Broward County
Images, from top down, left to right: Fort Lauderdale skyline; Hollywood Beach Boardwalk; Hollywood water tower; Tarpon River neighborhood; Dania Beach pier; life guard station on Las Olas Beach; Sawgrass Mills shopping mall in Sunrise; FLA Live Arena; docked boats in Pompano Beach
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Broward County is located in the United States
Broward County
Broward County
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 26°11′37″N 80°28′36″W / 26.193535°N 80.476683°W / 26.193535; -80.476683[1]
Country United States
State Florida
RegionSouth Florida
Metro areaMiami
FoundedApril 30, 1915
Named forNapoleon B. Broward
County seat Fort Lauderdale
Largest cityFort Lauderdale (population, total area)
Davie (land area)
Incorporated cities24
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager government
 • BodyBoard of County Commissioners
 • Board of County Commissioners[3][4]
Commissioners
 • MayorLamar P. Fisher (D)[2]
 • Vice MayorNan H. Rich (D)[2]
 • County administratorMonica Cepero
Area
 • Total1,322.817 sq mi (3,426.08 km2)
 • Land1,203.105 sq mi (3,116.03 km2)
 • Water119.712 sq mi (310.05 km2)
Highest elevation29 ft (9 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
Population
 • Total1,944,375
 • Estimate 
(2022)[8]
1,947,026
 • Rank17th in the United States
2nd in Florida
 • Density1,618.33/sq mi (624.84/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern Daylight Time)
ZIP Codes
33004, 33009, 33019–33021,33023–33029, 33060, 33062–33069, 33071, 33073, 33076, 33301, 33304–33306, 33308–33317, 33319, 33321–33328, 33330–33332, 33334, 33351, 33441–33442
Area codes754/954
FIPS code12011
GNIS feature ID295753
Primary airportFort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport
FLL (major/international)
Secondary airportMiami International Airport-
MIA (international/neighboring county)-
Palm Beach International Airport-
PBI (international/neighboring county)-
North Perry Airport-
HWO (regional)-
Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport-
FXE (regional)-
Pompano Beach Airpark-
PMP (regional)
Interstateslink = Interstate 75 in Florida link = Interstate 95 in Florida link = Interstate 595 (Florida)
U.S. Routeslink = U.S. Route 1 in Florida link = U.S. Route 27 in Florida link = U.S. Route 441 in Florida
State roadslink = Florida's Turnpike link = Florida State Road A1A
Commuter railAmtrak, Brightline, Tri-Rail
Websitewww.broward.org

Broward County (/ˈbr.ərd/ BROURD, BROW-(w)ərd) is a county in the southeastern part of Florida, located in the Miami metropolitan area. It is Florida's second-most populous county after Miami-Dade County and the 17th-most populous in the United States, with 1,944,375 residents as of the 2020 census.[7] Its county seat and largest city is Fort Lauderdale, which had a population of 182,760 as of 2020.

Broward County is one of the three counties that make up the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to 6.14 million people in 2020. It is also one of the most ethnically diverse counties in the entire country.[9]

The county has 31 municipalities (including 24 incorporated cities) and many unincorporated areas. It's also Florida's seventh-largest county in terms of land area, with 1,322.8 square miles (3,426 km2). Broward County's urbanized area occupies 427.8 square miles of land.[citation needed] The largest portion of the county is the Conservation Area that extends to the county's Western border. The conservation area is 796.9 square miles and consists of wetlands. At its widest points, the County stretches approximately 50.3 miles east to west and approximately 27.4 miles from north to south, averaging 5 to 25 feet in elevation.

History

Native people

The earliest evidence of Native American settlement in the Miami region came from about 12,000 years ago.[10] The first inhabitants settled on the banks of the Miami River, with the main villages on the northern banks.

