8)
87.1
(30.6)
86.0
(30.0)
94.7
(34.8)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 76.1
(24.5)
77.2
(25.1)
78.9
(26.1)
82.0
(27.8)
84.6
(29.2)
87.7
(30.9)
89.6
(32.0)
89.9
(32.2)
88.1
(31.2)
85.1
(29.5)
81.0
(27.2)
78.0
(25.6)
83.2
(28.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 67.6
(19.8)
68.9
(20.5)
70.9
(21.6)
75.0
(23.9)
78.2
(25.7)
81.3
(27.4)
82.9
(28.3)
83.3
(28.5)
82.0
(27.8)
79.0
(26.1)
73.9
(23.3)
70.1
(21.2)
76.1
(24.5)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 59.2
(15.1)
60.5
(15.8)
63.0
(17.2)
67.9
(19.9)
71.7
(22.1)
74.8
(23.8)
76.2
(24.6)
76.7
(24.8)
75.8
(24.3)
72.8
(22.7)
66.7
(19.3)
62.2
(16.8)
69.0
(20.6)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 42.9
(6.1)
45.5
(7.5)
50.3
(10.2)
57.5
(14.2)
64.6
(18.1)
70.6
(21.4)
71.9
(22.2)
72.5
(22.5)
71.9
(22.2)
63.2
(17.3)
53.4
(11.9)
49.5
(9.7)
40.3
(4.6)
Record low °F (°C) 34
(1)
35
(2)
40
(4)
49
(9)
56
(13)
63
(17)
64
(18)
69
(21)
65
(18)
52
(11)
46
(8)
34
(1)
34
(1)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.82
(72)
2.75
(70)
3.41
(87)
3.35
(85)
6.60
(168)
8.84
(225)
6.74
(171)
7.46
(189)
8.67
(220)
8.22
(209)
3.72
(94)
2.46
(62)
65.04
(1,652)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.2 6.1 6.3 6.9 10.4 14.4 15.4 15.4 16.0 12.8 9.8 8.2 128.9
Source: NOAA (mean maxima/minima 2006–2020)[32][33]
Hollywood Beach in March 2008

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19302,869
19406,239117.5%
195014,351130.0%
196035,237145.5%
1970106,873203.3%
1980121,32313.5%
1990121,6970.3%
2000139,35714.5%
2010140,7681.0%
2020153,0678.7%
2022 (est.)152,650−0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1960–1970[34] 1980[35] 1990[36]
2000[37] 2010[38] 2020[3] 2022[4]
Historical racial composition 2020[3] 2010[38] 2000[37] 1990[36] 1980[35]
White (non-Hispanic) 37.2% 47.5% 61.6% 78.5% 90.0%
Hispanic or Latino 39.9% 32.6% 22.5% 11.9% 5.3%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 16.5% 15.4% 11.5% 8.1% 4.0%
Asian and Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic) 2.6% 2.4% 2.0% 1.2% 0.8%
Native American (non-Hispanic) 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2%
Some other race (non-Hispanic) 0.9% 0.4% 0.3% 0.1%
Two or more races (non-Hispanic) 2.8% 1.5% 1.9% N/A N/A
Population 153,067 140,768 139,357 121,697 121,323
Demographic characteristics 2020[39][40][41] 2010[42][43][44] 2000[45][46][47] 1990[36] 1980[35]
Households 72,585 71,070 68,426 52,904 50,764
Persons per household 2.11 1.98 2.04 2.30 2.39
Sex Ratio 94.9 96.1 94.1 90.0 87.8
Ages 0–17 19.1% 20.3% 21.3% 19.1% 19.8%
Ages 18–64 62.8% 64.6% 61.4% 57.8% 55.0%
Ages 65 + 18.1% 15.1% 17.3% 23.1% 25.1%
Median age 42.6 41.1 39.2 40.1 43.1
Population 153,067 140,768 139,357 121,697 121,323
Economic indicators
2017–21 American Community Survey Hollywood Broward County Florida
Median income[48] $32,371 $36,222 $34,367
Median household income[49] $56,912 $64,522 $61,777
Poverty Rate[50] 12.4% 12.4% 13.1%
High school diploma[51] 88.2% 90.0% 89.0%
Bachelor's degree[51] 29.9% 34.3% 31.5%
Advanced degree[51] 12.2% 13.1% 11.7%
Language spoken at home[note 1] 2015[note 2] 2010[note 3] 2000[54] 1990[55] 1980[56]
English 52.5% 56.9% 66.5% 78.1% 85.1%
Spanish or Spanish Creole 33.9% 30.2% 21.5% 11.1% 4.7%
French or Haitian Creole 4.8% 4.5% 3.5% 2.7% 1.4%
Italian N/A[note 4] 0.6% 1.1% 1.9% 2.8%
Other Languages 8.8% 7.8% 7.4% 6.2% 6.0%
Nativity 2015[note 5] 2010[note 6] 2000[61][62] 1990[63][55] 1980[56]
% population native-born 64.8% 66.8% 73.7% 82.2% 86.4%
... born in the United States 61.0% 63.2% 70.2% 79.5% 85.1%
... born in Puerto Rico or Island Areas 2.3% 2.4% 2.6% 1.8% 1.3%
... born to American parents abroad 1.4% 1.2% 1.0% 0.9%
% population foreign-born[note 7] 35.2% 33.2% 26.3% 17.8% 13.6%
... born in Cuba 5.0% 3.8% 2.8% 2.1% 1.5%
... born in Colombia 3.6% 3.2% 2.8% 0.8% N/A[note 4]
... born in Haiti 2.5% 2.4% 1.1% 0.4% N/A[note 4]
... born in Jamaica 2.2% 2.3% 2.0% 0.8% 0.3%
... born in Peru 1.8% 2.0% 1.1% 0.4% N/A[note 4]
... born in the Dominican Republic 1.7% 1.4% 0.9% 0.4% 0.1%
... born in Canada 1.3% 1.2% 1.9% 1.9% 1.6%
... born in other countries 17.1% 16.9% 13.7% 11.0% 10.1%

