Glades County
Glades County Courthouse
Glades County Courthouse
Map of Florida highlighting Glades County
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 26°57′N 81°11′W / 26.95°N 81.19°W / 26.95; -81.19
Country United States
State Florida
FoundedApril 23, 1921
Named forFlorida Everglades
SeatMoore Haven
Largest cityMoore Haven
Area
 • Total987 sq mi (2,560 km2)
 • Land806 sq mi (2,090 km2)
 • Water181 sq mi (470 km2)  18.3%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2020)
12,126
 • Density16/sq mi (6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district17th
Websitewww.myglades.com

Glades County is a county located in the Florida Heartland region of the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2020 census, the population was 12,126,[1] making it the fourth-least populous county in Florida. Its county seat is Moore Haven.[2]

Awards

History

Indigenous people lived in this area for thousands of years. Due to warfare and exposure to infectious diseases after European contact, native tribes became depopulated. In the eighteenth century, when the area was under Spanish rule, Native American peoples of Creek and other tribes migrated into present-day Florida from Georgia. Africans and African Americans who escaped from slavery and shipwrecks also migrated to the area, where they created maroon communities. Some were given freedom by the Spanish in exchange for serving with their militias. Gradually the Seminole nation formed out of these multi-ethnic people. Some African-descended people set up communities near the Seminole and became known as Black Seminole. In the nineteenth century, most of the Seminole and many blacks were removed to Indian Territory after the Seminole Wars, a result of pressure from increasing Anglo-American settlement.

Glades County was created, in 1921, from Desoto County. It was named for the Florida Everglades, though most of the county is prairie and pinelands.[5]

It is one of five counties surrounding Lake Okeechobee and the Lake Okeechobee Scenic Trail.

Glades County sponsors one of Florida's oldest recurring festivals. Chalo Nitka Festival is a celebration of local history and culture, similar to a county fair. The festival also draws attention to the long and friendly relationship between the local Seminole groups and Glades County settlers. Brighton Seminole Indian Reservation is located in the county.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 987 square miles (2,560 km2), of which 806 square miles (2,090 km2) is land and 181 square miles (470 km2) (18.3%) is water.[6]

Fisheating Creek is a stream that flows into Lake Okeechobee in Florida. It is the only remaining free-flowing watercourse feeding into the lake and the second-largest natural source for the lake.

Adjacent counties

Climate

Climate data for Glades County, Florida (1980-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 73.7
(23.2)
76.3
(24.6)
80.0
(26.7)
84.1
(28.9)
89.3
(31.8)
91.1
(32.8)
91.8
(33.2)
91.8
(33.2)
90.1
(32.3)
86.1
(30.1)
80.2
(26.8)
75.1
(23.9)
84.1
(29.0)
Average low °F (°C) 47.8
(8.8)
50.9
(10.5)
54.6
(12.6)
58.0
(14.4)
64.6
(18.1)
70.2
(21.2)
71.8
(22.1)
72.4
(22.4)
71.4
(21.9)
65.2
(18.4)
57.3
(14.1)
51.1
(10.6)
61.3
(16.3)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.9
(48)
2.5
(64)
3.3
(84)
2.3
(58)
3.3
(84)
8.6
(220)
7.7
(200)
7.9
(200)
6.7
(170)
2.7
(69)
2.0
(51)
1.9
(48)
50.8
(1,296)
Source: USA.com[7]


Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19302,762
19402,745−0.6%
19502,199−19.9%
19602,95034.2%
19703,66924.4%
19805,99263.3%
19907,59126.7%
200010,57639.3%
201012,88421.8%
202012,126−5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2019[1]
Glades County racial composition as of 2020
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Pop 2010[14] Pop 2020[15] % 2010 % 2020
White (NH) 7,947 7,132 61.68% 58.82%
Black or African American (NH) 1,538 1,434 11.94% 11.83%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 518 193 4.02% 1.59%
Asian (NH) 46 34 0.36% 0.28%
Pacific Islander (NH) 2 0 0.02% 0.0%
Some Other Race (NH) 10 45 0.08% 0.37%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 103 238 0.8% 1.96%
Hispanic or Latino 2,720 3,050 21.11% 25.15%
Total 12,884 12,126

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 12,126 people, 4,859 households, and 3,247 families residing in the county.