The inhabitants at the time of first European contact were the Tequesta people, who controlled much of southeastern Florida, including what is now Miami-Dade County, Broward County, and the southern part of Palm Beach County. The Tequesta Indians fished, hunted, and gathered the fruit and roots of plants for food, but did not practice any form of agriculture. They buried the small bones of the deceased with the rest of the body, and put the larger bones in a box for the village people to see. The Tequesta are credited with making the Miami Circle.[11]

Napoleon Bonaparte Broward (1857-1910)

Founding of Broward

Broward County was founded on April 30, 1915.[12] It was intended to be named Everglades County, but then-Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives Ion Farris amended the bill that established the county to name it in honor of Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, governor of Florida from 1905 to 1909.

Throughout his term as governor, Broward championed Everglades drainage and was remembered for his campaign to turn the Everglades into "useful land". This opened up much of today's urban Broward County for development, first as agricultural land and later as residential. A year before Broward became governor, Dania became the first incorporated community of what is now Broward County, followed by Pompano in 1908, and Fort Lauderdale in 1911.

In 1915, Palm Beach and Dade counties contributed nearly equal portions of land to create Broward County.[12] Dixie Highway was also completed through Broward County in 1915. In 1916, the settlement of "Zona" was renamed Davie in recognition of Robert P. Davie, a land developer who purchased a great deal of reclaimed Everglades land.

Broward County began a huge development boom after its incorporation, with the first "tourist hotel", in Fort Lauderdale, opening in 1919. A year later, developers began dredging wetlands in the county to create island communities.[12]

Land boom and rapid growth

The year 1925 was considered the peak of the Florida land boom with Davie, Deerfield, Floranada, and Hollywood all being incorporated. By 1925, the boom was considered to have reached its peak, but the 1926 Miami hurricane caused economic depression in the county.[12] In 1926, the Hollywood Seminole Indian Reservation (formerly "Dania Reservation") was opened. In 1927, Lauderdale-by-the-Sea was incorporated. In 1928, the Bay Mabel Harbor (now the Port Everglades channel) was opened. In 1929, Merle Fogg Airport (now site of Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport) was dedicated. In 1939, Hillsboro Beach was incorporated. Gulfstream Park also opened in Hallandale in 1939.

The county saw another population and development boom post-World War II when the transformation from agricultural to urbanized residential area began. In 1947, Pompano merged with beach area to form the present day City of Pompano Beach.

There was another boom during the 1950s and the late 1960s. In 1953, Plantation, Lazy Lake, and Fern Crest Village were incorporated. In 1955, Margate and Miramar were incorporated. In 1956, Lighthouse Point was incorporated and the Florida Turnpike was completed through Broward County. In 1957, Pembroke Park was incorporated. In 1959, Cooper City, Lauderhill, and Sea Ranch Lakes were incorporated.

In 1946 Dr. Von D. Mizell and black business owners petitioned the County Commission to make a county beach available to African Americans; at the time the beaches in Broward County, as elsewhere in Florida, were for whites only. Eight years later a beach, today Dr. Von D. Mizell-Eula Johnson State Park, in Dania Beach, was made available, but there was no road to it until 1965. In the meantime, Mizell and Eula Johnson, with supporters, deliberately violated the law on July 4, 1961, by wading into the water on Ft. Lauderdale beach. The legal process set in motion by this incident resulted in the desegregation of Broward County beaches in 1962.[13]

In 1960, the City of Pembroke Pines was incorporated. This same year marked the opening of Broward College (then Broward Community College).

In 1961, Lauderdale Lakes and Sunrise were incorporated. In 1963, the cities of Coral Springs, North Lauderdale, Parkland, and Tamarac were all incorporated. In 1967, Coconut Creek was incorporated.[14]

The effects of a national recession hit the county in 1974 and the population growth finally slowed. This is from a peak growth percentage change of 297.9% which saw the population of Broward grow from 83,933 as of 1950 to 333,946 in 1960.[15] The population subsequently experienced an 85.7% population growth which brought the population to a total of 620,100 in 1970.[15]

Recent history

The structure of the Broward County government was signed into law in 1975 with the passage of the Broward County charter.[12] In the same year, the Seminole Tribe of Florida incorporated as a governing entity and began organizing cigarette sales, bingo and land leases that will bring millions of dollars in annual revenue in later years.[16] In 1976, Interstate 95 was completed through Broward County.

