Greater Orlando
Orlando–Kissimmee–Sanford, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area
Orlando skyline
Orlando skyline
Counties with suburbs of Orlando
Greater Orlando with counties with lots of suburbs (in dark red) and counties with few suburbs (in light red)
Coordinates: 28°32′N 81°23′W / 28.54°N 81.38°W / 28.54; -81.38
CountryUnited States
Largest cityOrlando
Other citiesKissimmee
Saint Cloud
Winter Garden
Daytona Beach
Winter Park
Winter Springs
Altamonte Springs
Lake Mary
Bay Lake
Lake Buena Vista
 • Total4,011 sq mi (10,390 km2)
Highest elevation
Sugarloaf Mountain
312 ft (95 m)
Lowest elevation
Sea level
0 ft (0 m)
 • Total2,673,376[1]
 • Rank22nd in the U.S.

The Orlando metropolitan area, commonly referred to as Greater Orlando, Metro Orlando, Central Florida as well as for U.S. Census purposes as the Orlando–Kissimmee–Sanford, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area, is a metropolitan area in the central region of the U.S. state of Florida. Its principal cities are Orlando, Kissimmee and Sanford. The U.S. Office of Management and Budget defines it as consisting of the counties of Lake, Orange (including Orlando), Osceola, and Seminole.[2]

According to the 2020 U.S. Census, the population of Greater Orlando is 2,673,376, an increase of nearly 540,000 new residents between 2010 and 2020.

By population, it is the third-largest metropolitan area in Florida, the seventh-largest in the southeastern United States, and the 23rd largest in the United States. The MSA encompasses 4,012 square miles (10,400 km2) of total area (both land and water areas).

The Orlando–Kissimmee–Sanford MSA is further listed by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget as part of the Orlando-Lakeland-Deltona, Florida Combined Statistical Area (CSA). This includes the Deltona–Daytona Beach–Ormond Beach (Volusia and Flagler counties), Lakeland-Winter Haven (Polk County), and Wildwood-The Villages (Sumter County) MSAs.[2] As of the 2010 census, the Combined Statistical Area population was 3,447,946, with a 2018 estimate at 4,096,575.[3]

The MSA was first defined in 1950 as the Orlando Standard Metropolitan Area, consisting solely of Orange County. Seminole County was added to the MSA in 1959, Osceola County in 1973, and Lake County in 1992. The name was changed to Orlando-Kissimmee MSA in 2004, and to Orlando–Kissimmee–Sanford MSA in 2009.[4]


Principal cities

Greater Orlando urban area
Historical populations for Orange County
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

Principal cities (sometimes called primary cities) are defined by the OMB based on population size and employment. In general, a principal city has more non-residents commuting into the city to work than residents commuting out of the city to work.[8]

Suburbs with more than 10,000 inhabitants

Suburbs with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants

County 2021 Estimate 2020 Census Change Area Density
Orange County 1,422,746 1,429,908 −0.50% 903.43 sq mi (2,339.9 km2) 1,575/sq mi (608/km2)
Seminole County 478,093 470,856 +1.54% 309.22 sq mi (800.9 km2) 1,520/sq mi (587/km2)
Osceola County 403,282 388,656 +3.76% 1,327.45 sq mi (3,438.1 km2) 304/sq mi (117/km2)
Lake County 395,804 383,956 +3.09% 938.38 sq mi (2,430.4 km2) 422/sq mi (163/km2)
Total 2,691,925 2,673,376 +0.69% 3,478.48 sq mi (9,009.2 km2) 774/sq mi (299/km2)


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See also: List of amusement parks in Central Florida and List of tourist attractions in Greater Orlando

Greater Orlando is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world thanks to the many theme parks in the area. Famous attractions include Walt Disney World, SeaWorld Orlando and Universal Orlando. Millions of tourists visit these and other attractions every year.

In 2015, the Orlando area attracted 68 million people.[10]

The citrus industry historically dominated the Orlando area economy, but has declined over the past 100 years. The Christmas 1989 impact freeze proved particularly damaging to commercial citrus farming within Greater Orlando.[11] There are still three major orange juice plants remaining in the area: Cutrale Citrus Juices in Leesburg; Florida's Natural Growers in Umatilla; and Silver Springs Citrus in Howey-in-the-Hills. Minute Maid maintains a major juice flavoring plant in Apopka.

