Manatee County
Manatee County Administration Building
Manatee County Administration Building
Official seal of Manatee County
Official logo of Manatee County
Map of Florida highlighting Manatee County
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 27°29′N 82°22′W / 27.48°N 82.36°W / 27.48; -82.36
Country United States
State Florida
FoundedJanuary 9, 1855
Named forFlorida manatee
SeatBradenton
Largest cityBradenton
Area
 • Total893 sq mi (2,310 km2)
 • Land743 sq mi (1,920 km2)
 • Water150 sq mi (400 km2)  16.8%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total399,710
 • Density538/sq mi (208/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Area code941
Congressional district16th
Websitewww.mymanatee.org

Manatee County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2020 US Census, the population was 399,710.[1] Manatee County is part of the Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its county seat and largest city is Bradenton.[2] The county was created in 1855 and named for the Florida manatee,[3] Florida's official marine mammal. Features of Manatee County include access to the southern part of the Tampa Bay estuary, the Sunshine Skyway Bridge, and the Manatee River.

History

Prehistoric history

The area now known as Manatee County had been inhabited by Native Americans for thousands of years. Shell middens and other archaeological digs have been conducted throughout the county including at Terra Ceia and at Perico Island. These digs revealed materials belonging to peoples from the Woodland period.[4][5]

European exploration and early settlement

Map of Manatee County in 1856, shortly after its creation

Some historians have suggested that the southern mouth of the Manatee River was the landing site of the De Soto Expedition.[6]

Due to conflict during the Patriot War and First Seminole War, many African Americans fled north Florida and some settled in modern-day Bradenton. The settlement they founded on the Manatee River was called Angola. By 1819, the population of Angola possibly reached as high as 600-700 people.[7]

The area was opened to settlement in 1842 with the passing of the Armed Occupation Act.[8] Early settlements included the Manatee Colony led by Colonel Samuel Reid, which numbered thirty one individuals both black and white.[9] Other prominent early settlers were Joseph and Hector Braden who moved into an area near the Manatee River in 1842.[10] The two had lost their land for their plantations in Northern Florida during the Panic of 1837. They were said to have heard that there was abundant land in the area. The brothers moved into a log cabin five miles north of the mouth of the Manatee River. Four years later Hector drowned while trying to cross the Manatee River on his horse during a hurricane. Despite this tragic event, Joseph decided he would still build the Braden sugar mill[a] at the mouth of the Manatee River and the Braden River. He later built a dock where Main Street was and fortified the area near his house building a stockade. A few years later in 1851, he would build the Braden Castle, which was made out of tabby and served as his residence. In spring of 1856, the fortified home was attacked by Seminole Indians during the Third Seminole War.[12] It would later become a popular tourist attraction in the early 1900s with Tin Can Tourists. He would only stay there for the next six years before moving to Tallahassee.[10]

County formation and the American Civil War

When Manatee County was created in January 1855, it covered 5,000 square miles and included all of what are now Charlotte County, DeSoto County, Glades County, Hardee County, Highlands County, Sarasota County and part of Lee County.[13][14] The original county seat was Manatee, a village in what is now eastern Bradenton.

Following the Seminole Wars, Manatee County continued to grow both in population and in economic output. Cattle, hogs, and some sheep were all raised, and processed sugar and molasses was produced and exported. This agricultural economy, like much of the south, was increasingly becoming reliant on slave labor.[15] A federal census in 1860 showed that the county had a population of 601 white people and 214 enslaved black people.[16] After the outbreak of the American Civil War, Manatee County provided supplies to the Confederate army. Aside from the Union blockade, the Federal army dispatched raiding parties throughout Florida to further limit the Confederate supply chain. For example, in August 1864, the Union schooner USS Stonewall came up the Manatee river on a raid. According to the Florida State Archives, Dr. Braden's sugar works was destroyed during the raid.[17] However, another source states that Braden's property was left untouched.[18]

According to a partial list of soldiers of the Confederate States of America, the county also sent at least 100 of its citizens to fight.[19] Some of the men from Manatee would be recruited to the 7th Florida Infantry Regiment, which fought as part of the Army of Tennessee.[20]