On January 19, 1977, snow fell in South Florida for the first time in recorded history. Snow was seen across all of South Florida as far south as Homestead and even on Miami Beach. Snow was officially reported by weather observers in West Palm Beach, LaBelle, Hollywood, and Royal Palm Ranger Station in southern Miami-Dade County.[17]

In the year 1980, the US census reported over 1 million people living in Broward County.

On August 24, 1992, Hurricane Andrew passed through Miami-Dade County, causing $100 million in damage in Broward County and leaving at least a dozen residents homeless as a result of storm related fires. Broward became a base of operations to shuttle supplies to neighbors in devastated Dade County which suffered the brunt of the storm and caused over $25 billion in damage. Hurricane Andrew caused a massive exodus from South Dade to Broward County, filling Pembroke Pines and other Broward communities with tens of thousands of transplanted families.[18]

In the year 2000, the US census reported a total population of 1,623,018.[19] The town of South West Ranches was incorporated this year.

On March 1, 2005, West Park became Broward County's 31st municipality to be incorporated.[20]

On October 24, 2005, Hurricane Wilma hit South Florida leaving the entire area damaged and causing almost universal power outages. Wilma was the most damaging storm in Broward County since Hurricane King in 1950. Broward experienced wind speeds between 80 and 100 mph (130 and 160 km/h) which endured for about five hours.[21]

On February 14, 2018, the city of Parkland became the scene of a deadly mass shooting perpetrated by a 19-year-old former student of Stoneman Douglas High School. The trial of the perpetrator of the shooting, Nikolas Cruz, was held at the Seventeenth Judicial Circuit Court of Florida in Broward County in 2022 with Judge Elizabeth Scherer presiding. Cruz was sentenced to life without the possibility of parole.[22]

In June 2020, following the George Floyd protests, some residents called for the county to be renamed due to Governor Broward's support for segregation and the Back-to-Africa movement.[23]

Fort Lauderdale harbor
Fort Lauderdale's harbor and skyline

Geography

Broward County, FL[24]
Climate chart (explanation)
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According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 1,323 square miles (3,430 km2), of which 1,210 square miles (3,100 km2) is land and 113 square miles (290 km2) (8.5%) is water.[25]

Broward County has an average elevation of six feet (1.8 m) above sea level. It is rather new geologically and at the eastern edge of the Florida Platform, a carbonate plateau created millions of years ago. Broward County is composed of Oolite limestone while western Broward is composed mostly of Bryozoa.[26] Broward is among the last areas of Florida to be created and populated with fauna and flora, mostly in the Pleistocene.

Of developable land in Broward County, approximately 471 square miles (1,219.9 km2), the majority is built upon, as the urban area is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Everglades Wildlife Management Area to the west. Within developable land, Broward County has a population density of 3,740 per square mile (1,444 per square kilometer).

Broward approved the construction of Osborne Reef, an artificial reef made of tires off the Fort Lauderdale beach, but it has proven an environmental disaster.[27]