Other agricultural pursuits, particularly cattle farming, remain important parts of the Central Florida economy, but are now all located on the outer fringes of the metro area. Orlando is also a major food processing center.

Metro Orlando has served as a major military defense and aerospace center since World War II. The most prominent defense contractor in the area is Lockheed Martin, which operates both a laboratory and a manufacturing facility in Orlando. Military presence began in the 1940s, with the opening of McCoy Air Force Base and the Orlando Naval Training Center.

McCoy AFB was a major hub of B-52 Stratofortress operations. McCoy AFB was split between the city and NTC Orlando in 1974, and NTC Orlando closed in the mid-1990s. McCoy AFB is now the location of the Orlando International Airport. Farther north in Sanford, the Orlando Sanford International Airport was originally Naval Air Station Sanford.

Metro Orlando's economy has greatly diversified from tourism, and the area is now considered a primary city for the modeling, simulation and training (MS&T) industry.[12] The University of Central Florida is home to more than 60,000 students, the second largest public university campus by enrollment,[13] and established the UCF College of Medicine in 2006. The Central Florida Research Park is the seventh largest research park in the United States by number of employees, and fourth largest by number of companies.[14] In addition to having a Lockheed Martin branch, it also hosts other major hi-tech companies such as Oracle Corporation, Electronic Arts, and Siemens.

Orlando is targeting the biotechnology and life sciences industries, with major new projects clustering in the Lake Nona Medical City. In addition to the UCF College of Medicine, a VA Hospital, a Sanford-Burnham Institute research center[when?] and a Nemours Foundation children's hospital are being constructed.[when?]


Tavistock Group, an investment firm that held 7,000 acres (2,800 ha) of land immediately southeast of Orlando International Airport began formulating new possibilities for its land use after the decline in tourism to the state. Tavistock decided to use part of the land to establish a bio-sciences cluster.

In 2005, the state of Florida along with Tavistock Group and the University of Central Florida agreed that Tavistock would donate 50 acres (20 ha) and $12.5 million (which the state would match for a total of $25 Million) to start the UCF College of Medicine and the Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences. The UCF College of Medicine won approval from the State Board of Governors in 2006. That decision was key to attracting Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute to Central Florida. Tavistock then donated another 50 acres (20 ha) and $17.5 million to Sanford-Burnham which allowed Sanford-Burnham's East Coast expansion.

In February and March 2007 respectively, Nemours and the United States Department of Veterans Affairs announced Lake Nona as the site of two new hospitals.[citation needed] Other prospective tenants of the Lake Nona Medical City included MD Anderson Cancer Center Orlando, the University of Florida research center, and Valencia Community College.[citation needed] It was determined in 2008 from a study done by Arduin, Laffer and Moore Econometrics that the Lake Nona Medical City cluster has in two years reached 80% of the Milken Numbers which were based on the commitments made by the economic development statements. The study then released new projections for the 10-year period which included 30,000 jobs created and a $7.6 billion economic impact.[15]

In January 2020, KPMG completed construction of a $450 million, 55 acre, state-of-the-art training facility in the Lake Nona region of the Greater Orlando area.[16] The site hosts KPMG professionals for training from across the United States, and provides direct shuttles from Orlando International Airport to the training facility. Only the firm's employees are permitted on the grounds.


Roads and freeways

Limited-access highways in Greater Orlando include:

The Beachline, Central Florida GreeneWay, East-West Expressway and Western Expressway are all run by the Central Florida Expressway Authority. Florida's Turnpike and portions of tollways not inside Orange County are run by Florida's Turnpike Enterprise, a special district of the Florida Department of Transportation.

Major surface highways include US 17, US 92 and US 441 (which overlap through Orlando as Orange Blossom Trail), US 27 (Claude Pepper Highway), US 192 (Irlo Bronson Highway), SR 50 (Colonial Drive and Cheney Highway), John Young Parkway, and International Drive.

Transit systems

Bus transportation in Orange, Osceola, and Seminole counties is provided by LYNX. LYNX operates 88 routes as of January 28, 2019. LYNX provides service on local, limited-stop (FastLink), and neighborhood, on-demand circulator routes (NeighborLink).

Lynx had express routes into Clermont and Volusia County, but these were eliminated in 2014 due to the opening of SunRail. Volusia County is primarily served locally by Votran and Lake County is primarily served locally by LakeXpress.