Within Manatee County is the Gamble Plantation, a sugar plantation and home of Major Robert Gamble.[21] According to some, following the Civil War, the Confederate Secretary of State, Judah P. Benjamin, took refuge at the mansion before escaping to England.[22] In 1866, the county seat was temporarily moved from Manatee to Pine Level but was moved back in 1889. The move was reportedly done in an effort to make the county seat more centrally located but some historians also contend that it was done by the reconstructionists to punish Manatee for being a hotbed of rebel sympathies before and during the Civil War.[23][24]

Further information: Sarasota Assassination Society

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 893 square miles (2,310 km2), of which 743 square miles (1,920 km2) is land and 150 square miles (390 km2) (17%) is water.[25]

Adjacent counties

State & Nationally protected areas

A great egret in Myakka River State Park

Rivers

Lakes

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1860854
18701,931126.1%
18803,54483.5%
18902,895−18.3%
19004,66361.1%
19109,550104.8%
192018,71295.9%
193022,50220.3%
194026,09816.0%
195034,70433.0%
196069,16899.3%
197097,11540.4%
1980148,44252.9%
1990211,70742.6%
2000264,00224.7%
2010322,83322.3%
2020399,71023.8%
2022 (est.)429,1257.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[26][27]
Manatee County racial composition as of 2020
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[b]
Race Pop 2010[30] Pop 2020[31] % 2010 % 2020
White (NH) 236,950 273,101 73.4% 68.32%
Black or African American (NH) 27,228 31,147 8.43% 7.79%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 608 779 0.19% 0.19%
Asian (NH) 5,203 8,433 1.61% 2.11%
Pacific Islander (NH) 168 246 0.05% 0.06%
Some Other Race (NH) 521 1,583 0.16% 0.4%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 4,200 13,442 1.3% 3.36%
Hispanic or Latino 47,955 70,979 14.85% 17.76%
Total 322,833 399,710

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 399,710 people, 150,345 households, and 99,157 families residing in the county. By age, the population was spread out as such: 4.6% under 5 years old, 18.0% under 18 years old, and 28.1% 65 years and over. 51.7% of the population was female.

The median income for a household in the county was $59,963 in 2020 dollars and a per capita income in the past 12 months of $35,146. There was a reported 10.9% of the population living in poverty.

Economy

Bealls of Florida has its headquarters and was founded 1915 in unincorporated Manatee County.[32][33]

Tropicana was founded here in the 1950s.[34] Tropicana was later bought by PepsiCo in 2001. PepsiCo sold Tropicana to a French private equity firm in 2021.[35]

Libraries

Manatee County Public Library System
Map
27°29′55.2″N 82°34′29″W / 27.498667°N 82.57472°W / 27.498667; -82.57472
Location1301 Barcarrota Blvd West
Bradenton, Florida 34203
TypePublic
Established1964
Branches6
Collection
Items collectedbooks, movies, newspapers
Size30,000
Access and use
Population served322,000
Members20,000
Other information
Budget$25,000
Employees120
Websitemymanatee.org/library

The Manatee County Public Library System offers a collection of adult, young adult, and children's materials, as well as a genealogy section and a local history collection in the form of the Eaton Florida History Reading Room.[36] Public computers are available at all library locations. The library also has a digital collection which includes e-books through OverDrive, Inc.; television shows, movies and more e-books through Hoopla; and magazines through Flipster;[37] and local images and documents from the late nineteenth century to the early 1980s.[1]

The libraries also offer author luncheons, children's story times, summer reading programs, job fairs, and book discussion groups.

The library system serves the county in six locations:

In September 2021, a seventh branch was approved by county commissioners, to be built in Lakewood Ranch.[38]

Library cards are free to those who reside, own property, attend school, or work in Manatee County. Non-residents may obtain a temporary card upon payment of a $25.00 annual fee.[39][40][41]

Manatee County participates in the Little Free Library program. There are several Little Free Libraries at parks and other public places around the county.[42]

History of libraries

Original Bradentown Library
Original Bradenton Library
Palmetto's Carnegie Library
Palmetto's Carnegie Library, built in 1914.
Bradenton's Carnegie Library
Bradenton's Carnegie Library, built in 1918.