Adjacent counties

Aerial view of sunset looking westward in Broward County. The Everglades appear in the background. Beyond that is Collier County.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19205,135
193020,094291.3%
194039,79498.0%
195083,933110.9%
1960333,946297.9%
1970620,10085.7%
19801,018,20064.2%
19901,255,48823.3%
20001,623,01829.3%
20101,748,0667.7%
20201,944,37511.2%
2022 (est.)1,947,0260.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1920–1970[28] 1980[29] 1990[30]
2000[31] 2010[32] 2020[7] 2022[8]
Historical racial composition 2020[7] 2010[32] 2000[31] 1990[30] 1980[29]
White (non-Hispanic) 33.1% 43.5% 58.0% 74.9% 84.3%
Hispanic or Latino 31.3% 25.1% 16.7% 8.6% 4.0%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 26.6% 25.7% 20.0% 14.9% 10.9%
Asian and Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic) 3.8% 3.2% 2.3% 1.3% 0.8%
Native American (non-Hispanic) 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2%
Other Race (non-Hispanic) 1.1% 0.5% 0.4% 0.1%
Two or more races (non-Hispanic) 3.8% 1.7% 2.4% N/A N/A
Population 1,944,375 1,748,066 1,623,018 1,255,488 1,018,200
Ethnic origins in Broward County
Demographic characteristics 2020[33][34][35] 2010[36][37][38] 2000[39][40][41] 1990[30] 1980[29][42]
Households 860,329 810,388 741,043 528,442 417,517
Persons per household 2.26 2.16 2.19 2.38 2.44
Sex Ratio 93.4 93.9 93.3 91.9 91.0
Ages 0–17 20.5% 22.4% 23.6% 20.4% 21.0%
Ages 18–64 62.3% 63.3% 60.3% 58.8% 57.0%
Ages 65 + 17.2% 14.3% 16.1% 20.8% 22.0%
Median age 41.4 39.7 37.8 37.6 38.7
Population 1,944,375 1,748,066 1,623,018 1,255,488 1,018,200
Economic indicators
2017–21 American Community Survey Miami-Dade County Florida
Median income[43] $36,222 $34,367
Median household income[44] $64,522 $61,777
Poverty Rate[45] 12.4% 13.1%
High school diploma[46] 90.0% 89.0%
Bachelor's degree[46] 34.3% 31.5%
Advanced degree[46] 13.1% 11.7%
Language spoken at home[a] 2015[b] 2010[c] 2000[49] 1990[50] 1980[51]
English 60.0% 62.5% 71.2% 82.3% 88.3%
Spanish or Spanish Creole 25.3% 22.9% 16.3% 8.0% 3.7%
French or Haitian Creole 6.9% 7.2% 5.4% 3.3% 1.4%
Other Languages 7.8% 7.4% 7.1% 6.4% 6.6%
Nativity 2015[d] 2010[e] 2000[56][57] 1990[50] 1980[51]
% population native-born 66.9% 68.6% 74.7% 84.2% 88.9%
... born in the United States 63.7% 65.7% 72.2% 82.3% 87.8%
... born in Puerto Rico or Island Areas 2.0% 1.9% 1.7% 1.1% 1.0%
... born to American parents abroad 1.2% 1.1% 0.8% 0.8%
% population foreign-born[f] 33.1% 31.4% 25.3% 15.8% 11.1%
... born in Jamaica 4.2% 4.5% 3.7% 1.8% 0.5%
... born in Haiti 3.9% 4.1% 2.9% 1.5% N/A[g]
... born in Colombia 3.2% 2.8% 2.0% 0.8% N/A[g]
... born in Cuba 2.7% 2.5% 2.0% 1.3% 0.8%
... born in Venezuela 1.6% 1.2% 0.6% 0.1% N/A[g]
... born in Peru 1.2% 1.2% 0.8% 0.3% N/A[g]
... born in Brazil 1.1% 1.1% 0.9% 0.2% N/A[g]
... born in the Dominican Republic 1.1% 0.9% 0.6% 0.2% < 0.1%
... born in Canada 1.0% 1.0% 1.3% 1.2% 1.4%
... born in Mexico 0.9% 0.8% 0.7% 0.2% 0.1%
... born in Honduras 0.7% 0.6% 0.3% 0.1% N/A[g]
... born in Trinidad and Tobago 0.7% 0.7% 0.6% 0.5% N/A[g]
... born in India 0.6% 0.5% 0.3% 0.1% 0.1%
... born in Ecuador 0.6% 0.6% 0.3% 0.2% N/A[g]
... born in Argentina 0.6% 0.4% 0.3% 0.2% N/A[g]
... born in the United Kingdom 0.4% 0.5% 0.6% 0.7% 0.7%
... born in Italy 0.3% 0.3% 0.4% 0.5% 0.8%
... born in Germany 0.2% 0.3% 0.5% 0.6% 0.8%
... born in Russia 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.5%[h] 0.9%[h]
... born in Poland 0.2% 0.2% 0.4% 0.6% 0.7%
... born in other countries 9.0% 8.5% 8.0% 7.1% 8.2%