The SunRail opened for operation in 2014 and the second phase expansion into Osceola County opened on July 30, 2018, with terminal stations at Poinciana and DeBary. Studies are being conducted to extend SunRail to Orlando International Airport (OIA) and Deland.


SunRail (formerly referred to as Central Florida Commuter Rail) is a commuter rail system in the Greater Orlando, Florida area, linking Poinciana to DeBary through Downtown Orlando. Phase 1 opened in May 2014, and ran between DeBary and Sand Lake Station. Phase II opened in July 2018 and extended to Poinciana through Osceola County with the addition of four new stations.

Church Street Station, once a stop along the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad, has since been redeveloped as an urban night life center, while the station itself will serve as Downtown Orlando's centerpiece SunRail stop.

Amtrak serves stations in the area in Kissimmee, Orlando, Winter Park, Sanford and DeLand. The Sanford station is the southern terminus for the Auto Train, which transports people and their vehicles, without intermediate station stops, directly to Washington, D.C., via Lorton, Virginia.

The other stations are served by the Silver Meteor and Silver Star, which both travel to New York City. The difference between the two lines is their paths through the states of South Carolina and North Carolina: Silver Meteor takes a coastal route through Charleston, South Carolina, and Fayetteville, North Carolina, while Silver Star moves inland through Columbia, South Carolina, and Raleigh, North Carolina.

Orlando was eastern terminus of the Amtrak Sunset Limited, until damage to train bridges caused by Hurricane Katrina in 2005 halted service east of New Orleans. As of April 2017, restoration of Amtrak service from New Orleans to Orlando appears to be unlikely.[17]

Orlando is usually named as the initial focus of plans for a Florida High Speed Rail system in which the majority of its residents had supported, but 2.4 billion dollars of federal funding for this new system were refused by Governor Rick Scott of Florida after taking office in January 2011. Scott said that Florida taxpayers would be stuck with paying for expected large cost overruns if the rail system were built.[18]

Orlando will be served by Brightline at Orlando International Airport's new intermodal terminal. Current service runs from Miami to West Palm Beach, with construction to Orlando to begin in March 2019. In addition, an extension of Brightline to Tampa is also proposed.


The primary major airports of the area are Orlando International Airport, at SR 528 Exit 11/SR 417 Exit 17, and Orlando Sanford International Airport, at SR 417 Exit 49.

Orlando International (MCO) is a focus city of JetBlue and Southwest Airlines. AirTran Airways was headquartered in Orlando and had a major hub in Orlando but it was merged into Southwest. JetBlue also has a training facility known as JetBlue University, and is the main training center for JetBlue's pilots, inflight crew, plus support training for its technical operations and customer service crew. JetBlue also provides general aircraft maintenance and LiveTV installation and maintenance in Orlando.

Orlando Sanford International (SFB) is generally served by charter flights from Europe, though it is also a hub for national small-city carrier Allegiant Air and home to Delta Connection Academy, a pilot training school.

In the Combined Statistical Area, Daytona Beach International Airport and Leesburg International Airport also serves the area, and is used by many tourists seeking to directly connect to Daytona Beach's many local offerings, such as Daytona Beach Bike Week, Speedweeks and Spring Break. It is located so its runways cradle Daytona International Speedway, making it convenient for some fans to arrive in Daytona, watch the Daytona 500 or Coke Zero 400, and then return home the same day. Daytona Beach International also serves as the main airport for pilot training at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.

Municipal airports in the region include Orlando Executive Airport, Kissimmee Gateway Airport, Ormond Beach Municipal Airport and DeLand Municipal Airport.


Orlando Chinatown

A Chinatown (Chinese: 奥兰多唐人街; pinyin: Àolánduō táng rén jiē) is situated at 5060 West Colonial Drive (located outside city limits) as of 2002. According to the West Orlando News, the Chinatown features a monument of Sun Yat Sen, a donation from his granddaughter Dr. Lily Sun who unveiled it on the 87th anniversary of his death in 2012, making this the first commercial location to hold such a monument.[19] In March 2013, a paifang was unveiled at the entrance to the Chinatown plaza, "... helping legitimize the plaza as a center for Chinese commerce."[20] The Chinatown features an eclectic blend of Chinese, Korean, Filipino, Vietnamese and Indian cultures through its numerous pan-Asian businesses.[21][22]