Manatee County's first public library was a privately owned rental library created by Julia Fuller at the Mrs. Bass Dry Goods store in 1898. The county's first independent library opened in Bradenton in 1907, followed a Carnegie Library in Palmetto in 1914 and another in Bradenton in 1918. For much of the 20th century, both cities' libraries were free to city residents while county residents had to pay a non-resident fee. In 1964, Bradenton's and Palmetto's library associations merged with the Manatee County government to create the Manatee County Public Library System. This was followed by the establishment of a bookmobile for rural areas in 1964 and a Talking Books program for the blind in 1966.[43]

As demands on the bookmobile grew and the library collection outstripped the existing buildings in Bradenton and Palmetto, the first branch of the Manatee County Public Library system was built in Bayshore in 1967, followed by a new branch on East Ninth Street in 1969 and an Island branch in 1971, the last of which later moved into a new building in 1983. A new building for the Palmetto Library was built in 1969, followed by the modern Central Public Library in downtown Bradenton in 1978.[44]

The 1990s saw a period of rapid growth in Manatee County, and the library system grew accordingly, with the Braden River, Rocky Bluff, and South Manatee branches opening in 1991, 1994, and 1998, respectively. The Braden River branch moved to a new building in 1997. The Rocky Bluff location would be moved to a larger location, featuring a built in café, in 2011. The new location is still physically within Ellenton. The additions as well as investment into various technologies such as modern computers, a 3D Printing Lab, as well as new loanable items, brings Manatee County Libraries to its modern services.[45]

Reciprocal borrowing began in 2000 between Manatee and Sarasota County Libraries, which would be followed by statewide reciprocal borrowing programs. Starting in 2017, the Manatee County library system began offering items including musical instruments, tools, telescopes, binoculars, cake pans, hotspots, and museum passes. During the COVID-19 Pandemic, the library system began offering WiFi hotspots to patrons in order to provide internet service remotely to work safely and at home. This began in Spring of 2020.[citation needed]

On December 15, 2021, the county broke ground for a new East County library, which was to serve the community of Lakewood Ranch. The new library is scheduled to open mid-2023.[46]

Education

Primary and secondary education

Higher education

Communities

Map of Manatee County indicating incorporated municipalities:
  1. Anna Maria
  2. Bradenton
  3. Bradenton Beach
  4. Holmes Beach
  5. Longboat Key
  6. Palmetto

Cities

Town

Census-designated places

Unincorporated places

Transportation

Manatee County has a county transportation service, MCAT. It serves this county, Pinellas County, and Sarasota County.[47]

Airports

Major Roads

Interstates

US Highways

State and County Roads

Waterways

Ports

Government

Political history

Manatee County is part of the strongly Republican Sun Belt. The area became a Republican stronghold following World War II and has remained so since: the last Democrat to win Manatee County was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944.[48]

During the peak of the Socialist Party's prominence in the early 20th century, Manatee County would elect the only socialist to the state legislature, Andrew Jackson Pettigrew to the Florida House of Representatives in 1906 for one term defeating John A. Graham (who was a Democrat) in the general election.[49] As a state legislator he would make several proposals that were inline with what the Party reflected at the national level such as making US Senators popularly elected and creating a national income tax. Overall as a state legislator he would make little progress in getting legislation proposed by him passed.[50] Prior to the 1906 race he would run in 1904 for the same position unsuccessfully losing to A.T. Cornwell (also a Democrat) who had served as Bradenton's first mayor and in a variety of positions at the county level. Pettigrew would later go on to run for governor in 1908 and Secretary of Agriculture in 1912 being unsuccessful in both races.[49]

In 1970, Governor Claude R. Kirk Jr. fired Manatee County's superintendent along with the entire school board and appointed himself in their place in an attempt to end desegregation busing.[51] This situation would last from April 6 to 13 before Kirk left his position as the superintendent.[52]

Law enforcement and justice

Sheriff's Office

Unincorporated Manatee County is served by the Manatee County Sheriff's Office.[53]

Justice

Circuit Court

Manatee County is a part of the Twelfth Circuit Court of Florida.