As of 2005, Broward County led the nation's metropolitan areas in new AIDS diagnoses, with a reported rate 58.4 new AIDS diagnoses per 100,000 people. County officials think the numbers may stem from a new and successful HIV testing campaign that has resulted in many people being diagnosed with AIDS at the same time they've been diagnosed with HIV.[58] Without the implementation of the new testing campaign, the reported numbers of new diagnoses would have probably been lower.

Law, government, and politics

Broward County Mayors

Name Start of Term End of Term
Lamar P. Fisher[59] Nov. 29 2022
Michael Udine[60] Nov. 16, 2021 Nov. 29, 2022[59]
Steven A. Geller[61] Nov. 17, 2020 Nov. 16, 2021
Dale V.C. Holness[62] Nov. 19, 2019 Nov. 17, 2020
Mark Bogen[63] Nov. 2018 Nov. 2019
Beam Furr[64] Nov. 2017 Nov. 2018
Barbara Sharief Nov. 17, 2016 Nov. 17, 2017
Marty Kiar Nov. 17, 2015 Nov. 17, 2016
Tim Ryan Nov. 18, 2014 Nov. 17, 2015
Barbara Sharief Nov. 19, 2013 Nov. 18, 2014

The Broward County Charter provides for a separation between the legislative and administrative functions of government. The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative branch of Broward County Government. The County Commission is composed of nine members elected by district. Commissioners must be a resident of the district where they seek election. Each year the Commission elects a mayor and vice mayor. The mayor's functions include serving as presiding officer, and as the county's official representative. The Commission appoints the County Administrator, County Attorney and County Auditor. The commission also appoints numerous advisory and regulatory boards.[65]

The County Commission meets in formal session the first four Tuesdays of each month at 10:00 a.m. in Room 422 of the Broward County Governmental Center. Over 507,000 cable subscribers in Broward County have access to Government-access television (GATV) coverage of Commission meetings, which are broadcast live beginning at 10:00 a.m. each Tuesday, and rebroadcast at 5:30 p.m. the following Friday. Meetings can also be viewed via webcasting at www.broward.org.

Gregory Tony

The Broward County Sheriff's Office (BSO) has 5,400 employees,[66] and is the largest sheriff's department in Florida. The BSO was founded in 1915.[67][68][69] Sheriff Gregory Tony has been the Sheriff heading the agency since 2019, when he replaced Sheriff Scott Israel, who had been Sheriff since 2013.[70][71][72]

Politics

Overview

Broward County has been a Democratic stronghold since 1992, voting for the Party's presidential nominee in every election since then. It is now considered one of the most reliably Democratic counties in the state,[73][74] giving greater than 60% support to the party nominee in every election since 1996. From 1948 to 1988, the county leaned Republican, voting for the Republican nominee in every election except 1976, even supporting Republican Barry Goldwater by a 56-44 margin while he lost the national election in a landslide. This change in voting tendencies can be attributed to the large migrations of middle and upper-class snowbirds and transplants from more liberal northern states, suburban flight from liberal voters leaving Miami-Dade County (many of whom themselves had roots in the North), a growing LGBT community, the increased salience of social issues such as abortion and gun control among educated voters, and immigration from places such as Latin America, the Caribbean, Canada, Europe, and Asia. Unlike Miami-Dade County to the south, where many of the immigrants are Republican-leaning Cuban-Americans, Cubans comprise only a small proportion of the immigrant population in Broward County.