According to an article by the Orlando Weekly, the location of Orlando's Chinatown was once the Westside Crossing Plaza, which was a Walmart shopping center with a Publix supermarket. In 2003, the old shopping center was converted to house "... 60 pan-Asian businesses and restaurants." Financing for the project came from Chinese investors.[23]

The Orlando Sentinel further states that "... by retrofitting the mostly vacant strip center, which includes a former Wal-Mart discount store and Publix supermarket, a group of out-of-state Chinese investors are hoping to draw more than 60 Asian-owned businesses to the site by the end of the year. " The article states that this is "... creating what the project's developers are calling the region's first Chinatown." The amenities include bakeries, restaurants, and an Asian grocery store. So the article further elaborates by saying "... finally, there's a place to buy cuttlefish and black chicken."[24]

Since the project was a success, its report on its conceptualization and development is used as a reference for the real estate and tourism industries.[25]


The primary newspaper of the area is the daily Orlando Sentinel, owned by Tribune Company. It was created as the Orlando Sentinel-Star in 1973 when the Orlando Morning Sentinel and the Orlando Evening Star were merged. It dropped "Star" from the name in 1982. It is also served by various weekly and semi-weekly papers, including Orlando Weekly, The West Orange Times, The East Orlando Sun and the Osceola News-Gazette in Kissimmee.

The extended area is also covered by The Daytona Beach News-Journal and Florida Today.

Greater Orlando makes up a large portion of the "Orlando–Ocala–Daytona Beach, FL" DMA, which ranks No. 19 in size with 1,466,420 households in 2007–08 according to Nielsen Media Research.[26]

All six major broadcast networks are represented in Orlando with their own channels. WESH brought NBC to Orlando when it moved its main operations from Daytona Beach to Eatonville in 1991.

See also


  1. ^ "Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL Metro Area Demographics and Housing 2020 Decennial Census".
  2. ^ a b "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Guidance on the Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). Executive Office of the President. July 21, 2023. p. 66. Retrieved July 21, 2023.
  3. ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 18-04:Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). United States Office of Management and Budget. September 14, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  4. ^ "Metro Area History 1950–2020". U.S. Census Bureau. March 2020. Row 3710. Retrieved July 30, 2023.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 20, 2014. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population Change for Counties in the United States and Municipios in Puerto Rico: 2000 to 2010". US Census Bureau. September 2011. Archived from the original on March 21, 2021. Retrieved August 30, 2022.
  8. ^ Census Bureau Geographic Concepts – retrieved July 2, 2009
  9. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". Archived from the original on 12 February 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  10. ^ Pedicini, Sandra. "Visit Orlando: Record 68 million people visited last year". Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Timeline of Major Florida Freezes - Florida Citrus Mutual". Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Orlando a model location for simulation industry event - Orlando Business Journal". Archived from the original on 2014-04-27.
  13. ^ "Freshman Class Sets New Records, Fall Enrollment May Top 60,000". UCF News - University of Central Florida Articles - Orlando, FL News. 6 September 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  14. ^ "University Research Parks in Florida | Research Park at Florida Atlantic University". Archived from the original on 2014-03-11.
  15. ^ "Office of the Mayor". City of Orlando. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2013.
  16. ^ "KPMG opens Lakehouse campus in Orlando". 14 January 2020.
  17. ^ MacCash, Doug (April 1, 2017). "Return of an Amtrak train to Orlando in further doubt". The New Orleans Times-Picayune. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  18. ^ Peltier, Michael (February 16, 2011). "Florida governor slams brakes on high-speed rail". Reuters. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  19. ^ "Dr. Sun's Monument Unveiled at Orlando Chinatown". Archived from the original on 2015-02-02.
  20. ^ ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ "Orlando China Town - Best Shopping & Doing Business". Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  22. ^ "Untitled Document". Archived from the original on 2013-01-23.
  23. ^ "First comes 1st in new Chinatown".
  24. ^ "Asian-Themed Shops, Restaurants to Create Chinatown in Orlando, Fla". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24.
  25. ^ "Orlando Chinatown: A New Venture for Chinese Americans". Archived from the original on 2015-05-26.
  26. ^ "What People Watch, Listen To and Buy - Nielsen". Archived from the original on 23 May 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2018.

28°32′24″N 81°22′48″W / 28.54000°N 81.38000°W / 28.54000; -81.38000