Jefferson County
Jefferson County Courthouse in Monticello
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 30°25′N 83°54′W / 30.42°N 83.9°W / 30.42; -83.9
Country United States
State Florida
FoundedJanuary 20, 1827
Named forThomas Jefferson
SeatMonticello
Largest cityMonticello
Area
 • Total637 sq mi (1,650 km2)
 • Land598 sq mi (1,550 km2)
 • Water38 sq mi (100 km2)  6.0%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
14,246
 • Density23.7/sq mi (9.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts2nd, 5th
Websitewww.jeffersoncountyfl.gov

Jefferson County is a county located in the Big Bend region in the northern part of the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,761.[1] Its county seat is Monticello.[2]

Jefferson County is part of the Tallahassee, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area but is the 3rd most rural county in Florida.[3] There are no traffic signals within the entire county.[4]

History

Jefferson County was created in 1827. It was named for Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States, who had died the year before the county's establishment.[5]

Forts of Jefferson County

Geography

Entering Jefferson County on US 19 from Thomas County, Georgia
Entering Jefferson County on US 19 from Thomas County, Georgia

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 637 square miles (1,650 km2), of which 598 square miles (1,550 km2) is land and 38 square miles (98 km2) (6.0%) is water.[7]

Jefferson County is the only county in Florida which borders both the state of Georgia and the Gulf of Mexico.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Water Bodies

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18303,312
18405,71372.5%
18507,71835.1%
18609,87628.0%
187013,39835.7%
188016,06519.9%
189015,757−1.9%
190016,1952.8%
191017,2106.3%
192014,502−15.7%
193013,408−7.5%
194012,032−10.3%
195010,413−13.5%
19609,543−8.4%
19708,778−8.0%
198010,70321.9%
199011,2965.5%
200012,90214.2%
201014,76114.4%
202014,510−1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2019[1]

2020 census

Jefferson County racial composition
(Hispanics excluded from racial categories)
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[12][13]
Race Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White (NH) 8,668 8,720 58.72% 60.1%
Black or African American (NH) 5,293 4,600 35.86% 31.7%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 33 36 0.22% 0.25%
Asian (NH) 49 34 0.33% 0.23%
Pacific Islander (NH) 4 3 0.03% 0.02%
Some Other Race (NH) 9 54 0.06% 0.37%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 159 405 1.08% 2.79%
Hispanic or Latino 546 658 3.7% 4.53%
Total 14,761 14,510

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 14,510 people, 5,770 households, and 3,761 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the census[14] of 2010, there were 14,761 people, 5,646 households, and 3,798 families residing in the county. The population density was 25 people per square mile (8/km2). There were 5,251 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 60.4% White, 36.2% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. 3.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,646 households, out of which 26.9% had individuals under the age of 18 living with them, 47.30% were married couples living together, 15.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.70% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 18.6% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 32.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.00 males age 18 and over.

The following income information is from the 2000 census. The median income for a household in the county was $32,998, and the median income for a family was $40,407. Males had a median income of $26,271 versus $25,748 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,006. About 13.30% of families and 17.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 17.00% of those age 65 or over.


Government and politics

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2008)

Jefferson County was one of only a handful of counties in the Florida Panhandle that usually favored the Democratic Party; in recent elections it is trending toward the Republicans. In 2008, Barack Obama won it by a smaller margin than John Kerry had in the 2004 presidential race, one of the few non-Ozark, non-Appalachian, or non-Arizona counties to do so.[citation needed]