Previous gubernatorial election results
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2022 41.97% 251,238 (DeSantis/Incumbent) 57.35% 343,286 (Crist) 0.68% 4,083
2018 31.30% 222,012 (DeSantis) 67.98% 482,152 (Gillum) 0.68% 5,015
2014 29.52% 138,394 (Scott/Incumbent) 68.02% 318,950 (Crist) 2.46% 11,549
2010 33.40% 140,445 (Scott) 64.59% 271,606 (Sink) 2.01% 8,480
2006 35.09% 143,043 (Crist) 62.81% 256,072 (Davis) 2.10% 8,558
2002 40.02% 175,756 (Bush/Incumbent) 59.05% 259,370 (McBride) 0.93% 4,076
1998 37.93% 137,494 (Bush) 62.07% 225,010 (McKay) 0.00% 8
1994 34.61% 138,333 (Bush) 65.39% 261,368 (Chiles/Incumbent) 0.00% 11
United States presidential election results for Broward County, Florida[75]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 333,409 34.74% 618,752 64.48% 7,479 0.78%
2016 260,951 31.16% 553,320 66.08% 23,117 2.76%
2012 244,101 32.23% 508,312 67.12% 4,941 0.65%
2008 237,729 32.34% 492,640 67.02% 4,722 0.64%
2004 244,674 34.61% 453,873 64.21% 8,325 1.18%
2000 177,939 30.93% 387,760 67.41% 9,540 1.66%
1996 142,870 28.29% 320,779 63.51% 41,449 8.21%
1992 164,832 30.92% 276,361 51.85% 91,857 17.23%
1988 220,316 50.00% 218,274 49.54% 2,015 0.46%
1984 254,608 56.68% 194,584 43.32% 34 0.01%
1980 229,693 55.95% 146,323 35.64% 34,545 8.41%
1976 161,411 47.15% 176,491 51.55% 4,441 1.30%
1972 196,528 72.41% 74,127 27.31% 754 0.28%
1968 106,122 54.50% 56,613 29.07% 31,992 16.43%
1964 85,264 55.49% 68,406 44.51% 0 0.00%
1960 68,294 58.82% 47,811 41.18% 0 0.00%
1956 43,552 72.45% 16,561 27.55% 0 0.00%
1952 26,506 69.10% 11,854 30.90% 0 0.00%
1948 9,933 50.88% 7,096 36.35% 2,492 12.77%
1944 5,583 47.45% 6,183 52.55% 0 0.00%
1940 3,988 38.31% 6,422 61.69% 0 0.00%
1936 1,906 30.30% 4,385 69.70% 0 0.00%
1932 1,717 34.27% 3,293 65.73% 0 0.00%
1928 2,889 63.63% 1,564 34.45% 87 1.92%
1924 407 41.45% 421 42.87% 154 15.68%
1920 442 44.24% 415 41.54% 142 14.21%
1916 158 22.57% 382 54.57% 160 22.86%

Voter registration

According to the Secretary of State's office, Democrats maintain a plurality among registered voters in Broward County. The county is also one of the few counties in the state where Independents outnumber Republicans.

Population and registered voters as of September 30, 2022
Total population[76] 1,944,375
  Registered voters[77] 1,249,178 ~64%
    Democratic 596,811 47.77%
    Republican 264,973 21.21%
    Democratic–Republican spread +331,838 +26.56%
    Minor parties 19,834 1.59%
    No party affiliation 367,560 29.42%

Ordinances

Broward's code of ordinances consists of resolutions, administrative rules and regulations passed in order to secure a responsive and efficient form of local government.[78]

The county maintains a distinctive rule regarding communication between the county and bidders for county contracts, known as the Cone of Silence.[79] This rule prevents staff involved in a purchasing process from communicating with bidders from the time when the solicitation is issued, and County Commissioners from the time when bids are opened, until the vote to award the contract or the time when all bids are rejected.[80]

Economy

See also: List of companies based in Miami

Silver Airways has its headquarters on the property of Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport in an unincorporated area. [81][82][83] Other companies with headquarters in unincorporated areas include Locair.[84]