Court of Appeals

Manatee County is part of the Second District of Appeals.

Recent presidential election results

United States presidential election results for Manatee County, Florida[54]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 124,987 57.47% 90,166 41.46% 2,319 1.07%
2016 101,944 56.40% 71,224 39.40% 7,589 4.20%
2012 85,627 55.65% 66,503 43.22% 1,736 1.13%
2008 80,721 52.94% 70,034 45.93% 1,712 1.12%
2004 81,318 56.62% 61,262 42.66% 1,041 0.72%
2000 58,023 52.58% 49,226 44.61% 3,095 2.80%
1996 44,136 45.56% 41,891 43.24% 10,851 11.20%
1992 42,725 42.63% 33,841 33.77% 23,654 23.60%
1988 51,187 65.53% 26,624 34.08% 302 0.39%
1984 55,793 72.75% 20,889 27.24% 6 0.01%
1980 40,535 61.81% 21,679 33.06% 3,362 5.13%
1976 29,300 53.90% 24,342 44.78% 718 1.32%
1972 32,664 79.79% 8,058 19.68% 218 0.53%
1968 18,247 52.51% 8,286 23.85% 8,214 23.64%
1964 17,147 56.74% 13,074 43.26% 0 0.00%
1960 16,462 65.13% 8,814 34.87% 0 0.00%
1956 11,904 68.82% 5,394 31.18% 0 0.00%
1952 9,055 66.40% 4,583 33.60% 0 0.00%
1948 3,371 44.30% 2,766 36.35% 1,473 19.36%
1944 2,218 32.80% 4,544 67.20% 0 0.00%
1940 1,983 27.87% 5,131 72.13% 0 0.00%
1936 1,455 29.44% 3,487 70.56% 0 0.00%
1932 1,280 30.67% 2,894 69.33% 0 0.00%
1928 2,705 63.87% 1,472 34.76% 58 1.37%
1924 629 32.54% 1,064 55.04% 240 12.42%
1920 884 30.83% 1,790 62.43% 193 6.73%
1916 289 18.67% 1,033 66.73% 226 14.60%
1912 55 5.31% 712 68.73% 269 25.97%
1908 93 10.23% 644 70.85% 172 18.92%
1904 91 10.64% 592 69.24% 172 20.12%
1900 60 8.72% 535 77.76% 93 13.52%
1896 135 21.26% 480 75.59% 20 3.15%
1892 0 0.00% 348 83.25% 70 16.75%

Government officials

United States Senate

Office Senator Party
Class 3 Senator Marco Rubio Republican
Class 1 Senator Rick Scott Republican

United States House of Representatives

District Representative Party
Florida's 16th Congressional District Vern Buchanan Republican

Florida State Senate

District Senator Party
21 Bill Galvano Republican

Florida House of Representatives

District Representative Party
70 Michele Rayner Democratic
71 Will Robinson Republican
73 Tommy Gregory Republican

Manatee County Board of County Commissioners

The Board of Commissioners include the following:[55]

Position Incumbent
District 1 James Satcher
District 2 Reggie Bellamy
District 3 Kevin Van Ostenbridge
District 4 Misty Servia
District 5 Vanessa Baugh
District 6[note 1] Carol Whitmore
District 7[note 1] George Kruse
  1. ^ a b At-large, representing the entire county.