In 2016 it flipped and Donald Trump won the county. In 2018, it voted for both the winning Republican candidates in the governor's race (Ron DeSantis) and the Senate race (Rick Scott).[15]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Other
2020 52.89% 4,479 46.02% 3,897 1.08% 92
2016 51.11% 3,930 46.05% 3,541 2.84% 218
2012 48.70% 3,808 50.45% 3,945 0.86% 67
2008 47.59% 3,797 51.24% 4,088 1.17% 93
2004 44.10% 3,298 55.30% 4,135 0.60% 45
2000 43.91% 2,478 53.89% 3,041 2.20% 124
1996 38.49% 1,851 52.90% 2,544 8.61% 414
1992 32.19% 1,506 48.55% 2,271 19.26% 901
1988 52.89% 2,326 46.73% 2,055 0.39% 17
1984 52.16% 2,244 47.81% 2,057 0.02% 1
1980 39.19% 1,623 57.16% 2,367 3.65% 151
1976 36.30% 1,361 61.62% 2,310 2.08% 78
1972 66.04% 2,108 32.86% 1,049 1.10% 35
1968 14.84% 459 34.48% 1,066 50.68% 1,567
1964 52.82% 1,684 47.18% 1,504
1960 34.70% 600 65.30% 1,129
1956 31.02% 540 68.98% 1,201
1952 36.22% 665 63.78% 1,171
1948 11.56% 153 52.91% 700 35.53% 470
1944 14.93% 188 85.07% 1,071
1940 13.21% 215 86.79% 1,412
1936 9.27% 127 90.73% 1,243
1932 5.40% 81 94.60% 1,418
1928 20.22% 235 79.09% 919 0.69% 8
1924 9.69% 66 83.11% 566 7.19% 49
1920 22.85% 239 72.08% 754 5.07% 53
1916 13.70% 104 85.11% 646 1.19% 9
1912 8.45% 47 82.55% 459 8.99% 50
1908 18.81% 149 71.34% 565 9.85% 78
1904 20.20% 123 77.34% 471 2.46% 15

Education

Jefferson County High School
Jefferson County High School

On April 23, 2009, the Florida Department of Education (FDOE) took over financial oversight of the district to rescue it from a declared financial emergency due to budget deficits.[17][18] In June 2011, the district exited financial emergency one year sooner than expected due to efforts from District faculty and staff; subsequently, it operated for two years with a fund balance well over the mandated 3%.

The state DOE again took financial control in 2017 due to missing money, low school grades and questionable staffing decisions. Control was delegated to Somerset Academy Inc. which operates a Charter school in Monticello.[19] Jefferson County is the only Florida school district to ever be controlled by a charter school.[19] The FDOE returned control to the local school board on February 9, 2022 but the district must submit a monthly budget report to the state for one year and maintain a minimum 5% unassigned fund balance.[19]

Career Academies have been introduced on the campus of Jefferson County Middle High School offering students options in career areas connected to the local economy.

The Jefferson County Tigers won the state championship in football in 2011.

Library

Jefferson County's library is the R.J. Bailar Public Library, which works with the Wilderness Coast Public Libraries.

Transportation

Railroads

The sole existing railroad line is a CSX line once owned by the Seaboard Air Line Railroad that was used by Amtrak's Sunset Limited until 2005, when the service was truncated to New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina. No Amtrak trains stopped anywhere in Jefferson County.

Major highways

See also: List of county roads in Jefferson County, Florida

Communities

Old Lloyd Railroad Depot, now the area's post office
Old Lloyd Railroad Depot, now the area's post office

Town

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 14, 2014.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Most rural counties in Florida". Stacker. Stacker Media. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  4. ^ "Visit historic Jefferson County". Visit historic Jefferson County. Jefferson County Tourism Development Council. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  5. ^ Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 32.
  6. ^ "IRC Library:Fort Roger Jones". Archived from the original on March 16, 2013. Retrieved August 1, 2008.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ Journal, Pensacola News. "Florida and Jefferson County Election Results: General". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  17. ^ "State to take over Jefferson County School District's weak finances". Tallahassee Democrat.
  18. ^ "Parents and teachers react to Jefferson County Schools' dire finances". Tallahassee Democrat.
  19. ^ a b c Goñi-Lessan, Ana. "State gives back control to Jefferson County Schools after controversy". Tallahassee.com. Tallahassee Democrat. Retrieved February 9, 2022.

Government links

Constitutional Offices

Jefferson County Schools

Judicial Branch

Special Districts

Coordinates: 30°25′N 83°54′W / 30.42°N 83.90°W / 30.42; -83.90