Spirit Airlines has its headquarters in Miramar.[citation needed]

When Chalk's International Airlines existed, its headquarters was on the grounds of the airport in an unincorporated area.[85] When Bimini Island Air existed, its headquarters were in an unincorporated area.[86]

By far the largest agricultural sector is nurseries, greenhouses, floricultures, and sod.[87] This supplies ornamental uses in the area.[87]

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Broward College South Campus administration building

Broward County Schools, the sole school district in the county,[88] has the sixth largest school district in the country and the second largest in the state after the Miami-Dade district.

Regionally accredited colleges and universities

Other adult education providers

Public libraries

The Broward County Library is one of the largest public library systems in the country, comprising 38 branch locations. There are also five municipal public libraries in the county that are not part of the Broward County Library system: Ethel M. Gordon Oakland Park Library, Lighthouse Point Library, Helen B. Hoffman Plantation Library, Richard C. Sullivan Public Library of Wilton Manors, and Parkland Public Library.

Library Resources

Broward County libraries provide endless amount of resources to the public. For high-schoolers looking to prepare themselves for college, the library offers college readiness & SAT/ACT prep courses. For adults looking to learn computer skills, adult computer classes are also offered. These resources are free of cost, therefore, all it takes is registering to participate. In addition to the many resources offered at the library, bus passes are also sold at most Broward County libraries.[89] If you want to enjoy some of these resources, you can simply download the app to utilize them on the go. There are nine apps available for download: Broward County Library (BCL WoW), Freegal Music, Hoopla, Overdrive, Libby, Axis 360, RBdigital Magazines, Rosetta Stone, and Brainfuse.[90]

Sites of interest

Bonnet House Museum & Gardens, Fort Lauderdale
Stranahan House, Fort Lauderdale

Museums and historical collections

See also: List of museums in Broward County, Florida

Nature and wildlife areas

Butterfly World, Coconut Creek

Other areas and attractions

Hollywood Beach Broadwalk

Additionally, with 23 miles of beach, Broward County is a popular destination for scuba diving, snorkeling, and droves of young Spring break tourists from around the world.[95][96]

Transportation

Airports

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport serves as the primary airport of the Broward County area. The airport is bounded by the cities Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood and Dania Beach,[83] three miles (4.8 km) southwest of downtown Fort Lauderdale and 21 mi (34 km) north of Miami. The airport is near cruise line terminals at Port Everglades and is popular among tourists bound for the Caribbean. Since the late 1990s, FLL has become an intercontinental gateway, although Miami International Airport still handles most long-haul flights. FLL is ranked as the 19th busiest airport (in terms of passenger traffic) in the United States, as well as the nation's 14th busiest international air gateway and one of the world's 50 busiest airports. FLL is classified by the US Federal Aviation Administration as a "major hub" facility serving commercial air traffic. In 2017 the airport processed 32,511,053 passengers[97] (11.3% more than 2016) including 7,183,275 international passengers (18.6% more than 2016).

A Broward County Transit bus in the current "Breeze" livery.

Public transportation

Major expressways

Interstate 95 as it passes through Fort Lauderdale. The city's skyline can be seen in the background.

Railroads

Street grid

A street grid stretches throughout Broward County. Most of this grid is loosely based on three primary eastern municipalities, (from South to North) Hollywood, Fort Lauderdale, and Pompano Beach. Deerfield Beach—another primary eastern municipality—has its own street grid, as do two smaller municipalities—Dania Beach and Hallandale Beach.