Public education

Manatee County School Board[56]
Position Incumbent Term ends
District 1 Gina Messenger November 2024
District 2 Charlie Kennedy November 2022
District 3 Mary Foreman November 2024
District 4 Dr. Scott L. Hopes November 2022[note 1]
District 5 Rev. James Golden November 2022
  1. ^ On July 21, 2017, Governor Rick Scott appointed Hopes to fill the then-vacant seat on the Manatee board following resignation of Karen Carpenter's seat effective June 1, 2017.[57]

Other offices

Constitutional officers
Office Name Party First elected
  Clerk of the Circuit Court Angelina M. Colonneso Republican 2015†
  Property Appraiser Charles E. Hackney Republican 1992
  Sheriff Rick Wells Republican 2016†
  Supervisor of Elections[58] Mike Bennett Republican 2013
  Tax Collector[59] Ken Burton, Jr Republican 1992

Voter registration

Information as of March 12, 2024.[60]

Voter registration and party enrollment
Party Number of voters Percentage
Republican 127,013 47.11%
Democratic 70,444 26.13%
Others 72,141 26.76%
Total 273,778 100%

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Sugar production became a major industry in the area during the 1840s and several major sugar works were established.[11]
  2. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[28][29]

References

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 33.
  4. ^ Willey, Gordon (January 1948). "Culture Sequence in the Manatee Region of West Florida". American Antiquity. 13 (3): 210. doi:10.2307/275425. JSTOR 275425. S2CID 161791092. Retrieved March 28, 2022.
  5. ^ Bullen, Ripley (1951). "Terra Ceia Site, Manatee County, Florida". Florida Anthropological Society: 7–9. Retrieved March 28, 2022.
  6. ^ Bullen. p. 7
  7. ^ Rivers, Larry E. (2000). Slavery in Florida : territorial days to emancipation. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. pp. 7–8. ISBN 9780813018133.
  8. ^ "An Act to provide for the armed occupation and settlement of the unsettled part of the Peninsula of East Florida". Retrieved April 13, 2022.
  9. ^ Knetsch, Joe (2000). "The Army Vs. The Indians Vs. The Settlers: The South Florida Frontier Between the Seminole Wars". Sunland Tribune. 26 (10): 2. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
  10. ^ a b "Manatee History Matters: Braidentown, Bradentown, Bradenton - What's in a name?". bradenton. Archived from the original on May 22, 2017. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  11. ^ Camp, Paul (1979). "The Attack on Braden Castle: Robert Braden Castle: Robert Gamble t Gamble's Account". Tampa Bay History. 1 (8): 1–8. Retrieved June 26, 2023.
  12. ^ Camp 1979, p. 1.
  13. ^ "Pioneer Life in Manatee County". www.mymanatee.org. Archived from the original on February 1, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  14. ^ Manatee County Sheriffs Office: 1855-2005 150th Anniversary History and Pictorial. United States: Turner Publishing Company. 2005. p. 7.
  15. ^ Matthews, Janet (1983). Edge of Wilderness. Tulsa, OK: Caprine Press. p. 249. ISBN 0914381008.
  16. ^ "1860 8th Federal Census" (PDF). Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  17. ^ "Dr. Joseph Addison Braden's sugar mill - Bradenton, Florida". State Archives of Florida. Retrieved June 26, 2023.
  18. ^ Camp 1979, p. 3.
  19. ^ Matthews 1983, p. 254.
  20. ^ "Battle Unit Details: 7th Regiment, Florida Infantry". nps.gov. National Park Service. Retrieved August 23, 2022.
  21. ^ "Manatee Genealogical Society - Manatee County". mgsfl.org. Retrieved May 18, 2021.
  22. ^ Murphy, Bob. "Judah P. Benjamin Confederate Memorial at Gamble Plantation - Ellenton, Florida". Florida Memory. Florida Department of State. Retrieved April 4, 2022.
  23. ^ Simpson, Joseph Herman. "History of Manatee County, Florida - Chapter 12". Sarasota History Alive!. Retrieved April 18, 2022.
  24. ^ Pine Level, DeSoto Co, Florida in Desoto Co FLGenWeb Project Archived June 13, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  26. ^ "Preference for Racial or Ethnic Terminology". Infoplease. Retrieved February 8, 2006.
  27. ^ "County Population Totals and Components of Change: 2020-2022". County Population Totals: 2020-2022. U.S. Census Bureau. March 30, 2023. Retrieved March 30, 2023.
  28. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  29. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  30. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  31. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  32. ^ "Contact Us Archived December 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine." Bealls (Florida). Retrieved on December 14, 2009.