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 10,576 people, 3,852 households, and 2,765 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (5/km2). There were 5,790 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 76.99% White, 10.53% Black or African American, 4.93% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 5.63% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. 15.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2005 the population was 67.0% non-Hispanic white, 17.6% Latino, 10.5% African-American and 4.9% Native American.[17]

There were 3,852 households, out of which 25.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 22.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 18.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 121.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 125.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,774, and the median income for a family was $34,223. Males had a median income of $29,196 versus $20,987 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,338. About 10.70% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.20% of those under age 18 and 11.20% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Politics

United States presidential election results for Glades County, Florida[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,782 72.69% 1,385 26.62% 36 0.69%
2016 2,996 68.37% 1,271 29.01% 115 2.62%
2012 2,344 58.54% 1,603 40.03% 57 1.42%
2008 2,533 59.45% 1,674 39.29% 54 1.27%
2004 2,443 58.33% 1,718 41.02% 27 0.64%
2000 1,841 54.71% 1,442 42.85% 82 2.44%
1996 1,361 39.67% 1,530 44.59% 540 15.74%
1992 1,185 35.12% 1,305 38.68% 884 26.20%
1988 1,547 59.66% 1,034 39.88% 12 0.46%
1984 1,987 65.00% 1,070 35.00% 0 0.00%
1980 1,098 45.96% 1,203 50.36% 88 3.68%
1976 624 31.76% 1,311 66.72% 30 1.53%
1972 1,019 78.81% 253 19.57% 21 1.62%
1968 261 23.92% 230 21.08% 600 55.00%
1964 541 55.09% 441 44.91% 0 0.00%
1960 314 44.35% 394 55.65% 0 0.00%
1956 309 47.69% 339 52.31% 0 0.00%
1952 264 39.70% 401 60.30% 0 0.00%
1948 150 27.03% 274 49.37% 131 23.60%
1944 164 30.54% 373 69.46% 0 0.00%
1940 180 27.95% 464 72.05% 0 0.00%
1936 235 31.00% 523 69.00% 0 0.00%
1932 148 21.89% 528 78.11% 0 0.00%
1928 331 53.73% 281 45.62% 4 0.65%
1924 83 23.92% 212 61.10% 52 14.99%


Voter registration

According to the Secretary of State's office, Republicans are a majority of registered voters in Glades County.

Glades County Voter Registration & Party Enrollment as of July 31, 2022[21]
Political Party Total Voters Percentage
Republican 3,506 50.88%
Democratic 1,959 28.43%
No party affiliation 1,303 18.91%
Minor parties 122 1.77%
Total 6,890 100.00%

Energy and environment

Florida Public Service Commission voted unanimously to deny a request by Florida Power and Light to build a huge coal-fired power plant in Glades County, that was to be located several miles to the west of Lake Okeechobee.[22] The Glades County Commission also allowed the construction in 2007 of a 200-acre (0.81 km2) landfill on the southwest shore of Lake Okeechobee.

Libraries

Glades County is part of the Heartland Library Cooperative which serves Glades County and some of the surrounding counties, including Okeechobee, Highlands, Hardee, and DeSoto. The seven-branch library system has one branch in Moore Haven.

Communities

Indian reservation

County Seat

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Memorials

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[12][13]

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Kinner, Derek L. (January 25, 2003). "Pool Effort Makes a Big Splash". The Florida Times Union.
  4. ^ Browne, Don (October 6, 2014). "Muse Community Recognized For Fire Prevention Efforts". Southwest Florida Online - Sunday Morning News.
  5. ^ "Florida Memory: History of Glades County". Florida Memory. 1939.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. ^ "Climatological Information for Glades County, Florida", USA.com, 2003. Web: [1].
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
  12. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  13. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  15. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  16. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  17. ^ Source: https://www.webcitation.org/604iB0t4G?url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/12/12043.html
  18. ^ a b c d "Glades County School District". Glades County School District. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  19. ^ "Pemayetv Emahakv Charter School". Pemayetv Emahakv Charter School.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  21. ^ "Voter Registration - By County and Party". www.dos.myflorida.com. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
  22. ^ "Coal Plant Near Everglades Denied :: Sierra Club". Archived from the original on October 10, 2008. Retrieved September 11, 2008.
  23. ^ "Jim J. Greer - Muse, Florida, USA - Specific Veteran Memorials".

Government links/Constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch

Coordinates: 26°57′N 81°11′W / 26.95°N 81.19°W / 26.95; -81.19