As of 2000, Hollywood had the 75th-highest percentage of Cuban residents in the U.S., at 4.23% of its population,[64] and the 65th-highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 2.26% (tied with both the town and village of Mount Kisco, New York.)[65] It also had the 57th-highest percentage of Peruvian residents in the US, at 1.05% (tied with Locust Valley, New York),[66] and the 20th-highest percentage of Romanian residents in the US, at 1.1% (tied with several other areas).[67]

Economy

Before they dissolved, Commodore Cruise Line and its subsidiary Crown Cruise Line were headquartered in Hollywood.[68]

Aerospace and electronics parts manufacturer HEICO is headquartered in Hollywood.[69]

Since 1991, the Invicta Watch Group, a manufacturer and marketer of timepieces and writing instruments, has been headquartered in Hollywood, where it also operates its customer-service call center.

Top employers

According to the city's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[70] its top employers are:

# Employer Employees
1 Memorial Healthcare System 4,124
2 City of Hollywood 1,446
3 Chewy 1,200
4 Publix Supermarkets 1,098
5 Diplomat Resort & Spa Hollywood 960
6 Memorial Regional Hospital South 766
7 Great Healthworks 430
8 BrandsMart USA 351
9 Toyota of Hollywood 333
10 HEICO 320

Tourism

Guided tours along the Intracoastal Waterway are common in Hollywood. The waterway, parallel to the ocean, allows people to explore nature and observe their surroundings.

Young Circle, named after the city's founder,[71] is surrounded by shops, restaurants, and bars. A Food-Truck Takeover occurs every Monday, during which dozens of local food trucks offer a variety of cuisines, including Cuban, Venezuelan, Mediterranean, Mexican, Jamaican, and Peruvian, in addition to barbecue, burgers, gourmet grilled cheese, and desserts.[72]

Parks and recreation

HBMBR
View of Hollywood Beach from the Margaritaville Beach Resort

Hollywood has about 60 parks, seven golf courses, and sandy beaches.

Hollywood Beach has a broadwalk that extends about 2.5 miles along the ocean.[73] Parking is available on side streets or in garages for a fee, and public trolleys run through the day. Restaurants and hotels line the broadwalk, along with a theatre, children's playground, and other attractions, including bicycle-rental shops, ice-cream parlors, souvenir shops, and a farmer's market. The broadwalk is used for walking and jogging, and has a bike lane for bicyclists and rollerbladers.

Government

City Hall, Hollywood, Florida, 2010

Mayor

Education

Hollywood has a diverse educational institutions, including 32 public (and charter) schools and 24 private schools. The public schools are operated by the Broward County Public Schools.[73]

Public schools

Broward County operates 24 public schools, consisting of four high schools, six middle schools, and 14 elementary schools.

The public high schools in Hollywood are Hollywood Hills High School, McArthur High School, South Broward High School, and Sheridan Technical College and High School.

The public middle schools include Apollo Middle School,[78] Attucks Middle School, Driftwood Middle School, McNicol Middle School, Olsen Middle School, and Beachside Montessori Village.[79]

Infrastructure

Transportation

A Tri-Rail Commuter Train at Sheridan Street Station.

Hollywood is served by Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport, the nation's 22nd-busiest airport.[80][unreliable source?] Broward County Transit operates several bus routes that pass through the city, such as the 1 on US 1 (federal highway).[81] It is also served by Tri-Rail stations at Sheridan Street and Hollywood.

Police department

The Hollywood Police Department is an entity within the city government tasked with law enforcement.

Notable people

Crime and terrorism

See also: Murder of Adam Walsh and Ricardo López (stalker)

In popular culture

The television game show Hollywood Squares taped a week of shows at the historic Diplomat Hotel in 1987 and featured aerial footage shot over Hollywood, Florida.[89]

Episode 15 of season six of the HBO crime drama The Sopranos featured scenes shot in the vicinity of the Hollywood Beach Marriott along Carolina Street.[90]

The Art and Culture Center of Hollywood is the exterior of the police substation in the TV show The Glades.

The comedy series Big Time in Hollywood, FL is set in Hollywood.

Sister cities

See also: List of sister cities in Florida

Hollywood's sister cities are:[91]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Language spoken at home among residents at least five years old; only languages (or language groups) which at least 2% of residents have spoken at any time since 1980 are mentioned
  2. ^ Refers to 2013–2017 American Community Survey data;[52] the last Decennial Census where language data was collected was in the 2000 census
  3. ^ Refers to 2008–2012 American Community Survey data;[53] the last Decennial Census where language data was collected was in the 2000 census
  4. ^ a b c d Not counted separately; aggregated into "Other" category
  5. ^ Refers to 2013–2017 American Community Survey data;[57][58] the last Decennial Census where foreign-born population data was collected was in the 2000 census
  6. ^ Refers to 2008–2012 American Community Survey data;[59][60] the last Decennial Census where foreign-born population data was collected was in the 2000 census
  7. ^ Only countries of birth which at least 1.5% of residents were born in at any time since 1980 are mentioned

References

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