  33. ^ "Samoset CDP, Florida[permanent dead link]." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on December 14, 2009.
  34. ^ Hawkins, R. Rossi, Anthony Talamo (1900-1993), businessman. American National Biography. Retrieved March 28, 2022, from https://www-anb-org.wikipedialibrary.idm.oclc.org/view/10.1093/anb/9780198606697.001.0001/anb-9780198606697-e-1002203.
  35. ^ Lucas, Amelia (August 3, 2021). "PepsiCo to sell Tropicana and other juice brands for $3.3 billion". CNBC. Retrieved March 28, 2022.
  36. ^ "History & Genealogy - Manatee County". mymanatee.org. Retrieved August 25, 2022.
  37. ^ "E-Source Home > Entertainment: Movies, Music, & More". mymanatee.org. Retrieved August 25, 2022.
  38. ^ Mendoza, Jesse (October 27, 2021). "New library coming to Lakewood Ranch". Sarasota Herald Tribune. Retrieved April 6, 2022.
  39. ^ "Library Cards". www.mymanatee.org. Retrieved March 23, 2022.
  40. ^ ""Library Card Policies" Retrieved March 15, 2015". Archived from the original on March 26, 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  41. ^ http://www.mymanatee.org/home/government/departments/neighborhood-services/library/locations-hours.html%7C Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine "Locations and Hours: Manatee County Public Library System" Retrieved April 19, 2013
  42. ^ "Little Free Library Map and Search Tool". littlefreelibrary.org. Retrieved August 25, 2022.
  43. ^ Jasper, C. & McCook, K. (1998). The Florida Library History Project. University of South Florida, Tampa. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED422005.pdf on February 19, 2022. pp. 180-181.
  44. ^ Jasper & McCook. p. 182
  45. ^ "Library History". www.mymanatee.org. Archived from the original on November 29, 2021. Retrieved November 29, 2021.
  46. ^ Lockwood, Scott (December 17, 2021). "Construction of the new East County library in Lakewood Ranch officially breaks ground". Your Observer. Retrieved June 14, 2022.
  47. ^ "MCAT". www.ridemcat.org. Archived from the original on April 2, 2017. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  48. ^ Sullivan, Robert David (June 29, 2016). "How the red and blue map evolved over the past century". America: The Jesuit Review of Faith & Culture. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
  49. ^ a b Griffin, R. Steven; WORKERS OF THE SUNSHINE STATE UNITE!: THE FLORIDA SOCIALIST PARTY DURING THE PROGRESSIVE ERA, 1900-1920
  50. ^ Paul, Brad (1999). "Rebels of the New South: the Socialist Party in Dixie, 1892-1920". ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst: 129–132 – via University of Massachusetts Amherst.
  51. ^ Governor Claude Kirk presides Over School Board Meeting (Photograph, JPEG), Manatee County Public Library System, June 19, 1970, retrieved August 4, 2022
  52. ^ Sanders, Randy (Winter 2001). "Rassling a Governor: Defiance, Desegregation, Claude Kirk, and the Politics of Richard Nixon's Southern Strategy". The Florida Historical Quarterly. 80 (3). Florida Historical Society – via STARS from the University of Central Florida.
  53. ^ "Manatee County Sheriff's office". Manatee County Sheriff. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
  54. ^ David Leip. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
  55. ^ "Board of County Commissioners". Manatee County Government. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  56. ^ "School Board Members". School District of Manatee County. February 13, 2021. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  57. ^ Anderson, Zac (July 21, 2017). "Governor appoints Scott Hopes to Manatee School Board seat". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Archived from the original on July 26, 2018. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
  58. ^ "Manatee County Supervisor of Elections > Home". VoteManatee.com. Archived from the original on April 13, 2017. Retrieved April 11, 2017.
  59. ^ "Biography of Manatee County Tax Collector, Ken Burton, Jr" (PDF). TaxCollector.com. April 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 6, 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
  60. ^ "Manatee County, FL : Supervisor of Elections". Manatee County, FL : Supervisor of Elections. SOE Software Corporation. March 12, 2024. Retrieved March 12, 2024.