Jefferson County
Jefferson County Courthouse in Monticello
Jefferson County Courthouse in Monticello
Official seal of Jefferson County
Map of Florida highlighting Jefferson County
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 30°25′N 83°54′W / 30.42°N 83.9°W / 30.42; -83.9
Country United States
State Florida
FoundedJanuary 20, 1827
Named forThomas Jefferson
SeatMonticello
Largest cityMonticello
Area
 • Total637 sq mi (1,650 km2)
 • Land598 sq mi (1,550 km2)
 • Water38 sq mi (100 km2)  6.0%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
14,246
 • Density23.7/sq mi (9.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts2nd, 5th
Websitewww.jeffersoncountyfl.gov

Jefferson County is a county located in the Big Bend region in the northern part of the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,761.[1] Its county seat is Monticello.[2]

Jefferson County is part of the Tallahassee, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area but is the 3rd most rural county in Florida.[3] There are no traffic signals within the entire county.[4]

History

Jefferson County was created in 1827. It was named for Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States, who had died the year before the county's establishment.[5]

Forts of Jefferson County

Geography

Entering Jefferson County on US 19 from Thomas County, Georgia
Entering Jefferson County on US 19 from Thomas County, Georgia

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 637 square miles (1,650 km2), of which 598 square miles (1,550 km2) is land and 38 square miles (98 km2) (6.0%) is water.[7]

Jefferson County is the only county in Florida which borders both the state of Georgia and the Gulf of Mexico.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Water Bodies

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18303,312
18405,71372.5%
18507,71835.1%
18609,87628.0%
187013,39835.7%
188016,06519.9%
189015,757−1.9%
190016,1952.8%
191017,2106.3%
192014,502−15.7%
193013,408−7.5%
194012,032−10.3%
195010,413−13.5%
19609,543−8.4%
19708,778−8.0%
198010,70321.9%
199011,2965.5%
200012,90214.2%
201014,76114.4%
202014,510−1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2019[1]

2020 census

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

Jefferson County racial composition
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[12][13]
Race Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White (NH) 8,668 8,720 58.72% 60.1%
Black or African American (NH) 5,293 4,600 35.86% 31.7%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 33 36 0.22% 0.25%
Asian (NH) 49 34 0.33% 0.23%
Pacific Islander (NH) 4 3 0.03% 0.02%
Some Other Race (NH) 9 54 0.06% 0.37%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 159 405 1.08% 2.79%
Hispanic or Latino 546 658 3.7% 4.53%
Total 14,761 14,510

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 14,510 people, 5,770 households, and 3,761 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the census[14] of 2010, there were 14,761 people, 5,646 households, and 3,798 families residing in the county. The population density was 25 people per square mile (8/km2). There were 5,251 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 60.4% White, 36.2% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. 3.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,646 households, out of which 26.9% had individuals under the age of 18 living with them, 47.30% were married couples living together, 15.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.70% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 18.6% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 32.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.00 males age 18 and over.

The following income information is from the 2000 census. The median income for a household in the county was $32,998, and the median income for a family was $40,407. Males had a median income of $26,271 versus $25,748 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,006. About 13.30% of families and 17.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 17.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2008)

Jefferson County was one of only a handful of counties in the Florida Panhandle that usually favored the Democratic Party; in recent elections it is trending toward the Republicans. In 2008, Barack Obama won it by a smaller margin than John Kerry had in the 2004 presidential race, one of the few non-Ozark, non-Appalachian, or non-Arizona counties to do so.[citation needed]

In 2016 it flipped and Donald Trump won the county. In 2018, it voted for both the winning Republican candidates in the governor's race (Ron DeSantis) and the Senate race (Rick Scott).[15]

United States presidential election results for Jefferson County, Florida[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,479 52.89% 3,897 46.02% 92 1.09%
2016 3,930 51.11% 3,541 46.05% 218 2.84%
2012 3,808 48.70% 3,945 50.45% 67 0.86%
2008 3,797 47.59% 4,088 51.24% 93 1.17%
2004 3,298 44.10% 4,135 55.30% 45 0.60%
2000 2,478 43.91% 3,041 53.89% 124 2.20%
1996 1,851 38.49% 2,544 52.90% 414 8.61%
1992 1,506 32.19% 2,271 48.55% 901 19.26%
1988 2,326 52.89% 2,055 46.73% 17 0.39%
1984 2,244 52.16% 2,057 47.81% 1 0.02%
1980 1,623 39.19% 2,367 57.16% 151 3.65%
1976 1,361 36.30% 2,310 61.62% 78 2.08%
1972 2,108 66.04% 1,049 32.86% 35 1.10%
1968 459 14.84% 1,066 34.48% 1,567 50.68%
1964 1,684 52.82% 1,504 47.18% 0 0.00%
1960 600 34.70% 1,129 65.30% 0 0.00%
1956 540 31.02% 1,201 68.98% 0 0.00%
1952 665 36.22% 1,171 63.78% 0 0.00%
1948 153 11.56% 700 52.91% 470 35.53%
1944 188 14.93% 1,071 85.07% 0 0.00%
1940 215 13.21% 1,412 86.79% 0 0.00%
1936 127 9.27% 1,243 90.73% 0 0.00%
1932 81 5.40% 1,418 94.60% 0 0.00%
1928 235 20.22% 919 79.09% 8 0.69%
1924 66 9.69% 566 83.11% 49 7.20%
1920 239 22.85% 754 72.08% 53 5.07%
1916 104 13.70% 646 85.11% 9 1.19%
1912 47 8.45% 459 82.55% 50 8.99%
1908 149 18.81% 565 71.34% 78 9.85%
1904 123 20.20% 471 77.34% 15 2.46%
1900 143 16.55% 711 82.29% 10 1.16%
1896 242 11.07% 1,909 87.29% 36 1.65%
1892 0 0.00% 1,533 100.00% 0 0.00%
1884 1,525 67.21% 744 32.79% 0 0.00%


Education

Former Jefferson County Middle / High School

Jefferson County Schools is the school district of the county.[17] It operates public schools, including Jefferson County Middle / High School.

Library

Jefferson County's library is the R.J. Bailar Public Library, which works with the Wilderness Coast Public Libraries.

Transportation

Railroads

The sole existing railroad line is a CSX line once owned by the Seaboard Air Line Railroad that was used by Amtrak's Sunset Limited until 2005, when the service was truncated to New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina. No Amtrak trains stopped anywhere in Jefferson County.

Major highways

See also: List of county roads in Jefferson County, Florida

Communities

Old Lloyd Railroad Depot, now the area's post office
Old Lloyd Railroad Depot, now the area's post office

City

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 14, 2014.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Most rural counties in Florida". Stacker. Stacker Media. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  4. ^ "Visit historic Jefferson County". Visit historic Jefferson County. Jefferson County Tourism Development Council. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  5. ^ Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 32.
  6. ^ "IRC Library:Fort Roger Jones". Archived from the original on March 16, 2013. Retrieved August 1, 2008.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ Journal, Pensacola News. "Florida and Jefferson County Election Results: General". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  17. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Jefferson County, FL" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 31, 2022. - Text list

Government links

Constitutional Offices

Jefferson County Schools

Judicial Branch

Special Districts

Coordinates: 30°25′N 83°54′W / 30.42°N 83.90°W / 30.42; -83.90