Greenways System

Construction is underway on a network of recreational trails to connect cities and points of interest in the county.[98][99][100]

Communities

Map of the municipalities (colored areas) and unincorporated communities (grey areas) of Broward County

Municipalities

Municipality populations are based on the 2020 US Census using their QuickFacts with 5,000 residents and above, while municipalities under 5,000 people are based on their US Decennial Census.[101][102]

# Incorporated community Designation Date incorporated Population
1 Parkland City July 10, 1963 34,670
2 Coconut Creek City February 20, 1967 57,833
3 Deerfield Beach City June 11, 1925 86,859
4 Coral Springs City July 10, 1963 134,394
5 Margate City May 30, 1955 58,712
6 Pompano Beach City June 6, 1908 112,046
7 Lighthouse Point City June 13, 1956 10,486
8 Hillsboro Beach Town June 12, 1939 1,987
9 Tamarac City August 15, 1963 71,897
10 North Lauderdale City July 10, 1963 44,794
11 Lauderdale-by-the-Sea Town November 30, 1927 6,198
12 Sea Ranch Lakes Village October 6, 1959 540
13 Oakland Park City June 10, 1929 44,229
14 Wilton Manors City May 13, 1947 11,426
15 Lazy Lake Village June 3, 1953 33
16 Fort Lauderdale City March 27, 1911 182,760
17 Lauderdale Lakes City June 22, 1961 35,954
18 Lauderhill City June 20, 1959 74,482
19 Sunrise City June 22, 1961 97,335
20 Plantation City April 30, 1953 91,750
21 Weston City September 3, 1996 68,107
22 Davie Town November 16, 1925 105,691
23 Dania Beach City November 30, 1904 31,723
24 Hollywood City November 28, 1925 153,067
25 Southwest Ranches Town June 6, 2000 7,607
26 Cooper City City June 20, 1959 34,401
27 Pembroke Pines City March 2, 1959 171,178
28 Miramar City May 26, 1955 134,721
29 West Park City March 1, 2005 15,130
30 Pembroke Park Town October 10, 1957 6,260
31 Hallandale Beach City May 11, 1927 41,217

Former unincorporated neighborhoods

In the 1980s the Broward County Commission adopted a policy of having all populated places in the county be part of a municipality.[103] Municipalities were often reluctant to annex neighborhoods which were not projected to yield enough tax revenue to cover the costs of providing services to those neighborhoods.[104] In 2001 the Broward County Legislative Delegation adopted a policy encouraging the annexation of all unincorporated areas in Broward County into municipalities by October 1, 2005.[105] Formerly unincorporated neighborhoods that have been annexed into existing municipalities or combined to form new municipalities as of 2018 include:

Remaining unincorporated neighborhoods

By late in the first decade of the 21st century, annexation of remaining neighborhoods had stalled.[106] As of 2018 the Broward County Municipal Services District serves seven unincorporated neighborhoods, including six census designated places (Boulevard Gardens, Broadview Park, Franklin Park, Hillsboro Pines, Roosevelt Gardens and Washington Park) and a parcel with a population of 72 in 2018, Hillsboro Ranches.[107] Other areas in the developed part of the county that are not in municipalities include the Hollywood Seminole Indian Reservation, Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport, several landfills and resource recovery facilities, and other scattered small parcels with few or no residents.[108]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Language spoken at home among residents at least five years old; only languages (or language groups) which at least 2% of residents have spoken at any time since 1980 are mentioned
  2. ^ Refers to 2013–2017 American Community Survey data;[47] the last Decennial Census where language data was collected was in the 2000 census
  3. ^ Refers to 2008–2012 American Community Survey data;[48] the last Decennial Census where language data was collected was in the 2000 census
  4. ^ Refers to 2013–2017 American Community Survey data;[52][53] the last Decennial Census where foreign-born population data was collected was in the 2000 census
  5. ^ Refers to 2008–2012 American Community Survey data;[54][55] the last Decennial Census where foreign-born population data was collected was in the 2000 census
  6. ^ Only countries of birth which at least 0.5% of residents were born in at any time since 1980 were born in are mentioned
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Not counted separately; aggregated into "Other" category
  8. ^ a b Data from the 1980 census and 1990 census pertains to residents born anywhere in the Soviet Union, not just Russia

References

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Government links/Constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch

Tourism links

Official sites